Orūmīyeh, Iran

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Orūmīyeh, Iran

Region: West Azerbaijan

Geographic Coordinates: 37.548600, 45.067500
Climate: Seasonal.
Population: 736224
Language: Persian

Orūmīyeh, Also known as Urmia, Is the capital city of West Azerbaijan Province in Iran. It is situated on the western side of Lake Orumiyeh, Which is one of the largest salt lakes globally. The city has a rich history that dates back to ancient times and has been a significant center for trade, Culture, And religion. The name Orūmīyeh means City of Dreams in Persian. With its stunning natural beauty, It truly lives up to its name.

The lake surrounding it attracts many tourists who come to enjoy its unique ecosystem with various bird species such as flamingos and pelicans. The city’s location also provides mild weather all year round. Orūmīyeh has a diverse population with different ethnicities such as Azeris, Kurds, Assyrians and Armenians among others. This diversity is reflected in the city’s architecture with varied styles ranging from traditional Iranian buildings to modern structures. One of Orūmīyeh’s most prominent landmarks is the Urmia Grand Mosque built during the Safavid era (16th century).

It features intricate tile work on its exterior walls and is an excellent example of Islamic architecture. Another important religious site in Orūmīyeh belongs to Armenian Orthodox Christians – St Mary Church. The city boasts several museums showcasing artifacts from different eras such as prehistoric times up until modern-day Iran. There are also numerous parks throughout where visitors can relax or enjoy outdoor activities like hiking or cycling. Apart from being a tourist destination, Orūmīyeh plays an essential role in Iran’s economy due to several industries including agriculture (especially apple orchards), Textiles and chemicals among others.

Overall, Orūmīyeh offers visitors a unique blend of natural beauty, Cultural diversity and history – making it a perfect destination for anyone interested in exploring ancient ruins or simply relaxing by the lake!

Important Landmarks

  1. Lake Orumiyeh
  2. Kabood Mosque
  3. Jameh Mosque of Orumiyeh
  4. Imam Khomeini Square
  5. Qara Kelisa (St. Thaddeus Monastery)
  6. Takht-e Soleyman Complex
  7. Bazaar-e Bozorg (Grand Bazaar)
  8. Urmia Museum of Anthropology and Archaeology
  9. Ghareh Kelisa (Black Church)
  10. Zoroastrian Fire Temple

Primary Industries

  1. Orūmīyeh is a city in Iran with a diverse industrial and commercial base, including:
    • Agriculture
    • Textile manufacturing
    • Food processing
    • Construction
    • Tourism
    • Trading activities
    • Health care services
  2. The city’s agricultural sector produces:
    • Wheat
    • Barley
    • Fruits
    • Vegetables
    • Livestock
  3. Orūmīyeh’s textile industry produces:
    • Carpets
    • Rugs
    • Fabrics
  4. There are several food processing plants in the city that produce:
    • Dairy products
    • Meat products
    • Canned goods
    • Other items
  5. The construction industry is thriving due to increased demand for:
    • Housing
    • Infrastructure development
  6. Tourism is also an important sector as Orūmīyeh’s natural beauty attracts visitors from around Iran who come to explore its:
    • Lakeside parks
    • Gardens
  7. Trading activities have been increasing over time making it an important hub for trade between Iran & Turkey due to its location on the border of West Azerbaijan Province of Iran with access to Turkey via land border crossing points like Bazargan or Razi.
  8. Additionally there are 20 hospitals & medical centers equipped with advanced technologies providing high quality health care services not only for Iranians but also neighboring countries such as Iraq & Armenia.

Noteable History

  1. The Battle of Orūmīyeh: This battle took place in 1918 during World War I between the Ottoman Empire and British forces.
  2. Orūmīyeh Lake: The Middle East’s largest lake is situated near the city of Orūmīyeh.
  3. Saint Thaddeus Monastery: A well-known Christian monastery located close to Orūmīyeh city that is believed to be St. Thaddeus’ burial site.
  4. Sheikh Mohammad Khiābāni: A famous Kurdish poet born in Orūmīyeh during the 17th century.
  5. Jafar Khan Zand: He was an Iranian ruler who reigned from 1785 to 1794, with his capital located in Orūmīyeh.
  6. Shah Ismail I: The founder of Safavid dynasty who captured Azerbaijan, including Orūmīyeh, in the early 16th century.
  7. Assyrian Genocide: During World War I, Ottoman forces killed many Assyrians around the area of Orūmīyeh as part of their genocide campaign against Christians.
  8. Mirza Kuchak Khan Jangali: An Iranian revolutionary leader who headed a rebellion against Reza Shah Pahlavi’s government from his base at Lake Urmia region during early 1920s.

These are some notable historical events and people associated with Orumiyah, Iran that have left a lasting impact on its culture and heritage over time.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Orumiyeh Lake is a salt lake located in the northwest of Iran, known for its stunning views and unique ecosystem.
  2. Jameh Mosque of Orumiyeh is a historic mosque built during the Seljuk era, featuring intricate tilework and architecture.
  3. Azerbaijan Museum is dedicated to the history and culture of Azerbaijan, featuring exhibits on art, archaeology, and ethnography.
  4. Urmia Grand Bazaar is a bustling market filled with shops selling traditional textiles, spices, handicrafts and more.
  5. Kabud Mosque is an ancient mosque built during the Ilkhanate period with a blue dome that gives it its name Kabud meaning blue in Persian.
  6. Marmisho Lake is a natural lake located near Orumiyeh offering scenic views and bird-watching opportunities.
  7. Ghal’eh Naderi is an ancient fortress dating back to the Sassanid era that was later used by various rulers throughout history as a military base or palace complex.
  8. Sa’at Tower is a clock tower built during Qajar dynasty in 1911 which still functions today as a landmark for locals to meet up at certain times of day or night.
  9. Armenian Vank Cathedral is one of the oldest churches in Urmia city dating back to 1814 AD with beautiful frescoes inside depicting biblical scenes from Christianity’s past.
  10. Sheikh Tavous Mausoleum: The mausoleum named after Sheikh Tavous who was an influential Sufi philosopher from Azerbaijan region lived around 13th century AD . It’s one of important pilgrimage sites for Shia Muslims living around Iran , Iraq , Turkey , Syria etc.

Sports Teams

  1. Shahrdari Orumiyeh Football Club: This football club was founded in 1958 and is one of the oldest clubs in Iran. It has participated in various national competitions, including the Hazfi Cup.
  2. Shahrdari Orumiyeh Basketball Club: Established in 1986, this basketball team has won several national championships.
  3. Shahrdari Orumiyeh Volleyball Club: Founded in 1997, this volleyball team has participated in various national tournaments.
  4. Sanat Naft Abadan Futsal Club (formerly known as Shohada Babolsar): Although not based directly out of Orūmīyeh, this futsal club represents the West Azerbaijan province as a whole, including Orūmīyeh. It was founded in 2005 and has won several Iranian Futsal Super League titles.
  5. Azarshahr Velayat Cycling Team: Representing Azarshahr County within the West Azerbaijan province – which includes Orūmīyeh city limits as well as surrounding areas – this cycling team regularly participates at both regional and national levels.

Cultural Events

  1. Orumiyeh Lake Festival: This is an annual festival held in August to celebrate the beauty and significance of Lake Orumiyeh, the largest saltwater lake in the Middle East.
  2. Urmia International Film Festival: This is a biennial event that showcases films from around the world and promotes cultural exchange between Iran and other countries.
  3. Norouz (Iranian New Year): Celebrated on March 21st, Norouz is a major holiday in Iran that marks the beginning of spring and symbolizes renewal and rebirth.
  4. Ashura: This is a religious event commemorating the martyrdom of Imam Hussein, grandson of Prophet Muhammad, which takes place on the 10th day of Muharram (the first month of Islamic calendar).
  5. Takht-e Soleyman Fire Festival: Held annually on December 21st to celebrate winter solstice, this festival features bonfires, music, dancing and traditional foods.
  6. Silk Road Cultural Week: A week-long event held annually in May to promote cultural exchange between Iran and other countries along the ancient Silk Road trade route.
  7. Qara Kelisa Pilgrimage: A religious pilgrimage held every year in July at St Thaddeus Monastery (Qara Kelisa) located near Orumiyeh city which attracts thousands of Armenian Christians from around Iran and abroad.
  8. Zoroastrian Festivals: Several Zoroastrian festivals are celebrated by small communities living near Orumiyeh such as Sadeh (celebrated on January 30th), Mehregan (October), Tirgan(July).


  1. Kabab Koobideh: A traditional Iranian dish made with minced meat and spices, grilled over hot coals. Some popular kabab koobideh restaurants in Orūmīyeh are Kabab Salar and Kababiye.
  2. Dizi: A stew made with lamb or beef, chickpeas, tomatoes, potatoes, onions, and spices. It is traditionally served in a clay pot called a dizi. Some popular dizi restaurants in Orūmīyeh are Dizijan and Dizibar.
  3. Ash-e Doogh: A soup made with yogurt, spinach, herbs, chickpeas or lentils, and sometimes meatballs or noodles. Some popular ash-e doogh restaurants in Orūmīyeh are Ashpazkhaneh Mahtab and Ashpaziye Shahrzad.
  4. Mirza Ghasemi: A dish made with roasted eggplant mashed with garlic and tomatoes then mixed with eggs. It is usually served as an appetizer or side dish at Iranian restaurants.
  5. Baghlava: A sweet pastry made of layers of phyllo dough filled with chopped nuts (usually pistachios) soaked in honey syrup. Some popular Iranian restaurants in Orūmīyeh that serve these dishes include Kebab Salar Restaurant & Cafe، Shandiz Restaurant، Shahryar restaurant، Pardis restaurant، Mahdi restaurant، Mihan Persian Cuisine Restaurant، etc.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Orumiyeh Lake National Park is a popular destination for boating, fishing, and bird watching.
  2. Shahid Bahonar Park is a spacious park that features walking paths, playgrounds, and picnic areas.
  3. Azadi Park offers picturesque gardens, fountains, and a lake.
  4. Shahr-e Yeri (The Ancient City) is an archaeological site where visitors can explore the ruins of an ancient city.
  5. Jahan Nama Garden boasts beautiful flowers, trees, and water features.
  6. Urmia Zoo houses over 200 species of animals including lions, tigers, bears and monkeys.
  7. Daneshgah Park is located on the campus of Urmia University offering sports facilities such as football fields and tennis courts.
  8. Golestan-e-Shohada Park is dedicated to fallen soldiers in Iran-Iraq War.
  9. Kani Barazan Wetland serves as home to several species of birds.
  10. Takht-e-Soleyman National Park includes Takht-e-Soleyman mountain range providing hiking opportunities for adventure seekers.


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