Qostanay, Kazakhstan

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Qostanay, Kazakhstan

Region: Qostanay Province

Geographic Coordinates: 53.200000, 63.620000
Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 30.0°C (-40°F to 86°F)
Climate: Cold and dry winters, warm and wet summers in Qostanay, Kazakhstan.
Population: 217135
Language: Kazakh

Qostanay, A city located in the northern part of Kazakhstan near the border with Russia, Is home to around 220, 000 people and serves as the administrative center of Qostanay Region. Originally founded in 1879 as Nikolayevka, It was later renamed to Qostanay in 1895. One of Qostanay’s most notable features is its rich history and culture. The city boasts several museums showcasing its past, Including the Regional Museum of Local Lore and History which displays artifacts from ancient times to modern-day Kazakhstan.

Additionally, There are many monuments and statues throughout the city that commemorate important events and figures from Kazakh history. Qostanay’s architecture is also interesting. Many buildings have a distinct Soviet-era style characterized by large concrete blocks and utilitarian design. However, Traditional Kazakh architecture can also be seen scattered throughout the city such as ornate wooden houses with intricate carvings. In recent years, Qostanay has become an important industrial center for Kazakhstan due to its fertile soil and favorable climate conditions that produce significant amounts of grain and other agricultural products.

Several factories located within or near Qostanay produce goods such as cement, Textiles, And machinery. Despite being primarily an industrial hub today, Qostnaya still retains much natural beauty. There are many parks, Gardens, And recreational areas around this bustling metropolis. The most popular park among locals is Zhambyl Park which offers beautiful views over Ishim River. Other attractions include Lake Kyzyltobe, A serene bodyof water surrounded by lush greenery, And Lake Shalkar, A saltwater lake known for its therapeutic properties. Finally, Qostnaya can be considered one among those cities where you can enjoy winter sports.

The region experiences long and cold winters, Making it an ideal destination for skiing, Snowboarding, And other winter activities. Nature lovers will appreciate proximity to Altai Mountains offering plenty opportunities for outdoor enthusiasts to explore the area’s natural beauty. In conclusion, Qostanay is a fascinating city that offers a unique blend of history, Culture, And modernity. Its rich past, Diverse architecture, And thriving industrial sector make it an exciting place to visit or live in. With its beautiful parks, Lakes, And proximity to the Altai Mountains, It is also an ideal destination for nature lovers and outdoor enthusiasts alike.

Important Landmarks

  1. Regional Museum of Local Lore – a museum that showcases the history and culture of Qostanay and its surrounding areas.
  2. Altynsarin Memorial Complex – a monument dedicated to Abay Kunanbayev, a famous Kazakh poet and philosopher.
  3. Victory Park – a park that commemorates the victory over Nazi Germany during World War II.
  4. Nurken Abdirov Sports Palace – a sports complex that hosts various events such as basketball games, ice hockey matches, concerts, and exhibitions.
  5. Central Mosque – one of the largest mosques in Kazakhstan that features beautiful Islamic architecture.
  6. Abai Cultural Palace – a cultural center that offers various activities such as theater performances, concerts, art exhibitions, and dance shows.
  7. City Hall Square – a public square located in the heart of Qostanay where locals often gather to socialize or attend events such as festivals or concerts.
  8. Kyzylzhar Central Stadium – home to FC Kyzylzhar Petropavlovsk football club which competes in Kazakhstan’s Premier League championship.

Note: Due to COVID-19 pandemic situation it is recommended to check latest guidelines before planning any travel itinerary.

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture – Qostanay is known for its fertile lands and produces wheat, barley, oats, and other crops.
  2. Mining – The region has significant reserves of coal, iron ore, gold, copper, and other minerals.
  3. Manufacturing – Qostanay has a well-developed manufacturing sector that includes food processing plants, textile factories, and metalworking facilities.
  4. Construction – With the growing economy of the city there is a demand for new infrastructure such as housing complexes or office buildings.
  5. Transportation and logistics – Qostanay serves as an important transportation hub between Russia and Kazakhstan with several railways connecting it to major cities in both countries.

Other notable industries include healthcare services which have been seeing growth recently due to the aging population in the region.

Noteable History

  1. Qostanay was founded in 1879 as a Russian military outpost.
  2. During World War II, the city played an important role in the production of military equipment and weapons.
  3. Notable people from Qostanay include Mukhtar Auezov, a prominent Kazakh writer and playwright; Kanysh Satpayev, a geologist who discovered Kazakhstan’s major oil fields; and Yerzhan Karin, an Olympic gold medalist in boxing.
  4. In 1986, Qostanay was affected by the Chernobyl disaster due to its proximity to the nuclear power plant in Ukraine.
  5. The city has been home to several important industries including agriculture, mining, and manufacturing.
  6. In recent years, Qostanay has become known for its modern architecture including the Nurly Tau business center and Nur-Astana Mosque – a unique round-shaped mosque.
  7. The region around Qostanay is rich in archaeological sites dating back to ancient times including burial mounds from Scythian times (8th-3rd centuries BC) and petroglyphs (rock carvings) dating back thousands of years.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Qostanay Regional Museum of Local Lore
  2. Abay Kazakh State Academic Drama Theatre
  3. Monument to Abay Kunanbayev
  4. Memorial Complex Zholaman Sharipov
  5. Qostanay Art Gallery
  6. Palace of Culture Nurly Zhol
  7. Monument to Kerei and Zhanibek Khan
  8. Nurken Abdirov Museum of Fine Arts and Crafts
  9. Central Mosque in Qostanay
  10. The House-Museum of composer Akhmet Zhubanov

Cultural Events

  1. Nauryz is a traditional Kazakh holiday celebrated on March 22, marking the beginning of spring and the new year.
  2. May Day is celebrated on May 1 in Kazakhstan to honor the achievements of workers and laborers.
  3. Victory Day commemorates the Soviet Union’s victory over Nazi Germany in World War II, observed on May 9.
  4. Kurban Ait marks the end of Ramadan and is celebrated throughout Kazakhstan, including Qostanay.
  5. Independence Day commemorates Kazakhstan’s declaration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, observed on December 16.
  6. Astana International Film Festival showcases both international and Kazakh films annually in Astana (about four hours from Qostanay).
  7. Qazaqstan Zhuldyzy (Kazakhstan Star) Music Festival features popular Kazakh performers as well as international acts annually held in Almaty (about eight hours from Qostanay).


  • Beshbarmak: A traditional Kazakh dish made with boiled meat (usually lamb or beef) served on top of flat noodles and onions.
  • Kazy: A type of sausage made from horse meat that is often served as an appetizer.
  • Lagman: A noodle soup that typically includes vegetables, meat, and spices.
  • Shashlik: Grilled skewers of marinated meat (usually lamb or beef) that are a common street food in Kazakhstan.

Some popular restaurants in Qostanay where you can try these dishes include:

  1. Shashlychnaya No 1: This restaurant specializes in shashlik and also serves other Kazakh dishes like beshbarmak.
  2. Khan Shatyr: A restaurant located inside a yurt (traditional Kazakh tent), serving traditional Kazakh cuisine like kazy and lagman.
  3. Uzgen Cafe: This cafe serves Uzbek cuisine but also offers some Kazakh dishes like beshbarmak and shashlik.
  4. Cafe Nauruz: This cozy cafe has a menu featuring both traditional Kazakh dishes as well as international options for those who want to try something different.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Central Park is a large park located in the center of Qostanay that offers various activities such as walking paths, playgrounds, and sports facilities.
  2. The Botanical Garden is a beautiful garden that showcases different plants and flowers from Kazakhstan and other countries.
  3. Kostanay Zoo is a small zoo that houses several animals including lions, tigers, bears, and monkeys for visitors to enjoy.
  4. Ice Palace is an indoor ice skating rink that operates all year round for public skating and hockey games.
  5. Sports Complex Barys offers multiple facilities such as soccer, basketball, volleyball, tennis courts among others to indulge in different sports activities.
  6. Victory Park serves as a memorial dedicated to World War II veterans with monuments and memorials honoring their service during the war.
  7. Lake Zhabaikalskoye Recreation Area situated outside Qostanay city limits serves as an ideal spot for fishing enthusiasts or anyone who wants to camp or enjoy nature by the lake shore.

Note: Due to COVID-19 restrictions some of these places may have altered operating hours or temporary closures so it’s advisable to check before visiting any place during these times.


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