Geographic Coordinates: 40.733300, 29.966700
Temperature Range: 10.0°C to 30.0°C (50°F to 86°F)
Climate: Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters.
Karatepe is an ancient Hittite site located in southern Turkey, Dating back to the 8th century BC. It was discovered in the 20th century by British archaeologist James Mellaart and is now considered one of Turkey’s most important archaeological sites. Situated on a hill overlooking the Ceyhan River, Karatepe features a fortified citadel surrounded by walls, Gates, And towers. Within the citadel are several temples, Palaces, And residential areas. The Great Palace is particularly impressive with intricate carvings depicting scenes from Hittite mythology. One of Karatepe’s most interesting features is its bilingual inscription containing both Hittite hieroglyphs and Phoenician script.
This inscription provides valuable information about Hittite language and culture as well as their interactions with neighboring civilizations. Karatepe also boasts an extensive collection of artifacts including pottery, Weapons, Jewelry, And religious objects. Many of these items are displayed at museums throughout Turkey such as Ankara Museum of Anatolian Civilizations. Not only does Karatepe offer historical significance but it also provides stunning views of Mount Amanos to the south and fertile farmland along the Ceyhan River valley. Visitors can explore Karatepe on foot or take guided tours offered by local tour operators.
The site is open year-round except for Mondays when it’s closed for maintenance. Overall, Karatepe offers a fascinating glimpse into ancient Hittite civilization with its impressive architecture, Bilingual inscriptions, And extensive collection of artifacts making it a must-visit destination for history buffs visiting Turkey.
- Karatepe-Aslantaş Open-Air Museum: This ancient Hittite city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and features impressive ruins of a temple, palace, and fortifications.
- Ceyhan River: The river flows through the town of Karatepe and offers scenic views for visitors to enjoy.
- Osmaniye Castle: This historic castle dates back to the 12th century and offers panoramic views of the surrounding area.
- Hatay Archaeological Museum: Located nearby in Antakya, this museum houses artifacts from various periods of history including Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman.
- Vespasianus Titus Tunnel: This ancient tunnel was built by the Romans in the 2nd century AD to divert water from a nearby river to their city.
- Kozan Castle: Located about 30 km away from Karatepe, this castle dates back to the Byzantine era and offers stunning views over the surrounding countryside.
- Kadirli Grand Mosque: This mosque is one of the largest in southern Turkey and features beautiful Ottoman architecture.
- Alahan Monastery: Located about 50 km away from Karatepe, this monastery was built by early Christians in the 5th century AD and features impressive frescoes on its walls.
- Narlıkuyu Cave: A popular tourist attraction located near Karatepe that features stunning underground rock formations that have been carved out over millions of years by water erosion.
- Misis Bridge: An ancient Roman bridge that spans across Ceyhan River near Adana province which is also known as Justinian Bridge or Severus Bridge.
- The founding of Karatepe: King Azatiwada founded Karatepe in the 8th century BCE as a military outpost to defend against attacks from neighboring kingdoms.
- The Battle of Kadesh: In 1274 BCE, Hittite king Muwatalli II fought a famous battle against Egyptian pharaoh Ramses II at Kadesh near Karatepe.
- The discovery of the Karatepe Bilingual Inscription: Archaeologist Halet Çambel discovered a bilingual inscription written in both Hittite and Phoenician script on a stone wall at Karatepe in 1946. This inscription provides valuable information about the history and culture of ancient Hittites.
- The reign of King Hartapu: King Hartapu ruled over Karatepe during its heyday in the 8th century BCE and oversaw many construction projects that transformed it into a major city.
- The decline of Karatepe: Following invasions by other kingdoms and natural disasters like earthquakes, Karatepe declined after centuries of prosperity.
- Archaeological excavations: Since its rediscovery, archaeologists have conducted numerous excavations at Karatepe to uncover more information about its history and culture.
- Halet Çambel: A pioneering Turkish archaeologist who led many excavations at sites like Karatepe and helped establish Turkey’s reputation as an important center for archaeological research.
Overall, these events and people have played important roles in shaping our understanding of the ancient city of Karatepe within regional history.
- Karatepe-Aslantaş Open-Air Museum: This is the main attraction in Karatepe and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It features the remains of a Hittite city dating back to the 8th century BC.
- Hatay Archaeology Museum: Located in nearby Antakya, this museum features artifacts from various periods of history including Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman.
- St. Pierre Church: This ancient church is believed to have been built on the site where St. Peter preached during his travels in Turkey.
- Vespasianus Titus Tunnel: This ancient tunnel was built by the Romans to transport water from a nearby spring into Antakya.
- Harbiye Waterfalls: These beautiful waterfalls are located just outside of Karatepe and are a popular spot for picnics and hiking.
- Cilicia Museum: Located in Adana, this museum showcases artifacts from the ancient kingdom of Cilicia which once ruled over much of southern Turkey.
- Kozan Castle: This historic castle dates back to the 12th century and offers stunning views over the surrounding countryside.
- Anavarza Ancient City: Located near Adana, this ancient city was once an important center for trade and commerce during Roman times.
- Misis Mosaic Museum: This museum features an impressive collection of mosaics dating back to Roman times that were discovered at nearby archaeological sites.
- Musa Agaci National Park: This national park offers stunning views over Taurus Mountains with its rich plant species diversity.
- Istanbul International Film Festival
- Antalya International Theatre Festival
- Ankara International Music Festival
- Izmir International Fair
- Konya Sema Ceremony (Whirling Dervishes)
- Aspendos Opera and Ballet Festival
- Cappadocia Hot Air Balloon Festivals
It is possible that Karatepe has its own local celebrations and traditions that are not widely known outside of the region or country, but these are some of the larger-scale events that take place throughout Turkey each year.
- Adana Kebab: This is a famous Turkish dish made from minced lamb or beef mixed with spices and grilled on skewers. Some popular places to try Adana kebab in Karatepe are Şahin Usta Ocakbaşı and Tarihi Köfteci Ali Usta.
- Lahmacun: A thin crust topped with minced meat, onions, tomatoes, and herbs that is then baked in a wood-fired oven. You can try it at Lahmacuncu İbrahim Usta.
- Çiğ Köfte: A traditional Turkish dish made from raw ground beef mixed with bulgur wheat and spices such as red pepper flakes and cumin. It’s served cold with lettuce leaves as a wrap or on its own as a snack.
- Baklava: A sweet pastry made of layers of filo dough filled with chopped nuts and honey syrup between each layer that is then baked until golden brown.
- Meze Platter: A selection of small dishes served together as an appetizer that includes various dips like hummus or tzatziki sauce along with vegetables like eggplant or peppers stuffed with rice.
Some famous restaurants for these dishes include:
- Yavuzlar Kebap Salonu for Adana kebab
- Şahin Usta Ocakbaşı for Lahmacun
- Cigkofteci Hacı Dayı for Çiğ Köfte
- Güllüoğlu Baklava Karatepe Şubesi for Baklava
- Mezze by Lemon Tree Restaurant & Cafe Bar for the Meze Platter experience!