Arwal, India

Reading Time: 7 minutes

Arwal, India

Region: Bihar

Geographic Coordinates: 25.250000, 84.680000
Climate: Data not available.
Population: 51849
Language: Hindi

Arwal is a small town located in the Arwal district of the Indian state of Bihar. Situated on the banks of the Son River, It is surrounded by lush green fields and picturesque landscapes. Despite its relatively small size, Arwal holds significant historical and cultural importance. One of the main attractions in Arwal is its rich history. The town dates back to ancient times and has witnessed various dynasties ruling over it, Including Mauryas, Guptas, And Mughals. As a result, Arwal boasts several historical monuments that are worth exploring.

One such monument is the ancient fort known as Aranya Devi Mandir, Which stands as a testament to the town’s glorious past. In addition to its historical significance, Arwal also offers an insight into rural life in India. The majority of its population engages in agriculture as their primary occupation. Visitors can witness traditional farming practices such as plowing fields using bullocks or harvesting crops manually during their visit to this charming town. Nature enthusiasts will find solace amidst Arwal’s natural beauty.

The Son River flowing through the region provides breathtaking views and serves as an ideal spot for picnics or leisurely walks along its banks. Additionally, Nearby forests offer opportunities for birdwatching and wildlife spotting. For those seeking spiritual experiences, There are numerous temples scattered across Arwal that attract devotees from far and wide. Some notable temples include Hanuman Mandir, Shiv Mandir, Devi Sthan Temple among others. These religious sites not only serve as places of worship but also showcase intricate architectural designs that reflect local craftsmanship.

Arts and crafts play a vital role in preserving local culture in this region too. Skilled artisans create beautiful handcrafted items like pottery or wooden artifacts that make for unique souvenirs to take home from your visit to this quaint town. Arwal hosts several festivals throughout the year where locals come together to celebrate their traditions and showcase their vibrant culture. The most prominent festival in Arwal is Chhath Puja, Dedicated to the Sun God, Which attracts a massive gathering of devotees who offer prayers at the riverbank. Arwal offers a captivating blend of history, Nature, Spirituality and cultural experiences.

Its historical monuments reflect its glorious past while its natural beauty provides tranquility and relaxation. The town’s religious sites offer spiritual solace to visitors. Moreover, Witnessing rural life in India firsthand allows for a unique understanding of local customs and practices. Whether it’s exploring ancient forts or immersing oneself in the charm of rural landscapes, Arwal promises an enriching experience for all who visit this hidden gem in Bihar.

Important Landmarks

  1. Sher Shah Suri Tomb: Located in Sasaram (around 50 km from Arwal), this tomb is dedicated to Sher Shah Suri, the founder of the Sur Empire.
  2. Rohtasgarh Fort: Situated near Sasaram (around 40 km from Arwal), this ancient fort is known for its historical significance and architectural beauty.
  3. Tomb of Hasan Khan Sur: Also located in Sasaram, this tomb is dedicated to Hasan Khan Sur, who was the son of Sher Shah Suri.
  4. Bhojpur Temple: Situated in Bhojpur village (around 60 km from Arwal), this temple complex is known for its beautiful architecture and religious importance.
  5. Shergarh Wildlife Sanctuary: Located near Jehanabad (around 70 km from Arwal), this wildlife sanctuary offers opportunities for nature walks and bird watching.

It’s worth noting that these attractions may require travel outside of Arwal district itself but can be visited as day trips if you are staying in the area.

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture: Arwal is primarily an agrarian region, with agriculture being the main occupation of the people. The district is known for its production of rice, wheat, maize, pulses, oilseeds, and vegetables.
  2. Handicrafts: Arwal has a rich tradition of handicrafts such as pottery and weaving. Many artisans engage in these crafts to produce items like terracotta pottery and handloom textiles.
  3. Small-scale industries: There are several small-scale industries operating in Arwal that contribute to the local economy. These include small manufacturing units producing items like furniture, garments, processed food products etc.
  4. Dairy farming: Dairy farming is also prevalent in Arwal district with many farmers engaged in milk production and selling dairy products like milk, ghee (clarified butter), curd (yogurt) etc.
  5. Poultry farming: Poultry farming has gained popularity in recent years as a source of income for many individuals in Arwal district.
  6. Education sector: With an increasing focus on education and literacy rates improving steadily over time, there are educational institutions such as schools and colleges that provide employment opportunities for teachers and staff members.
  7. Government services: As with any administrative district or region within India’s governance structure various government offices are present to provide public services such as healthcare facilities (hospitals/clinics), law enforcement agencies (police stations), revenue administration offices (collectorate) etc.

It’s important to note that while these sectors represent some major industries/businesses found within Arwal district they may not be exhaustive or exclusive to this particular area as economic activities can vary across different regions within India based on factors like geography resources availability/usage patterns among others.

Noteable History

  1. Battle of Arwal (1986): One of the most significant events in Arwal’s history is the Battle of Arwal that took place on May 19, 1986. It was a fierce encounter between the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation and the Bihar Police force. The battle resulted in heavy casualties on both sides and is remembered as a major incident during Bihar’s era of political violence.
  2. Shri Krishna Singh: Born in 1887 in Ziradei village near Arwal, Shri Krishna Singh was an influential freedom fighter and politician from Bihar. He served as the first Chief Minister (then called Premier) of Bihar after independence from 1946 to 1961.
  3. Bhagwanpur Hat massacre (1992): Another tragic event associated with Arwal is the Bhagwanpur Hat massacre that occurred on September 25, 1992. It involved an armed attack by upper-caste landlords on landless Dalits seeking their share under land reforms initiated by then-Chief Minister Lalu Prasad Yadav.
  4. Ram Vilas Paswan: Born in Shaharbanni village near Khagaria district but closely associated with Arwal, Ram Vilas Paswan was an eminent Indian politician who served as Union Minister for Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution multiple times between 1999-2020.
  5. Bhojpur Movement: Though not directly related to Arwal town itself but having an impact on its surrounding region including Bhojpur district where it lies, the Bhojpur Movement during India’s struggle for independence played a significant role against British colonial rule led by leaders like Swami Sahajanand Saraswati and others.

These events and personalities have left an indelible mark on Arwal’s history and shaped its socio-political landscape.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Nalanda University: Located approximately 60 km from Arwal, Nalanda University is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an ancient center of learning dating back to the 5th century AD.
  2. Barabar Caves: Situated around 70 km from Arwal, the Barabar Caves are ancient rock-cut caves that date back to the Mauryan Empire (322-185 BCE). These caves hold great historical significance.
  3. Rajgir: Located about 80 km from Arwal, Rajgir is an important pilgrimage site for Buddhists and Jains. It houses various attractions like Vishwa Shanti Stupa (World Peace Pagoda), Venu Vana Bamboo Grove, Bimbisara’s Jail (a historical prison), and hot springs.
  4. Pawapuri: Situated approximately 100 km away from Arwal, Pawapuri is a sacred place for Jains as it is believed to be the cremation site of Lord Mahavira – the last Tirthankara of Jainism.
  5. Patna Museum: Although not directly in Arwal but about 90 km away in Patna (the capital city of Bihar), the Patna Museum showcases a vast collection of artifacts representing Bihar’s rich history and culture.

While these attractions may require some travel from Arwal, they offer visitors a chance to explore nearby historical sites with cultural significance.

Sports Teams

Arwal District

Arwal, a district in the state of Bihar, India, is not known for its sports teams. It is primarily an agricultural region with a focus on farming and rural development. As a result, there are no notable sports teams or significant sporting history associated with Arwal.

  1. Arwal is a district in Bihar, India.
  2. It is primarily an agricultural region.
  3. The district focuses on farming and rural development.
  4. Arwal does not have any notable sports teams.
  5. There is no significant sporting history associated with Arwal.

Cultural Events

  1. Chhath Puja: Chhath Puja is one of the most important festivals in Bihar, including Arwal. It is dedicated to the worship of the Sun God and involves rituals performed on riverbanks or near water bodies.
  2. Holi: Holi, also known as the festival of colors, is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Arwal as well as across India. People play with colored powders and water while rejoicing.
  3. Diwali: Diwali, also known as the Festival of Lights, is another major festival celebrated by Hindus all over India including Arwal. It marks the victory of light over darkness and involves lighting oil lamps (diyas), bursting firecrackers, exchanging sweets, etc.
  4. Eid-ul-Fitr: As a significant Muslim festival marking the end of Ramadan (Islamic holy month), Eid-ul-Fitr is celebrated by Muslims residing in Arwal too. People gather for prayers at mosques and share feasts with family and friends.
  5. Maha Shivaratri: This Hindu festival celebrates Lord Shiva’s marriage to Goddess Parvati and devotees fast during this day while offering prayers at temples.
  6. Makar Sankranti: Celebrated on January 14th every year, Makar Sankranti marks a new harvest season across India including Arwal district where people fly kites during this festive occasion.
  7. Durga Puja & Navratri: These Hindu festivals celebrating Goddess Durga’s victory over evil are observed with great devotion by Bengalis residing in various parts of Bihar including Arwal district.

These are just a few examples of the cultural events and festivals celebrated in Arwal, Bihar. The district may also have its own local fairs or events that are specific to its culture and traditions.


  1. Bihari Cuisine: As Arwal is located in Bihar, you can find traditional Bihari dishes here. Some popular Bihari delicacies include:
    • Litti chokha (roasted wheat balls with mashed brinjal and potato)
    • Sattu paratha (stuffed flatbread made from roasted gram flour)
    • Thekua (sweet fried cookies)
  2. Local Street Food: Like any other Indian town, Arwal also has its fair share of street food stalls offering various snacks and quick bites like:
    • Samosas
    • Kachori
    • Pani puri (gol gappa)
    • Chaat
  3. Local Dhabas: Dhabas are roadside eateries commonly found in India serving delicious regional cuisine at affordable prices. In Arwal too, you can find some local dhabas offering authentic Bihari meals like:
    • Dal bati churma (lentils with baked wheat bread)
    • Ghugni (spicy chickpea curry)
  4. Small Restaurants: While there might not be any renowned restaurants in Arwal specifically known for their cuisine or ambiance, you can still visit the local small-scale restaurants that serve basic Indian dishes such as:
    • Biryani
    • Roti-sabzi (bread with vegetable curry)
    • Tandoori items like chicken tikka or paneer tikka

Remember that these suggestions may vary depending on the availability of specific establishments at the time of your visit to Arwal since it is a relatively lesser-known tourist destination compared to larger cities in India.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Arwal Public Park: This is a local park within the town of Arwal where people can relax, take walks, and enjoy some greenery.
  2. Gaya River: The Gaya River flows near Arwal and offers opportunities for boating and fishing. It is also a scenic spot where visitors can enjoy picnics by the riverside.
  3. Kako Lake: Located about 15 kilometers from Arwal, Kako Lake is a small reservoir surrounded by hills. It attracts locals and tourists alike for boating, fishing, and enjoying peaceful surroundings.
  4. Nalanda: Although not directly in Arwal, Nalanda is an important historical site located around 60 kilometers away. It houses ancient ruins of Nalanda University which was one of the world’s first residential universities dating back to the 5th century AD.
  5. Rajgir: Another historical site located around 70 kilometers from Arwal is Rajgir. This place holds religious significance as it was once home to Lord Buddha and Lord Mahavira (founder of Jainism). Visitors can explore various temples, monasteries, hot springs, and take cable car rides to enjoy panoramic views.

While these options may be limited compared to larger cities or tourist destinations in India, they provide some opportunities for outdoor recreation near Arwal.


Enjoy The Journey.

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