Trnava, Slovakia

Reading Time: 8 minutes

Trnava, Slovakia

Region: Trnava

Geographic Coordinates: 48.377500, 17.588300
Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 40.0°C (-40°F to 104°F)
Climate: Data not available.
Population: 65382
Language: Slovak

Trnava, Slovakia, Often referred to as the Little Rome, Is a charming city located in the western part of the country. With its rich history, Stunning architecture, And vibrant cultural scene, Trnava offers visitors a unique and unforgettable experience. One of Trnava’s most notable features is its well-preserved medieval old town. As you wander through its narrow cobblestone streets, You’ll be greeted by an array of beautiful Gothic and Baroque buildings. The iconic St. Nicholas’ Basilica dominates the skyline with its towering spires and intricate detailing.

This impressive church dates back to the 14th century and is considered one of Slovakia’s most significant religious landmarks. Trnava is also known for being a center of education and culture. It houses several universities and has earned itself the title of The Slovak Oxford. The city’s vibrant student population contributes to its lively atmosphere with numerous cafes, Bars, And art galleries scattered throughout. Art enthusiasts will find themselves captivated by Trnava’s thriving art scene. The Ján Koniarek Gallery showcases contemporary Slovak art while the City Gallery focuses on local artists from Trnava region.

Additionally, Trnava hosts an annual International Biennial Contemporary Art Exhibition that attracts artists from all over Europe. For history buffs, A visit to Trnava would not be complete without exploring its fascinating museums. The Western Slovak Museum offers insight into regional history through various exhibits ranging from archaeology to ethnography. Another must-visit museum is the Museum of Puppetry Culture where visitors can learn about traditional puppetry techniques used in Slovakia for centuries. Nature lovers will also find plenty to enjoy in Trnava’s surroundings.

Just outside the city lies one of Slovakia’s largest protected areas – Little Carpathians Mountains National Park – offering picturesque hiking trails with breathtaking views over rolling hills covered in lush forests. no trip to Trnava would be complete without indulging in the city’s culinary delights. Traditional Slovak dishes such as bryndzové halušky (sheep cheese dumplings) and kapustnica (sauerkraut soup) can be savored in local restaurants, Along with a variety of international cuisines. Trnava is a hidden gem that combines history, Culture, And natural beauty into one captivating destination.

Whether you’re exploring its medieval streets, Immersing yourself in art and culture, Or enjoying the surrounding countryside, Trnava offers an enriching experience that will leave a lasting impression.

Important Landmarks

  1. Trnava Castle: A medieval fortress located in the heart of the city, offering stunning views and historical exhibitions.
  2. St. John the Baptist Cathedral: The oldest and largest Gothic cathedral in Slovakia, known for its impressive architecture and beautiful interior.
  3. Town Tower: An iconic landmark that offers panoramic views of Trnava’s old town.
  4. University Church: A Baroque-style church with intricate decorations and a unique atmosphere.
  5. City Walls: Well-preserved fortifications surrounding the old town, providing a glimpse into Trnava’s history.
  6. Synagogue: A historic Jewish synagogue that now serves as a cultural center with various exhibitions and events.
  7. Galandia Thermal Park: A popular water park featuring indoor and outdoor pools, slides, saunas, and wellness facilities.
  8. Jánošíkove Diery Gorge: Located just outside of Trnava, this natural wonder offers scenic hiking trails through picturesque canyons and waterfalls.
  9. The Holy Trinity Column: An impressive Baroque monument erected to commemorate those who died during plague epidemics in the past.
  10. Archbishop’s Palace Gardens: Beautifully landscaped gardens surrounding the Archbishop’s Palace where visitors can relax or enjoy a picnic.

Primary Industries

  1. Automotive Industry: Trnava is home to a major automotive manufacturing plant operated by the French multinational company, Groupe PSA. The plant produces Peugeot and Citroën vehicles, making the automotive industry one of the most significant in the region.
  2. Manufacturing: Apart from the automotive sector, Trnava has a strong manufacturing base that includes various industries such as machinery production, metalworking, electronics, and chemical production.
  3. Food Processing: Trnava has a well-developed food processing industry with companies engaged in meat processing, dairy products manufacturing, bakery products production, and other food-related activities.
  4. Construction Materials: The city also has a notable presence in construction materials production. Several companies are involved in producing building materials like cement, concrete products, bricks, tiles etc.
  5. Information Technology (IT): In recent years there has been growth in IT-related businesses within Trnava’s economy. Several software development companies have emerged along with IT service providers catering to both domestic and international clients.
  6. Retail and Services: As an important regional center with a growing population and increasing tourism activity due to its historical significance (including notable landmarks like St John Baptist Cathedral), retail trade and services play an essential role in Trnava’s economy.
  7. Education: With several universities located within or near Trnava (e.g., University of SS Cyril & Methodius), education is another significant sector contributing to the local economy through academic institutions’ operations as well as related services like student accommodation facilities or bookstores.

These are some of the major industries and businesses that contribute to Trnava’s economic landscape; however it should be noted that this list is not exhaustive as there may be other smaller-scale enterprises operating within the city as well.

Noteable History

  1. The founding of Trnava: Trnava was founded in the 13th century and quickly became an important center of trade, culture, and education.
  2. University town: In the 17th century, Trnava became a significant educational hub with the establishment of the Academia Istropolitana, which was one of the first universities in Central Europe.
  3. Counter-Reformation stronghold: During the Counter-Reformation period in the 17th century, Trnava played a crucial role as a bastion of Catholicism against Protestant influences. Many churches were built during this time.
  4. St. John the Baptist Cathedral: This cathedral is one of Trnava’s most notable landmarks and serves as an important symbol of religious heritage in Slovakia.
  5. Ján Hollý: Ján Hollý (1785-1849) was a prominent Slovak poet born in Trnava. He is celebrated for his works that contributed to Slovak national consciousness during times of oppression.
  6. Anton Bernolák: Anton Bernolák (1762-1813) was a linguist and Catholic priest from nearby Banská Bystrica but spent much time in Trnava where he wrote his groundbreaking work Slovenská gramatika (Slovak Grammar). His efforts helped establish modern Slovak language norms.
  7. The Great Fire: In 1798, most parts of Trnava’s old town were destroyed by a massive fire that lasted for three days but had long-lasting effects on its architecture and urban development.
  8. Cultural festivals: Today, Trnava hosts various cultural festivals like Dobré Bohunice or Jánošíkove dni to celebrate local traditions through music, dance performances, theater plays, exhibitions, and more.
  9. Football tradition: Trnava is known for its football club, FC Spartak Trnava, which has a rich history in Slovak football and has won several national championships.

These are just a few examples of the notable historical events and people associated with Trnava. The city continues to be an important cultural and historical center in Slovakia.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Trnava City Tower – This iconic tower offers panoramic views of the city and its surroundings.
  2. Trnava Synagogue – A beautifully restored synagogue that now serves as a cultural center and exhibition space.
  3. Trnava Castle – Explore the ruins of this medieval castle, which also houses the Museum of Western Slovakia.
  4. St. Nicholas Basilica – The oldest preserved church in Trnava, known for its stunning Baroque architecture.
  5. Ján Koniarek Gallery – A contemporary art gallery showcasing works by Slovak and international artists.
  6. Galéria Jána Koniarka (Gallery of Jan Koniarek) – An outdoor sculpture park featuring works by renowned Slovak sculptor Jan Koniarek.
  7. Anton Bernolák Theatre – Attend a performance at this historic theater, known for its impressive neo-baroque interior design.
  8. University Church of Sts John the Baptist and John the Evangelist – Visit this beautiful church located on the grounds of Trnava University.
  9. Zelený kríček (Green Hedge) Park – Relax in this charming park filled with sculptures, fountains, and green spaces.
  10. City Walls and Gates – Take a walk along the well-preserved medieval city walls to discover various gates such as St Michael’s Gate or Trojičné Square Gate.

These are just a few examples of places worth visiting in Trnava, Slovakia’s Little Rome.

Sports Teams

  1. FC Spartak Trnava (Football/Soccer): Founded in 1923, FC Spartak Trnava is one of the most successful football clubs in Slovakia. They have won multiple Slovak league titles and were particularly dominant during the 1960s and 1970s when they won three Czechoslovak First League championships (1967, 1969, 1972) and reached the semifinals of the European Cup (now UEFA Champions League) in 1969.
  2. HK Dukla Ingema Trnava (Ice Hockey): The ice hockey team HK Dukla Ingema Trnava was established in 1956. In their early years, they played at a high level but later faced financial difficulties that resulted in relegation to lower divisions. Despite these challenges, they remain a popular team among local ice hockey enthusiasts.
  3. Handlová Volleyball Club: Located near Trnava, Handlová Volleyball Club has a long-standing tradition of success in men’s volleyball competitions. They have won numerous Slovakian national championships as well as participating regularly in European club competitions.
  4. ŠK Slovan Bratislava B – FK AS Trenčín B (Football/Soccer): Although not based directly in Trnava, this football team represents the city’s neighboring regions and plays its home games at various stadiums including ones located within or near Trnava city limits.

These are just a few examples of sports teams with notable histories connected to or associated with Trnava, Slovakia.

Cultural Events

  1. Trnava Music Spring: A renowned music festival held annually in April, featuring a wide range of classical music performances by local and international artists.
  2. Jánošíkove dni (Days of Juraj Jánošík): Celebrated in May, this festival honors the legendary Slovak folk hero Juraj Jánošík with various cultural activities, including theater performances, concerts, exhibitions, and traditional crafts.
  3. Trnavské lúky (Trnava Meadows): Held during the summer months in June and July, this open-air festival offers a diverse program of live music concerts featuring popular Slovak bands and musicians.
  4. Trnavský jarmok (Trnava Fair): Taking place twice a year in May and September, this traditional fair showcases local products such as food specialties, handicrafts, clothing, and household items.
  5. Christmas Market: During December, Trnava hosts a charming Christmas market where visitors can enjoy festive decorations, traditional food stalls offering mulled wine and pastries while browsing through various gift options from local artisans.
  6. International Animated Film Festival Fest Anča: This annual animation film festival takes place in June/July showcasing international short animated films alongside workshops for aspiring animators.
  7. Pohoda Festival: Although not directly located in Trnava but nearby Trenčín city (about 45 minutes away), Pohoda is one of Slovakia’s largest music festivals attracting both national and international artists across different genres during July.

These are just a few examples of the cultural events that take place throughout the year in Trnava; there are many other smaller-scale celebrations like folklore evenings or art exhibitions that contribute to the city’s vibrant cultural scene.


  1. Trnavský rozok: This is a traditional pastry in Trnava, shaped like a crescent moon, filled with poppy seeds or walnuts.
  2. Kapustnica: A hearty cabbage soup made with sauerkraut, mushrooms, meat (usually pork), and various spices.
  3. Lokše: Thin potato pancakes often served as a side dish or filled with different fillings such as cabbage or cheese.
  4. Piváreň Richtár Jakub: A popular beer pub offering a wide selection of craft beers along with traditional Slovak dishes.
  5. U Dobrého pastiera: Known for its cozy atmosphere, this restaurant serves traditional Slovak cuisine including halušky (dumplings) with bryndza cheese and bacon.
  6. Restaurant Bistro & Café Pod Akadémiou: Located in the city center near the university campus, it offers an extensive menu featuring both Slovak and international dishes.
  7. Reštaurácia u Jančiho: Famous for its grilled meats and rustic ambiance, this restaurant is loved by locals for its authentic Slovak cuisine.
  8. Vinotéka Trnava Winery & Wine Bar: If you’re looking to taste local wines from the region of Trnava along with some tasty snacks or tapas-style food, this wine bar is highly recommended.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Mestský Park (City Park): This park is located in the city center and offers a peaceful environment with beautiful greenery, walking paths, benches, and a small lake.
  2. Sad Janka Kráľa: Located near the city center, this park is one of the oldest public parks in Slovakia. It features large open spaces, playgrounds for children, walking trails along the riverbank of Trnávka River, and various sports facilities.
  3. Zlatovská dolina: Situated on the outskirts of Trnava, Zlatovská dolina is a nature reserve that provides opportunities for hiking and cycling trails amidst picturesque landscapes.
  4. AquaPark Trnava: This water park offers numerous pools including an Olympic-sized swimming pool with diving boards as well as water slides suitable for all ages.
  5. Tennis Courts: There are several tennis courts available throughout Trnava where visitors can enjoy playing tennis either casually or competitively.
  6. Golf Club Welten: Golf enthusiasts can visit this golf club located just outside of Trnava city center to enjoy a round of golf on their 18-hole course.
  7. Cycling Routes: The surrounding area of Trnava boasts numerous cycling routes that allow visitors to explore the beautiful countryside while enjoying outdoor activities.
  8. Football Stadium Anton Malatinský (FC Spartak Trnava): Sports fans can watch football matches at this stadium which hosts home games for FC Spartak Trnava – one of Slovakia’s most successful football clubs.


Let The Journey Begin.

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