Hpa-An, Myanmar

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Hpa-An, Myanmar

Region: Karen State

Geographic Coordinates: 16.890600, 97.633300
Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 35.0°C (68°F to 95°F)
Climate: Tropical monsoon climate with wet and dry seasons.
Population: 421525
Language: Karen

Hpa-An is a charming town in the southeastern part of Myanmar, Situated between the Thanlwin River and Kayin State mountain range. It is known for its stunning natural scenery, Picturesque landscapes, And unique cultural heritage. The town offers a perfect blend of adventure, Culture, And relaxation to tourists. Mount Zwegabin is one of the most iconic landmarks in Hpa-An standing tall at 725 meters above sea level. Visitors can enjoy a challenging trek to reach the top or take an easier route through lush green forests filled with exotic flora and fauna.

Kyauk Ka Lat Pagoda sits atop a limestone rock formation surrounded by a serene lake. The pagoda features intricate carvings and beautiful architecture that reflects Myanmar’s rich cultural heritage. The Saddar Cave attracts visitors from all over the world with its extensive network of limestone caves that are home to numerous Buddha images, Stalactites, And stalagmites formations. Other fascinating sites in Hpa-An include Kawgun Cave which houses ancient Buddhist art dating back over 2000 years ago; Lumbini Garden which showcases life-sized sculptures depicting scenes from Buddha’s life; and Shwe Yin Myaw Pagoda offering panoramic views of surrounding rice fields.

Visitors can shop for locally made handicrafts such as woven baskets, Textiles, Pottery items, Wood carvings among others at bustling markets while trying traditional dishes like Mohinga (rice noodle soup) or Shan noodles for local cuisine. In conclusion, Hpa-An is a hidden gem in Myanmar that offers visitors something unique whether you are an avid hiker or interested in exploring ancient Buddhist art or simply looking to relax amidst nature’s beauty.

Important Landmarks

  1. Mount Zwegabin
  2. Kyauk Ka Latt Pagoda
  3. Saddan Cave
  4. Kawgun Cave
  5. Lumbini Garden
  6. Shwe Yin Myaw Pagoda
  7. Bat Cave (Ya Thay Pyan)
  8. Hpa-An Market
  9. Zwekabin Viewpoint
  10. Kyauk Kalap Monastery

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture
    • Main crops: rice, betel nut, rubber, and fruits
  2. Tourism
    • Attractions: limestone mountains, caves, and monasteries
    • Related businesses: hotels, restaurants, and tourism-related businesses
  3. Manufacturing
    • Food processing plants and garment factories
  4. Construction
    • New hotels and infrastructure projects to support tourism industry
  5. Retail
    • Small shops selling groceries, clothing, and electronics products
  6. Transport & Logistics
    • Trucking companies transporting goods between different regions of Myanmar

Noteable History

  1. Shwe Yin Myaw Pagoda is a famous landmark in Hpa-An, located on the banks of the Thanlwin River. It was constructed during King Anawrahta’s reign in the 11th century.
  2. Mount Zwegabin is a popular tourist attraction in Hpa-An, offering breathtaking views of the surrounding countryside.
  3. Kyauk Ka Lat Pagoda is situated atop a limestone rock formation, making it unique among other pagodas in Myanmar.
  4. U Nar Ouk Museum showcases artifacts from various periods of Myanmar’s history, including ancient pottery, bronze statues and traditional clothing.
  5. General Aung San was a Burmese independence hero who played an instrumental role in securing Myanmar’s independence from British colonial rule. Despite being assassinated on July 19, 1947, his legacy lives on as one of Myanmar’s most revered political figures.
  6. Thamanya Monastery has been operating for over 100 years and houses many historical artifacts while providing visitors with insights into traditional Burmese monastic life.
  7. Zwe Kabin Waterfall is situated at the base of Mount Zwegabin and attracts many visitors each year as one of Hpa-An’s natural wonders.
  8. Saw Ba U Gyi fought alongside General Aung San for Burma’s independence from British colonial rule before being killed by government forces in 1950 as a revolutionary leader.
  9. The Kawgun Cave Temple contains thousands of ancient Buddhist carvings dating back to the seventh century AD while providing insight into early Burmese religious practices.
  10. Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) has been fighting for Karen independence since 1949 and remains active today while playing an important role in Myanmar’s political landscape.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Kyauk Ka Lat Pagoda is a breathtaking structure built atop a limestone rock formation surrounded by a lake.
  2. Saddan Cave is an awe-inspiring cave system with stalactites, stalagmites, and even a small lake within.
  3. The Hpa-An Cultural Museum showcases the rich history and culture of the Karen people in the region.
  4. Shwe Yin Myaw Pagoda is a stunning golden pagoda situated atop a hill that provides panoramic views of Hpa-An.
  5. Zwe Kabin Mountain is an extremely popular hiking spot known for its breathtaking views from its summit.
  6. Kawgun Cave boasts ancient Buddhist carvings dating back to the 7th century that are sure to impress visitors.
  7. Lumbini Garden offers visitors peace and tranquility with Buddha statues, pagodas, and ponds perfect for picnicking or relaxing.
  8. Mount Zwegabin Monastery is an active monastery located at the base of Mount Zwegabin that offers stunning views from its terrace.
  9. Bayin Nyi Cave Temple is another important religious site featuring multiple caves filled with Buddha images and carvings for visitors to explore.
  10. Thaton Monastery provides insight into Burmese Buddhism culture through its serene atmosphere and beautiful architecture.

Sports Teams

  1. Hpa-An, located in the Kayin State of Myanmar, does not have any professional sports teams.
  2. However, there are many local amateur teams that participate in various sports events and tournaments.
  3. Football (Soccer) is the most popular sport played in Hpa-An.
    • The town has several amateur football clubs that participate in local tournaments and leagues such as the Kayin State Football Tournament.
  4. Other popular sports played in Hpa-An include:
    • Volleyball
    • Basketball
    • Traditional Burmese martial arts like Lethwei (Burmese boxing)
  5. However, there is no significant history or notable achievements by any particular team or player from Hpa-An.

Cultural Events

  1. Shwe Sar Yan Pagoda Festival is a celebration held in February or March to honor the Shwe Sar Yan Pagoda, situated on a hilltop in Hpa-An.
  2. Kayin New Year Festival is celebrated on the first day of the lunar calendar, usually occurring in December or January. This festival includes traditional dances, music, and food.
  3. Thamanya Festival takes place in November and is celebrated by the Mon people residing in Hpa-An. It involves traditional dances, music, and food.
  4. Bo Tree Festival celebrates an important symbol of Buddhism – The Bo Tree with offerings of flowers and candles.
  5. Taung Pyone Nat Festival occurs near Hpa-An at Taung Pyone Village during August where thousands gather to pay homage to spirits known as nats.
  6. Kyaikhtiyo Pagoda Lighting Festival isn’t technically held within Hpa-An itself but nearby at Kyaikhtiyo Pagoda (Golden Rock). Thousands of pilgrims visit this event every year around November/December time frame to witness the lighting ceremony that illuminates the pagoda for three nights.
  7. Thingyan Water Festival is celebrated across Myanmar during mid-April each year marking their new year celebrations with joyous festivities including street parties featuring music performances etc. People splash water onto each other as a symbol for washing away past sins while welcoming new beginnings.


  • Mohinga – a traditional Burmese breakfast dish made with fish broth and rice noodles.
  • Shan-style rice – a popular dish made with steamed rice, vegetables, and meat or fish.
  • Curry – Burmese curries are typically made with meat or fish and served over rice.
  • Tea leaf salad – a unique salad made with pickled tea leaves, tomatoes, peanuts, garlic, and other ingredients.
  • Fried snacks – street vendors in Hpa-An sell a variety of fried snacks like samosas and spring rolls.

Some popular restaurants in Hpa-An include:

  • San Ma Tau Restaurant – known for its delicious Mohinga and other local dishes.
  • Shwe Yin Myaw Restaurant – serves authentic Burmese food at affordable prices.
  • Thiri Mon Restaurant – offers both traditional Burmese dishes as well as some Western options.
  • Aye Myit Tar Restaurant – specializes in Shan-style cuisine including their famous Shan-style rice.
  • Kyaw Kitchenette & Café – offers an extensive menu of both local and international dishes including vegetarian options.

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Hpa-An City Park: This park is located in the heart of Hpa-An and offers a peaceful respite from the hustle and bustle of city life. It features a large lake, walking paths, and playgrounds for children.
    2. Mount Zwegabin: This mountain is a popular destination for hiking enthusiasts. The trail to the top takes about 3-4 hours and offers stunning views of the surrounding landscape.
    3. Saddan Cave: This cave system is located just outside of Hpa-An and features impressive stalactites and stalagmites. Visitors can explore the caves on foot or by boat.
    4. Kyauk Ka Lat Pagoda: This pagoda sits atop a limestone rock formation that juts out over a lake, offering breathtaking views of the surrounding countryside.
    5. Kawgun Cave: This cave contains thousands of ancient Buddhist carvings dating back to the 7th century AD.
    6. Thanlwin River Cruise: Visitors can take a leisurely boat ride down the Thanlwin River, enjoying scenic views along the way.
    7. Bat Cave: As its name suggests, this cave is home to thousands of bats that emerge at dusk each evening, creating an awe-inspiring sight for visitors to behold.
    8. Lumbini Garden: Located on the outskirts of Hpa-An, this garden features beautiful landscaping and several small ponds stocked with fish for visitors to feed.
    9. Shwe Yin Myaw Pagoda: This pagoda sits atop another limestone rock formation overlooking Hpa-An town, offering panoramic views from its summit.
    10. Gaungse Kyun Island: It’s an island near Mawlamyine which can be accessed by boat from Mawlamyine or other nearby towns/cities like Mudon or Kyaikkami. It has beaches, mangroves, bird watching spots, etc.


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