Rosetta, Egypt

Reading Time: 7 minutes

Rosetta, Egypt

Region: Beheira Governorate

Geographic Coordinates: 31.404400, 30.416400
Temperature Range: 10.0°C to 35.0°C (50°F to 95°F)
Climate: Dry and hot climate with low precipitation and high temperatures throughout the year.
Population: 125778
Language: Ancient Egyptian

Rosetta, Also known as Rashid, Is a city located in the Nile Delta region of Egypt. It is situated at the mouth of the Rosetta branch of the Nile River and is approximately 65 kilometers east of Alexandria. The city has a rich history that dates back to ancient times and has been an important center for trade and commerce since its inception. One of the most notable landmarks in Rosetta is Fort Qaitbey, Which was built by Sultan Qaitbey in the 15th century.

The fort was constructed on top of an existing structure that was believed to have been built by Alexander the Great during his conquests in Egypt. Today, Visitors can explore this impressive fortress and learn about its fascinating history. Another must-see attraction in Rosetta is El-Mursi Abul Abbas Mosque, Which dates back to the 13th century. This beautiful mosque features stunning architectural details such as intricate tilework and ornate domes. Visitors are welcome to enter and explore this peaceful place of worship.

Rosetta also has a number of museums that are worth visiting for those interested in Egyptian history and culture. The Rashid Museum houses artifacts from various periods throughout Egypt’s past, Including ancient pharaonic times up until modern times. Another interesting museum is the Abdel-Rahman El-Rashidy Museum, Which showcases traditional Egyptian clothing, Jewelry, Furniture, And other artifacts from daily life. In addition to its historical sites and museums, Rosetta offers visitors plenty of opportunities for outdoor recreation as well.

The city’s location on the Nile Delta makes it an ideal spot for fishing or boating excursions along one of its many waterways. no visit to Rosetta would be complete without trying some local cuisine. One popular dish is feteer meshaltet – a layered pastry filled with savory or sweet ingredients such as cheese or honey – which can be found at many local bakeries. Other local specialties include koshari, A hearty vegetarian dish made with rice, Lentils, And pasta; and ful medames, A savory bean dish often served for breakfast.

Overall, Rosetta is a fascinating city that offers visitors a glimpse into Egypt’s rich history and culture. With its impressive landmarks, Museums, Outdoor activities, And delicious cuisine – there is something for everyone to enjoy in this charming Nile Delta town.

Important Landmarks

  1. The Rosetta Stone: This ancient artifact was discovered in 1799 and played a key role in deciphering hieroglyphics.
  2. The Rashid Museum: A museum that showcases the history of the city and its important role in Egyptian history.
  3. The Citadel of Qaitbay: A fortress built by Sultan Al-Ashraf Sayf al-Din Qa’it Bay to protect against Ottoman invasion.
  4. El-Mehalla El-Kubra: A large textile factory that is one of the largest employers in the region.
  5. The Nile River: Visitors can take boat tours along this famous river, which flows through Rosetta on its way to Cairo and beyond.
  6. Abu Mandour Temple: An ancient temple dedicated to Osiris, built during the Ptolemaic era.
  7. Kom Al-Shoqafa Catacombs: Underground tombs dating back to the Roman period with intricate carvings and decorations.
  8. El-Mursi Abul Abbas Mosque: A beautiful mosque located near the seafront with stunning architecture and intricate tilework.
  9. Fish Market Square (Souq al-Samak): A bustling market where visitors can buy fresh fish caught from the Nile River or Mediterranean Sea.
  10. Al-Nasr Mosque (Victory Mosque): Another beautiful mosque located near Fish Market Square that is known for its unique design featuring a round minaret instead of a square one like most other mosques in Egypt.

Primary Industries

  1. Rosetta, Egypt is a small city that has limited industries and businesses. However, the city’s major industries and businesses include:
    • Agriculture
    • Fishing
    • Tourism
    • Manufacturing
    • Retail
    • Transportation
    • Education
  2. Agriculture is one of the most significant industries in Rosetta. The city has fertile land that produces various agricultural products such as:
    • Rice
    • Wheat
    • Cotton
    • Vegetables
  3. Fishing is another thriving industry in Rosetta due to its location on the Mediterranean Sea. The city’s fishermen catch a variety of fish species that contribute significantly to its economy.
  4. Tourism also plays an essential role in Rosetta’s economy due to its historical landmarks such as the famous Rosetta Stone. Tourists from all over the world visit this site for its historical significance.
  5. Small-scale manufacturing units produce textiles and food products like jams and pickles alongside furniture items too!
  6. Local markets offer goods ranging from fresh produce to clothing items while transportation via boats on Nile River provides ample opportunities for goods movement along with people transportation too!
  7. Education is also a vital sector in Rosetta with several schools offering primary education up to universities providing higher education opportunities for students residing here or nearby areas.
  8. Overall agriculture remains at the forefront of this region’s economy followed by fishing which contributes substantially towards economic growth while tourism being another important sector providing employment opportunities along with revenue generation!

Noteable History

  1. The Rosetta Stone, discovered in 1799, is a famous artifact that helped scholars understand hieroglyphics and ancient Egyptian civilization.
  2. During the Napoleonic Wars in 1801, British forces defeated French troops in a battle near Rosetta.
  3. Muhammad Ali Pasha, an Ottoman governor of Egypt, established the country’s first printing press in Rosetta and modernized Egypt.
  4. Napoleon Bonaparte visited Rosetta during his campaign in Egypt and was impressed by its beauty and architecture.
  5. Ibrahim Pasha, son of Muhammad Ali Pasha, played a key role in modernizing Egypt’s military and led Egyptian forces against Ottoman rule.
  6. Poet Ahmed Shawqi lived in Rosetta for many years and wrote some of his most famous works there, including The Lady of Cairo.
  7. Saad Zaghloul was born near Rosetta in 1859 and fought for Egyptian independence from British rule as a nationalist leader.
  8. Former president Gamal Abdel Nasser spent much of his childhood in nearby Alexandria but had family ties to the city of Rosetta as well.
  9. Architect Hassan Fathy designed several buildings using traditional materials and techniques around Rosetta during his career.
  10. Nobel Prize-winning author Naguib Mahfouz set several novels and stories around the city of Rosetta throughout his career as an author.

Museums and Things To See

  1. The Rosetta Stone is a famous monument located in Rosetta, inscribed with a decree from King Ptolemy V in 196 BC.
  2. The Kom El-Shuqafa Catacombs are tombs dating back to the 2nd century AD, featuring beautiful artwork and carvings.
  3. The Rosetta Museum is a small museum dedicated to the history and culture of the city, showcasing traditional crafts and local industries.
  4. The Abu Mandour Temple is an ancient temple dedicated to Horus, situated just outside of Rosetta.
  5. Al-Anwar Mosque is a stunning mosque built in the Ottoman style, adorned with intricate tilework and a large central dome.
  6. Remnants of the old city walls can still be seen around Rosetta’s historic center, offering insight into its past as an important trading hub.
  7. Qaitbay Castle is a fortress built by Sultan Qaitbay in the 15th century to protect against invading forces from Europe.
  8. El-Mursi Abul Abbas Mosque is one of Egypt’s most important Islamic sites named after a revered Sufi saint who lived in Alexandria during the 13th century.
  9. Located just outside of Rosetta, The Alexandria National Museum offers fascinating insights into Egypt’s rich cultural heritage through its extensive collection of artifacts and exhibits.
  10. The Bibliotheca Alexandrina houses millions of books and serves as a cultural center for events and exhibitions throughout the year; it’s another must-see attraction located nearby.

Sports Teams

  1. Rosetta, Egypt has a rich soccer (football) culture with several local clubs and teams competing at regional and national levels.
  2. Al-Masry SC is one of the oldest football clubs in Egypt, founded in 1920, and has a strong fan base in Rosetta.
  3. Al Ittihad Alexandria Club is based in Alexandria but had significant support from fans in Rosetta.
  4. El-Olympi is a local club founded by workers at a factory that gained popularity during the 1980s.
  5. Zamalek SC is not based in Rosetta but has a large following throughout Egypt, including fans from Rosetta.
  6. However, due to political instability and economic challenges faced by Egypt over the past decade or so, many sports clubs have struggled to maintain their operations and compete at high levels consistently.

Cultural Events

  1. Moulid Abu El Haggag: It is a religious festival celebrated by Muslims to honor the Sufi saint Abu al-Haggag.
  2. Eid al-Fitr: This is a Muslim festival that marks the end of Ramadan.
  3. Christmas: A Christian holiday celebrated on December 25th.
  4. Sham el-Nessim: This is an ancient Egyptian spring festival celebrated on Coptic Easter Monday.
  5. International Festival for Mediterranean Folklore Arts: An annual event held in August that brings together folkloric groups from different countries around the Mediterranean to showcase their traditional music and dance performances.
  6. National Day of Culture: Celebrated annually on March 16th to promote Egyptian culture and heritage through various activities like exhibitions, concerts, and workshops.
  7. Alexandria International Film Festival for Mediterranean Countries: An annual film festival held in Alexandria that showcases films from different Mediterranean countries.

Please note that this information may not be up-to-date or accurate as cultural events can change over time due to various reasons such as political instability or pandemics like COVID-19 affecting public gatherings and celebrations globally.


Egyptian Dishes:

  1. Fattah: a dish made with rice, bread, and meat that is typically served during celebrations and special occasions.
  2. Molokhia: a soup made from the leaves of the molokhia plant that is often served with rice or bread.
  3. Koshari: a vegetarian dish made with lentils, rice, macaroni noodles, and tomato sauce.
  4. Mahshi: vegetables stuffed with rice or meat and cooked in tomato sauce.
  5. Ful medames: a dish made from fava beans that are mashed and seasoned with garlic, lemon juice, and olive oil.

Popular Restaurants in Rosetta:

  1. Al-Farag Restaurant: known for their seafood dishes such as grilled fish and shrimp kebabs.
  2. El Tawfiq Restaurant: famous for their traditional Egyptian dishes like koshari and molokhia soup.
  3. El Masryeen Restaurant: serves authentic Egyptian cuisine like ful medames (fava bean stew) and taameya (Egyptian falafel).
  4. Abou Shakra Restaurant: offers delicious Egyptian food including grilled meats like shawarma along with mezze plates filled with hummus & baba ghanoush dips among others.
  5. Al Mina Seafood restaurant: Known for its wide variety of fresh seafood dishes such as grilled fish & calamari along with classic Arabic mezze platters.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Rosetta Promenade is a picturesque walkway that runs alongside the Nile River, complete with benches and lush greenery.
  2. Al-Ghazali Park is a sprawling park that features playgrounds, picnic areas, and sports fields for visitors to enjoy.
  3. Rosetta Beach is a highly popular destination for tourists looking to swim and sunbathe in the warm Egyptian sun.
  4. The Rosetta Museum offers an extensive collection of archaeological artifacts that showcase the rich history of this ancient city.
  5. Al-Bahr Mosque is a beautiful historic mosque that dates back to the 18th century and serves as an important religious site in Rosetta.
  6. Tourists can take fishing trips on traditional wooden boats called feluccas along the Nile River with many locals offering these excursions.
  7. Horseback riding tours through the countryside provide visitors with stunning views and a unique way to explore the area’s natural beauty.
  8. Visitors can also take day trips to nearby historical sites such as Qaitbay Citadel or Abu Mandour Palace for an immersive cultural experience.


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