Nāḩiyat Khān Banī Sa‘d, Iraq
Region: Salah ad Din Governorate
Geographic Coordinates: 33.570000, 44.541100
Nāḩiyat Khān Banī Sa‘d is a sub-district located in the Diyala Governorate of Iraq. It covers an area of approximately 1, 500 square kilometers and is situated around 70 kilometers northeast of Baghdad. The population of the sub-district is estimated to be around 100, 000 people, With most residents being Sunni Arabs. The region has a rich and complex history that dates back to ancient times. It was once part of the Babylonian Empire and later came under the rule of various empires such as Persian, Greek, Parthian and Sassanian empires.
During the Islamic era, It served as an important center for Islamic learning and scholarship. In recent years, Nāḩiyat Khān Banī Sa‘d has faced conflict and instability due to its proximity to areas controlled by ISIS (Islamic State in Iraq and Syria). Since 2014, There have been several clashes between Iraqi security forces and ISIS militants. Despite these challenges, Nāḩiyat Khān Banī Sa‘d remains an important agricultural region in Iraq. Its fertile land produces wheat, Barley, Rice and other crops that are essential for local consumption as well as exportation.
The region also holds significant oil reserves which contribute to its economy. The sub-district is home to several notable landmarks such as Al-Qubba Mosque which dates back to the Abbasid era (750-1258 CE), Al-Refaie Mosque which was built during Ottoman rule (1517-1917 CE) and Sayyid Abdul Wahhab Shrine which attracts visitors from all over Iraq. Nāḩiyat Khān Banī Sa‘d also boasts a rich cultural heritage with traditional music being a popular form of entertainment among locals. Folklore dances such as Dabke are often performed at weddings or other celebrations.
In terms of infrastructure, The sub-district has seen significant improvements in recent years with the construction of new roads, Schools and health clinics. However, Much work remains to be done to fully develop the region’s potential and address the challenges posed by ongoing conflict and instability.
- The ancient city of Babylon
- The Ziggurat of Ur
- The Al-Mustansiriya School
- The Great Mosque of Samarra
- The Erbil Citadel
- The National Museum of Iraq
- Baghdad Tower
- Shrine of Imam Ali
- Al-Shaheed Monument
- Hatra Archaeological Site
Please keep in mind that some areas in Iraq may not be safe for tourists due to ongoing conflicts and security concerns; it is always best to check with local authorities before planning a trip to any part of the country as a foreigner or non-native resident.
- There is limited information available on the specific industries and businesses in Nāḩiyat Khān Banī Sa‘d, Iraq.
- However, agriculture is a significant sector in the area, with crops such as wheat, barley, and vegetables being grown.
- The region also has some oil fields and refineries.
- Additionally, there are small businesses such as shops and restaurants that serve the local community.
- The town was founded by a Kurdish tribe named Banī Sa‘d.
- During the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988), Nāḩiyat Khān Banī Sa‘d was situated near the front line and experienced intense fighting.
- In 2003, American forces occupied Nāḩiyat Khān Banī Sa‘d during the US-led invasion of Iraq.
- The area is recognized for its agricultural production, particularly wheat and barley.
- There are several significant religious sites in the region, including mosques and shrines dedicated to prominent figures in Islam.
- Notable individuals from Nāḩiyat Khān Banī Sa‘d include Sheikh Ibrahim al-Shaalan al-Kurdi (a well-known Sunni cleric) and Sheikh Mohammed al-Fartusi (an Islamic scholar).
- Al-Mustansiriya School: An ancient educational institution established in 1227.
- National Museum of Iraq: A museum showcasing the rich history and culture of Iraq.
- Baghdad Zoo: A zoo housing a variety of animals from around the world.
- Al-Shaheed Monument: A monument dedicated to soldiers who lost their lives during the Iran-Iraq War.
- Baghdadi Museum: A museum displaying artifacts from ancient Mesopotamia.
- The Great Mosque of Samarra: One of the largest mosques in the world with a unique spiral minaret design.
- Warka Vase: An artifact from ancient Sumeria considered one of the oldest surviving works of art in human history.
- Babylonian Ishtar Gate: An impressive gate built during King Nebuchadnezzar II’s reign (604-562 BCE) as part of his reconstruction efforts for Babylon’s city walls.
- Tikrit Castle: A castle located on top a hill overlooking Tikrit city that has been used as a military fortress by many rulers throughout history including Saladin and Saddam Hussein.
- Al-Ashaq Palace: A palace built during Ottoman rule over Iraq located on an island within Tigris river featuring beautiful architecture and gardens.
- Eid al-Fitr: This is a religious festival celebrated by Muslims worldwide to mark the end of Ramadan.
- Ashura: This is a Shia Muslim festival commemorating the martyrdom of Imam Hussein, the grandson of Prophet Muhammad.
- Arbaeen: This is a major Shia Muslim pilgrimage that marks the end of the 40-day mourning period for Imam Hussein’s death.
- Independence Day: Celebrated on October 3rd, this day marks Iraq’s independence from British colonial rule in 1932.
- Baghdad International Theatre Festival: Held annually in Baghdad since 1988, this festival showcases theatre performances from around the world.
- Babylon International Festival: Held annually in Babylon since 1987, this festival celebrates Iraqi culture with music and dance performances.
- National Day of Culture and Arts: Celebrated on March 13th each year, this day honors Iraqi artists and their contributions to Iraqi culture.
Please note that these events may not be held every year due to political instability or other factors affecting public gatherings in Iraq at any given time.
- I do not have information on the current popular local cuisine and restaurants in Nāḩiyat Khān Banī Sa‘d, Iraq.
- However, some of the popular Iraqi dishes include kebab, falafel, biryani, dolma (stuffed vegetables), and hummus.
- Some notable restaurants in Iraq include:
- Al-Mansour Mall in Baghdad
- Beit Sitti in Amman (Jordan)
- Al-Rasheed Street Restaurant in Mosul