Birgañj, Nepal

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Birgañj, Nepal

Region: Narayani Pradesh

Geographic Coordinates: 27.000000, 84.866700
Temperature Range: 15.0°C to 35.0°C (59°F to 95°F)
Climate: Seasonal.
Population: 135904
Language: Nepali

Birgañj, Also known as Birgunj, Is a city in the Parsa district of Nepal. It shares its border with Raxaul, A town in the Indian state of Bihar. The city has a population of approximately 200, 000 people and is considered one of Nepal’s most important industrial hubs. Birgañj has a rich history dating back to ancient times. It was once an essential trade center during the Malla dynasty and later ruled by various kingdoms before being annexed by Nepal in 1816.

During India’s struggle for independence, Birgañj served as a base for many freedom fighters who fought against British rule. Today, Birgañj is known for its bustling markets and vibrant street life. Adarsh Nagar is the main market area that offers everything from clothes to electronics at reasonable prices. Ghantaghar Chowk is another popular market area where locals come to buy fresh produce like fruits and vegetables. One of Birgañj’s main attractions is Shankaracharya Gate which marks the entrance into Nepal from India.

This gate was built in honor of Shankaracharya, An Indian philosopher who visited this region during his travels across India. The city also boasts several religious sites such as Gahawa Mai Temple which attracts devotees from all over Nepal and India. Another popular temple is Ram Janaki Mandir which houses beautiful statues made out of white marble depicting Lord Ram along with his consort Sita. Apart from its cultural heritage, Birgañj has significant economic importance due to its location on the border with India.

It serves as one of the major entry points for goods entering into Nepal from India through roadways or railways via Raxaul-Birganj rail line that connects it with major cities like Delhi, Kolkata, And Mumbai. In recent years, Several factories have been set up in Birgañj leading to an increase in employment opportunities for the locals and contributing significantly to Nepal’s economic growth. The city is home to many large industries such as sugar mills, Cement factories, And textile mills. Overall, Birgañj offers a unique blend of cultural heritage and economic importance.

Its strategic location on the border with India has made it an important center for trade while its rich history and religious sites make it a popular destination for tourists exploring Nepal’s cultural heritage.

Important Landmarks

  1. Ghantaghar Clock Tower
  2. Shankaracharya Gate
  3. Rani Pokhari Park
  4. Birgunj Bazaar
  5. Parsa National Park
  6. Kali Temple (Bhutnath)
  7. Shree Radha Krishna Mandir
  8. Manakamana Temple
  9. Gahawa Mai Temple
  10. Birgunj Industrial Corridor

Primary Industries

  1. Birgañj is a significant commercial and industrial city in Nepal, situated close to the Indian border.
  2. The city has a diverse range of industries and businesses, including:
    • Textile manufacturing
    • Food processing
    • Agriculture
    • Trading & commerce
    • Manufacturing of cement and steel products etc.
  3. Due to its strategic location on the border with India, it serves as an important trading centre between the two countries.
  4. Additionally, Birganj also serves as a major logistics hub due to its proximity to India’s road network.
  5. Several banks have their branches here making it an important financial centre in Nepal.
  6. Overall it can be said that Birganj has emerged as an important economic centre in Nepal.

Noteable History

  1. Birgunj was established as a trading center during the 19th century when it became an important hub for trade between India and Nepal.
  2. The city played a significant role in the Indian Independence movement, with leaders like Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru visiting Birgunj to mobilize support.
  3. During the 1980s, Birgunj was at the center of political unrest in Nepal, with protests against the government leading to violent clashes between protesters and security forces.
  4. In recent years, Birgunj has become an important industrial hub in Nepal, with industries such as textiles, sugar production, and cement manufacturing contributing significantly to its economy.
  5. Notable people associated with Birgunj include former Prime Minister of Nepal Girija Prasad Koirala and Nepali Congress leader Sushil Koirala.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Bhawanipur Museum
  2. Parsa National Park
  3. Gahawa Mai Temple
  4. Birgunj Clock Tower
  5. Shree Radha Krishna Mandir
  6. Shiva Temple, Adarsh Nagar
  7. Bhiswa Narayan Temple
  8. Ram Janaki Mandir
  9. Ghadiarwa Pokhari (historical pond)
  10. Shankaracharya Gate (Bhimnagar Gate)

Sports Teams

  1. Birganj, located in the Parsa district of Nepal, is a city where cricket and football are popular sports.
  2. There are several notable sports teams based in Birganj.
    • Birgunj United FC is a football club that competes in the top-tier league of Nepalese football called Martyr’s Memorial A-Division League.
    • Parsa Football Club is another local team that plays in various tournaments and leagues.
  3. The Parsa Cricket Association promotes cricket among young players and organizes different events throughout the year.
  4. Additionally, DAV College has a strong cricket team that participates in inter-college competitions at various levels.
  5. Overall, despite not having many well-known sports teams with long histories from Birganj, there are still ample opportunities for people to participate in sporting activities within their community.

Cultural Events

  1. Holi is a colorful festival celebrated with great enthusiasm in Birgañj, Nepal. People throw colored powder and water at each other, dance to music, and enjoy traditional foods.
  2. Chhath Puja is a four-day festival dedicated to the Sun God and celebrated with great fervor in Birgañj. Devotees offer prayers to the Sun God, take a dip in the river, and observe fasts.
  3. Dashain is a 15-day long festival celebrating the victory of good over evil and one of the biggest festivals in Nepal. People wear new clothes, exchange gifts, enjoy feasts, and participate in various cultural events.
  4. Teej is a women-centric festival celebrating marital bliss and happiness for womenfolk. Women dress up in red sarees or dresses, fast for their husbands’ long lives while singing songs.
  5. Maghe Sankranti marks the beginning of a new year according to Nepali calendar as well as end of winter solstice month Magh which falls on January 14th every year as per Gregorian calendar). The day begins by taking a holy bath at riverside early morning followed by eating sweet dishes like ghee-chiura (flattened rice mixed with clarified butter) along with sesame laddus (a sweet made from sesame seeds).
  6. Tihar or Diwali is celebrated during October-November months every year, this five-day-long Hindu festival is celebrated across India & Nepal. In Birganj, people decorate their houses & streets with lights & diyas, worship goddess Laxmi -the goddess of wealth, perform puja for cows & dogs on specific days among others.


  • Chatpate: A spicy Nepalese street food made with boiled potatoes, onions, tomatoes, and spices.
  • Momo: A type of dumpling filled with meat or vegetables and served with a spicy sauce.
  • Thakali cuisine: A traditional Nepalese cuisine from the Thakali people that includes dishes like dal bhat (lentil soup with rice), thukpa (noodle soup), and sukuti (dried meat).
  • Newa cuisine: A traditional cuisine from the Newar people that includes dishes like choila (spicy grilled meat), bara (lentil pancake), and yomari (sweet dumpling).
  • Bhojpuri cuisine: A regional Indian cuisine popular in Birgañj that includes dishes like litti chokha (roasted wheat balls with mashed vegetables) and baigan bharta (mashed eggplant curry).

Some popular restaurants in Birgañj include:

  • Hotel Makalu Restaurant: Known for its delicious momos and thakali food.
  • Jai Mata Di Restaurant & Bar: Offers a variety of Indian and Nepalese cuisines including bhojpuri food.
  • The Food Court Restaurant & Cafe: Serves a wide range of cuisines including Chinese, Indian, Nepalese, and continental.
  • Tasty Treats Restaurant & Bar: Known for its tasty biryani as well as other Indian dishes.
  • Cafe 99 Degrees Celsius: Popular for its coffee drinks as well as sandwiches, pizzas, burgers etcetera

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Birgunj City Park
    2. Shankaracharya Hill
    3. Rani Talab (Queen’s Pond)
    4. Gandhi Setu Park
    5. Simraungadh Wildlife Reserve
    6. Parsa National Park
    7. Manakamana Temple and Cable Car Ride
    8. Devkota Park
    9. Kali Mandir
    10. Bhimsen Mandir


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