Jinchang, China

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Jinchang, China

Region: Gansu

Geographic Coordinates: 38.516800, 102.187000
Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 35.0°C (-40°F to 95°F)
Climate: Dry and arid climate with hot summers and cold winters.
Population: 438026
Language: Mandarin

Jinchang is a city located in the Gansu province of China, Nestled in the northwest region of the country. The city boasts a rich history, Having been established over 2, 000 years ago during the Han dynasty. Today, Jinchang is known for its natural resources and industrial development. One of Jinchang’s most significant industries is mining. The city sits on top of one of China’s largest nickel deposits and has been an important mining center since ancient times. In addition to nickel, Jinchang also produces copper, Zinc, And other minerals.

This industry has contributed significantly to the local economy and provides employment opportunities for many residents. Despite its industrial focus, Jinchang offers visitors plenty to see and do. One popular attraction is the Xijin Tomb Complex which dates back to the Tang dynasty (618-907 AD). This complex includes several tombs that have been excavated over time and offer insight into life during this period. Another must-see site in Jinchang is Maijishan Grottoes – a series of caves filled with Buddhist statues carved into rock faces dating back more than 1, 600 years ago.

These grottoes are considered some of China’s most valuable cultural treasures. In addition to historical sites like these two landmarks mentioned above; there are also beautiful parks like Shimen Park where visitors can enjoy traditional Chinese gardens featuring ponds filled with koi fish swimming under bridges while admiring colorful flowers blooming around them.

Jinchang cuisine features unique flavors that are distinct from other parts of China due to its location near Inner Mongolia region which influences their cuisine heavily by using lamb meat as their main ingredient in dishes such as roasted lamb leg or hot pot soup with lamb meatballs; it’s definitely worth experiencing while visiting this city! Overall, Jinchang offers visitors a fascinating blend of history, Culture, And industry. If you’re interested in exploring China’s northwest region, Then Jinchang is definitely worth adding to your itinerary.

Important Landmarks

  • Jinchang is a city in Gansu Province of China that boasts several famous landmarks and tourist attractions.
  • The Great Wall of Han Dynasty is an ancient wall located in Jinchuan County that was built during the Han Dynasty.
  • The Jiayuguan Pass is another popular attraction that serves as a fortress located at the western end of the Great Wall of China.
  • The Yumen Pass is also an important pass on the Silk Road that served as a gateway to Central Asia.
  • The Gobi Desert, which covers parts of northern and northwestern China, offers visitors a unique desert experience.
  • Mingsha Mountain and Crescent Lake Scenic Area features a beautiful oasis surrounded by sand dunes.
  • Xiongguan Pagoda Forest is a group of ancient pagodas located in Qilihe District.
  • Shimen National Forest Park offers scenic views with waterfalls, lakes, and forests located near Jinchang City.
  • Zhangye Danxia National Geological Park is known for its colorful rock formations resembling rainbow mountains.
  • Lanzhou Yellow River Iron Bridge spans across the Yellow River in Lanzhou – about 300 km from Jinchang city center.
  • These are some popular landmarks and tourist attractions to explore when visiting Jinchang city or nearby areas in Gansu province!

  • Primary Industries

    1. Nonferrous Metals Industry: Jinchang is known for its rich reserves of nonferrous metals such as copper, zinc, lead, nickel, and gold. The city has several large-scale mining and metallurgical enterprises that produce these metals.
    2. Chemical Industry: Jinchang has a well-developed chemical industry that produces chemicals such as sulfuric acid, caustic soda, ammonium chloride, and potassium sulfate.
    3. Machinery Manufacturing Industry: The machinery manufacturing industry in Jinchang produces equipment for mining and metallurgy industries.
    4. Agriculture: Jinchang has a strong agricultural sector that produces wheat, corn, potatoes, fruits like apples and pears as well as livestock farming.
    5. Tourism: With its scenic beauty including natural landscapes like the Qilian Mountains National Park and cultural attractions like the Mogao Caves which are a UNESCO World Heritage Site; tourism is becoming an increasingly important industry in Jinchang.
    6. Energy Production – Coal mining is also an important industry in Jinchang due to its abundant coal reserves which make it one of the largest coal-producing regions in China.

    Noteable History

    • Jinchang is a city located in Gansu province, China.
    • The city has been associated with several historical events and notable people throughout its history.
    • Historical events that occurred in Jinchang include:
      • Its inclusion in the Hexi Corridor during the Han dynasty.
      • This corridor was significant as it served as a trade route connecting China to Central Asia.
      • In 1949, Jinchang became part of the People’s Republic of China.
      • A major earthquake struck the area causing damage and loss of life in 1969.
    • Jinchang has also produced several notable individuals across various fields:
      • Wang Zhen, who was born in Jinchang, served as Vice Premier of China from 1985 to 1990 and was a Chinese Communist Party leader.
      • Li Xiaopeng, another native of Jinchang, won gold medals at both the Olympics and World Championships for gymnastics during the 1990s.
      • Zhang Guowei hails from Jinchang and won silver at the World Championships for high jump in Athletics back in 2015.
    • Despite not being as well-known as other cities within China, Jinchang has played an essential role historically while producing some remarkable individuals across different fields.

    • Museums and Things To See

      1. Jinchang Museum: The museum showcases the history and culture of Jinchang, featuring exhibits on the Silk Road and local ethnic minorities.
      2. Gansu Provincial Museum: This museum is located in nearby Lanzhou and boasts a vast collection of artifacts from throughout Gansu Province, including ancient pottery, bronze ware, and Buddhist art.
      3. Zhangye Danxia National Geological Park: A popular destination for tourists and photographers alike, this park is known for its colorful rock formations resembling a rainbow.
      4. Maijishan Grottoes: These Buddhist grottoes are carved into a cliff face near Tianshui and contain hundreds of statues and murals dating back to the 4th century.
      5. Jiayuguan Pass: Once an important fortress protecting China from invaders, this site was also the western end of the Great Wall of China.
      6. Qilian Mountains National Park: Home to some of China’s highest peaks as well as unique flora and fauna such as wild yaks, Tibetan antelopes, and snow leopards.
      7. Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center: One of China’s main launch facilities for rockets carrying satellites or astronauts into space located in nearby Jiuquan City.
      8. Yulin Caves: These caves near Dunhuang feature some of the earliest examples of Chinese Buddhist art dating back to the Northern Wei dynasty (386-534 AD).
      9. Mingsha Mountain & Crescent Lake Scenic Area: A desert oasis with sand dunes that sing when blown by wind along with a picturesque crescent-shaped lake surrounded by mountains.
      10. Shandan Bailie School Museum & Memorial Hall: Founded by American educator Joseph Bailie in 1908 to provide education to underprivileged children in rural areas, this school became famous for its unique work-study program over time.

      Cultural Events

      1. Jinchang International Folk Art Festival is an annual event held in August that showcases traditional folk performances from China and other countries.
      2. The Jinchang Yellow River Culture Festival is celebrated in September and highlights the cultural heritage of the Yellow River region through various activities, including exhibitions, performances, and competitions.
      3. The Yumen Lantern Festival takes place during the Chinese New Year period and features colorful lantern displays as well as traditional lion dances.
      4. The Jinchang Grape Festival is held in August to celebrate the local grape harvest with wine tastings, grape-picking activities, and cultural performances.
      5. The Gansu Ethnic Minority Cultural Tourism Festival occurs annually in July and focuses on highlighting the unique culture of ethnic minority groups living in Gansu province through music, dance, food, and crafts.
      6. The Silk Road International Expo is a major trade fair that takes place every year in September attracting exhibitors from China’s western regions as well as international companies interested in doing business along the Silk Road route.
      7. Visitors can enjoy hiking trails through beautiful landscapes while taking part in cultural events such as folk music performances or tea ceremonies at Qilian Mountain Red Leaves Festival which celebrates every October when leaves on Qilian Mountain turn red.


      Famous Dishes in Jinchang

      1. Jinchang Roast Lamb: This is a famous dish in the region where lamb is roasted on a spit and seasoned with cumin and other spices.
      2. Hand-pulled Noodles: The noodles are made by hand and served with various toppings such as beef, vegetables, or eggs.
      3. Jinchang Dumplings: These dumplings are filled with meat or vegetables and served boiled or fried.
      4. Beef Noodle Soup: This soup is made with tender beef slices, noodles, and a flavorful broth.

      Popular Restaurants in Jinchang

      1. Lanjia Restaurant: This restaurant serves traditional Chinese dishes including hot pot and stir-fried dishes.
      2. Xiangshengyuan Restaurant: They specialize in local cuisine such as roast lamb and hand-pulled noodles.
      3. Shunfengyuan Restaurant: They serve a variety of Chinese dishes including seafood, hot pot, and dim sum.
      4. Yijie Snack Bar: This small restaurant serves affordable snacks such as dumplings, buns, and noodles to locals on the go.

      Parks and Recreation

      1. Jinchang Cultural Park: A large park that boasts beautiful gardens, serene lakes, and cultural exhibits.
      2. Jinchang People’s Park: A popular park with plenty of walking trails, playgrounds for children, and sports facilities.
      3. Xiancheng Park: A breathtaking park that features stunning waterfalls, unique rock formations, and hiking trails.
      4. Gobi Desert Ecological Park: An ecological park that allows visitors to experience the one-of-a-kind desert landscape of Jinchang.
      5. Jinchuan Sports Center: A state-of-the-art sports complex that offers facilities for basketball, volleyball, soccer, and other sports enthusiasts.
      6. Beishan National Forest Park: An area rich in forestry where visitors can enjoy scenic views of the surrounding mountains while hiking on its many trails.
      7. Qilian Mountain Scenic Area: An awe-inspiring natural beauty spot with mountain peaks and valleys as well as hot springs and other recreational activities to indulge in.
      8. Yuhua Lake Scenic Area: A picturesque lake surrounded by beautifully landscaped gardens and pavilions where visitors can enjoy boating or fishing activities.
      9. Shuangshan Mountain Scenic Area: Another mountainous region with stunning views of the surrounding landscape from its many hiking trails.
      10. Liuhu Lake Wetland Park: A wetland area teeming with various species of birds where visitors can observe wildlife in their natural habitat while enjoying outdoor activities such as boating or fishing.


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