Al Maḩallah al Kubrá, Egypt

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Al Maḩallah al Kubrá, Egypt

Region: Al Gharbia Governorate

Geographic Coordinates: 30.968600, 31.163600
Temperature Range: 10.0°C to 35.0°C (50°F to 95°F)
Climate: Hot and dry summers, mild winters with occasional rainfall.
Population: 535278
Language: Arabic

Al Maḩallah al Kubrá is a city in the Nile Delta region of Egypt. It is famous for its cultural and historical significance, As well as its textile industry. The name Al Maḩallah al Kubrá means the great mill in Arabic, Referring to the city’s history as a major textile center. Tahrir Square, The largest public square in Egypt, Is located in Al Maḩallah al Kubrá. This square has become an iconic symbol of Egyptian revolution and political change. During the country’s fight for independence from British colonial rule, Tahrir Square was used for public gatherings and protests.

The city’s textile industry is thriving and produces cotton textiles such as shirts, Sheets, And towels. Many factories were established during British colonial rule in the 19th century and have played a significant role in shaping the local economy. Apart from its industrial importance, Al Maḩallah al Kubrá also boasts several important landmarks that attract tourists from all over the world. Masjid Al Gharib Mosque was built by Ottoman ruler Khedive Ismail Pasha as a tribute to his mother who hailed from Greece.

Abu El Abbas Mosque dates back to 1412 AD and features stunning Islamic architecture with intricate carvings on walls and ceilings. Visitors can explore El Mahalla Museum which showcases artifacts related to local history including ancient pottery pieces and textiles dating back centuries. For those interested in exploring nature or enjoying outdoor activities while visiting Al Maḩallah al Kubrá there are several options available including Lake Burullus where visitors can go bird watching or fishing or take scenic boat rides around this picturesque lake surrounded by lush greenery.

Overall, Al Maḩallah al Kubrá offers visitors a unique blend of rich culture, History, And natural beauty making it a must-visit destination in Egypt.

Important Landmarks

  1. Mahalla Stadium
  2. El Nasr Mosque
  3. The Mahalla Textile Museum
  4. The Mahalla Clock Tower
  5. The El Nasr Park

Primary Industries

  1. Textile manufacturing
    • Many factories producing cotton fabrics and clothing
  2. Agriculture
    • Crops such as wheat, barley, corn, and cotton being grown in the surrounding areas
  3. Food processing
    • Companies producing products such as canned goods and dairy products
  4. Construction materials manufacturing
  5. Chemical production

Noteable History

  1. The city played a significant role in the 1919 Egyptian revolution against British colonial rule. It was one of the main centers of protests, strikes, and demonstrations that led to Egypt’s independence.
  2. Al Maḩallah al Kubrá is known for its textile industry which dates back to the 19th century when it was established by Muhammad Ali Pasha. The city’s cotton mills were one of the largest employers in Egypt until they were nationalized in 1960.
  3. Sayed Darwish, one of Egypt’s most famous singers and composers who is considered as father of modern Egyptian music was born here in 1892. He composed many patriotic songs during the struggle for independence.
  4. Ahmed Zewail who won Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1999 for his pioneering work on femtochemistry was also born here before emigrating to America.
  5. In 2006 widespread protests and riots across Egypt over economic conditions and political repression under President Hosni Mubarak’s regime took place; Al-Maḥalla al-Kubra was one of several cities where these took place.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Mahalla Museum
  2. Al-Mahalla al-Kubra Textile Museum
  3. Al-Mahalla al-Kubra Clock Tower
  4. Sheikh Ali Al-Bakka Mosque
  5. Sidi Abdel Rahman Mosque
  6. El-Nasr Mosque
  7. El-Saadaoui Palace (now a cultural center)
  8. The Old Market (Souq Al-Tawfiqiyya)
  9. El-Shaheed Square and Monument
  10. The Mausoleum of Sheikh Ali Al-Bakka

Cultural Events

  1. The National Cotton Festival: This festival celebrates the cotton industry in Al Maḩallah al Kubrá, which is known for its textile production. It includes parades, music performances, and exhibitions showcasing cotton products.
  2. Ramadan: As a predominantly Muslim country, Egypt observes the holy month of Ramadan with fasting during daylight hours and special prayers at night. Many restaurants and cafes stay open late into the night to accommodate those breaking their fast.
  3. Eid al-Fitr: This is a three-day festival that marks the end of Ramadan and is celebrated with family gatherings, feasting, gift-giving, and charitable donations.
  4. Moulid al-Nabi: This festival celebrates the birth of Prophet Muhammad with processions, religious hymns, food stalls selling traditional sweets like halawa and basbousa.
  5. International Women’s Day: Celebrated on March 8th each year to honor women’s achievements around the world.
  6. Coptic Christmas: Celebrated on January 7th each year by Egypt’s Christian minority community.
  7. Alexandria International Film Festival for Mediterranean Countries: Held annually in Alexandria since 1984 showcasing films from countries around the Mediterranean region including Egypt itself.
  8. Luxor African Film Festival (LAFF): An annual event held in Luxor featuring films from Africa or about African culture or issues related to it since 2012.
  9. El Gouna Film Festival: A film festival held annually at El Gouna Red Sea resort attracting international celebrities since its inception in 2017.


  • Koshari El Tahrir: This restaurant is famous for its authentic Egyptian dish called Koshari, which is a mix of rice, lentils, macaroni, chickpeas and tomato sauce.
  • El Shabrawy: This fast food chain is known for its delicious sandwiches filled with falafel or shawarma.
  • Al Shams: This restaurant serves traditional Egyptian dishes like stuffed pigeon and molokhia (a green soup made from jute leaves).
  • Felfela: This restaurant offers a variety of Egyptian mezzes (appetizers) like hummus, baba ghanoush and stuffed vine leaves.
  • El Abd Bakery: This bakery is famous for its fresh breads and pastries like baladi bread, fatayer (spinach pies) and konafa (a sweet pastry made from shredded phyllo dough).
  • Abu Ashraf Cafe: This cafe serves traditional Egyptian breakfast dishes like ful medames (fava beans stew), taameya (Egyptian falafel) and foul w tamiya sandwich.
  • Heliopolis Cafe: This cafe offers a range of coffee drinks along with traditional desserts like basbousa (semolina cake) and qatayef (stuffed pancakes).

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Al-Mahalla Sports Club is a well-known sports club in Al Maḩallah al Kubrá that provides a variety of recreational activities, including football, basketball, and volleyball.
    2. Al-Ahly Park is a public park situated at the heart of the city that boasts green spaces, walking paths, and playgrounds for children.
    3. Nile River Cruise allows visitors to enjoy picturesque boat rides down the Nile River while taking in stunning views of the surrounding landscape.
    4. El-Mahalla Stadium hosts various sporting events throughout the year and serves as home to several local sports teams.
    5. El-Gomhouria Theater is an age-old theater that organizes cultural events such as music concerts, plays, and dance performances.
    6. El-Salam Park is another famous public park in Al Maḩallah al Kubrá that features verdant gardens, picnic areas, and playgrounds for children.
    7. El-Nasr Museum for Modern Art showcases contemporary art from Egypt and around the world.
    8. Sidi Gaber Mosque is a beautiful mosque located in the city center offering visitors an opportunity to learn more about Islamic culture and history.


    Dream, Travel, Repeat.

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