Garoua, Cameroon

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Garoua, Cameroon

Region: North Region

Geographic Coordinates: 9.300000, 13.400000
Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 35.0°C (68°F to 95°F)
Climate: Dry and hot weather prevails throughout the year in Garoua, Cameroon with a short rainy season from July to September.
Population: 600000
Language: Fulfulde

Garoua is a city located in the northern region of Cameroon, Serving as the capital of the North Region. It is considered one of the largest cities in Cameroon with a population of approximately 400, 000 people. The city boasts a rich cultural heritage, Vibrant markets and stunning landscapes. Garoua has a tropical climate with two distinct seasons: dry season from November to March and rainy season from April to October. The temperature ranges between 25-35°C throughout the year. Due to its location near the Sahel region, Garoua experiences hot winds that blow across from Chad.

One of Garoua’s main attractions is its bustling markets which are filled with vendors selling traditional textiles, Spices, Foodstuffs, Pottery and handmade crafts. The central market in Garoua attracts visitors from all over Cameroon who come here to experience local culture and buy souvenirs. The Grand Mosque is one notable landmark worth visiting; it was built by French colonialists in 1928 as an effort to introduce Islam into this predominantly Christian area. Another landmark worth exploring is The Lamido’s Palace which was built during colonial times as a residence for local rulers known as Lamidos.

Garoua also offers breathtaking natural scenery including Lake Maga which lies just outside town on an ancient caravan route that once linked West Africa with North Africa via Chad. This lake attracts birdwatchers who come here to observe over 200 species of birds including flamingos during migration season. Transportation-wise, Garoua has an airport (Garoua International Airport) serving both domestic and international flights making it easily accessible for tourists coming from different parts of the world.

Additionally, There are several bus stations where travelers can take buses or taxis that connect them with other parts of Cameroon such as Yaoundé or Douala. Overall, Garoua provides visitors with an authentic African experience through its vibrant markets, Rich cultural heritage and stunning natural landscapes. Whether you’re interested in shopping for souvenirs, Exploring historical landmarks or enjoying the beauty of nature, Garoua has something for everyone.

Important Landmarks

  1. Lamido Grand Mosque is a stunning mosque and one of the largest in Cameroon.
  2. Benoue National Park is a vast and diverse national park that boasts wildlife such as elephants, lions, and hippos.
  3. Garoua Museum showcases the cultural heritage of the region through its exhibits.
  4. Kola Gorge is a breathtaking natural wonder that features a deep gorge and cascading waterfalls.
  5. Boubandjida National Park is another national park that is home to rare species like cheetahs and giraffes.
  6. Mafa Plateau offers stunning views of the surrounding landscape from its elevated position.
  7. Foulbe Village Market offers an authentic African market experience where visitors can purchase local handicrafts and souvenirs.
  8. Pitoa Waterfall provides visitors with a refreshing swimming spot to cool off from the heat in Garoua.
  9. La Guinguette, located on the banks of Benue River, is a popular spot for locals to relax over drinks while enjoying live music performances by local artists or watching soccer matches on TV screens.
  10. Garoua Central Mosque impresses visitors with its impressive architecture which makes it one of the most visited places in Garoua.

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture
    • Cotton production
    • Tobacco production
    • Rice production
    • Maize production
    • Livestock farming
  2. Commerce
    • Many markets
    • Small businesses
  3. Manufacturing
    • Textile production
    • Furniture production
    • Consumer goods production
  4. Transportation
    • Several bus stations
    • Major airport
  5. Education
    • Several universities and educational institutions
    • Quality education for residents
  6. Healthcare
    • Several hospitals and clinics
    • Serves local population
  7. Mining
    • Significant deposits of gold and other minerals
    • Mined by local companies
  8. Tourism
    • Potential for tourism due to natural beauty
    • Traditional dances and festivals
    • Not yet fully developed

Noteable History

  1. The Fulani Empire was a dominant force in West Africa during the 19th century, and Garoua was one of its territories.
  2. Ahmadu Bello, a prominent Nigerian politician and leader of the Northern People’s Congress, visited Garoua in 1959 to meet with local leaders.
  3. Garoua played an important role as a trading center for ivory and other commodities during German colonialism in Kamerun from 1884 to 1916.
  4. After World War I, Garoua became part of French Cameroon and remained under French control until Cameroon gained independence in 1960.
  5. Cameroon is one of several countries that share the Lake Chad basin, which is why it is a member of the intergovernmental organization known as the Lake Chad Basin Commission established in 1964.
  6. Paul Biya has been president of Cameroon since 1982 and has visited Garoua on several occasions throughout his presidency for various events and meetings.
  7. The ongoing conflict between Boko Haram insurgents and government forces in northeastern Nigeria has affected neighboring countries like Cameroon, including Garoua.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Musée départemental de Garoua is a local museum that showcases the history and culture of the region.
  2. Garoua Grand Mosque is a beautiful mosque in the heart of Garoua known for its intricate architecture.
  3. Réserve de faune du Bénoué is a wildlife reserve located near Garoua, home to various species of animals including elephants, lions, and antelopes.
  4. Parc national de la Benoue is a national park located in the northern part of Cameroon that features diverse landscapes such as savannahs and forests.
  5. Palais des Sports de Garoua is a sports complex that hosts various events and activities such as basketball games, fitness classes, and concerts.
  6. Centre Culturel Français (CCF) de Garoua is an art center that showcases exhibitions by local artists as well as international ones.
  7. Marché Central de Garoua is a bustling market where visitors can buy local products such as textiles, crafts, and food items.
  8. Monument aux Morts (War Memorial) is a memorial dedicated to soldiers who lost their lives during World War I and II located in the city center of Garoua.
  9. Cathédrale Sainte-Thérèse-de-l’Enfant-Jésus et Saint-Louis-Marie-Grignion-de-Montfort is a Catholic church located in downtown Garua.
  10. River Benue Bridge- This bridge connects north to south Cameroon over River Benue and it’s one of the longest bridges in West Africa.

Sports Teams

  1. Cotonsport FC: Founded in 1990, this club has won several domestic and international titles, including the Cameroon Premier League, Cameroonian Cup, and CAF Cup.
  2. Sahel FC: This club was founded in 1982 and has won multiple domestic titles such as the Cameroon Premier League and Cameroonian Cup.
  3. Fovu Club de Baham: Originally founded in 1978, this football club later relocated to Garoua where it has since won various domestic titles including the Cameroon Premier League.
  4. AS Etoa Meki: This club was established back in 1965 but also relocated to Garoua at a later time. It too has won several domestic titles including the Cameroon Premier League.
  5. Renaissance FC de Ngoumou: Although founded in 1992 elsewhere, this football team moved to Garoua due to financial difficulties but is yet to win any major domestic or international title.

Overall, these sports teams have played an essential role in developing sports culture within Garoua while producing numerous talented athletes who have gone on to represent their country at various levels of competition both nationally and internationally.

Cultural Events

  1. Garoua Cultural Festival celebrates the cultural diversity of Garoua through traditional music, dance, and food.
  2. Eid al-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan and is celebrated by Muslims with prayer, feasting, and gift-giving.
  3. Christians in Garoua celebrate Christmas with church services, carol singing, and feasting.
  4. Cameroon’s National Day is celebrated on May 20th every year with parades, speeches by government officials, and cultural performances.
  5. Fête de la Musique is an international music festival that takes place on June 21st each year in Garoua. It features live music performances by local artists as well as international acts.
  6. Nguon Festival celebrates the harvest season in Garoua through traditional dances like the Kirdi Dance.
  7. International Women’s Day on March 8th is celebrated in Cameroon with events that honor women’s contributions to society.
  8. Muslims in Garoua observe the holy month of Ramadan with fasting during daylight hours followed by feasting at nightfall.
  9. The Mbororo Cultural Festival celebrates the unique culture of nomadic ethnic group Mbororo people who live throughout West Africa including Cameroon through song, dance, food and clothing exhibitions.
  10. Ngondo Festival (Douala) lasts for four days celebrating water spirits (Sawa culture) though it’s not specifically located in Garoua it’s one of Cameroun’s biggest festivals.


  • Ndolé: a dish made with bitter leaves, peanuts, and meat or fish.
  • Suya: grilled skewered meat seasoned with spices.
  • Poulet DG: a chicken dish cooked in a tomato and onion sauce.
  • Achu soup: a soup made with pounded cocoyam and served with vegetables and meat.

Some popular restaurants in Garoua, Cameroon include:

  • Le Bistrot du Cercle Municipal
  • Restaurant La Tchadienne
  • Restaurant Chez Maman Fatima
  • Le Petit Parisien
  • Restaurant L’Orangerie

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Parc National de Benoue
    2. Parc Zoologique de Garoua
    3. Lac Léré
    4. Les Chutes de la Vina
    5. Le Complexe Sportif de Garoua
    6. Le Stade Roumdé Adjia
    7. Les Plages du Fleuve Bénoué
    8. La Piscine Municipale de Garoua


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