Xai-Xai, Mozambique

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Xai-Xai, Mozambique

Region: Gaza

Geographic Coordinates: -25.050000, 33.650000
Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 35.0°C (68°F to 95°F)
Climate: Seasonal with a wet season from November to March and a dry season from April to October.
Population: 116343
Language: Portuguese

Xai-Xai is a coastal city situated in the southern part of Mozambique, Approximately 200 kilometers from the capital city of Maputo. It serves as the capital of Gaza Province and has a population of around 150, 000 inhabitants. The name Xai-Xai originates from the local language and means the place where one can rest. The primary attraction in Xai-Xai is its stunning beaches. Praia do Xai-Xai, Which extends over 10 kilometers along the coastline, Is a popular tourist destination among both tourists and locals alike.

The beach boasts crystal-clear waters that are perfect for swimming and snorkeling, As well as soft white sand that’s ideal for sunbathing or relaxing under an umbrella. Another must-see attraction in Xaixi is Lighthouse Reef – a breathtaking coral reef located just off the coast that offers some of Mozambique’s best diving opportunities. Visitors can witness an array of colorful fish species, Sea turtles, Dolphins, And even whale sharks if they’re fortunate enough.

The city also houses several cultural sites worth exploring such as The Cathedral of Nossa Senhora da Conceição (Our Lady of Conception) – an impressive building dating back to colonial times built by Portuguese settlers during early 1900s featuring beautiful stained-glass windows. Xaixi also boasts various markets where visitors can purchase traditional handicrafts like woven baskets or wooden carvings made by local artisans.

For those interested in history, There are several historical sites around Xaixi such as Fort Chaimite built during colonial times to control access to inland territories from Maputo Bay; it served as a military base until independence in 1975 when it became abandoned due to lack maintenance resources making it an interesting spot for tourists who want to learn more about Mozambican history. In conclusion, Xaixi offers visitors an exceptional blend of culture, Cuisine, Nature, And adventure making it an ideal destination for anyone looking to explore Mozambique.

Important Landmarks

  1. Praia do Xai-Xai – a beautiful beach with clear waters and white sand.
  2. Lighthouse of Xai-Xai – a historic lighthouse that offers panoramic views of the coastline.
  3. Bilene Lagoon – a stunning natural lagoon with crystal-clear waters and surrounded by lush vegetation.
  4. Zongoene Lodge – a popular beach resort that offers various water sports activities such as snorkeling, diving, and fishing.
  5. Ponta da Praia Resort – another popular beach resort that features an outdoor pool, restaurant, bar, and spa facilities.
  6. Inhaca Island – a picturesque island located off the coast of Maputo Bay that is known for its sandy beaches and coral reefs.
  7. Maputo Elephant Reserve – a wildlife reserve where visitors can see elephants in their natural habitat along with other animals such as zebras, antelopes, and giraffes.
  8. Macaneta Beach – another beautiful beach located north of Maputo Bay that is perfect for swimming and sunbathing.

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture: Xai-Xai is known for its production of cashew nuts, coconuts, rice, and vegetables.
  2. Fishing: The city is located on the coast of the Indian Ocean and has a thriving fishing industry.
  3. Tourism: Xai-Xai attracts tourists who come to enjoy its beautiful beaches, coral reefs, and wildlife reserves.
  4. Retail: There are several small shops and markets in the city that sell local products such as handicrafts, clothing, and food items.
  5. Services: Xai-Xai also has various service providers such as banks, healthcare facilities, transportation services (taxis), telecommunication companies among others which cater to the needs of residents as well as visitors to the area.

Noteable History

  1. Portuguese colonization: Xai-Xai was a Portuguese colony from the 16th century until Mozambique gained independence in 1975.
  2. The Gaza Empire: In the late 19th century, Xai-Xai was part of the powerful Gaza Empire led by King Ngungunyane.
  3. The Battle of Chaimite: In 1895, Portuguese forces defeated King Ngungunyane’s army in a battle near Xai-Xai, effectively ending the Gaza Empire.
  4. Samora Machel: Samora Machel was a prominent Mozambican revolutionary and politician who served as the country’s first president after independence in 1975. He died in a plane crash near Xai-Xai in 1986.
  5. Cyclone Idai: In March 2019, Cyclone Idai struck Mozambique causing widespread destruction and loss of life including in Xaixiai district.
  6. Limpopo National Park: Located near Xaixiai is Limpopo National Park which is home to diverse wildlife species such as elephants, lions and antelopes among others.
  7. Beaches and resorts: Praia do Bilene beach is located near Xaixiai which attracts many tourists for its white sand beaches and clear waters making it an ideal spot for swimming, snorkeling or simply relaxing on the beach.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Xai-Xai Beach: This beautiful beach is a must-visit for anyone traveling to Xai-Xai. It offers clear waters, white sand, and picturesque views.
  2. Praia do Chongoene: Another stunning beach in Xai-Xai, Praia do Chongoene is known for its natural beauty and crystal-clear waters.
  3. The Cathedral of Our Lady of Light: This impressive cathedral is one of the most important religious buildings in Mozambique and features beautiful architecture.
  4. The Xai-Xai Museum: A great place to learn about the history and culture of the region, this museum features exhibits on local art, crafts, and traditions.
  5. The Limpopo National Park: Located just outside Xai-Xai, this national park offers visitors the chance to see a wide variety of wildlife including elephants, lions, giraffes and more.
  6. The Inhaca Island Marine Reserve: A popular destination for snorkeling and diving enthusiasts, this marine reserve boasts an abundance of colorful fish species as well as coral reefs.
  7. The Gaza Province Art Center: This art center showcases works by local artists from throughout Gaza province in Mozambique.
  8. The Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park: Spanning three countries (Mozambique, South Africa and Zimbabwe), this park offers visitors the chance to see some incredible wildlife including elephants and lions roaming free across national borders.
  9. The Ponta de Malongane Dive Centre: This dive centre located near Xia-xia is famous for its water sports activities like scuba diving, snorkelling, fishing etc.
  10. The Zinave National Park: Located at a distance from Xia-xia but worth visiting, this park has around 4000 elephants along with other animals like buffalos, rhinos etc.

Sports Teams

  1. After conducting research on Xai-Xai, Mozambique’s sports history,
  2. I could not find any significant sports teams or events that have taken place in the area.
  3. It is possible that there are local teams and competitions,
  4. but there is limited information available online.

Cultural Events

  1. Xai-Xai Beach Festival: This annual festival celebrates the beauty of Xai-Xai’s beaches with live music, food stalls, and water sports activities.
  2. Mozambique Independence Day: Celebrated on June 25th, this national holiday commemorates Mozambique’s independence from Portugal in 1975.
  3. Mapiko Dance Festival: This traditional dance festival is held in various parts of Mozambique, including Xai-Xai. The Mapiko dance is performed by men wearing elaborate masks and costumes.
  4. Carnival of Gaza Province: Held annually in August or September, this carnival features colorful parades with music and dancing.
  5. International Music Festival of Xai-Xai: This festival showcases a variety of local and international musical talent over several days.
  6. Nossa Senhora da Conceição Feast Day: Celebrated on December 8th, this religious holiday honors the patron saint of Xai-Xai with processions and church services.
  7. New Year’s Eve Fireworks Display: As in many parts of the world, New Year’s Eve is celebrated with fireworks displays in Xai-Xia to welcome the new year with a bang!


  • Piri-piri chicken – grilled chicken marinated in a spicy piri-piri sauce.
  • Matapa – a dish made from cassava leaves, peanuts, and coconut milk.
  • Feijoada – a bean stew with meats such as pork and beef.
  • Grilled seafood – Xai-Xai is located on the coast, so there are plenty of fresh seafood options such as prawns, calamari, and fish.

Some popular restaurants in Xai-Xai include:

  • Casa do Capitão – known for their seafood dishes and ocean views.
  • Restaurante Mar Azul – specializes in grilled seafood and traditional Mozambican dishes.
  • Avenida Café & Bar – offers a variety of international cuisine options including burgers and pizza.
  • O Pirata Bar & Restaurant – known for their cocktails and beachside location with views of the Indian Ocean.

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Praia do Xai-Xai is a stunning beach with crystal clear blue waters that are perfect for swimming and sunbathing.
    2. Lagoa Chemucane is a large lagoon that offers a variety of water sports activities like kayaking, paddleboarding, and fishing.
    3. Zona Verde Xai-Xai is a public park that has picnic areas, playgrounds, and walking trails.
    4. Parque Nacional do Zinave is a national park located outside of Xai-Xai where you can view wildlife such as elephants, lions, and zebras.
    5. Ponta da Barra Beach Resort is an excellent resort that provides various recreational activities such as snorkeling, scuba diving or quad biking tours along the beachfront dunes.
    6. Praia de Chongoene is another beautiful beach popular for swimming and surfing.
    7. Ponta Malongane Dive Center is an ideal spot for diving enthusiasts to explore the underwater world of Mozambique’s coastlines.
    8. Mabote River Bridge offers scenic views of the Mabote river while taking part in outdoor activities like fishing or enjoying picnics by the riverside.
    9. Praia de Macaneta is a peaceful beach location ideal for relaxation or indulging in fun water sports like jet skiing or windsurfing.
    10. Zavora Lodge provides visitors access to some of Mozambique’s most exciting recreational activities like deep-sea fishing expeditions or whale watching tours during certain seasons of the year.


    Go Where The Road Takes You.

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