Bābol, Iran

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Bābol, Iran

Region: Mazandaran

Geographic Coordinates: 36.551400, 52.678900
Temperature Range: 10.0°C to 35.0°C (50°F to 95°F)
Population: 250217
Language: Persian

Bābol is a city with a long history located in the northern part of Iran’s Mazandaran province. It is situated approximately 20 kilometers from the Caspian Sea and has a population of around 220, 000 people. The city was founded over 2, 500 years ago by Cyrus the Great. One of Bābol’s most significant landmarks is its ancient citadel or Arg-e Bābol. Built during the Sassanid era, It served as a military fortress to protect against foreign invasions. Today, It stands as an important historical monument and attracts many tourists from around Iran and beyond.

Bābol also boasts beautiful gardens such as Bagh-e Shahzadeh and Bagh-e Shomal. These gardens are known for their lush greenery, Colorful flowers, Fountains, And pavilions which make them perfect spots for picnics or relaxing walks. In addition to its cultural attractions, Bābol has several natural wonders worth exploring such as Alasht Wetland which serves as home to rare bird species like flamingos and pelicans among others. Visitors can enjoy bird watching tours or simply relax on one of its serene beaches along Caspian Sea coastline.

The city’s bazaar offers visitors a chance to experience local culture firsthand by interacting with vendors selling various goods including spices, Textiles, Handicrafts among others while enjoying local cuisine at nearby restaurants. Bābol also features several religious sites such as Masjid Jameh which is one of the oldest mosques in Iran dating back to the Seljuk era featuring intricate tilework and calligraphy on its walls making it an impressive sight to behold.

Overall, Babol offers visitors an authentic Iranian experience with numerous historical landmarks, Cultural attractions, Natural wonders, And hospitable locals making it a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to Iran.

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture
  2. Food processing
  3. Textile production
  4. Construction materials manufacturing
  5. Metalworking
  6. Small and medium-sized enterprises involved in:
    • Trading
    • Retail
    • Transportation
    • Healthcare
    • Education
    • Tourism
  7. Production of pistachios and citrus fruits
  8. Industrial parks located on the outskirts of the city producing:
    • Chemicals
    • Plastics
    • Machinery

Noteable History

  1. The Safavid dynasty was established in 1501 by Shah Ismail I, who spent much of his childhood in Babol despite being born in Ardabil.
  2. During the Russo-Persian War (1722-1723), the Battle of Babol resulted in a victory for Persian forces led by Nader Shah Afshar.
  3. Babol’s historic citadel, known as the Aq-Qala or White Castle, was constructed during the Qajar period (1785-1925).
  4. Mirza Ali Akbar Khan Amin al-Dawlah, a prominent statesman and diplomat who served as Iran’s ambassador to Britain and Russia during the early 20th century, was born in Babol.
  5. In June 1990, a major earthquake struck northern Iran killing over 40,000 people and causing widespread destruction throughout the region.
  6. Throughout history, Babol has been home to several notable poets and writers including Hafez-e Shirazi (14th century), Saib Tabrizi (17th century), and Mohammad Taghi Bahar (20th century).
  7. As a center for agriculture and industry in northern Iran, Babol has significant production of rice, citrus fruits, textiles ceramics among other goods.
  8. Notable landmarks include several historic mosques such as Masjid-i Jami’ Babul; Shrine Of Sheikh Musa; Imamzadeh Seyyed Mohsen; Gonbad-e Alaviyan; Tomb Of Khajeh Khezr And Rostam Darvish Mosque etc’.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Babol Museum
  2. Imamzadeh Mohammad Yaqoub Mausoleum
  3. Babol Noshirvani Park
  4. Kordkuy Castle
  5. Babolsar Beach and Promenade
  6. Babol University of Medical Sciences
  7. Sari Historical-Cultural Complex
  8. Shah Abbasi Caravanserai in Behshahr
  9. Chahar Fasl Museum in Behshahr
  10. Latif House Museum in Amol

Cultural Events

  1. Nowruz: This festival marks the Persian New Year and is celebrated on March 21st with traditional music, dance, and food.
  2. Muharram: A month-long mourning period observed by Shia Muslims to commemorate the martyrdom of Imam Hussain.
  3. Sizdah Bedar: A picnic day celebrated on the 13th day of Nowruz where people go out into nature to enjoy spring.
  4. Charshanbe Soori: A fire-jumping festival held on the last Wednesday before Nowruz.
  5. Golrizan Festival: Held in May, this flower festival is a celebration of plants and flowers where people plant them around their homes or gardens.
  6. Babol International Short Film Festival: An annual event that showcases short films from around the world held in October.
  7. Babol Book Fair: An annual book fair displaying books from various publishers held in November or December.

Please note that these events may be subject to change due to local regulations or unforeseen circumstances; it’s best to check for updated information before attending any event mentioned above.


  • Baghali polo: A rice dish mixed with fava beans and dill.
  • Mirza Ghasemi: A dish made from smoked eggplant, tomatoes, garlic, and eggs.
  • Ghormeh Sabzi: A stew made with herbs, kidney beans, and lamb or beef.
  • Kabab Koobideh: Grilled minced meat on skewers served with bread and grilled tomatoes.
  • Ash Reshteh: A thick soup made with noodles, beans, herbs, and spices.

Some popular restaurants in Bābol serving these dishes include:

  1. Shahrzad Restaurant
  2. Kebab Afshar
  3. Mianeh Restaurant
  4. Kebab Soltani
  5. Firoozeh Restaurant

Parks and Recreation

  1. Babol Sar Park: This park is located in the center of the city and has a beautiful lake, walking paths, and playgrounds.
  2. Babol Jungle Park: This park is located on the outskirts of the city and has a dense forest area with hiking trails.
  3. Babol Waterfall: This waterfall is located near Babol Jungle Park and offers a scenic view of nature.
  4. Kandovan Recreation Complex: This complex has facilities for swimming, tennis, basketball, volleyball, and other sports.
  5. Babolsar Beach: This beach is located near the Caspian Sea and offers opportunities for swimming, sunbathing, boating, fishing etc.
  6. Amirkelayeh Recreation Complex: This complex has facilities for horse riding as well as other outdoor activities like camping etc.
  7. Shahrak-e Baharestan Recreational Complex: It features an amusement park with rides for children as well as adults.
  8. Laleh Park: Located in downtown Babol it’s one of the oldest parks in town with walking paths,a small lake,and playgrounds


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