Erzincan, Turkey

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Erzincan, Turkey

Region: Erzincan

Geographic Coordinates: 39.746400, 39.491400
Temperature Range: -30.0°C to 35.0°C (-22°F to 95°F)
Climate: Erzincan has a continental climate with hot summers and cold winters, and precipitation is highest in the spring and autumn months.
Population: 157452
Language: Turkish

Erzincan is a beautiful city located in the eastern region of Turkey, Known for its rich history and natural beauty. Situated on the banks of the Euphrates River and surrounded by mountains, It’s a popular destination for outdoor enthusiasts. The city has a population of approximately 120, 000 people and is an important transportation hub connecting eastern Turkey to other parts of the country. One of Erzincan’s most notable landmarks is the Çağlayan Bridge, Also known as the Iron Bridge.

Built in 1916 during World War I by German engineers, It spans over 100 meters across the Karasu River and was once used as an important transportation route for military supplies. Today, It serves as a popular tourist attraction and symbolizes Erzincan’s resilience during times of conflict. Another must-see attraction in Erzincan is Kemaliye (formerly Eğin), A small town located about 70 kilometers away from the city center. Known for its well-preserved Ottoman architecture and stunning views of the surrounding mountains, Kemaliye offers visitors a glimpse into Turkey’s rich cultural heritage.

For those interested in outdoor activities, Erzincan has plenty to offer. The nearby Munzur Mountains provide opportunities for hiking and camping while rafting on the Euphrates River is also popular among adventure seekers. In winter months, Skiing at nearby resorts such as Palandöken or Kars can be enjoyed. Erzincan also boasts several museums that showcase its history and culture. The Erkan Museum houses artifacts from various periods throughout Turkish history while Atatürk House Museum displays items related to Mustafa Kemal Atatürk – founder of modern-day Turkey – who visited Erzincan several times during his lifetime.

but not leastly are delicious local dishes that visitors should try when visiting Erzinca such as Kete – a type of pastry made with flour, Butter, And cheese. Piti which is a soup made with lamb meat and chickpeas. And Kadayıf Dolması – a dessert made with shredded wheat filled with nuts and syrup. Erzincan is a city that offers visitors an opportunity to explore Turkey’s rich history and culture while also enjoying the natural beauty of the surrounding landscape.

From its historic landmarks to outdoor activities and delicious cuisine, There is something for everyone in this charming eastern Turkish city.

Important Landmarks

  1. Erzincan Castle
  2. Girlevik Waterfall
  3. Kemaliye (Eğin) Village
  4. Çağlayan Valley National Park
  5. Altıntepe Archaeological Site and Museum
  6. Refahiye Hot Springs
  7. Tercan Thermal Baths
  8. Üzümlü Lake Natural Park
  9. Munzur Valley National Park
  10. Erzen Canyon Natural Monument

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture
  2. Mining
  3. Construction
  4. Textiles
  5. Tourism

The city is renowned for its production of:

  • Wheat
  • Barley
  • Other crops

It also has significant reserves of:

  • Copper
  • Lead ore

The construction industry is growing rapidly due to the city’s expanding population and infrastructure development projects.

Textile manufacturing is another crucial industry in Erzincan with many factories producing clothing items such as:

  • Socks
  • Underwear

Finally, Erzincan has a rich cultural heritage that attracts tourists to visit its historical sites such as:

  • The Çağlayan Bridge
  • The Castle of Kemah

  • Noteable History

    1. Battle of Manzikert: In 1071, the Seljuk Turks defeated the Byzantine army in a battle near Erzincan. This led to Turkish rule expanding in Anatolia.
    2. The Ottoman Empire: Erzincan was an essential part of the Ottoman Empire for many years and played a crucial role in trade and commerce.
    3. Kemal Ataturk: Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, who founded modern Turkey, visited Erzincan while promoting his vision for a secular republic.
    4. Earthquake of 1939: In December 1939, an earthquake struck Erzincan and neighboring cities causing widespread destruction and loss of life.
    5. Hrant Dink: Hrant Dink was an Armenian-Turkish journalist born in Malatya but spent much time growing up in Erzincan before being assassinated by nationalists in Istanbul.
    6. İbrahim Hakkı Konyalı: İbrahim Hakkı Konyalı was an influential Islamic scholar who lived during the late Ottoman period.
    7. Ziya Gökalp: Ziya Gökalp was a prominent Turkish poet and sociologist who taught at a school in Erzincan before becoming involved with nationalist politics.
    8. Ali Riza Efendi Mosque: The Ali Riza Efendi Mosque is one of the most famous landmarks known for its unique architecture blending traditional Turkish styles with elements from other cultures such as Persia and Egypt.

    Museums and Things To See

    1. Erzincan City Museum
    2. Erzincan Castle
    3. Çağlayan Bridge
    4. Girlevik Waterfall
    5. Kemaliye (Eğin) Village and Historical Houses
    6. Aşık Veysel Memorial House
    7. Tercan Thermal Baths
    8. Keban Dam and Lake
    9. Üzümlü Canyon National Park
    10. Çimenlik Castle

    Cultural Events

    1. Erzincan International Folk Dance Festival is an annual event held in July that brings together dance groups from around the world to showcase their traditional dances.
    2. The Erzincan Kebab and Culture Festival, which takes place in August, celebrates local cuisine, particularly the famous Erzincan kebab.
    3. The Hıdrellez Festival is a spring festival that celebrates the arrival of spring with traditional music, dancing, and food.
    4. Held in June, the Erzincan Cherry Festival celebrates delicious cherries grown in the region with street markets, music performances, and cherry-themed activities.
    5. Although not technically located in Erzincan itself, the International Erciyes Winter Sports Festival takes place nearby on Mount Erciyes and features skiing competitions as well as cultural events showcasing local traditions.
    6. The Mevlana Cultural Center hosts various events throughout the year including concerts featuring traditional Turkish music and art exhibitions showcasing local artists’ work.
    7. During Ramadan (the Islamic holy month), many cultural events take place throughout Turkey including special meals called iftar dinners which are shared with friends and family after sunset fast-breaking ceremonies each evening for 30 days straight.


    • Cağ Kebabı: A traditional kebab made with lamb meat cooked on a spit over an open fire. Some popular places to try it are Cağ Kebapçısı and Tarihi Taşhan.
    • Pastırma: A type of cured beef that is sliced thinly and served as a snack or appetizer. You can find it at many local markets, such as the Erzincan Market.
    • Piti: A hearty stew made with lamb meat, chickpeas, onions, tomatoes, and spices. It is traditionally served in a clay pot called a piti and can be found at places like Piti Lokantası.
    • Ayran: A refreshing yogurt drink that is often served with meals or as a standalone beverage. You can find it at most restaurants in Erzincan.
    • Gülüstan Restaurant: This restaurant serves traditional Turkish dishes like kebabs and meze platters in a cozy atmosphere.
    • Köşk Restaurant: Another popular spot for traditional Turkish cuisine, including grilled meats and meze dishes.
    • Eski Ev Restoran: This restaurant offers regional specialties like piti stew and cağ kebabı in an authentic setting that feels like you’re dining in someone’s home.
    • Kral Sofrası: One of the best places to have breakfast which has various options from omelettes to different types of cheese plate.

    • Parks and Recreation

      1. Erzincan City Park is a well-known public park that boasts expansive green spaces, walking paths, playgrounds, and picnic areas.
      2. Girlevik Waterfall is a beautiful waterfall situated on the outskirts of Erzincan that draws visitors for hiking and picnicking.
      3. Munzur Valley National Park is one of Turkey’s largest national parks and offers numerous outdoor activities such as trekking, camping, fishing, and bird watching.
      4. Ergan Mountain Ski Resort is a popular winter sports destination with ski slopes suitable for all skill levels and modern amenities.
      5. Keban Dam Lake is an enormous artificial lake located on the Euphrates River that provides opportunities for boating and fishing.
      6. Tercan Thermal Springs are natural hot springs situated near Tercan town that offer thermal baths and spa treatments.
      7. Altintepe Archaeological Site features an ancient Urartian settlement dating back to the 8th century BC with ruins of a fortress, temple complex, and residential buildings.


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