Qinā, Egypt

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Qinā, Egypt

Region: Qinā


Geographic Coordinates: 26.166700, 32.716700
Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 40.0°C (68°F to 104°F)
Climate: Dry and hot climate with low precipitation throughout the year in Qinā, Egypt.
Population: 201191
Language: Arabic

Qinā is a city in Upper Egypt, Located on the east bank of the Nile River. It serves as the capital of Qinā Governorate and has an estimated population of 230, 000 people. The city has a rich history dating back to ancient times when it was known as Tjebnutjer or City of the Ram. During the Pharaonic era, It was an important religious center and later became a major trading hub during the Islamic period. One of the top attractions in Qinā is its ancient temples.

The Temple of Dendera, Situated about 4 miles north-west from Qinā, Is one such temple that attracts many visitors annually. Dedicated to Hathor – goddess of love and joy – this well-preserved temple features impressive carvings and hieroglyphics that date back to around 2250 BC. Another must-see attraction in Qinā is Seti I’s Temple which he built in honor of his father Ramesses I. This temple complex features intricate carvings depicting scenes from Egyptian mythology with several underground chambers for exploration.

In addition to historical sites, Visitors can experience traditional Egyptian culture through markets or souks like Souq Al-Qisariya market known for its vibrant atmosphere with goods ranging from spices and perfumes to clothing and jewelry. Outdoor enthusiasts will find several natural wonders worth exploring near Qinā such as Gebel el-Silsila (Mountain Chain) offering stunning views over Nile River valley or Wadi Hammamat with hiking trails through beautiful desert landscapes.

Food lovers will also enjoy local specialties like ful medames (fava bean stew), Kushari (a mix of rice, Lentils & macaroni), Ta’meya (Egyptian falafel), And kofta (spiced meatballs) readily available at local restaurants. Overall, Qinā offers a unique blend of ancient history, Vibrant culture, And natural beauty making it a fascinating city to explore.



Important Landmarks

  1. Temple of Dendera
  2. Temple of Karnak
  3. Luxor Temple
  4. Valley of the Kings
  5. Hatshepsut’s Mortuary Temple
  6. Colossi of Memnon
  7. Medinet Habu
  8. Tombs of the Nobles in Aswan and Qurna
  9. Abydos Temples Complex
  10. Temple of Seti I at Abydos

Primary Industries

  • Agriculture (especially cotton, wheat, and sugarcane)
  • Tourism (due to its proximity to Luxor and the Valley of the Kings)
  • Handicrafts (such as pottery, weaving, and jewelry-making)
  • Mining (for phosphates and limestone)
  • Small-scale manufacturing
  • Government offices
  • Schools
  • Hospitals
  • Other service-based businesses in the city

  • Noteable History

    1. The construction of the Temple of Dendera, which is one of the best-preserved temples in Egypt. It was built during the Ptolemaic period and dedicated to Hathor, the goddess of love, music, and joy.
    2. The Battle of Raphia took place in 217 BC when Ptolemy IV defeated Antiochus III near Raphia (modern-day Rafah) on the border between Egypt and Palestine.
    3. Akhenaten was an Egyptian pharaoh who ruled from 1353 to 1336 BC during the New Kingdom period. He introduced religious reforms that introduced worship of Aten as a monotheistic deity.
    4. Hatshepsut was another pharaoh who ruled from 1479 to 1458 BC during the New Kingdom period known for her successful military campaigns and extensive building programs.
    5. Tutankhamun was an Egyptian pharaoh who ruled from 1332 to 1323 BC during the New Kingdom period became famous after his tomb was discovered by Howard Carter in 1922.
    6. The Abu Simbel Temples are two massive rock temples located near Lake Nasser that were built during Ramses II’s reign (1279-1213 BCE). They were relocated by UNESCO due to their proximity to Lake Nasser after its construction threatened their existence.
    7. Medhat Refaat is an Egyptian footballer born on January 23rd ,1994 . He played for several clubs such as El Gouna FC , Al Ahly SC , and currently playing for Pyramids FC known for his skills on field contribution towards Egyptian National Team

    Museums and Things To See

    1. Temple of Dendera: A well-preserved temple complex dedicated to the goddess Hathor, with stunning reliefs and hieroglyphs.
    2. Deir el-Bahari: An impressive mortuary temple built by Queen Hatshepsut, featuring a unique architectural style and beautiful murals.
    3. Luxor Temple: One of the most important temples in ancient Egypt, known for its grandeur and magnificent statues.
    4. Valley of the Kings: A burial ground for pharaohs from the New Kingdom period, containing elaborate tombs filled with treasures and artworks.
    5. Colossi of Memnon: Two massive statues depicting Pharaoh Amenhotep III that have stood for over 3,000 years.
    6. Karnak Temple Complex: The largest religious site in ancient Egypt, featuring numerous temples, chapels, pylons and obelisks.
    7. Tombs of the Nobles: A series of rock-cut tombs belonging to high-ranking officials from the Middle Kingdom era.
    8. Medinet Habu Temple: An impressive temple constructed during Ramses III’s reign that features intricate carvings depicting battles and religious scenes.
    9. Qift Necropolis: An extensive burial site dating back to pre-dynastic times that contains numerous tombs decorated with colorful paintings and inscriptions.
    10. Naga ed-Deir Monastery: A Coptic Christian monastery built into a cliff face near Qena that dates back to the 6th century AD.



    Cultural Events

    1. Abu al-Haggag Festival is a religious event held in honor of the famous Sufi saint, Abu al-Haggag.
    2. Luxor International Film Festival is an annual film festival that takes place in Luxor and features both local and international films.
    3. Qena Heritage Festival is an annual celebration that showcases the cultural heritage of Qena through performances, exhibitions, and workshops.
    4. Nile Day Festival takes place on February 22nd each year to raise awareness about the importance of the Nile River to Egypt’s economy and culture.
    5. Moulid El-Nabi Al-Sharif is a religious festival celebrated throughout Egypt, including in Qena, to mark the birth of Prophet Muhammad.
    6. Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha are two significant Islamic festivals celebrated with great enthusiasm across Egypt, including in Qena.
    7. Wafaa El-Nil (Fidelity to the Nile) Festival is held annually on August 15th as a tribute to the river Nile that has been crucial to Egyptian civilization for thousands of years.
    8. The International Camel Beauty Contest is an annual event held in Aswan but attracts participants from all over Upper Egypt, including Qena, who showcase their decorated camels for a chance at winning prizes and recognition for their craftsmanship skills.

    Cuisine

    • Kushari: a vegetarian dish made with rice, macaroni, lentils, chickpeas, and tomato sauce.
    • Fatta: a traditional Egyptian dish made with bread, rice or pasta topped with meat and garlic yogurt sauce.
    • Hawawshi: a sandwich filled with spiced minced meat and vegetables.
    • Molokhia: a soup-like dish made from the leaves of the jute plant cooked in chicken or beef broth.
    • Kebda Iskandarani: pan-fried liver cooked in spicy tomato sauce.

    Some popular restaurants to try these dishes in Qinā include:

    • El Warda Restaurant
    • Al-Masryeen Restaurant
    • Al-Sheikh Ali Restaurant
    • El-Feshawy Restaurant
    • Abu Shakra Restaurant

    • Parks and Recreation

      1. Al-Azhar Park
      2. Qena Botanical Garden
      3. El-Karnak Park
      4. Nile Corniche Park
      5. Al-Wadi al-Jadid National Park
      6. Luxor Museum and Gardens
      7. Theban Necropolis – Valley of the Kings
      8. Temple of Hathor at Dendera
      9. Luxor Temple
      10. Karnak Temple Complex

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