Ḩafr al Bāţin, Saudi Arabia

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Ḩafr al Bāţin, Saudi Arabia

Region: Eastern Province

Geographic Coordinates: 28.434200, 45.963600
Temperature Range: 10.0°C to 45.0°C (50°F to 113°F)
Climate: Hot and dry climate with occasional dust storms and temperatures reaching up to 50°C during summer months. Winter months are cooler with occasional rainfall.
Population: 600000
Language: Arabic

Hafr al Batin is a city located in the northeastern part of Saudi Arabia, Situated in the Eastern Province. It covers an area of approximately 18, 000 square kilometers and has a population of around 160, 000 people. The city has a rich cultural heritage and historical significance dating back to ancient times when it was an important trading center on the caravan route between Mesopotamia and the Arabian Peninsula.

During its early years, Hafr al Batin played a significant role in the development of Islam as one of the first places where Prophet Muhammad sent his emissaries to spread Islam. Today, Hafr al Batin is a modern city with all necessary amenities such as hospitals, Schools, Shopping centers, Restaurants and hotels. The city has also become an important industrial hub with several factories producing various goods such as textiles, Plastics, Chemicals and food products. One of its main attractions is Al-Qarah Mountain which offers stunning views over the surrounding landscape.

Visitors can hike up to the mountain peak or take a cable car ride for a panoramic view from above. Another popular tourist destination is Al-Mahrajan Park which features beautiful gardens, Fountains and recreational facilities for families. For those interested in history and culture there are several museums showcasing artifacts from ancient civilizations that once inhabited this region such as Nabataean tombs dating back to 2000 BC. Several mosques throughout the city including Masjid Al-Haramain feature intricate Islamic architecture.

In addition to these attractions there are many festivals held throughout Hafr al Batin each year including Eid Al-Fitr marking end of Ramadan fasting month; Eid Al-Adha commemorating story of Prophet Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son for Allah; Janadriyah Festival celebrating Saudi Arabia’s cultural heritage. Overall Hafr al Batin offers visitors unique glimpse into Saudi Arabia’s past & present while providing modern amenities & attractions for tourists to enjoy.

Important Landmarks

  1. Al-Qara Mountain: A popular destination for hiking and camping.
  2. Al-Rajhi Mosque: One of the largest mosques in the city with a unique design.
  3. Al-Hamra Mall: One of the biggest shopping malls in Hafr al-Batin with a wide range of shops and restaurants.
  4. The old city walls: Ancient walls that surround the old section of Hafr al-Batin.
  5. King Abdulaziz Cultural Center: A cultural center that hosts various events and exhibitions throughout the year.
  6. Al-Murabba Palace: An ancient palace built during the Ottoman Empire era that is now a museum showcasing local history and culture.
  7. Jabal Hamzah Recreation Park: A park with various recreational activities including playgrounds, picnic areas, and sports facilities.
  8. The Date Market (Souq): A traditional market selling local dates as well as other products such as spices, textiles, and handicrafts.

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture: The region is known for its agricultural activities, with crops such as dates, wheat, and barley being grown extensively.
  2. Oil and Gas: The area has significant reserves of oil and gas, which have led to the development of many oil refineries and petrochemical plants.
  3. Manufacturing: There are several manufacturing industries in Ḩafr al Bāţin that produce goods such as textiles, food products, chemicals, and plastics.
  4. Construction: The city has seen a surge in construction activities due to the growing population and expanding infrastructure needs.
  5. Trading: With its strategic location near the borders of Kuwait and Iraq, Ḩafr al Bāţin serves as an important trading hub for goods between these countries.
  6. Service Sector: The service sector is also growing rapidly in the city with the establishment of hotels, restaurants, retail shops catering to both locals as well as tourists visiting nearby attractions such as Al Khafji beach or Al Qarah caves.

Noteable History

  1. Battle of Hafr Al-Batin (1991): This was a major battle during the Gulf War between the coalition forces led by the United States and Iraq. The battle took place in and around Hafr Al-Batin, resulting in a decisive victory for the coalition forces.
  2. King Fahd: King Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud was born in Ta’if but spent much of his time in Hafr al Batin as governor of Eastern Province from 1953 to 1962. He later became king of Saudi Arabia from 1982 until his death in 2005.
  3. Oil discovery: In 1940, oil was discovered near Dammam, which is close to Hafr al Batin. This discovery led to rapid development and modernization of the region.
  4. Archaeological sites: There are several archaeological sites around Hafr al Batin that date back to pre-Islamic times, including Qaryat al-Faw which was one of the most important ancient cities in northern Arabia.
  5. Abdullah ibn Thaniyah: Abdullah ibn Thaniyah was a famous Islamic scholar who lived during the early Islamic period and is buried near Hafr al Batin.
  6. Agriculture: The region surrounding Hafr al Batin is known for its agricultural production, particularly date palms which have been cultivated there for centuries.
  7. Military presence: Due to its strategic location near Kuwait and Iraq, there has been a significant military presence in Hafr al Batin throughout history, including during both Gulf Wars as well as ongoing conflicts such as Yemeni Civil War.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Al-Qarah Mountain
  2. Al-Kharaana Park
  3. Al-Mishraq Castle
  4. Al-Mabraz Mosque
  5. The Heritage Village of Ḩafr al Bāţin
  6. King Abdulaziz Historical Center
  7. King Fahd Cultural Center
  8. The National Museum of Saudi Arabia
  9. Masmak Fortress
  10. Riyadh Gallery Mall

Cultural Events

  • Janadriyah National Heritage and Culture Festival
  • Riyadh International Book Fair
  • Al-Balad Music Festival
  • Jeddah Season Festival
  • Taif Rose Festival
  • Al-Ula Winter at Tantora festival
  • Eid al-Fitr
  • Eid al-Adha

It is recommended to check with local tourism or cultural authorities for more information on specific events taking place in Ḩafr al Bāţin or other parts of Saudi Arabia as event schedules may change from year to year due to various reasons such as COVID-19 pandemic restrictions etcetera.


  • Mandi: a traditional dish made of rice and meat (usually chicken or lamb) cooked in a tandoor oven.
  • Kabsa: another popular rice dish that is usually served with chicken or lamb, and flavored with spices like saffron, cardamom, and cinnamon.
  • Shawarma: a Middle Eastern sandwich made of roasted meat (usually chicken or beef) wrapped in pita bread with vegetables and sauce.
  • Falafel: deep-fried balls made of ground chickpeas mixed with herbs and spices.

Some popular restaurants in Ḩafr al Bāţin where you can try these dishes include:

  • Al Taibah Restaurant: known for its delicious mandi and kabsa dishes.
  • Abu Nawas Restaurant: famous for its shawarma sandwiches and falafel wraps.
  • Al Baik Restaurant: a fast-food chain that serves fried chicken, burgers, fries, and other snacks.
  • Al Tazaj Restaurant: specializes in grilled chicken dishes served with Arabic bread and garlic sauce.

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Al-Qudaih Park
    2. Al-Yamama Park
    3. King Abdullah Sports City
    4. Al-Rashid Mall Park
    5. Prince Faisal bin Fahd Stadium
    6. Al-Zahran Family Park
    7. Jubail Mangrove Park
    8. Abu Ali Beach
    9. Desert Safari and Camel Riding
    10. Fishing in the Gulf of Bahrain


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