Kurnool, India

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Kurnool, India

Region: Andhra Pradesh

Geographic Coordinates: 15.830000, 78.050000
Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 40.0°C (68°F to 104°F)
Climate: Dry and hot climate with occasional rainfall, particularly during the monsoon season from June to September. Temperatures can reach up to 45°C in summer and drop to around 15°C in winter.
Population: 457633
Language: Telugu

Kurnool is a city located in the southwestern part of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is situated on the banks of the Tungabhadra River and is known for its rich history, Culture and natural beauty. The city has been ruled by various dynasties such as the Mauryas, Satavahanas, Chalukyas, Vijayanagara Empire and Nizams of Hyderabad. One of the major attractions in Kurnool is the Belum Caves which are one of the longest caves in India. The caves are believed to be formed over millions of years due to geological forces and have unique formations such as stalactites and stalagmites.

Tourists can explore these underground caves through well-lit pathways that run for about 3 kilometers. Another popular tourist destination in Kurnool is the Konda Reddy Fort which was built during the reign of Vijayanagara Empire. The fort offers a panoramic view of Kurnool city from its hilltop location. There are also several other historical sites such as Alampur temple complex which consists of nine temples dedicated to different Hindu gods.

Kurnool also boasts several natural attractions such as Orvakal Rock Garden which features unique rock formations that were created due to erosion caused by wind and water over thousands of years. Another natural wonder in Kurnool is Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary where visitors can spot various species such as blackbucks, Peafowls, Eagles and vultures. The cuisine in Kurnool reflects its rich cultural heritage with dishes ranging from spicy biryanis to sweet desserts like qubani ka meetha made with apricots. The local markets offer a variety of spices, Fruits and vegetables that are essential ingredients for traditional dishes.

Kurnool has a pleasant climate throughout most parts of the year with temperatures ranging from 20°C to 40°C depending on seasons. The best time to visit Kurnool is between October and March when the weather is mild and pleasant. Kurnool is a city that offers a unique blend of history, Culture and natural beauty. From the Belum Caves to Orvakal Rock Garden, There are plenty of attractions that will keep visitors entertained. With its delicious cuisine and welcoming locals, Kurnool is definitely worth a visit for those looking to explore the rich heritage of India.

Important Landmarks

  1. Kurnool Fort
  2. Belum Caves
  3. Oravakallu Rock Garden
  4. Mahanandi Temple and Hot Springs
  5. Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary
  6. Nallamala Forests
  7. Konda Reddy Fort
  8. Adoni Fort
  9. Ahobilam Temple Complex
  10. Yaganti Temple

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture: Kurnool is known for its agricultural production, which includes cotton, paddy, maize, groundnut, sunflower and sugarcane.
  2. Mining: The district boasts rich mineral resources such as limestone, dolomite and iron ore which are mined for commercial purposes.
  3. Textiles: Several textile mills in the city produce cotton yarns and fabrics.
  4. Cement manufacturing: Due to the availability of limestone deposits several cement plants are located in the district.
  5. Power generation: There are a few thermal power plants in Kurnool that generate electricity from coal or natural gas.
  6. Education: Several educational institutions including medical colleges and engineering colleges can be found in Kurnool.
  7. Tourism: The city has many tourist attractions such as the Belum Caves, Ahobilam Temple and Mahanandi Temple which attract visitors from all over India.
  8. Retail sector: In the city center of Kurnool there are many retail stores selling clothing, electronics and other consumer goods available for purchase by locals or tourists alike.

Noteable History

  1. Konda Reddy Buruju: A historic tower built by a local chieftain named Konda Reddy in the 16th century.
  2. The Battle of Kurnool: A battle fought between the British East India Company and the Maratha Empire in 1786.
  3. Aluru Venkata Rao: A freedom fighter who played a key role in the Indian independence movement.
  4. Javvadi Hills: An ancient site containing prehistoric rock art dating back to around 35,000 years ago.
  5. Adoni Fort: A historic fort built by Vijayanagara rulers in the 16th century, which was later captured by various dynasties including Bahmani Sultanate, Qutub Shahis and Mughals.
  6. Srisailam Dam: One of the largest dams in India located on River Krishna near Kurnool district.
  7. Yogi Vemana: A Telugu poet and philosopher who lived during the 14th century AD.
  8. Nallamala Forests: One of the largest forest areas in Andhra Pradesh which is home to several endangered species like tigers, leopards and sloth bears.
  9. Gadwal Fort: Another historic fort built during Vijayanagara period located near Kurnool district which is famous for its unique architecture style called Gadwal style.
  10. Pothuluru Veerabrahmendra Swamy Temple : It is believed that this temple was visited by Sri Pothuluri Veerabrahmendra Swamy who was known for his prophecies about future events that came true over time making him one of most famous saints from Andhra Pradesh.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Konda Reddy Fort
  2. Belum Caves
  3. Oravakallu Rock Garden
  4. Adoni Fort
  5. Jagannatha Hill and Temple
  6. Mahanandi Temple Complex
  7. Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary
  8. Sri Venkateswara Wildlife Sanctuary
  9. Nallamala Forest Reserve
  10. Kurnool Museum and Planetarium

Sports Teams

  1. After conducting online research, it appears that Kurnool, India does not have any major sports teams.
  2. The city is renowned for its historical and cultural significance rather than sports.
  3. Nonetheless, there may be local or regional teams that are not well-known outside of the area.

Cultural Events

  1. Kondareddy Buruju festival: This festival is celebrated in Kurnool to commemorate the memory of a local hero, Konda Reddy. It is held every year on 15th August.
  2. Mahanandi Temple Festival: The Mahanandi Temple Festival is a popular religious event that takes place in the town of Mahanandi, located near Kurnool. The festival celebrates Lord Shiva and attracts thousands of devotees from all over India.
  3. Nallamala Forest Festival: This festival is celebrated in the Nallamala forest region near Kurnool and involves various cultural activities such as folk dances, music performances, and traditional games.
  4. Sankranti Festival: Sankranti is a major harvest festival that is celebrated across India and also in Kurnool with great enthusiasm. People decorate their homes with colorful rangolis, exchange gifts, prepare special delicacies and fly kites.
  5. Dussehra Festival: Dussehra marks the victory of good over evil and it’s one of the most important festivals in India including Kurnool city where people celebrate this day by burning effigies of Ravana (a mythological demon king).
  6. Yerragudi Vana Bhojanalu: This unique event takes place at Yerragudi village which lies close to Nandyal town in Kurnool district where people cook food using earthen pots on open flames under trees amidst nature.
  7. Makar Sankranti Mela: Makar Sankranti Mela or Fair held annually at Peta Anjani temple located 12 km from Nandikotkur town attracts thousands of devotees who come here to take holy dip amidst chanting mantras during this auspicious time when sun enters into Capricorn sign.


  • Rayalaseema Ruchulu is renowned for its authentic Rayalaseema cuisine, particularly the spicy biryani and kebabs.
  • Hotel Haritha is a well-known eatery that serves Andhra-style meals, both vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes.
  • Sree Krishna Bhavan is a popular restaurant that offers South Indian cuisine, such as idli, dosa, vada and more.
  • Nandini Family Restaurant provides a range of North Indian and Chinese dishes in addition to traditional Andhra meals.
  • Balaji Grand Biryani House specializes in biryanis made with locally sourced ingredients served in a traditional style.
  • Hotel Mourya Inn serves delicious Andhra-style thalis consisting of rice, sambar, rasam, curries and more.
  • Mysore Cafe has an extensive menu featuring South Indian snacks like masala dosa, onion uttapam etc., as well as coffee specialties.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Kondareddy Buruju is a historical monument and park that offers a panoramic view of the city.
  2. Orvakal Rock Garden is a park with unique rock formations, waterfalls, and caves.
  3. Mahanandi Temple Complex is a temple complex with natural hot springs for bathing.
  4. Belum Caves are one of the longest cave systems in India, offering guided tours and exploration opportunities.
  5. Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary known for its bird watching opportunities and endangered species conservation efforts.
  6. Nallamala Forest Reserve is a forest reserve with hiking trails, camping facilities, and wildlife sightings.
  7. Kurnool Fort is an ancient fort that offers a glimpse into the history of the region.
  8. Ahobilam Temple Complex is a temple complex dedicated to Lord Narasimha that is located amidst scenic hills and forests.
  9. Srisailam Dam & Wildlife Sanctuary is a dam built on the Krishna River that also serves as a wildlife sanctuary with diverse flora and fauna species to observe.
  10. Tungabhadra Riverfront Park provides recreational activities like boating, picnic spots etc., along Tungabhadra river in this riverfront park.


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