Bafoussam, Cameroon

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Bafoussam, Cameroon

Region: West Region

Geographic Coordinates: 5.466700, 10.416700
Temperature Range: 17.0°C to 28.0°C (63°F to 82°F)
Climate: Seasonal.
Population: 1146000
Language: French

Bafoussam is a city situated in Cameroon’s western region and is considered one of the most significant cities in the country. It has a population of over 300, 000 people and sits at an altitude of approximately 1, 600 meters above sea level. The Bamileke tribe founded the city in the early 19th century, And it has since become a bustling metropolis that serves as an essential economic hub for the region. One of Bafoussam’s most notable features is its natural beauty. The city is surrounded by lush green hills and valleys that provide breathtaking views from every angle.

This natural landscape makes Bafoussam an ideal destination for outdoor enthusiasts who enjoy hiking, Trekking or exploring nature reserves such as Mount Koupe National Park. Bafoussam also boasts a rich cultural heritage that can be seen in its architecture, Cuisine, Music, And art. Traditional homes throughout the city are built with mud brick walls and thatched roofs which provide insulation from heat as well as protection from rainwater during heavy downpours.

The local cuisine reflects this cultural diversity with dishes such as ndolé (a stew made with bitterleaf), Koki (a dish made with black-eyed peas), Achu soup (a spicy soup made with yams), And fufu (a starchy dough-like substance). These dishes are often accompanied by local beverages like palm wine or millet beer. Music plays an integral role in Cameroonian culture overall but especially so in Bafoussam where traditional instruments like balaphones (xylophones) or ngonis (stringed instruments) can often be heard playing on street corners or at local festivals.

Artisans also create intricate sculptures using materials like wood or metal which showcase the region’s rich artistic heritage. Bafoussam is also known for its bustling markets which sell everything from fresh produce to handmade crafts. The largest market in the city is the Marché Central, Which is a vibrant hub of activity where locals and visitors alike can find almost anything they need. Overall, Bafoussam offers a unique blend of natural beauty, Cultural diversity, And economic vitality that makes it an exciting destination for travelers looking to explore Cameroon’s western region.

Important Landmarks

  1. Chefferie de Bafoussam: This is the traditional palace of the Bamileke people and is a must-visit for anyone interested in learning about the local culture.
  2. Marche Central: This bustling market is a great place to shop for souvenirs and sample local food.
  3. Cathédrale Notre-Dame-des-Victoires: This beautiful cathedral is one of the most important religious sites in Bafoussam.
  4. Lac Baleng: Located just outside of town, this scenic lake offers opportunities for hiking, fishing, and boating.
  5. Musée des Civilisations de l’Ouest Camerounais: This museum showcases the history and culture of western Cameroon through exhibits on art, music, religion, and more.
  6. Mont Mbapit: This mountain offers stunning views over Bafoussam and its surrounding countryside.
  7. Les Chutes de la Menoua: These waterfalls are located just outside of town and offer a refreshing break from the heat during hot summer months.

Primary Industries

  1. Bafoussam, Cameroon is a major agricultural center that produces crops like coffee, cocoa, tea, and cotton.
  2. It is also known for its livestock farming and production of meat, milk, and eggs.
  3. Additionally, Bafoussam has several other industries including:
    • Construction materials production (such as bricks)
    • Woodworking (furniture making)
    • Metalworking (blacksmithing)
    • Handicrafts
  4. The city’s service sector is also on the rise with:
    • Banking services
    • Hotels
    • Restaurants
    • Transportation services

Noteable History

  1. The Bafoussam Kingdom: Bafoussam was originally a kingdom ruled by the Fon (king) of Bafoussam. The kingdom still exists today, but as a cultural institution rather than a political one.
  2. The French colonization: In 1916, the French colonized Cameroon and made it part of French Equatorial Africa. This led to significant changes in the region’s economy and culture.
  3. The Bamileke people: Bafoussam is home to the Bamileke people, who are known for their entrepreneurship and trading skills.
  4. Paul Biya: Paul Biya is the current President of Cameroon and has been in power since 1982. He was born in Mvomeka’a, which is near Bafoussam.
  5. The University of Bamenda: In 2010, the University of Bamenda was established in Bambili, near Bafoussam.
  6. The Nguon Festival: This festival celebrates traditional Bamileke culture and takes place every two years in different villages around Bafoussam.
  7. Roger Milla: Roger Milla is a former Cameroonian footballer who played for several European clubs during his career, including Montpellier HSC where he won Ligue 1 title in 1990-91 season.

Overall, these events and individuals have contributed significantly to shaping the history and culture of Bafoussam over time.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Bafoussam Museum of Art and Culture: This museum showcases traditional art and culture from the region, including masks, sculptures, textiles, and musical instruments.
  2. The Bafoussam Grand Mosque: This impressive mosque is one of the largest in Cameroon and features stunning architecture.
  3. The Palace of the Fon: Home to the traditional ruler of Bafoussam, this palace offers visitors a glimpse into local history and culture.
  4. The Catholic Cathedral: A beautiful cathedral that’s a must-see for anyone interested in religious architecture.
  5. La Place de la Réunification: A popular gathering place for locals with statues commemorating Cameroon’s independence from France.
  6. Le Parc National de Noun: Located just outside Bafoussam, this national park offers visitors the chance to see a variety of wildlife including elephants, antelopes, monkeys, and more.
  7. La Cascade de Nkong-Ni: This stunning waterfall is located about an hour’s drive from Bafoussam and makes for a great day trip.
  8. Les Grottes de Ngog Lituba: These caves are located near Bafoussam and feature ancient rock paintings as well as impressive stalactites and stalagmites.
  9. Le Marché Central de Bafoussam: A bustling market where visitors can shop for souvenirs or sample local cuisine like grilled meat skewers or plantains cooked in palm oil.
  10. Le Jardin Botanique et Zoologique de Fongo-Tongo: Located about 30 minutes from Bafoussam, this botanical garden features various plants native to Cameroon along with animals like monkeys, crocodiles, and snakes.

Sports Teams

  1. Unisport FC: Established in 1958, Unisport FC is among the oldest football clubs in Cameroon. The team has won numerous national titles and has produced several skilled players who have played for leading teams both nationally and internationally.
  2. Panthère Sportive du Ndé: Founded in 1973, Panthère Sportive du Ndé has also had a prosperous history with many national titles under their belt.
  3. Fovu Club de Baham: Established in 1987, Fovu Club de Baham has also been successful over time with several national titles to their name.

Apart from football, basketball and volleyball are also famous sports played in Bafoussam with local teams participating at regional and national levels.

Cultural Events

  1. Bafoussam Cultural Festival is an annual event that celebrates the culture and traditions of the Bafoussam people. It usually takes place in December and features traditional music, dance, food, and crafts.
  2. National Youth Day is celebrated on February 11th every year. This event brings together young people from all over Cameroon to celebrate their achievements and showcase their talents.
  3. Fête de la Musique, also known as World Music Day, is an international festival that takes place on June 21st every year. It celebrates the diversity of music around the world.
  4. Bafoussam International Trade Fair is a major commercial event that brings together businesses from all over Cameroon to showcase their products and services.
  5. Christmas celebrations are a major holiday in Cameroon like many other countries around the world. It’s celebrated with feasting, gift-giving, and religious observances.
  6. Eid al-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan fasting period for Muslims and is celebrated with prayer services, feasting, and gift-giving.
  7. Traditional wrestling competitions have long been popular in Cameroon’s rural areas where they are still held as part of cultural events or festivals such as weddings or funerals.


  1. Ndolé: a traditional dish made with bitterleaf, peanuts, and meat or fish.
  2. Poulet DG: a dish made with chicken cooked in tomatoes, onions, and spices.
  3. Koki beans: a steamed bean cake made with black-eyed peas and palm oil.
  4. Achu soup: a soup made with pounded cocoyams served with vegetables and meat or fish.
  5. La Belle Époque restaurant: known for its French-inspired cuisine such as escargot and beef bourguignon.
  6. Chez Clarisse restaurant: serves traditional Cameroonian dishes like ndolé and poulet DG.
  7. Le Chateau restaurant: offers a mix of international dishes such as pizza alongside Cameroonian favorites like koki beans.
  8. La Terrasse restaurant: serves grilled meats like chicken and beef along with sides of plantains or rice.
  9. Maquis du Plateau restaurant: specializes in grilled meats like goat skewers served alongside fried plantains or yams.
  10. Le Jardin de la Paix restaurant: offers both international cuisine like pasta dishes as well as local favorites such as achu soup on their menu.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Bafoussam Municipal Park: a public park with green spaces, walking paths, and playgrounds.
  2. Fongo-Tongo Waterfall: a scenic waterfall located about 30 km from Bafoussam that is popular for hiking and picnicking.
  3. Mount Mbapit: a mountain located near Bafoussam that offers hiking and climbing opportunities.
  4. Lake Baleng: a large lake located about 40 km from Bafoussam that is popular for fishing and boating.
  5. Sports Complex of Kouekong-Batcha: a sports complex in the outskirts of the city that hosts football matches, athletics competitions, and other sporting events.
  6. Cultural Center of Bamougong-Bali: a cultural center in the outskirts of the city that showcases traditional Cameroonian arts and crafts.
  7. Mankon Palace Museum: a museum located in Bamenda (about 60 km from Bafoussam) that features exhibits on local history and culture.
  8. Chefferie de Bandjoun Museum: another museum located near Bafoussam (about 20 km away) that showcases artifacts related to the Bandjoun people’s history and traditions.


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