Dhanbād, India

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Dhanbād, India

Region: Jharkhand

Geographic Coordinates: 23.799800, 86.430500
Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 35.0°C (68°F to 95°F)
Climate: Seasonal.
Population: 1162472
Language: Hindi

Dhanbad is a city located in Jharkhand, India and is known as the Coal Capital of India due to its vast coal reserves. The city has a population of over 1 million people and was founded in 1956 after merging several smaller towns and villages. The region has a rich history, Having been ruled by various dynasties including the Maurya Empire and Gupta Empire. During British colonial rule, Dhanbad became an important center for trade and commerce due to its strategic location between Kolkata and Delhi.

Today, Dhanbad’s economy heavily relies on industries such as coal mining, Steel production, Power generation, And cement manufacturing which provide employment opportunities for locals. For tourists, Dhanbad offers several interesting places worth visiting such as Panchet Dam – a beautiful reservoir surrounded by lush green hills that offer breathtaking views; Topchanchi Lake – another popular tourist destination known for its serene surroundings; Bhatinda Falls – a picturesque waterfall located just outside the city that attracts visitors from all over Jharkhand.

There are also historical landmarks like Shakti Mandir – one among many temples dedicated to goddess Kali where devotees come from far away places during Navratri festival; Birsa Munda Park – named after Birsa Munda who fought against Britishers for tribal rights now serves as recreational area with boating facilities available at nearby lake. Dhanbad is home to several educational institutions including Indian School Of Mines (ISM), Central Institute Of Mining & Fuel Research (CIMFR) & National Institute Of Technology (NIT) which attract students from all over India contributing to the city’s intellectual diversity.

Overall, Dhanbad is a vibrant city with strong economy due to its coal reserves while also offering natural beauty spots making it an attractive tourist destination. With continued growth expected in the coming years thanks to educational institutions attracting students across India.

Important Landmarks

  1. Maithon Dam
  2. Panchet Dam
  3. Kalyaneshwari Temple
  4. Bhatinda Falls
  5. Topchanchi Lake
  6. Shakti Mandir
  7. Bekar Bandh Park
  8. Birsa Munda Park
  9. The Indian School of Mines
  10. ISM Heritage Museum

Primary Industries

  1. Dhanbad is recognized as the coal capital of India.
  2. Its main industries comprise:
    • Coal mining
    • Thermal power generation
    • Steel production
  3. The city also boasts a flourishing agricultural sector, with crops such as:
    • Rice
    • Wheat
    • Maize
  4. Other notable businesses operating in Dhanbad include:
    • Chemical manufacturing
    • Heavy machinery production
    • Transportation services
  5. Furthermore, the city’s service sector is on the rise with:
    • Banking
    • Healthcare
    • Education
    • Tourism

Noteable History

  1. Establishment of Dhanbad Coalfields: Dhanbad is known for its coal mines, which were established in the late 19th century. The first mine was opened in 1894 by the Tata group.
  2. Jharia Coalfield Fire: The Jharia coalfield, located near Dhanbad, has been burning for over a century and is one of the largest coal fires in the world.
  3. Chasnala mining disaster: In 1975, a mining disaster occurred at Chasnala colliery near Dhanbad, killing over 370 miners.
  4. Rani Lakshmibai: The legendary queen of Jhansi fought against British rule and is still remembered as a symbol of resistance to colonialism.
  5. Ram Dayal Munda: A prominent tribal leader and scholar from Jharkhand who contributed significantly to the development of tribal literature and culture.
  6. Binod Bihari Mahto Koyalanchal University (BBMKU): Established in 2017, BBMKU is a state university located in Dhanbad that offers undergraduate and postgraduate courses across various disciplines.
  7. Indian School of Mines (ISM): One of India’s premier engineering institutions located in Dhanbad that was established in 1926.
  8. Mukesh Ambani: India’s richest man and chairman of Reliance Industries Limited was born in Aden Colony (now Yemen) but spent his childhood years living with his family in Dhanbad where his father worked as a manager at a textile mill owned by Reliance Industries Limited.
  9. Bharatiya Janata Party Leader Karia Munda who served as Deputy Speaker Lok Sabha from May 2009 to May 2014 belonged to Khunti district which falls under Dhanbaad division.
  10. Chandrashekhar Prasad an Indian Communist Party member who was assassinated in 1997 was from Dhanbad.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Birsa Munda Park
  2. Topchanchi Lake
  3. Shakti Mandir
  4. Maithon Dam
  5. Bhatinda Falls
  6. Pahari Mandir
  7. Jharia Coal Mines Museum
  8. ISM Dhanbad Mineral Museum
  9. Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) Park
  10. Baba Baidyanath Temple in Deoghar (around 80 km from Dhanbad)

Sports Teams

Dhanbad’s Popular Sports Teams

  1. Dhanbad Dynamos Football Club – This football club is based in Dhanbad and competes in various state-level tournaments.
  2. Jharkhand Warriors – This cricket team is based in Jharkhand and features players from Dhanbad.
  3. Tata Steel Sports Club – One of India’s oldest and most successful sports clubs, Tata Steel Sports Club has its headquarters located near to Dhanbad, in Jamshedpur. The club has produced numerous national and international level athletes across various sports such as football, hockey, athletics, archery etc.
  4. Bokaro Steel Plant Football Club – Representing Bokaro Steel Plant (which is also near to Dhanbad), this football club primarily participates at the district level tournaments.
  5. Jharkhand Police Volleyball Team – This volleyball team represents the Jharkhand Police department at various state-level tournaments.

Cultural Events

  1. Kali Puja is a significant Hindu festival celebrated in Dhanbad during either October or November.
  2. Durga Puja is another important Hindu festival celebrated in Dhanbad during September or October.
  3. Chhath Puja is a popular festivity among the people of Bihar and Jharkhand, which is observed with great enthusiasm in Dhanbad.
  4. Holi, the festival of colors, is also celebrated with much fanfare in Dhanbad.
  5. Diwali, the festival of lights, is commemorated by people of all religions in Dhanbad.
  6. Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha are two Muslim festivals that are also celebrated with great fervor by the Muslim community in Dhanbad.
  7. Bishu Festival celebrates the arrival of spring and is observed by Santhal tribes living around the district of Dhanbad.
  8. Tusu Festival celebrates harvest season and women’s fertility; it’s observed by Kurmi tribes living around this region as another tribal festivity.
  9. Sarhul Festival marks the beginning of spring season among Oraon tribe residing around this area as a popular tribal festivity.
  10. Jatra Mela – An annual fair held at Shakti Mandir attracts many devotees from nearby areas who come to pay homage to their deity Goddess Kali.


  1. Litti Chokha: A traditional dish made of roasted wheat balls filled with sattu and served with mashed potatoes, chutney, and pickles.
  2. Bihari Kabab: Made of minced meat mixed with spices and grilled on skewers.
  3. Chaat: A savory snack made of fried dough, potatoes, chickpeas, yogurt, and chutneys.
  4. Rajasthani Thali: A platter consisting of a variety of dishes from Rajasthan like dal bati churma, gatte ki sabzi, ker sangri etc.
  5. Puri Sabzi: Deep-fried bread served with a spicy potato curry.
  6. Madhulika Restaurant: Known for its vegetarian menu serving Indian delicacies like paneer tikka masala and dal makhani.
  7. Sagar Ratna Restaurant: Famous for its South Indian dishes like dosa, idli sambar etc.
  8. The Royal Retreat Hotel & Spa – The Palms Restaurant : Offers multi-cuisine dining options including Indian , Chinese , Continental etc
  9. Punjabi Tadka – Serving authentic Punjabi Cuisine
  10. Biryani House – Serving variety of Biryanis

Parks and Recreation

  1. Jubilee Park
  2. Topchanchi Lake
  3. Birsa Munda Park
  4. Panchet Dam Reservoir
  5. Maithon Dam Reservoir
  6. Bhatinda Falls
  7. Bekar Bandh Park
  8. Kalyaneshwari Temple
  9. Shakti Mandir
  10. Ramakrishna Mission Ashram


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