Gelsenkirchen, Germany

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Gelsenkirchen, Germany

Region: North Rhine-Westphalia


Geographic Coordinates: 51.516700, 7.100000
Temperature Range: -10.0°C to 35.0°C (14°F to 95°F)
Population: 260126
Language: German

Gelsenkirchen is a city situated in the Ruhr region of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It has undergone significant changes over the past few decades and is now known for its cultural scene and parks. The city’s history dates back to the 12th century. In the 19th century, Gelsenkirchen became an important center for coal mining and steel production. During World War II, It was heavily bombed. After the war, Gelsenkirchen underwent reconstruction efforts that transformed it into a modern metropolis with excellent infrastructure facilities.

Visitors can explore its rich history by visiting landmarks such as Schloss Horst or museums like Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex. Zoom Erlebniswelt is one of Gelsenkirchen’s popular attractions – an expansive zoo that houses over 900 animals from all around the world. Nordsternpark offers breathtaking views of Lake Emscher and features several playgrounds, Walking trails, And picnic areas perfect for families looking for outdoor activities. For sports enthusiasts, Veltins Arena serves as home ground for FC Schalke 04 football club – one of Germany’s most successful teams with millions of fans worldwide.

Gelsenkirchen has transformed itself into a thriving cultural hub with plenty to offer visitors from all walks-of-life interested in exploring its rich history or enjoying outdoor activities or watching a football match.



Important Landmarks

  1. Veltins-Arena: A multi-purpose stadium that is home to the Schalke 04 football club.
  2. Zoom Erlebniswelt: A zoo and amusement park featuring a variety of animals, rides, and attractions.
  3. Nordsternpark: A large park with gardens, ponds, and walking trails.
  4. Red Dot Design Museum: An industrial design museum located in a former coal mine complex.
  5. Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex: A UNESCO World Heritage Site featuring the remnants of an old coal mine complex.
  6. Gelsenkirchen Zoo: A zoo featuring a variety of animals from around the world.
  7. Stadtgarten Gelsenkirchen: A park with gardens, playgrounds, and walking paths.
  8. Consol Theater Gelsenkirchen: An event venue that hosts concerts, theater productions, and other performances.
  9. Stadthalle Gelsenkirchen: An event venue that hosts conferences, exhibitions, concerts and other events.
  10. Kunstmuseum Gelsenkirchen: Art museum showcasing contemporary art works.

Primary Industries

  1. Gelsenkirchen is a city located in the Ruhr area of Germany.
  2. The city boasts a diverse range of major industries and businesses.
  3. Coal mining has been an integral part of the city’s history for many years.
  4. Despite its decline in recent times, coal mining still plays a crucial role in the local economy.
  5. The city is also home to several chemical companies that produce various products such as plastics, rubber, and fertilizers.
  6. Gelsenkirchen serves as a hub for energy production and distribution with numerous power plants located within its borders.
  7. In terms of retail offerings, Gelsenkirchen has a thriving sector with several large shopping centers and department stores scattered throughout the city.
  8. The service industry is equally important to the local economy with businesses ranging from banking and finance to healthcare and education.
  9. Sports play an essential role in Gelsenkirchen’s economy thanks to FC Schalke 04 – one of Germany’s most successful football clubs.
  10. The club generates significant revenue for the city through ticket sales, merchandise sales as well as tourism.

Noteable History

  1. Industrialization: Gelsenkirchen played a significant role in the industrial revolution of Germany, with coal mining and steel production being the primary industries.
  2. World War II: During World War II, Gelsenkirchen was heavily bombed by Allied forces, resulting in significant damage to the city’s infrastructure.
  3. Schalke 04 Football Club: The Schalke 04 football club is one of the most notable sports teams associated with Gelsenkirchen. The team has won several national and international titles and has a large fan base.
  4. Herbert Grönemeyer: Herbert Grönemeyer is a famous German musician and actor who was born in Gelsenkirchen.
  5. Horst Köhler: Horst Köhler is a former president of Germany who was born in Gelsenkirchen.
  6. Ernst Kuzorra: Ernst Kuzorra was a legendary football player for Schalke 04 during the 1920s and 1930s.
  7. Veltins-Arena: The Veltins-Arena is a modern stadium that serves as the home ground for Schalke 04 and has hosted several major sporting events over the years.
  8. Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex: The Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex is located near Gelsenkirchen and has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its historical significance as an important industrial center during the early twentieth century.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that has been transformed into a cultural center with museums, galleries, and restaurants.
  2. Red Dot Design Museum is located in the former boiler house of the Zollverein Coal Mine and showcases contemporary industrial design.
  3. Schloss Horst is a 16th-century castle that now houses a museum showcasing local history and culture.
  4. Zoom Erlebniswelt Gelsenkirchen is a zoo featuring animals from around the world, including elephants, tigers, and polar bears.
  5. Kunstmuseum Gelsenkirchen features modern and contemporary art from Germany and around the world.
  6. Nordsternpark is a large park with gardens, playgrounds, a lake for boating, and an outdoor theater for concerts and performances.
  7. Veltins-Arena is one of the largest football stadiums in Germany with a capacity of over 60,000 spectators and serves as the home stadium of football club FC Schalke 04.
  8. Stadthalle Gelsenkirchen hosts concerts, theater performances, exhibitions, conferences and more throughout the year as an events venue.
  9. Revierpark Nienhausen offers visitors sports facilities like tennis courts or mini-golf courses along with its large park area featuring swimming or boating on its lake.
  10. Gelsenkirchener Zoo features over 200 species of animals including lions, tigers, bears, giraffes, etcetera making it an exciting place to visit for animal lovers!


Sports Teams

  1. FC Schalke 04 is the most successful and popular sports team in Gelsenkirchen. The football club was founded in 1904 and has won several titles, including seven German championships, five DFB-Pokals, and one UEFA Cup.
  2. FC Schalke 04 Women’s football team was established in 2020 and currently plays in the Regionalliga West.
  3. SSV Buer is a multi-sport club that was founded in 1908 with teams for football, handball, athletics, tennis, table tennis, and gymnastics.
  4. VfL Resse is another multi-sport club that was founded in 1919 with teams for football, handball, volleyball, basketball, tennis, table tennis and gymnastics.
  5. DJK TuS Rotthausen is a sports club established in 1920 with teams for football and handball.
  6. SV Horst-Emscher is a sports club established in 1912 with teams for football and athletics.
  7. SG Wattenscheid 09 used to play its home matches at the Lohrheidestadion until its bankruptcy in January of 2020 although it moved to Bochum later on after being founded as Ballspiel-Verein Wattenscheid on August of Germany’s first World Cup win year-1930- but changed its name to SG Wattenscheid after World War II when several local clubs merged into one big association.

These are some of the notable sports teams from Gelsenkirchen or those who played their home games there before moving elsewhere over time.



Cultural Events

  1. Gelsenkirchen Easter Market: This market takes place in the weeks leading up to Easter and features traditional German crafts, food, and decorations.
  2. Schloss Horst Medieval Festival: Held in August, this festival transports visitors back in time with jousting tournaments, medieval music performances, and historical reenactments.
  3. Stadtgartenfest: This summer festival takes place in the city’s park and features live music performances, food vendors, and activities for children.
  4. Gelsenkirchen Oktoberfest: Modeled after the famous Munich event, this festival celebrates Bavarian culture with beer tents, traditional costumes, and live music performances.
  5. Night of Industrial Culture: This annual event showcases the unique industrial heritage of the Ruhr region with guided tours of factories and other industrial sites at night.
  6. Christmas Garden Ruhrpark: Located in a shopping center parking lot during December-January period each year; this light show features illuminated sculptures that create a winter wonderland experience for visitors.

Cuisine

  • Currywurst: A sausage dish served with curry ketchup and fries. You can try it at Curry 73 or Curry Queen.
  • Schnitzel: A breaded pork cutlet dish. You can try it at Zur alten Post or Gasthaus Schwan.
  • Pilsner beer: A light beer variety popular in Germany. You can try it at Brauhaus Gelsenkirchen or Trinkhalle.
  • Rindfleischsuppe (beef soup): A hearty soup made with beef, vegetables, and spices. You can try it at Restaurant Drübbelken or Zum Fährmann.
  • Königsberger Klopse (meatballs in white sauce): Meatballs made from veal and served in a creamy white sauce with capers and potatoes on the side. You can try it at Alte Posthalterei or Zum Schlosspark.
  • Döner kebab: A Turkish-style sandwich filled with meat, vegetables, and sauces wrapped in flatbread or pita bread. You can try it at Imbiss Mardin or Döner King.
  • Café Extrablatt: A chain of cafes serving breakfast dishes like pancakes, waffles, eggs Benedict etc.

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Stadtgarten Gelsenkirchen is a public park that offers various amenities such as walking paths, playgrounds, a pond, and even a mini-golf course.
    2. Zoom Erlebniswelt is an exciting wildlife park that houses more than 900 animals from different parts of the world. Visitors can have an up-close experience with nature.
    3. Nordsternpark has something for everyone with its lake for swimming and boating, beautiful gardens, sculptures, and outdoor art installations.
    4. Revierpark Nienhausen is a vast park that features a swimming pool complex complete with water slides and wave pools as well as sports fields and picnic areas.
    5. Schloss Berge Park surrounds the historic castle which boasts beautiful gardens open to the public for strolling or picnicking.
    6. Veltins-Arena Stadium Tour allows visitors to take guided tours of this impressive soccer stadium to learn about its history and architecture.
    7. Movie Park Germany is an amusement park featuring rides based on popular movies like Star Trek, The Walking Dead, and SpongeBob SquarePants.
    8. Alpincenter Bottrop Indoor Ski Resort provides skiers with year-round access to slopes at this indoor ski resort located just outside of Gelsenkirchen.

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