Mingəçevir, Azerbaijan

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Mingəçevir, Azerbaijan

Region: Mingəçevir is located in the Azerbaijani region of Azerbaijan

Geographic Coordinates: 40.770000, 47.048900
Temperature Range: -30.0°C to 40.0°C (-22°F to 104°F)
Climate: Mingəçevir has a semi-arid climate with hot summers and mild winters. The average annual precipitation is around 300mm, with the majority falling in the winter months.
Population: 106100
Language: Azerbaijani

Mingəçevir is a city located in central Azerbaijan on the Kura River. It is the fourth-largest city in the country and serves as an important industrial center. The name Mingəçevir translates to thousand roofs in Azerbaijani, Referring to the many homes and buildings that make up this bustling city. One of its main attractions is its impressive hydroelectric power station, Which was constructed in 1953 and has since been expanded several times to become one of Europe’s largest hydroelectric power plants.

The dam creates a massive artificial lake called Lake Mingəçevir, Spanning over 600 square kilometers, Providing water for irrigation, Electricity generation, And recreation. Lake Mingəçevir is also a popular destination for tourists seeking outdoor activities such as fishing, Boating, And swimming. The lake’s clear blue waters are home to various species of fish such as carp, Catfish, Pike-perch (sander), Sturgeon bream (Abramis brama), Roach (Rutilus rutilus caspicus) making it an ideal spot for fishing enthusiasts.

The city boasts several interesting landmarks worth visiting like Juma Mosque built-in 1883 during Tsarist Russia’s rule over Azerbaijan showcasing intricate Islamic architecture with beautiful ornate details carved into its walls. Goygol Lake located about 10 km from Mingəçevir offers stunning views of snow-capped mountains reflecting off its crystal-clear waters attracting visitors from all over Azerbaijan who come to hike along its shores or simply enjoy a picnic with family or friends.

In addition to these natural attractions, Mingəçevir also has several cultural institutions showcasing Azerbaijani art and history like museums dedicated to the city’s history displaying artifacts and exhibits from various periods of Mingəçevir’s past. Mingəçevir has a thriving economy with many industries ranging from agriculture to manufacturing. The city has several factories producing goods such as textiles, Food products, And building materials. It also has a large agricultural sector that produces crops like cotton, Wheat, And grapes contributing significantly to Azerbaijan’s economy. Mingəçevir is an exciting destination for tourists seeking natural beauty, Cultural experiences or industrial insights.

It offers something for everyone with its impressive hydroelectric power station and artificial lake system; stunning landscapes like Goygol Lake; rich cultural heritage sites such as Juma Mosque or museums showcasing Azerbaijani art & history; plus a bustling economy full of manufacturing plants producing everything from textiles to food products!

Important Landmarks

  1. Mingachevir Hydroelectric Power Station: This is one of the biggest hydroelectric power stations in Azerbaijan and draws many visitors.
  2. Mingachevir Reservoir: This man-made lake formed by the dam of the hydroelectric power station is a favorite spot for fishing, boating, and other water sports.
  3. Heydar Aliyev Park: A stunning park with fountains, walking paths, playgrounds for children and a large statue of Heydar Aliyev.
  4. Ganja Gate: A historical monument that dates back to the 18th century when it served as one of the main entrances to Mingachevir city.
  5. Mingechevir Mosque: A beautiful mosque with amazing architecture located near Heydar Aliyev Park.
  6. Museum of History and Local Lore: The museum showcases artifacts from ancient times to modern-day history related to Mingachevir city.
  7. Goygol Lake: Located about an hour’s drive from Mingachevir city center; this picturesque lake surrounded by mountains is a popular destination for hiking and camping enthusiasts.

Please note that some attractions may be closed due to COVID-19 restrictions; it’s better to check before visiting any place mentioned above.

Primary Industries

  1. Hydroelectric Power Plants: Mingəçevir has several hydroelectric power plants, including the Mingachevir Dam, which is the largest hydroelectric power plant in Azerbaijan.
  2. Aluminum Production: The city also has an aluminum production plant that produces aluminum products for export.
  3. Agriculture: The surrounding area of Mingəçevir is known for its agriculture, particularly cotton and grain farming.
  4. Construction: With ongoing development projects such as the construction of new roads and buildings, many construction companies operate in the city.
  5. Tourism: Mingəçevir attracts tourists due to its scenic location on the Kura River and proximity to Lake Goygol National Park. There are several hotels and guesthouses catering to visitors.
  6. Retail: As a commercial center for the region, many retail stores sell goods ranging from clothing to electronics to groceries.
  7. Transportation: With its location on major transportation routes between Baku and other cities in Azerbaijan, many transportation companies operate within or pass through Mingəçevir.

Noteable History

  1. Construction of the Mingəçevir Dam: The construction of the Mingəçevir Dam on the Kura River in 1949 was a significant event in the history of Azerbaijan. It provided hydroelectric power and irrigation to the surrounding areas.
  2. Birthplace of Heydar Aliyev: Heydar Aliyev, a prominent Azerbaijani politician who served as President from 1993 to 2003, was born in Nakhchivan but grew up in Mingəçevir.
  3. Soviet-era industrialization: During the Soviet era, Mingəçevir was an important industrial center for Azerbaijan, with factories producing textiles, machinery, chemicals and other goods.
  4. Cultural heritage: The city has preserved several cultural monuments such as Juma Mosque (XIII century), Haji Alakbar Mosque (XVIII century), Imaret complex (XIX century).
  5. Sports achievements: Several famous Azerbaijani athletes hail from Mingəçevir including Olympic medalist wrestler Farid Mansurov and footballer Samadagha Shikhlarov who played for Neftchi Baku FC.
  6. Tragedy at Lake Boyukshor: In 1956 a major tragedy occurred when toxic waste dumped into Lake Boyukshor near Mingachevir caused an ecological disaster that killed many fish and birds while also causing serious health problems for local residents.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Mingachevir History and Ethnography Museum
  2. Mingachevir Water Museum
  3. Heydar Aliyev Monument
  4. Mingachevir Lake Park
  5. Juma Mosque
  6. Ganja Gate
  7. Tovuz Gate
  8. Goygol Lake National Park (nearby)

Sports Teams

  1. FK Mingechevir is a professional football club founded in 1959 that represents the city of Mingəçevir. The team has played in various Azerbaijani football leagues and won the Azerbaijan Cup twice.
  2. Mingechevir Water Polo Club is a successful water polo team established in 1990 that has won several national championships.
  3. Mingachevir Handball Club is a handball team founded in 1978 that competes in the Azerbaijani Handball Super League.
  4. Mingechevir Volleyball Club is a volleyball team formed in 1967 that has participated in various national competitions.
  5. Mingachevir Chess Club is one of the oldest chess clubs in Azerbaijan, established back in 1934, which participates regularly at both national and international levels.

Cultural Events

  1. Mingəçevir Jazz Festival – a music festival featuring local and international jazz musicians.
  2. Novruz Bayramı – a traditional Azerbaijani holiday celebrating the arrival of spring.
  3. Gül Bayramı – a festival dedicated to roses, with various activities such as exhibitions and competitions.
  4. Mingəçevir Folklore Festival – a celebration of Azerbaijani folk music and dance.
  5. Mingəçevir Carpet Festival – showcasing traditional Azerbaijani carpets and embroidery skills.
  6. International Children’s Day Celebration – an event organized for children with games, contests, performances, etc.

Please note that this list is not exhaustive or up-to-date as events may change from year to year based on local traditions or other factors like COVID-19 restrictions or budget constraints.


  1. Plov House – serves traditional Azerbaijani plov (rice dish) with meat and vegetables.
  2. Karvansaray Restaurant – offers a variety of Azerbaijani dishes including kebab, dolma (stuffed grape leaves), and qutab (stuffed flatbread).
  3. Lənkəran Bazarı – a market where you can find fresh fruits, vegetables, spices, and other local ingredients to cook your own Azerbaijani meal.
  4. Şahin Restaurant – specializes in grilled meats such as lamb chops and chicken skewers.
  5. Məmmədli Cafe & Restaurant – serves traditional Azerbaijani soups like dovga (yogurt soup) and shorba (meat soup).
  6. Qazan Kitchen & Barbecue – offers a variety of grilled meats cooked in traditional Azerbaijani qazan (cauldron).
  7. Tandir House Restaurant – known for their tandoori bread made in a clay oven called tandir.
  8. Shakhristan Cafe & Lounge – serves both traditional Azerbaijani dishes as well as international cuisine like pizza and pasta.
  9. Firuz Cafe & Lounge – offers an extensive menu of both hot and cold appetizers along with main courses like kebab and fish dishes.
  10. Aslanov Family Tea House- serves tea brewed from locally grown herbs along with pastries like pakhlava (layered pastry filled with nuts).

Parks and Recreation

  1. Mingachevir City Park is a spacious park that features walking paths, playgrounds, and picnic areas.
  2. Heydar Aliyev Park is a well-known destination for jogging, cycling, and outdoor exercise enthusiasts.
  3. The Mingachevir Reservoir is a picturesque lake that offers opportunities for fishing and boating.
  4. Goygol National Park is a protected area with hiking trails that offer breathtaking views of the mountains surrounding it.
  5. The Mingachevir Olympic Sports Complex is an indoor sports arena that hosts various sporting events throughout the year.
  6. Aqua Park Mingəçevir provides fun water attractions such as slides and pools suitable for all ages to enjoy.
  7. The Mingachevir Botanical Garden showcases local flora and fauna species in their natural habitats, making it an attractive spot to visit.
  8. Samad Vurgun Memorial Museum pays tribute to the famous Azerbaijani poet Samad Vurgun by displaying his life’s work through books, manuscripts etc.

These are just some of the many public parks and recreational activities available in Mingəçevir!


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