Kalār, Iraq

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Kalār, Iraq

Region: Diyala


Geographic Coordinates: 34.629200, 45.322200
Population: 250000
Language: Arabic

Kalār is a charming town located in the Sulaymaniyah Governorate of Iraq, Nestled in the foothills of the Zagros Mountains. The area is renowned for its stunning natural beauty and diverse wildlife. With a population of around 10, 000 people, Kalār boasts a rich mix of different ethnic groups. One of Kalār’s most notable attractions is its ancient fortress, Which has stood watch over the town for centuries. Visitors can explore the ruins and take in panoramic views of the surrounding countryside from atop the hill.

The town’s bazaar or market is also worth visiting to experience local culture firsthand by sampling fresh produce or purchasing handmade crafts and clothing. For those who love nature, Kalār offers various outdoor activities such as hiking along scenic trails with wildflowers and glimpses of foxes, Rabbits, Eagles etc., While birdwatchers may spot rare species like Golden Eagles , Griffon Vultures , Steppe Eagles etc . Overall, Kalār provides an excellent opportunity to immerse oneself in Iraqi history & culture while enjoying some much-needed relaxation amidst breathtaking scenery.



Important Landmarks

  1. Qal’at Sherqat – An ancient fortress located in the Salah ad-Din Governorate.
  2. Dokan Lake – A beautiful lake surrounded by mountains and forests located near Kalar.
  3. Korek Mountain Resort – A popular ski resort located in the mountains near Kalar.
  4. Chavi Land Park – A family-friendly amusement park located in Kalar.
  5. The Great Mosque of Samarra – An iconic mosque built-in 851 AD located near Qal’at Sherqat.
  6. Al Hadba Minaret – One of the tallest minarets in the world situated at the Great Mosque of Al-Nuri in Mosul.
  7. Erbil Citadel- A UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world situated at Erbil city center.
  8. Sulaymaniyah Museum- One of Kurdistan’s most prominent museums displaying Kurdish history and culture.
  9. Azadi Park- a public park featuring gardens, fountains & walking paths with views over Sulaymaniyah city.

Noteable History

  1. Kalār, Iraq is a small town with a rich history.
  2. During the Abbasid Caliphate (750-1258), it was an important center for Islamic scholarship and learning, with many famous scholars living and teaching in the town during this period.
  3. Unfortunately, Kalār was one of the many towns destroyed during the Mongol invasion of Iraq in 1258.
  4. During the Ottoman Empire (1534–1918), Kalār served as a regional administrative center as part of the Mosul Vilayet.
  5. In 1915, British forces captured Kalār from Ottoman forces during World War I.
  6. One notable figure associated with Kalār is Sheikh Mahmud Barzanji (1884–1956), a Kurdish nationalist leader who fought against British colonialism in Iraq. He was born in a nearby village called Barzan and became known as The Lion of Kurdistan.
  7. Despite not having many specific events or people associated with it, Kalār’s location in northern Iraq has made it historically significant due to its proximity to other important cities such as Mosul and Kirkuk.

Museums and Things To See

  1. The Citadel of Erbil: A UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.
  2. Kurdish Textile Museum: A museum dedicated to preserving and showcasing traditional Kurdish textiles.
  3. Sami Abdulrahman Park: A beautiful park with a lake, gardens, and playgrounds for children.
  4. Shanidar Cave: An archaeological site where Neanderthal remains were discovered.
  5. Amna Suraka Museum: A former prison turned museum that documents the atrocities committed against Kurds during Saddam Hussein’s regime.
  6. Mudhafaria Minaret: A historic minaret dating back to 1190 AD that was once part of a mosque destroyed by Mongol invaders.
  7. Choli Minaret: Another ancient minaret located in the town of Ranya near Kalār.
  8. The Great Mosque of Erbil: One of the largest mosques in Iraq with stunning architecture and intricate details.
  9. Halabja Memorial Monument: A monument dedicated to the victims of the 1988 chemical attack on Halabja by Saddam Hussein’s forces during Iran-Iraq war.
  10. Hawler Castle (Erbil Castle): An old fortress situated on top of a hill overlooking Erbil city with breathtaking views over its surroundings.

Note that some places may be closed or restricted due to security concerns or ongoing conflicts in certain areas; it is advisable always to check safety conditions before visiting any place in Iraq as well as obtain local guidance from trusted sources while traveling around Kurdistan region especially if you are not familiar with local customs or language barriers might arise during your stay there.




Cultural Events

  1. Newroz: This is the Kurdish New Year festival celebrated annually on March 21st.
  2. Eid al-Fitr: A Muslim holiday that marks the end of Ramadan fasting and is typically celebrated with family gatherings and feasts.
  3. Ashura: A Shia Muslim religious observance that commemorates the martyrdom of Imam Hussein.
  4. Baghdad International Film Festival: An annual film festival held in Baghdad featuring local and international films.
  5. Babylon International Festival: A cultural festival showcasing music, dance, and theater performances from different parts of Iraq.
  6. Erbil International Book Fair: A book fair held annually in Erbil featuring local and international publishers showcasing their books.
  7. Basra International Marathon: An annual marathon race held in Basra promoting sports tourism in Iraq.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Kalar City Park: This park features walking trails, picnic areas, playgrounds for children and sports facilities such as basketball courts.
  2. Shalawat Park: A beautiful park located in the heart of Kalār city with lush greenery and a serene atmosphere.
  3. Qara Dagh Nature Reserve: A nature reserve situated near Kalār that offers hiking trails with stunning views of mountains and valleys.
  4. Kalar Swimming Pool: This is an outdoor swimming pool located within Kalar City Park where visitors can enjoy a refreshing swim during hot summer days.
  5. Football Stadium: The city also has a football stadium where locals gather to watch games or participate in friendly matches.
  6. Shopping Malls: There are several shopping malls in Kalār that offer various entertainment options such as cinemas, restaurants and cafes for visitors to relax after shopping or exploring the city’s attractions.

Please note that this information may be outdated or incomplete due to changing circumstances on the ground; it is always advisable to consult local sources for up-to-date information on public parks and recreational activities in any given area.


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