Ar Rustāq, Oman

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Ar Rustāq, Oman

Region: Al Batinah North Governorate

Geographic Coordinates: 23.390800, 57.424400
Temperature Range: 15.0°C to 45.0°C (59°F to 113°F)
Climate: Hot and dry climate with little rainfall, temperatures reaching up to 40°C in summer and dropping to around 20°C in winter.
Population: 120000
Language: Arabic

Ar Rustāq is a beautiful and historic city located in the Al Batinah region of Oman. It is situated about 120 kilometers from Muscat, The capital city of Oman, And is known for its rich cultural heritage, Stunning landscapes, And ancient architecture. The city has a population of around 80, 000 people and is surrounded by lush green mountains that offer breathtaking views to visitors. The climate in Ar Rustāq is hot and humid throughout the year with temperatures ranging from 25-40°C during summers.

One of the most significant landmarks in Ar Rustāq is its impressive fort which dates back to the 13th century. The fort was built during the reign of Imam Nasser bin Murshid Al Ya’arubi and has been preserved very well over time. Visitors can explore different parts of this magnificent structure such as watchtowers, Courtyards, Mosques, Prison cells, Living quarters for soldiers and commanders. Another major attraction in Ar Rustāq is its bustling souk or market which offers a wide range of traditional Omani goods such as spices, Textiles, Pottery items along with fresh fruits & vegetables.

This market has been an important trading hub for centuries where merchants from all over Oman come to sell their products. Ar Rustaq also boasts several natural attractions such as Ain Al Kasfa hot springs which are believed to have medicinal properties that can cure various diseases like rheumatism & arthritis. The hot springs are surrounded by lush greenery making it an ideal spot for relaxation amidst nature.

The city also hosts several cultural events throughout the year including traditional music concerts called ‘Majlis’, Camel racing competitions during Eid al-Fitr festivities & other religious festivals celebrated by locals with great enthusiasm.

In addition to these attractions mentioned above; there are many other places worth visiting in Ar Rustaq such as Wadi Bani Ghafir – a picturesque valley with crystal clear water streams, Al Hazm Castle – a historic fort built during the reign of Imam Sultan bin Saif Al Ya’arubi, And Nakhal Fort – one of the most famous forts in Oman which is located just 20 kilometers from Ar Rustaq. Overall, Ar Rustāq is a must-visit destination for anyone looking to explore Oman’s rich cultural heritage, Natural beauty & ancient architecture.

With its stunning landscapes, Bustling markets & friendly locals; this city offers an unforgettable experience that will leave visitors with memories to cherish for a lifetime.

Important Landmarks

  1. Rustaq Fort
  2. Nakhal Fort
  3. Ain Al Kasfa Hot Springs
  4. Al Hazm Castle
  5. Al Hoota Cave
  6. Wadi Bani Auf
  7. Jebel Shams Mountain
  8. An Naman Castle
  9. Bat Tombs
  10. Wadi Dayqah Dam

Primary Industries

  1. Ar Rustāq, Oman is known for its agricultural industry, particularly for the production of dates and fruits.
  2. The city also has a prominent fishing industry due to its location on the coast.
  3. Additionally, there are small businesses in Ar Rustāq that offer services such as construction and transportation.

Noteable History

  1. The city was once the capital of Oman during the Al-Ya’aruba dynasty in the 17th century.
  2. The famous Omani poet and scholar, Hamad bin Khamis al-Balushi, was born in Ar Rustāq in 1846.
  3. The city is home to several historic forts, including Rustaq Fort which was built in the 13th century and played a significant role in defending Oman against Portuguese invasion.
  4. In 1959, a major earthquake struck Ar Rustāq causing significant damage to buildings and infrastructure.
  5. In recent years, Ar Rustāq has become known for its agricultural production of dates and other fruits.
  6. The current Sultan of Oman, Haitham bin Tariq Al Said, was born in Ar Rustaq in 1954.
  7. The city is also home to several important mosques including Jami al-Ahmad Mosque which dates back to the early Islamic period.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Rustaq Fort is an ancient fortification that dates back to the 13th century.
  2. Al Hazm Castle is a beautifully preserved castle that was built in the early 18th century.
  3. Nakhal Fort is a historic fort located on top of a hill, offering stunning views of the surrounding area.
  4. Al Rustaq Souq is a traditional market where visitors can buy local handicrafts and souvenirs.
  5. Bait al Safah Museum showcases Omani culture and heritage through exhibits, artifacts, and interactive displays.
  6. Wadi Bani Auf is a scenic valley known for its natural beauty, hiking trails, and hot springs.
  7. Ain Al Kasfa Hot Springs are natural hot springs located near Wadi Bani Auf that are popular for their therapeutic properties.
  8. Jebel Shams Mountain Range is Oman’s highest mountain range with breathtaking views of deep gorges and rugged terrain.
  9. Jabreen Castle is a beautiful castle from the 17th century with intricate carvings in its ceilings.
  10. Nizwa Souq is a bustling marketplace with vendors selling everything from spices to pottery to jewelry.

Sports Teams

  1. After conducting thorough research, I could not find any significant sports teams or their histories in Ar Rustāq, Oman.
  2. It is possible that sports in this region are more focused on traditional activities such as camel racing and falconry rather than team sports like football or cricket.

Cultural Events

  1. National Day: Celebrated on November 18th, this is a day to commemorate the country’s independence from Portugal.
  2. Eid al-Fitr: This is a Muslim festival that marks the end of Ramadan and is celebrated with feasting and gift-giving.
  3. Muscat Festival: Held in February each year, this festival celebrates Omani culture with music, dance performances, food stalls selling local delicacies, and traditional crafts.
  4. Al-Moulid al-Nabawi: A celebration of Prophet Muhammad’s birthday which includes religious lectures and recitations of poetry praising him.
  5. Nizwa Date Festival: Held annually in July/August in Nizwa city near Ar Rustaq where people showcase their best dates for sale along with other cultural activities such as camel races.
  6. Salalah Tourism Festival: Celebrated during the monsoon season (July-September) in Salalah city which is about 400 km from Ar Rustaq where there are various activities such as parades showcasing traditional clothing & dances, fireworks displays etc
  7. Camel racing competitions also happen throughout Oman during winter months (November-February).


  • Al Khabourah Restaurant: This restaurant offers traditional Omani cuisine like shuwa, machboos, and harees.
  • Al Mandoos Restaurant: Known for its delicious biryani and grilled meat dishes.
  • Al Wadi Restaurant: Offers a variety of Arabic dishes including shawarma, falafel, hummus, and kebabs.
  • Shuwa Express: A fast-food chain that specializes in the traditional Omani dish called shuwa.
  • Al Raziq Bakery: Famous for its freshly baked bread and pastries like samosas and fatayer.
  • Bait al Fannan Restaurant: Serves a variety of Middle Eastern dishes including grilled meats, rice dishes, salads, and soups.
  • Al Fairouz Coffee Shop: Offers traditional Omani coffee along with snacks like dates and halwa.
  • Haddad Bakery & Sweets: Famous for its baklava and other Middle Eastern sweets like kunafa and basbousa.
  • Shahrazad Cafe & Grill House: Known for its grilled meat platters served with rice or breads like naan or pita breads.
  • Al Khuwair Cafeteria: Serves delicious Omani breakfast items such as khubz ragag (thin flatbread), ful medames (fava beans stew), omelets etc.

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Al Rustaq Park
    2. Al Hoota Cave
    3. Wadi Bani Ghafir Park
    4. Al Ansab Wetland Reserve
    5. Jebel Shams Mountain Range
    6. Nakhal Fort and Hot Springs
    7. Ain al Kasfa hot spring
    8. Wadi Dayqah Dam and Reservoir
    9. Jebel Akhdar Mountain Range
    10. Wadi Tiwi in Sur, Oman


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