Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah, Iraq

Reading Time: 7 minutes

Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah, Iraq

Region: Baghdad

Geographic Coordinates: 32.900000, 44.350000
Climate: Unavailable.
Population: 100600
Language: Arabic

Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah, Also known as Alexandria District, Is a vibrant and historically significant region located in the Babil Governorate of central Iraq. Situated approximately 100 kilometers south of Baghdad, This district holds immense cultural and archaeological significance, Making it a fascinating destination for both locals and tourists alike. The history of Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah dates back thousands of years. It is believed that the area was inhabited since ancient times due to its strategic location along trade routes between Mesopotamia and the Arabian Peninsula.

The district takes its name from Alexander the Great, Who conquered Babylon in 331 BC and established Alexandria on the banks of the Euphrates River. One of the most prominent attractions in Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah is Babil Governorate’s Archaeological Museum. This museum houses an extensive collection of artifacts from various historical periods, Including Babylonian, Assyrian, Sumerian, And Islamic eras. Visitors can marvel at intricately carved stone reliefs depicting scenes from ancient mythology or explore displays showcasing ancient pottery, Jewelry, Coins, And weaponry. Another notable landmark in the district is Al-Qasr Al-Abyad Palace (White Palace).

Built during Saddam Hussein’s regime as a presidential residence but left unfinished after his downfall in 2003; it stands as an eerie reminder of Iraq’s recent history. The palace complex boasts impressive architecture with grand marble halls adorned with ornate chandeliers. Nature enthusiasts will find solace in Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah’s lush landscapes dotted with palm groves along the Euphrates River. These scenic areas provide tranquil spots for picnicking or leisurely walks while taking in breathtaking views of nature’s beauty. For those interested in religious sites, There are several mosques and shrines scattered throughout the district.

One such example is the Imam Abbas Shrine, A significant pilgrimage site for Shia Muslims. This beautifully designed shrine attracts thousands of devotees annually who come to pay their respects and seek blessings. The local cuisine in Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah offers a delightful culinary experience. Traditional dishes often feature rice, Lamb, Chicken, And various vegetables cooked with aromatic spices like saffron and cumin. Visitors can indulge in mouthwatering kebabs or savor traditional Iraqi desserts such as baklava or kunafa. Despite its rich history and cultural heritage, Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah has faced challenges due to years of conflict.

However, Efforts are being made to restore and preserve the district’s historical sites while also promoting tourism as a means of economic development. Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah is an enchanting destination that offers an immersive experience into Iraq’s ancient past. From its archaeological treasures to its picturesque landscapes and vibrant culture, This district has something for everyone seeking a deeper understanding of Iraq’s historical legacy.

Important Landmarks

  1. The Shrine of Imam Ali al-Naqi: Located in the town of Samarra within Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah, this shrine is dedicated to Imam Ali al-Naqi, the tenth Shia Imam. It is an important pilgrimage site for Shia Muslims.
  2. Great Mosque of Samarra: Another significant landmark in Samarra is the Great Mosque of Samarra. This historical mosque was built during the 9th century and features unique architectural elements such as its iconic spiral minaret.
  3. Askari Shrine: Also located in Samarra, the Askari Shrine complex houses two important shrines for Shia Muslims – the Al-Askari Mosque and the mausoleums of Imam Hasan al-Askari and his son Imam Muhammad al-Mahdi.
  4. Al-Mutawakkil Bridge: This ancient bridge spans across River Tigris near Samarra and dates back to Abbasid times (9th century). It offers scenic views of the river and surrounding landscapes.
  5. Al-Hadhr Archaeological Site: Situated near Balad City within Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah district, this UNESCO World Heritage site contains remnants from Hatra civilization dating back to 2nd century AD.

Please note that due to ongoing conflicts and security concerns in certain areas of Iraq, it’s essential to check travel advisories before visiting any location mentioned above.

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture: The region is known for its fertile soil and agricultural activities such as farming, crop cultivation (wheat, barley, rice), date palm groves, and livestock rearing.
  2. Oil Refining: The governorate has oil refineries contributing to Iraq’s petroleum industry.
  3. Manufacturing: Various manufacturing sectors exist including cement production plants, textile factories, food processing facilities (such as flour mills), and construction materials production.
  4. Retail and Trade: Local markets and small businesses cater to everyday needs of residents while larger supermarkets or shopping centers may be present in urban areas.
  5. Construction: With ongoing infrastructure development projects across Iraq post-conflict period; construction companies might operate within Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah too.
  6. Services Sector: This includes healthcare facilities like hospitals or clinics, educational institutions such as schools or universities if any exist locally; transportation services like taxi companies or bus stations; hospitality sector with hotels/restaurants serving tourists/visitors if applicable.

It’s important to note that this information provides a general overview of industries commonly found in the region rather than being specific to Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah alone since detailed data for this district may not be readily available online.

Noteable History

  1. Ancient History: The area around Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah has a rich ancient history dating back to Mesopotamian civilizations. Archaeological sites in the region indicate human habitation since at least 4,000 BCE.
  2. Islamic Conquest: During the early Islamic period, Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah witnessed the expansion of Muslim armies during their conquests in the 7th century CE.
  3. Salah ad Din (Saladin): The famous Kurdish military leader and Sultan of Egypt and Syria during the 12th century was born near Tikrit, which is close to Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah. Although not directly associated with this district, Saladin’s influence extended throughout the region.
  4. Modern Conflicts: Like many regions in Iraq, Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah has been affected by various conflicts throughout recent history, including both Gulf Wars and sectarian violence following Saddam Hussein’s regime collapse.

It’s important to note that due to limited available information specific to this district’s history and notable figures, further research might be required for more comprehensive details about its local significance.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Babylon ruins: Located near the town of Al Hillah, the ancient city of Babylon is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Visitors can explore the ruins of this historic city and see iconic structures like the Ishtar Gate and Nebuchadnezzar’s Palace.
  2. National Museum of Iraq: Situated in Baghdad, the National Museum houses an extensive collection of artifacts from Mesopotamia’s rich history. It showcases archaeological finds from ancient civilizations like Sumer, Babylon, and Assyria.
  3. Ziggurat of Ur: Located near Nasiriyah in southern Iraq, this well-preserved ziggurat dates back to around 2100 BCE. It was dedicated to Nanna (the Moon god) and is an impressive example of ancient Mesopotamian architecture.
  4. Basra Museum: Situated in Basra city, this museum exhibits a diverse range of artifacts spanning thousands of years from different periods including Sumerian, Babylonian, Islamic eras and more.
  5. Marshes of Southern Iraq: The wetlands in southern Iraq were once considered one of the world’s largest marshes but were severely drained during Saddam Hussein’s regime. Efforts have been made to restore these unique ecosystems which are home to diverse wildlife and offer scenic boat tours for visitors.
  6. Al-Mutanabbi Street: Located in Baghdad’s old quarter on the east bank of Tigris River, Al-Mutanabbi Street is famous for its bookstores where you can find rare books as well as modern literature.
  7. Warka Vase at National Museum: The Warka Vase is a stunning artifact dating back to around 3200 BCE that depicts scenes from ancient Sumerian life. It is housed in the National Museum of Iraq and provides a glimpse into the early civilization of Mesopotamia.
  8. Al-Ukhaidir Fortress: Situated near Karbala, this 8th-century Abbasid fortress is an impressive architectural site. The fortress includes a palace, mosque, and other structures surrounded by a defensive wall.

These are just some of the notable attractions in Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah and its surrounding areas that offer insights into Iraq’s rich history and cultural heritage.

Sports Teams

  1. Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya: Based in Baghdad, this club was established in 1931 and has had considerable success over the years. They have won numerous league titles and domestic cups.
  2. Al-Zawraa SC: Another well-known team from Baghdad, Al-Zawraa was founded in 1969 and has enjoyed success both domestically and internationally.
  3. Al-Naft SC: Located in Baghdad as well, this club was founded in 1974 and has participated in various national competitions.
  4. Karbalaa FC: Hailing from Karbala City near Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah district, Karbalaa FC competes at different levels within Iraqi football leagues.

Please note that these teams are not specifically based in Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah but provide an overview of some prominent football clubs within Iraq’s broader sporting landscape.

Cultural Events

Islamic Festivals and Observances in Iraq

  • Eid al-Fitr: This festival marks the end of Ramadan, the holy month of fasting for Muslims. It is a time for feasting, family gatherings, and giving to charity.
  • Eid al-Adha: Also known as the Feast of Sacrifice, this Islamic festival commemorates Ibrahim’s willingness to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to God. Animals are sacrificed and shared with family, friends, and those in need.
  • Ashura: Observed by Shia Muslims worldwide but particularly significant in Iraq, Ashura commemorates the martyrdom of Imam Hussein at the Battle of Karbala in 680 AD.
  • Newroz: Celebrated on March 21st each year by Kurdish communities across Iraq and other countries with Kurdish populations; Newroz marks the arrival of spring and symbolizes freedom and renewal.
  • Iraqi Independence Day: Celebrated on October 3rd each year; it commemorates Iraq’s independence from British colonial rule in 1932.
  • Republic Day: Observed on July 14th annually; it celebrates the establishment of a republic system in Iraq after overthrowing monarchy rule back in 1958.
  • Religious Processions/Mourning Rituals: During Muharram (the first month on the Islamic calendar), Shia Muslims engage in processions accompanied by chest-beating rituals to mourn Imam Hussein’s martyrdom during Ashura.

It is important to note that these events are observed across Iraq and may not be specific to Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah.


  1. Masgouf Al-Iraqi: This restaurant specializes in serving traditional Iraqi masgouf, a grilled fish dish. It is a popular spot for locals and tourists alike.
  2. Abu Shukri Restaurant: Known for its delicious kebabs and grilled meats, Abu Shukri is a favorite among locals in Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah.
  3. Al-Masbah Restaurant: This restaurant offers a variety of Iraqi dishes such as biryani, dolma, and various stews. It is known for its cozy atmosphere and friendly service.
  4. Al-Khayam Restaurant: Located near the Tigris River, this restaurant serves authentic Iraqi cuisine with an emphasis on seafood dishes like fried shrimp and grilled fish.
  5. Qishla Park Restaurants: Qishla Park is a popular recreational area in Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah that houses several restaurants offering both local and international cuisines. Visitors can enjoy meals while enjoying the park’s beautiful surroundings.

These are just a few examples of the many local cuisine options available in Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah, Iraq.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Babylon Gardens (Al-Mahawil): Located approximately 20 kilometers southeast of Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah, Babylon Gardens is a historical site with beautiful gardens and ruins from ancient Babylonian times. Visitors can explore the archaeological remains and stroll through the landscaped gardens.
  2. Al-Hilla Olympic Stadium: Situated in Al-Hilla city, which is part of the Alexandria District, this stadium hosts various sports events and activities throughout the year. It offers opportunities for watching or participating in sports like football (soccer), athletics, and more.
  3. Euphrates River: The Euphrates River runs through parts of Babil Governorate, including near Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah. Residents can enjoy recreational activities along its banks like fishing or boating.
  4. Local Sports Clubs: There might be local sports clubs or community centers within Nāḩiyat al Iskandarīyah that offer recreational facilities such as football fields or basketball courts for residents to engage in physical activities.

It’s important to note that due to security concerns and ongoing conflicts in certain areas of Iraq, it’s advisable to stay updated on travel advisories and consult with local authorities before visiting any specific locations mentioned above.


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