Koidu, Sierra Leone

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Koidu, Sierra Leone

Region: Kono District

Geographic Coordinates: 8.643900, -10.971700
Temperature Range: 25.0°C to 35.0°C (77°F to 95°F)
Population: 124662
Language: English

Koidu is a city located in the eastern region of Sierra Leone, Renowned for its diamond mining industry. It serves as the capital of Kono District and has a population of roughly 120, 000 inhabitants. The name Koidu translates to market in the local Kono language, Reflecting its roots as a trading hub. The city’s economy primarily revolves around diamond mining, With numerous large-scale mines operating within and around Koidu. The most notable among them is the Koidu Kimberlite Project owned by Octea Mining Limited.

This project has been operational since 2003 and has produced some of the largest diamonds globally. Aside from diamond mining, Agriculture also plays a crucial role in the local economy. Farmers cultivate crops such as rice, Cassava, Yams, And maize on small plots of land surrounding the city. Koidu boasts of rich cultural heritage that reflects its diverse ethnic mix. The majority of residents belong to the Kono ethnic group; however significant populations of Mende and Temne people also exist there. During festivals and other celebrations, Locals engage in traditional dances such as Sowie and Gboyo.

Mount Luluwa stands out as one notable landmark within Koidu; it towers over 1, 000 meters above sea level providing breathtaking views of surrounding landscapes attracting tourists who come to hike or climb to its summit. Despite being known for wealth due to diamond mining activities taking place within it borders; poverty still remains an issue for many residents living nearby . Government agencies alongside non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have made efforts towards improving living conditions through initiatives like building schools or providing access to clean water sources.

Overall, Koidu presents visitors with an exceptional opportunity to experience Sierra Leone’s history, Culture, And economic development through bustling marketplaces, Diamond mines, Cultural practices, Mountainous terrain, And resilient community.’

Important Landmarks

  1. Koidu New Sembehun City Market: This is one of the largest markets in Sierra Leone and offers a variety of goods such as food, clothing, and jewelry.
  2. The Kono District Peace Museum: This museum showcases the history of the diamond mining industry in Sierra Leone and its impact on the country’s civil war.
  3. The Bintumani Hotel: This hotel is known for its scenic views of Koidu and offers various amenities such as a swimming pool and restaurant.
  4. The Sewa River Bridge: This bridge connects Koidu to other parts of Sierra Leone and offers stunning views of the surrounding landscape.
  5. The Tongo Fields: These fields are located just outside of Koidu and offer visitors a chance to see traditional diamond mining practices firsthand.

Primary Industries

Major Industries and Businesses in Koidu, Sierra Leone

  1. Mining (diamonds)
  2. Agriculture (rice, cassava, and vegetables)
  3. Small-scale trading
  4. Manufacturing activities such as soap making

The city is known for its diamond mines which have been a significant source of revenue for the country. Additionally, there are some small businesses such as shops and restaurants that cater to the local population.

Noteable History

  1. The discovery of diamonds in Koidu during the 1930s led to the establishment of diamond mining companies such as Sierra Leone Selection Trust (SLST) and later on, Koidu Holdings.
  2. During Sierra Leone’s civil war from 1991 to 2002, Koidu was heavily affected by rebel activities and violence.
  3. In 2014-2016, an Ebola outbreak occurred in West Africa including Sierra Leone where many people were affected including those living in Koidu.
  4. Ernest Bai Koroma grew up and attended school in Koidu before becoming the President of Sierra Leone from 2007-2018.
  5. Sahr Lahai Jusu is a former footballer who played for FC Kallon and also represented Sierra Leone at international level.
  6. Lansana Gberie is a journalist who has written extensively about conflict resolution, human rights issues and governance; he was born in Kenema but spent his early years growing up between Kenema and Kono District (which includes the city of koidu).
  7. Alhaji Chief Samuel Sam-Sumana – Former Vice President of Sierra Leone who hails from kono district including koido town

Museums and Things To See

  1. Koidu New Sembehun Art Center: This art center is a platform for local artists to showcase their talents and displays their works.
  2. Tongo Fields: These fields are famous for their diamond mines, which have played a significant role in the country’s economy.
  3. Koidu Central Mosque: One of Sierra Leone’s largest mosques, it is known for its beautiful architecture.
  4. Diamond Museum: The museum showcases the history of diamond mining in Sierra Leone and its impact on the country’s economy.
  5. Kono District War Memorial: This monument commemorates those who lost their lives during Sierra Leone’s civil war from 1991 to 2002.
  6. Bunce Island Slave Fort: Located near Koidu, this fort was used to imprison slaves before they were transported across the Atlantic Ocean during the slave trade era.
  7. Gola Forest Reserve: Home to several endangered species such as elephants, chimpanzees, and pygmy hippos, this nature reserve offers visitors an opportunity to see these animals up close.
  8. Kenema Market: One of Sierra Leone’s largest markets where visitors can experience local life with vendors selling fresh produce and handmade crafts among other things.

Cultural Events

  1. Freetown Music Festival: This annual festival showcases various music genres from local and international artists in Freetown.
  2. Independence Day Celebration: Every year on April 27th, Sierra Leone commemorates its independence from British colonial rule with parades, marches, and cultural performances.
  3. Bintumani Cultural Festival: Celebrated annually in December, this festival highlights the country’s diverse cultures through music, dance, food, and fashion.
  4. Paddle for Peace Kayak Race: This event takes place every year on the River Rokel to promote peace-building efforts across communities in Sierra Leone.
  5. Maroon Festival: Held every August by descendants of freed slaves who settled in Freetown after being rescued from slave ships during the transatlantic slave trade era.

Please note that these are general events celebrated throughout Sierra Leone rather than specific to Koidu.


  • Cassava leaf stew: A traditional Sierra Leonean dish made with cassava leaves and meat, often served with rice.
  • Pounded yam: A staple food in Sierra Leone made by boiling yam and pounding it into a smooth dough-like consistency, often served with soup or stew.
  • Pepper soup: A spicy broth made with meat and spices like ginger, garlic, and chili peppers.
  • Bintumani Hotel Restaurant: This restaurant serves both international and local cuisine at affordable prices.
  • Lagoonda Restaurant & Bar: A popular spot for grilled seafood dishes like lobster and prawns.
  • Makeni Street Food Market: A bustling market where you can find various street food vendors selling local delicacies like fried plantains, roasted peanuts, grilled meats, etc.
  • Koidu Guest House Restaurant: Known for its delicious cassava leaf stew and other Sierra Leonean dishes at reasonable prices.
  • Vicky’s Kitchen & Barbecue Spot: A casual eatery that serves grilled meats like chicken wings, beef skewers, pork chops alongside sides of rice or fries.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Koidu New Sembehun City Park is a public park situated in the center of Koidu city. It features a playground, picnic area, and walking trails.
  2. The Kono District Stadium hosts various sporting events like football matches and athletics competitions.
  3. Tiwai Island Wildlife Sanctuary is a nature reserve located approximately 60 kilometers from Koidu city. It provides activities such as bird watching, hiking, and wildlife viewing.
  4. Gola Rainforest National Park is situated about 100 kilometers from Koidu city and offers hiking trails, camping sites, and opportunities for wildlife viewing.
  5. Bintumani Mountain Range is close to Koidu city and provides hiking trails with stunning panoramic views of the surrounding landscape.
  6. Sewa River National Park is located around 150 kilometers from Koidu city and offers river rafting adventures as well as fishing trips on the Sewa River.
  7. Outamba-Kilimi National Park can be found approximately 200 kilometers from Koidu city; it offers game drives to see wildlife like elephants, hippos, and chimpanzees in their natural habitat.


Its All About The Journey.

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