Kadugli, Sudan

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Kadugli, Sudan

Region: South Kordofan

Geographic Coordinates: 11.016700, 29.716700
Temperature Range: 25.0°C to 40.0°C (77°F to 104°F)
Climate: Dry and hot climate with occasional rainfall and thunderstorms during the months of July to October in Kadugli, Sudan.
Population: 176931
Language: Arabic

Kadugli is a city located in the Nuba Mountains region of Sudan. It serves as the capital of South Kordofan state and is situated at an altitude of 600 meters above sea level. The city has a population of around 130, 000 people and is known for its diverse ethnic groups, Including the Nuba, Arab, And Fulani. The climate in Kadugli is hot and dry throughout most of the year. The rainy season starts from June to September with an average annual rainfall of 700mm.

Due to its location in the Nuba Mountains, Kadugli experiences cooler temperatures than other parts of Sudan. The economy of Kadugli mainly relies on agriculture with crops such as sorghum, Millet, Sesame seeds, Groundnuts being grown by farmers in surrounding areas. Livestock rearing also plays a significant role in the local economy. Additionally, There are small businesses that provide services such as transportation and retail trade. As one travels through Kadugli’s streets they will encounter various landmarks that depict Sudan’s rich cultural heritage.

One such landmark is Al-Anwar Mosque which stands tall at center stage within the town’s central business district – it was built during Ottoman rule over Sudan between 1821-1885 AD but was later restored during British colonial times (1899-1956). Another notable building is St Mary’s Catholic Cathedral which dates back to early Christian missionary work conducted by Italian Capuchin monks who arrived here in 1920.

Kadugli has faced some challenges over recent years due to political instability caused by conflicts between government forces and rebel groups operating within South Kordofan state – this has led to displacement among communities resulting from fighting between rival factions seeking control over territory within this region. Despite these challenges facing residents living here today – locals remain resilient while working hard towards rebuilding their community so that it can once again become a vibrant and prosperous city. Kadugli is an interesting place to visit for anyone who wants to experience Sudan’s rich culture, History, And natural beauty.

Important Landmarks

  • Kadugli is the capital city of South Kordofan state in Sudan.
  • It is a small town with limited tourist attractions and landmarks.
  • Some notable places to visit in Kadugli include:
    • The Dilling Mountains, which are located near Kadugli and offer scenic views and hiking opportunities.
    • The Martyrs’ Cemetery, a cemetery dedicated to those who lost their lives during the civil war in Sudan.
    • Al-Kadaro Market, a local market where you can find traditional Sudanese goods and handicrafts.
    • The State Museum, which showcases the history and culture of South Kordofan state.
    • The Great Mosque of Kadugli, an impressive mosque located in the center of town.
    • Jebel El Hajar Waterfall, a beautiful waterfall located about 30 km from Kadugli, which is popular for picnics and swimming among locals.

    Primary Industries

    1. Agriculture: Kadugli is known for its fertile land, which makes it suitable for agriculture. The main crops grown in the region include sorghum, millet, groundnuts, sesame seeds, and cotton.
    2. Livestock: The region has a large number of livestock farms that produce meat, milk, and other dairy products.
    3. Mining: Kadugli has significant mineral resources such as gold and copper that are mined by local companies.
    4. Trade: There are several markets in Kadugli where locals sell their agricultural products and other goods such as clothing and household items.
    5. Services sector: The services sector is also growing in Kadugli with the establishment of banks, hotels, restaurants, telecommunications companies among others.
    6. Construction industry: With the growth of the city’s population there is an increased demand for housing which has led to a growth in construction industry with many new buildings being constructed including schools , hospitals among others.

    Noteable History

    1. The Nuba Mountains Conflict has been ongoing since the 1980s, with Kadugli being a major site of conflict between the Sudanese government and the Nuba people who are fighting for autonomy and recognition of their cultural identity.
    2. The Kadugli Massacre occurred in June 2011 when government forces carried out a brutal attack on civilians, resulting in an estimated 300-400 deaths and thousands more displaced.
    3. Abubakar Siddiq Mohamed Abdallah is a prominent human rights activist from Kadugli who was arrested by Sudanese authorities in 2018 for his work documenting human rights abuses in the Nuba Mountains region.
    4. Ahmed Haroun is a former governor of South Kordofan state (where Kadugli is located) who was indicted by the International Criminal Court for war crimes committed during the Darfur conflict.
    5. Dr. Hassan al-Turabi was a prominent Islamist politician born in Kassala (nearby to Kadugli) who played a key role in shaping Sudan’s political landscape from the 1980s until his death in 2016.
    6. The Mahdist War took place during the late 19th century, where Kadugli served as one of its battlefields between British colonial forces and followers of Muhammad Ahmad al-Mahdi, who sought to establish an Islamic state within Sudan.
    7. The Condominium Agreement was signed between Britain and Egypt back in 1899 that established joint control over Sudan; it had significant implications for governance and development throughout much of northern Sudan (including South Kordofan).

    Museums and Things To See

    1. Kau Mosque – a beautiful mosque located in the heart of Kadugli.
    2. Dilling Mountains – a picturesque mountain range located near Kadugli that offers stunning views and hiking opportunities.
    3. Tomb of Ahmed al-Mirghani – the final resting place of the former President of Sudan.
    4. Nuba Mountains – a scenic region located near Kadugli that is home to numerous ethnic groups and wildlife.
    5. Al-Fashir Castle – an ancient castle built during the Ottoman Empire that is now a popular tourist attraction in Sudan.
    6. Mount Marra National Park- A national park with diverse flora and fauna along with several waterfalls where visitors can enjoy trekking and bird watching.
    7. The Nubian Pyramids at Meroe- A UNESCO World Heritage site which has over 200 pyramids from ancient times.

    Please note: Due to political instability in some parts of Sudan, it is advisable to check travel advisories before visiting any location within the country for safety reasons.

    Cultural Events

    1. Kadugli Cultural Festival: This festival celebrates the diverse cultural heritage of the people of Kadugli and features traditional music, dance performances, food fairs and other cultural activities.
    2. Eid al-Fitr: This is a religious festival celebrated by Muslims worldwide marking the end of Ramadan.
    3. Eid al-Adha: Another important Muslim festival that commemorates Prophet Ibrahim’s willingness to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to Allah.
    4. Independence Day: Sudan gained independence from British colonial rule on January 1st, 1956. The day is marked with parades and other festivities.
    5. Martyrs’ Day: Observed on June 30th every year in honor of those who lost their lives during the civil war in Sudan.
    6. Nuba Wrestling Festival: A traditional wrestling competition held annually among various Nuba tribes in Kadugli.
    7. International Women’s Day: Celebrated on March 8th every year to recognize women’s achievements and contributions globally.

    Note that these events may be subject to change depending on current circumstances or political situations within the region or country as a whole.


    • Ful Medames: A traditional Sudanese breakfast dish made from fava beans served with bread and salad. It can be found in most local cafes.
    • Kebabs: Grilled meat skewers that are commonly found in street food stalls.
    • Asida: A porridge-like dish made from sorghum flour that is often eaten with stews or sauces.
    • Al Mawashi Restaurant: A popular restaurant in Kadugli that serves grilled meats and kebabs.
    • Al Salam Restaurant: Another popular restaurant that offers traditional Sudanese dishes such as ful medames and asida.
    • Al Andalusia Café & Restaurant: A cozy cafe that serves coffee, tea, and light snacks such as sandwiches and pastries.
    • El Fath Bakery & Sweets Shop: A bakery where you can find freshly baked bread, cakes, pastries, and other sweet treats.

    Please note that due to the ongoing conflict in the region of South Kordofan where Kadugli is located, it may not be safe to travel to this area at this time.

    Parks and Recreation

    1. Al-Salam Park: A popular park situated in the heart of Kadugli city that provides a tranquil setting for walking and relaxation.
    2. Sports Complex: The sports complex in Kadugli has amenities for various sports such as football, basketball, volleyball, and tennis.
    3. Cultural Center: The cultural center puts on events and exhibitions showcasing the traditional arts and crafts of Sudan.
    4. Hiking Trails: There are several hiking trails around Kadugli that offer scenic views of the surrounding hills and valleys.
    5. Wildlife Reserves: Some wildlife reserves near Kadugli offer opportunities for game viewing and bird watching.

    It is recommended to verify with local authorities or travel agencies for updated information on parks and recreational activities in Kadugli before planning your visit as conditions may change due to political unrest or other factors beyond our control.


    Experience The Extraordinary.

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