Jinggang, China

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Jinggang, China

Region: Jiangxi

Geographic Coordinates: 23.272300, 113.218000
Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 40.0°C (-40°F to 104°F)
Population: 161343
Language: Chinese

Jinggang is a charming town situated in China’s Jiangxi province that has a rich history as a revolutionary base during the Chinese Civil War. The town is surrounded by picturesque mountains and lush greenery, Making it an ideal destination for nature enthusiasts. One of Jinggang’s most notable attractions is the Jinggangshan Revolutionary Site, Which was established to commemorate the Communist Party’s early struggles against Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalist government. This site covers over 200 square kilometers and includes several historical landmarks such as Mao Zedong’s former residence, Red Army Square, And numerous military training bases.

Visitors can also explore nature at the Jinggangshan Scenic Area by hiking through dense forests or taking in breathtaking views from mountaintops like Ciping Peak. There are also plenty of natural pools throughout the park where visitors can take a refreshing dip. Jinggang boasts impressive ancient architecture with many traditional buildings dating back to ancient times. Visitors can visit temples like Baima Temple or Wuzhuang Temple to gain insight into China’s rich cultural heritage.

The town also has a vibrant local culture with delicious local cuisine available at markets like Taiping Market and traditional folk performances at events such as Gannan Folk Song Festival. Overall, Jinggang offers visitors an opportunity to experience China’s rich history while enjoying stunning natural scenery and unique cultural experiences. Whether you’re interested in exploring historical landmarks or simply soaking up some fresh air amidst beautiful mountain landscapes – there’s something for everyone here!

Important Landmarks

  1. Jinggangshan Revolutionary Site is a significant historical site that played a crucial role in the Chinese revolution and now attracts many tourists.
  2. Ciping Scenic Area is renowned for its natural beauty, with picturesque mountains, waterfalls, and forests to discover.
  3. Huangyangjie Scenic Area offers breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape and boasts hiking trails and other outdoor activities.
  4. Wuzhi Peak is a well-known landmark in Jinggang that provides panoramic views of the countryside.
  5. Red Army Long March Memorial Hall is a museum dedicated to the history of the Chinese revolution and Jinggang’s part in it.
  6. Tashan Park is an exquisite park featuring gardens, lakes, pavilions, and other attractions.
  7. Hongjun Mountain National Forest Park covers a vast area with hiking trails, waterfalls, caves, and other natural wonders for visitors to explore.
  8. Xiangshan Temple is an ancient temple situated on top of a hill overlooking Jinggangshan that offers stunning views of the surrounding countryside.
  9. Lushan Hot Springs Resort draws many tourists due to its hot springs baths, spa treatments, restaurants, and other amenities available for visitors’ enjoyment.
  10. Shizhong Mountain Scenic Area presents stunning mountainscapes along with hiking trails for visitors to explore at their leisure without any rush or hurry.

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture: Jinggang’s favorable climate and fertile land make it an ideal location for agriculture. The region produces various crops such as rice, corn, wheat, vegetables, fruits, tea and tobacco.
  2. Mining: Jinggang is rich in mineral resources such as iron ore, tin ore, tungsten ore and gold deposits.
  3. Manufacturing: The city has several manufacturing companies that produce goods ranging from electronics (mobile phones), textiles (cotton fabrics), machinery parts (pumps) to construction materials (cement).
  4. Tourism: Jinggang is a popular tourist destination due to its historical significance as the birthplace of the Chinese Communist Party and its beautiful natural scenery.
  5. Service sector: With the growth of tourism industry in recent years there has been an increase in service sector businesses including restaurants hotels cafes etc catering to tourists visiting the area.

Noteable History

  1. The Jinggangshan Revolutionary Base Area: In 1927, Mao Zedong led a group of communist guerrillas to establish the first revolutionary base area in Jinggangshan. This became known as the Jinggangshan Revolutionary Base Area and served as a stronghold for communist forces during their struggle against the Nationalist government.
  2. The Long March: During the Long March in 1934-1935, Mao Zedong and his Red Army passed through Jinggangshan on their way to Yan’an. The journey was grueling but it solidified Mao’s leadership within the CCP.
  3. Zhu De: Zhu De was one of Mao’s closest allies and played an important role in establishing the Jinggangshan base area. He went on to become one of China’s most prominent military leaders and was instrumental in founding the People’s Liberation Army.
  4. Lin Biao: Lin Biao was another key figure in CCP history who spent time at Jinggangshan. He later became one of Mao’s top generals but died under mysterious circumstances during a failed coup attempt.
  5. The Cultural Revolution: During China’s Cultural Revolution (1966-1976), many young people were sent to work at farms or factories located around Jinggangshan as part of Chairman Mao’s plan for “re-education”. This period had a profound impact on Chinese society and politics that still reverberates today.

Overall, Jingang has been an important symbol for communists throughout China’s modern history – it represents both their struggle against oppression by Nationalist forces as well as their commitment to building socialism through grassroots organization and revolutionary action.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Jinggangshan Revolutionary Museum: This museum focuses on the history of the Communist Party and its role in the Chinese Revolution.
  2. Jinggangshan Martyrs Cemetery: This cemetery is a tribute to those who fought and died during the Chinese Revolution.
  3. Ciping Ancient City: A glimpse into traditional Chinese architecture, this ancient city dates back to the Ming Dynasty.
  4. Wuzhi Mountain Scenic Area: Featuring stunning natural beauty, including waterfalls, forests, and hiking trails, this scenic area is a must-visit for nature lovers.
  5. Huangyangjie Scenic Area: Known for its towering cliffs and breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape, this area offers visitors an unforgettable experience.
  6. Red Army Long March Memorial Hall: This museum commemorates one of China’s most significant historical events – The Long March – through artifacts from that period.
  7. Jinggangshan National Nature Reserve: Home to a diverse array of flora and fauna – including rare species like giant pandas and golden monkeys – this nature reserve is a must-visit for animal lovers.
  8. Hongjun Cultural Center: Visitors can learn about traditional Chinese culture through exhibits, performances, and workshops at this cultural center.
  9. Luoxiao Mountains Scenic Area: Located on the border between Jiangxi Province and Fujian Province, this scenic area features breathtaking mountain vistas as well as cultural attractions such as temples and pagodas.
  10. Tianqiao Scenic Area: With beautiful natural scenery that includes lakes, waterfalls, caves; Tianqiao also has historical significance as it was once an important stop on the Silk Road trade route.

Cultural Events

  1. The Jinggangshan Red Army Culture Festival is an annual celebration of the history and culture of the Red Army, which was founded in Jinggangshan during the Chinese Civil War.
  2. The Jinggangshan International Mountaineering Festival takes place in September and offers a range of mountain-related activities, including hiking, rock climbing, and mountaineering competitions.
  3. The Dongjiang Lake Cherry Blossom Festival is held in March or April to celebrate the blooming of cherry blossoms around Dongjiang Lake with food stalls, live music performances, and other cultural activities.
  4. The Jinggangshan Folk Song Festival showcases traditional folk music from the region with performances by local musicians and dancers every year.
  5. Mao Zedong Memorial Ceremony is held on December 26th each year to commemorate Mao Zedong’s arrival in Jinggangshan in 1927 to establish the first rural revolutionary base area.
  6. China’s National Day on October 1st each year is celebrated with parades, fireworks displays, and other festivities throughout Jinggangshan.
  7. Celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month (usually June), Dragon Boat Festival features dragon boat races on nearby rivers along with traditional food such as zongzi (sticky rice wrapped in bamboo leaves).
  8. Mid-Autumn Festival or Mooncake Festival (usually September) is celebrated by families gathering together to eat mooncakes and admire the full moon while enjoying cultural performances such as lion dances or lantern displays.


Local Jinggangshan Dishes:

  1. Jinggangshan Rice Noodles: A type of rice noodle soup that is a specialty in the region.
  2. Jinggangshan Tofu: A type of tofu made from local soybeans and served with various sauces.
  3. Jinggangshan Braised Pork: A dish made with pork belly cooked slowly with soy sauce, sugar, and spices.
  4. Xiangxi Wild Vegetable Hotpot: A hotpot dish made with locally sourced wild vegetables and herbs.
  5. Sanqingshan Tea Oil Chicken: A dish made with chicken cooked in tea oil from the nearby Sanqingshan mountain range.

Popular Restaurants in Jinggang, China:

  1. Yingbin Restaurant (迎宾楼): Known for its traditional Jiangxi cuisine and scenic views overlooking the mountains.
  2. Dongpo Restaurant (东坡酒楼): Famous for its braised pork dishes and other local specialties.
  3. Deyuanju Restaurant (德园居餐厅): Offers a variety of Chinese dishes including Sichuan-style hotpot and seafood dishes.
  4. Laozihao Restaurant (老字号餐厅): Known for its authentic Cantonese cuisine such as dim sum, roasted meats, and seafood dishes.
  5. Shangrila Hotel Restaurant (香格里拉大酒店中餐厅): Offers both Chinese and Western cuisines as well as stunning views of the surrounding mountains from its dining room windows.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Jinggangshan National Park – A national park with scenic views, hiking trails, and historical sites.
  2. Ciping Scenic Area – A popular tourist destination with waterfalls, lakes, and mountains.
  3. Wuzhi Mountain Forest Park – A forest park with hiking trails and camping facilities.
  4. Lushan Mountain National Forest Park – A national forest park with scenic views of mountains and waterfalls.
  5. Jinggangshan Revolutionary Memorial Hall – A museum dedicated to the history of the Chinese Revolution in Jinggangshan.
  6. Yangshuo Park – A public park with gardens, lakes, and walking paths.
  7. Tengwang Pavilion Scenic Area – An ancient pavilion surrounded by gardens and a lake for boating.
  8. Mount Sanqingshan National Park – This is a UNESCO World Heritage site known for its unique rock formations that resemble human figures or animals.


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