Aachen, Germany

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Aachen, Germany

Region: North Rhine-Westphalia

Geographic Coordinates: 50.775600, 6.083600
Temperature Range: -10.0°C to 35.0°C (14°F to 95°F)
Climate: Cold winters and mild summers with moderate rainfall.
Population: 249070
Language: German

Aachen is a beautiful city situated in the western part of Germany, Near the borders of Belgium and the Netherlands. The city is renowned for its fascinating history, Exceptional architecture, And cultural importance. Aachen was once the capital of Charlemagne’s empire and has been a significant hub for European politics ever since. One of Aachen’s most famous landmarks is the Aachener Dom or Aachen Cathedral, Constructed by Charlemagne himself in 796 AD. The cathedral boasts stunning Gothic architecture with intricate carvings and stained-glass windows that leave visitors mesmerized. Tourists can also catch a glimpse of Charlemagne’s throne inside the cathedral.

Another attraction worth visiting in Aachen is Elisenbrunnen, Which was initially a Roman thermal bathhouse but now houses an elegant restaurant where visitors can savor traditional German cuisine while admiring its beautiful neoclassical architecture. A visit to Aachen would not be complete without trying some local specialties such as Printen (a type of spiced cookie) or Sauerbraten (a marinated beef dish). The city hosts several food festivals throughout the year where visitors can sample different regional delicacies.

For history enthusiasts, There are several museums worth exploring in Aachen including Couven Museum that showcases 18th-century furniture and decorative arts or Centre Charlemagne that narrates Charlemagne’s reign over Europe. Besides its cultural significance, RWTH Aachen University – one of Germany’s top universities – attracts students from all over Europe and beyond. The university has produced several Nobel Laureates including physicist Peter Grünberg who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2007.

Overall, Whether you’re interested in history or culture or just want to relish delicious food while admiring stunning architecture – this charming German city has something to offer everyone!

Important Landmarks

  1. Aachen Cathedral (Aachener Dom)
  2. Aachen Town Hall (Rathaus)
  3. Elisenbrunnen
  4. Couven Museum
  5. Ludwig Forum for International Art
  6. Carolus Thermen Bad Aachen
  7. Suermondt-Ludwig-Museum
  8. Ponttor
  9. Grashaus
  10. Marschiertor

Primary Industries

  1. Information technology: Aachen houses many IT firms such as Ericsson, Philips, and CSC.
  2. Automotive engineering: A few automotive engineering companies are located in Aachen like Ford Research & Advanced Engineering Europe.
  3. Biotechnology: The city has a thriving biotech industry with various research institutes such as the RWTH Aachen University and Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology (IME).
  4. Healthcare: Several hospitals and medical centers are situated in Aachen.
  5. Manufacturing: The city has a diverse manufacturing sector that includes metalworking, machinery production, textiles, food processing, chemicals production etc.
  6. Education: With the presence of RWTH University which is one of the largest technical universities in Europe alongside FH-AACHEN University of Applied Sciences; education is also an important industry in this region.

Noteable History

  1. Charlemagne: Aachen was the capital of the Holy Roman Empire during the reign of Charlemagne. He made it his main residence in 794.
  2. Aachen Cathedral: The cathedral was built by Charlemagne in 792 and is considered one of Europe’s most important architectural landmarks.
  3. Treaty of Aachen: In 1668, the Treaty of Aachen ended the War of Devolution between France and Spain.
  4. Karl Marx: The famous philosopher Karl Marx spent a significant amount of time studying at the University in Aachen, although he was born in Trier.
  5. German Empire: During World War I, German forces occupied Aachen until it was taken over by Allied forces in October 1918.
  6. Nazi Germany: During World War II, Allied bombing raids caused heavy damage to Aachen before American troops liberated it on October 21, 1944.
  7. European Union: In January 2019, French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel signed a new treaty aimed at strengthening ties between their countries and laying out a vision for closer European integration – known as The Treaty on Franco-German Cooperation and Integration or The Treaty of Aachen.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Aachen Cathedral (Aachener Dom)
  2. The Treasury of Aachen Cathedral (Domschatzkammer)
  3. Centre Charlemagne – Neues Stadtmuseum Aachen
  4. Ludwig Forum for International Art
  5. Couven Museum
  6. Suermondt-Ludwig Museum
  7. Carolus Thermen Bad Aachen
  8. Elisenbrunnen
  9. Grashaus
  10. Marschiertor and Ponttor

Sports Teams

  1. Alemannia Aachen was founded in 1900 and is the most popular football club in the city. The team has a successful history, winning the German championship twice and reaching the final of DFB-Pokal three times.
  2. Grün-Weiß Aachen was founded in 1925 and has teams in various sports including football, handball, and tennis.
  3. PTSV Aachen is a multi-sport club that was founded in 1897 and has teams in athletics, gymnastics, swimming, and water polo.
  4. DJK Armada Aachen was established after World War II and offers teams for football, handball, and volleyball.
  5. RWTH Aachen University Sports Club offers a wide range of athletic activities for students including basketball, fencing, and archery.
  6. TSV Hertha Walheim is located on the outskirts of Aachen; this football club was founded in 1919 and currently plays at the fifth tier of German football league system.
  7. SV Eilendorf 1912 e.V., primarily known for its men’s soccer team that plays at Bezirksliga level (level seven), was founded over a century ago (in 1912).
  8. TTC Indeland Jülich – while not based directly out of Aachen itself but nearby Jülich – is one of Germany’s top table tennis clubs with multiple national championships to their name as well as being home to some high-profile players such as Timo Boll.

Cultural Events

  1. Aachen Christmas Market: This market is held during the Advent season and features over 100 vendors selling handmade crafts, traditional German food, and holiday decorations.
  2. Karneval: Also known as Fasching or Fastnacht, this is a pre-Lenten festival celebrated throughout Germany. Aachen’s Karneval includes parades, costumes, and parties.
  3. CHIO Aachen: This is an international equestrian competition held annually in Aachen. It attracts top riders from around the world to compete in show jumping, dressage, and eventing.
  4. International Charlemagne Prize Ceremony: The Charlemagne Prize is awarded annually to individuals who have made significant contributions to European unity and cooperation. The ceremony takes place in Aachen’s Town Hall.
  5. Ludwig Forum for International Art: This museum hosts exhibitions of contemporary art from around the world throughout the year.
  6. September Special Festival: This festival celebrates the end of summer with live music performances, street food vendors, and other activities.
  7. Klangbrücke Festival: Held every two years in August or September, this music festival showcases local musicians performing a variety of genres including rock, pop, jazz and classical music.
  8. Euregio Dance Festival: This annual dance competition brings together dancers from Germany and neighboring countries to compete in various categories including ballet and modern dance.
  9. Eurogress Convention Center Events: The Eurogress Convention Center hosts a variety of cultural events throughout the year including concerts by famous musicians like Sting or Elton John as well as theater productions or comedy shows.


  • Printen: Aachen’s famous gingerbread-like biscuit, often shaped like the city’s landmarks.
  • Sauerbraten: A traditional German dish of marinated beef served with red cabbage and potato dumplings.
  • Rhenish Sauerbraten: A variation of sauerbraten made with horse meat instead of beef.
  • Flammkuchen: A thin-crust pizza-like dish topped with crème fraîche, onions, and bacon or other toppings.
  • Schnitzel: Breaded and fried pork cutlets served with a variety of sides such as fries or potato salad.
  • Café Extrablatt: This popular café chain serves breakfast, lunch, dinner, and drinks in a cozy atmosphere.
  • Pontstraße restaurants & bars: This street is home to many local restaurants serving international cuisine such as Italian or Indian food.
  • Zum Goldenen Einhorn: Established in 1663, this historic restaurant serves traditional German dishes such as sauerbraten and schnitzel in a rustic setting.
  • Nobis Printen Bakery & Café: This bakery/café specializes in printen biscuits but also offers a variety of pastries and coffee drinks to enjoy on-site or take away.
  • Zum Kuckuck Restaurant & Bar: This cozy restaurant/bar serves traditional German dishes alongside international options such as sushi rolls or burgers for lunch/dinner while offering an extensive wine list for drinks at night.

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Stadtgarten Aachen is a lovely park situated in the heart of Aachen, providing visitors with a wide range of recreational activities such as walking trails, playgrounds, and picnic areas.
    2. The Lousberg park is located on top of a hill that overlooks the city and offers breathtaking panoramic views of Aachen. Visitors can enjoy hiking trails, a playground, and even visit the small zoo located within.
    3. Carolus Thermen is an extensive spa complex that includes both indoor and outdoor pools, saunas, steam rooms, and relaxation areas for visitors to unwind in.
    4. Eurogress Aachen serves as an excellent conference center that hosts various events throughout the year such as concerts, exhibitions, and trade shows.
    5. Elisenbrunnen is a historic fountain located in the heart of the city surrounded by cafes where visitors can sit outside while enjoying their view.
    6. CHIO Aachen is an annual equestrian event that attracts thousands of international visitors who come to watch show jumping competitions from around the world.
    7. Klenkes Open Air Festival takes place every August at various locations throughout Aachen featuring live music performances from local artists for all to enjoy.
    8. Eifel National Park lies just outside of Aachen offering hiking trails through scenic forests with waterfalls along with opportunities for wildlife viewing making it ideal for nature lovers to explore!


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