Al Bayḑā’, Libya

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Al Bayḑā’, Libya

Region: Al Jabal al Akhdar District


Geographic Coordinates: 32.766400, 21.741700
Climate: Dry and hot climate with little precipitation throughout the year, and occasional sandstorms. Temperatures can reach up to 50°C in summer and drop below 10°C in winter.
Population: 250000
Language: Arabic

Al Bayḑā’, Also known as Elbeida, Is a city in the northeastern part of Libya. It serves as the capital of the Al Jabal al Akhdar District and has a population of approximately 250, 000 people. The area is renowned for its natural landscapes consisting of mountains and valleys. The city’s historical significance dates back to ancient times when it was founded by Greeks and later became an important Roman settlement. Visitors can explore various ruins and archaeological sites throughout the area, Including a Roman amphitheater and Byzantine church.

Apart from its rich history, Al Bayḑā’ is an essential economic hub for Libya with several industries contributing to its economy such as agriculture (olive oil production), Fishing, And tourism. Tourists flock to Al Bayḑā’ to enjoy outdoor activities like hiking or exploring nearby beaches. The city’s vibrant culture attracts visitors through festivals that celebrate music, Dance, Traditional crafts like weaving & pottery-making. Local markets offer handmade goods or traditional Libyan cuisine.

Despite being located in a region that has experienced political unrest in recent years, Al Bayḑā’ remains relatively safe for tourists who take necessary precautions while traveling through Libya. Visitors should be aware of any travel advisories issued by their home country’s government before visiting this region.

Overall, Al Bayḑā’ offers travelers a unique glimpse into Libyan culture while providing access to some of North Africa’s most beautiful natural landscapes & historical sites; whether you’re interested in exploring ancient ruins or soaking up local culture through food & festivals – this charming coastal town offers something for everyone who wants to explore the beauty of Libya.’



Important Landmarks

  1. Cyrene: An ancient Greek city that dates back to the 7th century BC and is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  2. Apollonia: Another ancient Greek city with ruins dating back to the 5th century BC.
  3. The Arch of Marcus Aurelius: A Roman triumphal arch built in AD 163.
  4. The Museum of Cyrene: A museum that houses artifacts from the ancient city of Cyrene.
  5. The Green Mountain (Jabal al-Akhdar): A mountain range known for its scenic beauty and hiking trails.
  6. Qasr Al-Hajj: An Ottoman-era castle located near the town of Brega.
  7. Benghazi Zoo: A popular attraction for families with children featuring a variety of animals including lions, tigers, and monkeys.
  8. Tukrah Beach: A beautiful beach with crystal clear waters perfect for swimming and sunbathing.
  9. Ras al-Unuf Waterfall: A natural waterfall located in the eastern part of Al Bayḑā’ perfect for nature lovers and hikers.
  10. The Old City (Medina) of Benghazi – a historic quarter where visitors can see traditional Libyan architecture, markets selling local goods as well as museums showcasing Libyan history and culture.

Primary Industries

  1. There is limited information available about the major industries and businesses in Al Bayḑā’, Libya.
  2. However, some of the key economic activities in the region include:
    • Agriculture
      • The area is known for its fertile farmland and produces crops such as olives, dates, citrus fruits, and vegetables.
    • Fishing
      • Fishing is also an important industry due to its location on the Mediterranean coast.
    • Tourism
      • Tourism has potential for growth due to its historical sites such as Cyrene (an ancient Greek city), Apollonia (a Roman city), and Jebel Akhdar (a mountain range with scenic views).
    • Small-scale manufacturing or service-based businesses in the city center

Noteable History

  1. The Battle of El Alamein, a major battle fought during World War II between the Allied forces and Axis powers in 1942 near El Alamein in the Al Bayḑā’ region.
  2. Omar Mukhtar, a prominent Libyan resistance leader who fought against Italian colonization during the early 20th century but was captured by Italian forces in 1931 and executed.
  3. Cyrene, an ancient Greek city located near present-day Shahhat that was founded in 631 BC and became an important center for philosophy, science, and medicine.
  4. Apollonia, another ancient Greek city located near present-day Susah that was founded in the 7th century BC and became an important trading center.
  5. Benghazi Conference, a meeting held on April 14-15, 1949 in Benghazi that led to the creation of a provisional government for Libya.
  6. Mustafa Abdul Jalil, a Libyan politician who served as chairman of the National Transitional Council (NTC) during the Libyan civil war from February to October 2011.
  7. General Khalifa Haftar, a prominent military commander who played a key role in overthrowing Muammar Gaddafi’s regime during the Libyan civil war in 2011.
  8. Sidi Masri Shrine, an Islamic shrine located near Tobruk that houses tombs belonging to several prominent Muslim scholars from North Africa including Sidi Masri himself.
  9. The LNA Offensive on Derna which took place May of last year aimed at ousting Islamist militants from Derna.
  10. The Benghazi attack which occurred September 11th 2012 where four Americans were killed including Ambassador Chris Stevens.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Cyrene Archaeological Site – An ancient Greek city with impressive ruins and a stunning view of the Mediterranean Sea.
  2. Apollonia Archaeological Site – A well-preserved Roman city with impressive mosaics and a seaside location.
  3. Tocra Archaeological Site – A lesser-known but still impressive Roman city with well-preserved buildings and artifacts.
  4. Al-Bayda Museum – A small but informative museum showcasing local history and culture.
  5. Omar Mukhtar Museum – A museum dedicated to the Libyan resistance leader Omar Mukhtar who fought against Italian colonization in the early 20th century.
  6. The Royal Tombs of Cyrene – An ancient burial site with elaborate tombs carved into the rock face.
  7. The Arch of Marcus Aurelius – An impressive Roman triumphal arch located in the heart of Al Bayda’s old town.
  8. The House of Domitius Apollinaris – An ancient Roman villa that has been partially restored and is open to visitors for exploration.

Note: Due to political unrest in Libya, it is important to monitor travel advisories before planning a trip to this region as safety cannot be guaranteed at all times or locations within the country’s borders.



Sports Teams

  • Football is the most popular sport in Libya, with several football clubs located throughout the country.
  • The Libyan Premier League is the top professional league for football clubs in Libya.
  • Some of the most successful football clubs from Al Bayḑā’ are Al-Jazeera SC and Al-Nasr SC.
  • Basketball and volleyball are also popular sports played in Libya.
  • The national basketball team has had some success on an international level by qualifying for the FIBA Africa Championship several times.


  • Cuisine

    • Bazeena: A traditional Libyan dish made with lamb or beef and tomato sauce.
    • Kebda: Grilled liver that is a popular street food in Libya.
    • Couscous: A North African staple made from semolina wheat served with vegetables, meat, or fish.
    • Al-Mahari Restaurant: A seafood restaurant that serves fresh fish dishes such as grilled shrimp and calamari.
    • Tajura Restaurant: Known for its traditional Libyan cuisine such as couscous, bazeena, and kebda.
    • Al-Arabiya Restaurant: Serves a variety of Middle Eastern dishes including shawarma and falafel.
    • Zanzibar Cafe & Restaurant: Offers a fusion of Mediterranean and Libyan cuisine including seafood pasta dishes and grilled meats.
    • Al-Khayam Bakery & Sweets Shop: Famous for its freshly baked breads, pastries, and sweets like baklava.
    • Dar El Jazira Restaurant & Coffee Shop : Popular for serving authentic Arabic coffee along with traditional Libyan breakfast items like Shakshuka
    • Delice Cafe : Known for serving delicious sandwiches , burgers , pizzas , pastas along with desserts .

    • Parks and Recreation

      1. Al-Bayda Public Park: This park is located in the heart of the city and offers walking paths, playgrounds, picnic areas, and sports facilities.
      2. Wadi al-Shatt al-Rigga: This scenic valley is located just outside of Al Bayḑā’ and offers hiking trails, camping sites, swimming spots, and fishing opportunities.
      3. Beaches: Al Bayḑā’ has several beaches along its coast that offer swimming, sunbathing, boating, fishing or scenic views.
      4. Sports clubs: There are several sports clubs in Al Bayḑā’ that offer recreational activities such as football (soccer), basketball, volleyball or tennis.
      5. Cultural events: The city hosts music festivals, art exhibitions or theater performances throughout the year which can provide entertainment options for visitors to enjoy during their stay.

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