Farg‘ona, Uzbekistan

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Farg‘ona, Uzbekistan

Region: Farg‘ona Region

Geographic Coordinates: 40.386400, 71.786400
Temperature Range: -30.0°C to 40.0°C (-22°F to 104°F)
Climate: Cold winters and hot summers with moderate rainfall throughout the year.
Population: 288850
Language: Uzbek

Farg‘ona, Also known as Fergana, Is a city located in the eastern part of Uzbekistan. It is situated in the Fergana Valley, One of the most fertile regions in Central Asia. The city has a rich history dating back to ancient times and has been an important center for trade and culture for centuries. One of its notable attractions is Kokand Palace built by Khudayar Khan in 1871. The palace features intricate wood carvings and colorful murals that depict scenes from everyday life during that period. Visitors can explore its many rooms including a throne room and harem quarters.

Istiqlol Square serves as a central gathering place for locals and tourists alike with fountains, Gardens, Statues honoring famous Uzbek poets and writers. It also hosts events throughout the year such as concerts and festivals. Several museums showcase local history & culture: Regional Museum of Local Lore showcases artifacts from ancient civilizations like Sogdians, Greeks & Scythians while Art Museum displays works by modern Uzbek artists & traditional crafts like embroidery.

Foodies will delight at Farg‘ona’s vibrant culinary scene which includes traditional dishes like plov (rice dish with meat or vegetables), Shashlik (grilled meat skewers), Lagman (noodle soup), Somsa (stuffed pastries) & tandir kabob (meat cooked on clay oven). These dishes can be found at local restaurants or markets throughout the city. Farg‘ona offers easy access to nearby natural wonders such as Chatkal Mountains National Park where visitors can hike through forests filled with rare plant species or go rafting on Chatkal River. Overall, It’s a fascinating city offering something for everyone from history buffs to food lovers to nature enthusiasts.

Important Landmarks

  1. Kokand Khudoyar Khan Palace
  2. Fergana Regional Museum
  3. Rishtan Ceramic Workshop
  4. Margilan Silk Factory and Bazaar
  5. Akhsikent Archaeological Site
  6. Yodgorlik Silk Factory and Bazaar
  7. Al-Farg‘oni Park and Statue of Al-Farg‘oni
  8. Central Mosque of Fergana
  9. Namangan State Drama Theater
  10. Khamza Museum

Primary Industries

  1. Textile industry
    • Produces fabrics, clothing, and home textiles using locally produced cotton
  2. Agriculture
    • Fruit production of apricots and pomegranates
  3. Food processing
    • Many companies process the fruit produced in the area
  4. Construction materials
    • Factories produce bricks, cement blocks, tiles, and pipes
  5. Chemicals
    • Plants produce fertilizers used in agriculture
  6. Tourism
    • Several historical sites like Kokand Palace Museum of History attract tourists from all over Uzbekistan
  7. Retail trade
    • Locals buy goods ranging from household items to clothing to food products at markets throughout the city
  8. Transportation services
    • Well-connected roadways make it an important hub for logistics companies providing cargo transportation services within the region or even internationally
  9. Education sector
    • Several universities located here including Fergana State University which provides education to students from across Uzbekistan

Noteable History

  1. The ancient city of Fergana was founded in the 3rd century BC by the Greeks.
  2. In 1504, Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire, was born in Andijan near Fergana.
  3. In 1865, Russian troops captured Tashkent and annexed Fergana Valley to their empire.
  4. In 1916, a massive anti-Russian uprising took place in Fergana Valley led by Jadid reformers.
  5. In 1924-25, Soviet authorities established Uzbekistan as a republic with its capital in Tashkent and included Fergana Valley within it.
  6. During World War II (1941-45), many factories were moved from western Russia to Uzbekistan including some to Fergana Valley which became an important industrial center.
  7. Islam Karimov who served as President of Uzbekistan from independence in 1991 until his death in September 2016 was born and raised in Samarkand but had strong connections with the region including serving as governor of Kashkadarya province which borders on Ferghana valley.
  8. The Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) which is designated as a terrorist organization by many countries including Russia and United States originated from Ferghana valley where it carried out several attacks against government targets during the late 1990s and early years of this century before moving its operations mainly to Afghanistan after US-led invasion there following September 11 attacks.
  9. The city has also been home to several famous poets such as Ahmad Donish (1907-94) who wrote both poetry and prose works that reflected his experiences living under Soviet rule while also celebrating Central Asian culture; Abdulla Qodiriy (1894-1938) who is considered the father of Uzbek literature and was executed during Stalin’s purges; and Erkin Vohidov (1936-2016) who wrote poetry that often dealt with themes of love, freedom, and human rights.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Farg‘ona Regional Museum showcases the history and culture of the region.
  2. Kokand Museum of Regional Studies displays traditional crafts, costumes, and artifacts from the Kokand Khanate era.
  3. Margilan Silk Factory offers a tour of the silk production process and sells high-quality silk products.
  4. Yodgorlik Silk Factory is another popular silk factory that offers tours and sells silk products.
  5. Rishtan Ceramics Workshop showcases traditional Uzbek ceramic art and allows visitors to watch artisans at work.
  6. Farg‘ona State University Botanical Garden is a beautiful garden with a variety of plant species.
  7. Al-Fergani Park is a popular park with playgrounds, walking paths, and an amusement park for children.
  8. Jami Mosque in Kokand is an impressive mosque with intricate tilework and architecture.
  9. Palace of Khudayar Khan in Kokand is a historic palace with beautiful gardens and architecture.
  10. Akhmad Al-Fargoniy Park is a famous park named after Ahmad al-Farghani who was an astronomer from Fergana city during 9th century AD.

Sports Teams

  1. FC Neftchi Farg’ona: This football club was established in 1956 and is one of the most successful teams in Uzbekistan, having won the Uzbek League twice and finishing as runners-up several times.
  2. FK Mash’al Mubarek: This football club was founded in 1961 and has also been a successful team, winning the Uzbek League once and finishing as runners-up several times.
  3. BC Lokomotiv Farg’ona: This basketball club was founded in 1997 and is among the top teams in Uzbekistan, winning multiple championships.
  4. HC Gallaaral Farg’ona: This handball club was founded in 1979 and has achieved numerous championships at both national and international levels.
  5. VC Andijan-Fergana: This volleyball club was established in 1998 and has also won multiple championships at both national and international levels.

Sports play an essential role for many people living in Farg‘ona, with many talented athletes hailing from this region over time.

Cultural Events

  1. Farg‘ona International Folklore Festival is an annual event that celebrates the traditional music, dance, and culture of Uzbekistan and other countries worldwide.
  2. Farg‘ona Silk Festival honors the rich history of silk production in Farg‘ona, which has been a center for silk weaving for over two millennia.
  3. Navruz (New Year) Festival is a significant holiday in Uzbekistan that marks the beginning of spring and the new year. The festival includes traditional music and dance performances, as well as food stalls selling local delicacies.
  4. Babur Day Celebrations commemorate Babur’s legacy every year with cultural events and performances since he was born in Farg’ona before founding the Mughal Empire in India.
  5. Independence Day Celebrations are held on September 1st to celebrate Uzbekistan’s independence from the Soviet Union with parades, concerts, and other festivities throughout the country including Farg’ona.
  6. Shashmaqom Music Festival is an annual event that brings together musicians from all over Uzbekistan to perform this unique style of classical music originating from Central Asia over 500 years ago.
  7. Bukhara-Fergana Silk Road Caravan Festivals celebrate ancient Silk Road trade routes connecting Bukhara to Ferghana valley through mountain passes where traders brought their goods by caravans including silk products which are still produced today.
  8. Tezhip Art Exhibition showcases Tezhip art or illumination art- an ancient form of Islamic art – at Ikat Museum reflecting Islamic calligraphy patterns used for centuries in Uzbekistan while exhibiting how it has developed throughout history with its unique style.


  • Plov Center – famous for their traditional Uzbek dish of plov (pilaf) made with rice, meat, and vegetables.
  • Chaykhana – a tea house that serves traditional Uzbek dishes such as shashlik (grilled meat skewers), lagman (noodle soup), and samsa (baked pastries filled with meat or vegetables).
  • Sharqshunoslik – a restaurant that specializes in the cuisine of the Fergana Valley region, including dishes like dimlama (stewed vegetables and meat) and somsa.
  • Oshxona Tuychi – another popular spot for plov, as well as other Uzbek dishes like manty (steamed dumplings).
  • Cafe Uzbegim – offers a mix of traditional Uzbek dishes along with international options like pizza and burgers.
  • Sulton’s House Restaurant – known for their flavorful soups like shurpa and mastava, as well as kebabs and salads.
  • Chaikhana Sogdiana – serves up hearty portions of shashlik, lagman, pilaf, and more in a cozy setting reminiscent of an old-fashioned tea house.
  • Cafe Anorjon – specializes in vegetarian fare such as lentil soup, stuffed peppers with rice pilaf filling called dolma or sambusa made from pastry dough filled with spinach or potato stuffing among others.
  • Mughalai Darbar- Offers Indian Cuisine which is also quite popular among locals specially Biryani , Butter Chicken , Tandoori chicken etc are some must try items here.

  • Parks and Recreation

    Public Parks and Recreational Activities in Farg’ona, Uzbekistan

    1. Farg’ona Park
    2. Bobur Park
    3. Khamza Museum Park
    4. Aqua-Park

    Other Recreational Activities

    • Tennis courts
    • Football stadium
    • Horseback riding tours
    • Cycling tours
    • Golf courses
    • Ski resorts

    These activities provide opportunities for people of all ages to enjoy the outdoors and get active.


    Its All About The Journey.

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