Texcoco, Mexico

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Texcoco, Mexico

Region: Mexico


Geographic Coordinates: 19.520000, -98.880000
Temperature Range: 10.0°C to 30.0°C (50°F to 86°F)
Climate: Texcoco, Mexico experiences a subtropical climate with rainy summers and dry winters.
Population: 105165
Language: Spanish

Texcoco, Located in the State of Mexico, Is a city with a rich history and is considered to be one of the most important pre-Columbian cities in Mesoamerica. The city was once the capital city of the Aztec Empire and was home to great rulers such as Nezahualcoyotl. The name Texcoco comes from Nahuatl language Texocoh, Meaning place where stones are cut. This name refers to Texcoco’s famous stone quarries that were used by Aztecs for construction purposes. The city also boasts beautiful colonial-era buildings like the Church of Saint Mary Magdalene and Palace of Nezahualcoyotl.

One of Texcoco’s most important landmarks is an archaeological site containing ruins from various eras, Including pre-Hispanic times when it was an important political and cultural center for Mesoamerican civilization. Visitors can explore temples, Palaces, Ball courts, And other structures that give insight into life during this period. Texcoco has a bustling modern-day culture with plenty to see and do. The town square or Zocalo is always busy with street vendors selling local cuisine such as tacos al pastor or tamales de mole poblano. There are also many shops selling traditional crafts like pottery or woven textiles.

Near Lake Texcoco makes it an ideal destination for water sports enthusiasts as well as those looking to relax on beaches along its shores. Visitors can enjoy activities such as kayaking or paddleboarding while taking in stunning views of surrounding mountains. Overall, Texcoco offers visitors a unique blend of ancient history and modern-day culture making it a must-visit destination for anyone interested in exploring Mexico’s rich heritage. Whether you’re interested in exploring ancient ruins or enjoying delicious local cuisine, Texcoco has something to offer everyone.’



Important Landmarks

Texcoco Attractions

  • Texcoco Archaeological Site is an ancient Mesoamerican city that served as a political and cultural center of the Aztec Empire.
  • The Palace of Nezahualcoyotl, built by Aztec king Nezahualcoyotl in the 15th century, is a beautiful palace.
  • The Texcoco Cathedral is a stunning cathedral with Baroque architecture that was built in the 16th century.
  • The Municipal Palace of Texcoco, a historic building, once served as the government headquarters for the region.
  • The Museum of Popular Culture showcases traditional Mexican art, crafts, and culture.
  • Lake Texcoco was once an important source of food and transportation for the Aztecs and is now a large lake.
  • San Juan Bautista Church has beautiful architecture and historical significance dating back to colonial times.
  • Jardín Municipal de Texcoco is a park located in downtown Texcoco with lush greenery, fountains, and benches for relaxation or picnics.
  • Casa de la Cultura de Texcoco is a cultural center that promotes art exhibitions, concerts, theater performances, workshops on painting & photography.
  • Texcocan Ruins are ancient ruins believed to be from prehistoric times where visitors can explore archaeological sites and learn about local history.

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture: The region is known for its production of corn, beans, wheat, and other crops.
  2. Livestock: Cattle and poultry farming are also important industries in Texcoco.
  3. Manufacturing: There are several small manufacturing plants in the area that produce goods such as textiles, furniture, and construction materials.
  4. Tourism: Texcoco has several historical sites such as the Palace of Nezahualcoyotl and the Church of Santa Maria de la Purisima Concepcion that attract tourists.
  5. Education: The Autonomous University of Chapingo is located in Texcoco which attracts students from all over Mexico to study agriculture and related fields.
  6. Services sector: There are also various services provided by local businesses including healthcare services, retail stores, restaurants etc., which contribute to the economy of the region.

Noteable History

  1. Texcoco was one of the three primary cities of the Aztec Empire, alongside Tenochtitlan and Tlacopan.
  2. Nezahualcoyotl, a renowned poet-king who ruled over Texcoco in the 15th century, was celebrated for his poetry, philosophy, and contributions to architecture.
  3. The Spanish Conquest of Mexico began in 1519 with Hernán Cortés’ arrival in Veracruz. Texcoco was among the first cities he visited on his march towards Tenochtitlan.
  4. After months of fighting in 1521, Cortés conquered Tenochtitlan with assistance from other indigenous groups who opposed the Aztecs.
  5. During colonial times, Texcoco flourished as an important center for agriculture and trade because of its fertile soil and proximity to Lake Texcoco.
  6. In 1810, Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla initiated his rebellion against Spanish rule by ringing church bells in Dolores Hidalgo (now called Dolores) near Guanajuato; this event is known as El Grito de Dolores or The Cry of Dolores. The rebellion eventually spread to other parts of Mexico including Texcoco.
  7. Emiliano Zapata’s forces occupied various towns during the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920), including Texcoco as part of their fight against Porfirio Díaz’s government.
  8. In recent years, controversy surrounded plans for a new airport that would have been constructed in Texcoco but were ultimately cancelled by President Andrés Manuel López Obrador’s administration in 2019 due to environmental concerns.
  9. Aside from Nezahualcoyotl, other noteworthy individuals associated with Texcoco include the poet Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, who resided there for a time, and the artist Frida Kahlo, whose father was born in Texcoco.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Texcoco Archaeological Site: This ancient Aztec city was once the capital of the Aztec empire and is home to many impressive ruins.
  2. Museo Nacional de Culturas Populares: This museum showcases the history and culture of Mexico’s indigenous peoples, including exhibits on textiles, pottery, music, and dance.
  3. Casa de la Cultura: This cultural center hosts a variety of events and exhibitions throughout the year, including art shows, concerts, theater performances, and more.
  4. Palacio Municipal de Texcoco: The town hall of Texcoco is a beautiful colonial-era building with stunning architecture and a rich history.
  5. Museo del Agua y la Ecología: This museum explores the importance of water conservation in Mexico through interactive exhibits and educational programs.
  6. Templo y Convento de San Francisco: This 16th-century church features beautiful Baroque architecture and is home to several important religious artifacts.
  7. Parque Ecológico Lago de Texcoco: A large nature reserve with hiking trails, birdwatching opportunities, fishing spots, picnic areas, and more activities for outdoor enthusiasts.
  8. Jardín Botánico Texcoco: A botanical garden that displays diverse plant species from different regions in Mexico.
  9. Ex-Hacienda San Antonio Chiconcuac: A historic site that showcases life during colonial times in Mexico.
  10. Centro Cultural Mexiquense Bicentenario: A cultural center that hosts various exhibitions related to Mexican culture such as art shows or traditional dance performances.


Sports Teams

  1. Club Deportivo Texcoco: This soccer club was founded in 2001 and has played in various amateur leagues throughout the state of Mexico.
  2. Halcones de Texcoco: This basketball team was founded in 2010 and plays in the Liga Nacional de Baloncesto Profesional (LNBP).
  3. Tigres de Texcoco: This baseball team was founded in 2014 and plays in the Liga Invernal Mexicana (LIM).
  4. Cachorros de Texcoco: This American football team was founded in 2016 and plays in the Liga de Fútbol Americano Profesional (LFA).

While these teams may not have a long history or significant accomplishments, they represent the growing sports culture of Texcoco, Mexico.



Cultural Events

  1. Feria del Caballo Texcoco – an annual horse fair held in Texcoco that features equestrian shows, rodeos, and exhibitions.
  2. Fiesta de San Antonio Abad – a religious festival celebrated every January 17th to honor Saint Anthony the Great.
  3. Festival Cultural de Texcoco – an annual cultural festival held in July that celebrates the arts through music, dance, theater performances, and art exhibitions.
  4. Día de los Muertos (Day of the Dead) – a traditional Mexican holiday celebrated on November 1st and 2nd to honor deceased loved ones with offerings of food, flowers, and other items.
  5. Carnaval de Texcoco – a colorful carnival held every year before Lent featuring parades with floats decorated with flowers and lights.
  6. Festival Internacional Cervantino en Texcoco – an international arts festival that takes place annually in October showcasing music and theater performances from around the world.
  7. Semana Santa (Holy Week) – A week-long event commemorating Jesus Christ’s crucifixion and resurrection through processions and religious ceremonies.
  8. Tianguis Turístico Mexico- one of Mexico’s largest tourism fairs is held annually in March or April at different locations across Mexico including Texcoco where it showcases Mexico’s tourism industry to local as well as international visitors.

Cuisine

  1. Barbacoa: This slow-cooked lamb or beef dish is a staple in Texcoco and can be found at many local eateries.
  2. Tacos de Canasta: These steamed tacos are filled with beans, potatoes, or meat and are a popular street food in the area.
  3. Chicharrón en Salsa Verde: Fried pork rinds served in a spicy green sauce.
  4. El Rincón del Bife: A steakhouse known for its high-quality cuts of meat cooked to perfection.
  5. La Casona de Don Juan: A traditional Mexican restaurant serving up dishes like mole poblano and chiles en nogada.
  6. Taquería El Poblano: A casual spot for tacos al pastor, suadero, and other classic Mexican street foods.
  7. Los Portales de Texcoco: An upscale restaurant specializing in seafood dishes like ceviche and shrimp cocktails.
  8. La Casa de la Tía Licha: A family-run eatery serving up homestyle Mexican dishes like pozole and tamales.
  9. Las Delicias del Maíz Azul: A bakery famous for its blue corn tortillas, which are used to make everything from tacos to tamales.
  10. La Cocina Económica de Doña Lupe: An affordable spot for hearty breakfasts featuring eggs, beans, rice, and tortillas – perfect fuel for a day of exploring Texcoco!

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