Bārāsat, India

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Bārāsat, India

Region: West Bengal


Geographic Coordinates: 22.720000, 88.480000
Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 35.0°C (68°F to 95°F)
Climate: Seasonal.
Population: 278435
Language: Bengali

Barasat is a city located in the North 24 Parganas district of West Bengal, India. It is situated approximately 30 kilometers north of Kolkata and serves as the headquarters of the district. The city has a rich cultural heritage and has been an important center for trade and commerce since ancient times. One of the major attractions in Barasat is its beautiful natural surroundings. The city is surrounded by lush green fields and dense forests, Making it an ideal destination for nature lovers.

The nearby Ichhamati River adds to the scenic beauty of the place, Making it a popular spot for picnics and other outdoor activities. Another notable feature of Barasat is its rich history. The city has been inhabited since ancient times, With evidence suggesting that it was once part of the Mauryan Empire. Over time, It came under the rule of various dynasties such as the Guptas, Palas, Senas, Mughals and British East India Company. The influence of these different cultures can be seen in various aspects of Barasat’s architecture and culture.

For instance, There are several temples in Barasat which showcase both Hindu and Islamic architectural styles. Some notable examples include Kali Temple at Dakshinpara Road and Jora Masjid at Gopalpur. Apart from its historical significance, Barasat also boasts a vibrant cultural scene with several festivals celebrated throughout the year. One such festival is Durga Puja which sees elaborate pandals being set up across the city to house idols depicting Goddess Durga.

In terms of education facilities too Barasat scores high having numerous schools like Barasat Peary Charan Sarkar Government High School , Barasat Mahakavi Michael Madhusudan Memorial College , Barasat College etc .It also houses WBSU (West Bengal State University) which is a renowned university and has been instrumental in providing quality education to students from all over the state. Overall, Barasat is a city that offers a unique blend of natural beauty, Rich history and vibrant culture.

Whether you are looking for a peaceful retreat or an opportunity to explore the cultural heritage of India, This city has something for everyone.



Important Landmarks

  1. Kali Temple: A popular Hindu temple dedicated to Goddess Kali.
  2. Ichhamati River: A picturesque river that flows through Barasat.
  3. Gandhi Museum: A museum that celebrates the life and teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.
  4. Bethuadahari Wildlife Sanctuary: A wildlife sanctuary known for its diverse flora and fauna.
  5. Rabindra Bhavan Museum: A museum that showcases the life and works of Rabindranath Tagore, a renowned poet and philosopher.
  6. Barasat Stadium: A sports stadium that hosts cricket matches and other events.
  7. Purbasthali Bird Sanctuary: An important bird sanctuary located near Barasat.
  8. Nandalal Bose Art Gallery: An art gallery showcasing the works of Nandalal Bose, a famous Indian artist.
  9. Dakshineswar Kali Temple : One of the most visited Hindu temples in India located near Barasat
  10. Bara Imambara : An 18th-century Shia Muslim congregation hall complex in Lucknow

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture
  2. Horticulture
  3. Fisheries
  4. Handloom weaving
  5. Small-scale manufacturing units producing items like plastic goods, electrical equipment, and garments
  6. Growing service sector with banks, hospitals, schools and colleges
  7. Significant presence of retail shops selling consumer goods such as electronics appliances and clothing

Noteable History

  1. In 1857, a rebellion erupted in Bārāsat against the British East India Company during the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
  2. Raja Ram Mohan Roy, the founder of Brahmo Samaj and a famous social reformer, was born in Radhanagar village near Bārāsat.
  3. Jagadish Chandra Bose, a renowned physicist and biologist who made significant contributions to the study of radio waves and plant physiology, spent his childhood in Bārāsat although he was born in Mymensingh (now Bangladesh).
  4. Khudiram Bose, a revolutionary freedom fighter who played an important role in India’s independence movement, was also born near Bārāsat.
  5. Sir Gurudas Banerjee, a prominent lawyer and politician who served as a member of the Bengal Legislative Council hailed from Bārāsat.
  6. Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy is one of India’s most celebrated physicians and politicians who served as Chief Minister of West Bengal from 1948 until his death in 1962; he had established several health facilities for leprosy patients at Barasat where he had close association.
  7. Satyajit Ray is a legendary filmmaker, screenwriter, music composer graphic artist and author hailing from Kolkata but spent his early years at Sukumar Ray’s ancestral home at Garpar near Barasat where he developed an interest in filmmaking while watching films screened by his father on weekends.
  8. Swami Vivekananda visited Barasat twice – once to attend an assembly organized by Maharshi Debendranath Tagore at Jorasanko Thakurbari when he delivered lecture on The Real Nature Of Man on January 23rd ,1886; again on November 22nd &23rd ,1897 when he visited Ramakrishna Math and Mission located at Barasat.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama
  2. Barasat Museum
  3. Kali Temple, Barasat
  4. Nandalal Bose Memorial Art Gallery
  5. Rabindra Bhavan Museum and Library
  6. Bhatpara Terracotta Temple Complex
  7. Motijheel Wildlife Sanctuary
  8. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Statue
  9. Dakshineswar Kali Temple (located nearby)



Cultural Events

  1. Durga Puja – A 10-day festival celebrating the victory of Goddess Durga over evil forces.
  2. Diwali – The festival of lights celebrated by lighting diyas (lamps), exchanging gifts, and sweets.
  3. Holi – The festival of colors celebrated by throwing colored powder at each other.
  4. Poila Boishakh – Bengali New Year’s Day, which falls on April 14th or 15th.
  5. Saraswati Puja – A festival dedicated to the goddess of knowledge and learning, Saraswati.
  6. Eid-ul-Fitr – A Muslim festival marking the end of Ramadan with feasting and celebrations.
  7. Christmas – Celebrated by Christians with church services and festivities.

Please note that this is not an exhaustive list, and there may be many more cultural events and festivals specific to Barasat or nearby areas that are not included here.


Cuisine

  • Maa Tara Restaurant – Known for its authentic Bengali cuisine including fish curry, chicken curry, and traditional sweets.
  • Dada Boudi Hotel – Famous for its mouth-watering biryani and kebabs.
  • Rang De Basanti Dhaba – A popular roadside eatery serving delicious North Indian food like parathas, chole bhature, and lassi.
  • Gopal’s Sweets – A must-visit place for those with a sweet tooth as they offer a wide range of traditional Bengali sweets like rasgulla, sandesh, and mishti doi.
  • New Punjabi Dhaba – Known for its spicy Punjabi-style dishes like butter chicken, tandoori chicken, and naan bread.
  • Radha Krishna Restaurant – Offers a variety of vegetarian dishes including paneer tikka masala and dal makhani.
  • Sholo Ana Bangali Hotel & Restaurant – Popular among locals for its authentic Bengali thalis (platters) featuring rice, dal (lentils), vegetables cooked in mustard oil gravy (shorshe bata), fish curry or fried fish fillet (maacher jhol/fry), chutney/pickle/salad etc.

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Kalyani Lake Park
    2. Barasat Stadium
    3. Rabindra Bhavan Park
    4. Barasat Eco Park
    5. Subhash Pally Children’s Park
    6. Nehru Children’s Park
    7. Gopalpur Nature Park
    8. Bamanpukur Children’s Playground
    9. Nabinpally Playground
    10. Rajendra Prasad Uddyan

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