Barnāla, India

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Barnāla, India

Region: Punjab

Geographic Coordinates: 30.370000, 75.540000
Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 40.0°C (68°F to 104°F)
Climate: Seasonal.
Population: 116450
Language: Punjabi

Barnala is a city located in the Indian state of Punjab, Situated in the heart of the Malwa region with a rich history dating back to ancient times. Baba Ala Singh, A Sikh chieftain, Founded this city in 1763. Barnala is well-known for its agricultural produce such as cotton and wheat. The city has several historical landmarks that attract tourists from all over India and beyond. One such landmark is the Barnala Fort built during Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s reign in the early 19th century. The fort still retains its grandeur and majesty despite being in ruins.

Another notable attraction in Barnala is Chetak Park, Covering an area of around 20 acres with lush green lawns, Beautiful flower beds, And several fountains adding to its charm. It also houses a children’s play area, Jogging track, And open-air gymnasium. Barnala boasts famous Gurudwaras like Gurudwara Sri Tuti Gandi Sahib Ji (Tutti Gandhi Sahib) holding great significance among Sikhs as Guru Gobind Singh Ji visited this place during his journey towards Dina Kangar (Muktsar).

The city has several educational institutions including colleges for engineering studies like Baba Farid College Of Engineering & Technology , Indo Global College Of Engineering , Management studies like Gian Jyoti Institute Of Management & Technology , Medical science institutes like Gian Sagar Medical College And Hospital , Etc. The people of Barnala are known for their hospitality and warm nature towards visitors from other parts of India or abroad.

They take pride in their culture and traditions which they celebrate with great enthusiasm throughout the year through various festivals such as Baisakhi Mela (April), Lohri Festival (January), Teej Festival (August), Etc. Barnala is a city that has something for everyone – rich history, Beautiful landmarks, Educational institutions of repute, And warm people. It is definitely worth visiting for anyone who wants to experience the true essence of Punjab and its culture.

Important Landmarks

  1. Barnala Fort
  2. Gurdwara Nanaksar Sahib
  3. Kali Mata Mandir
  4. Nehru Park
  5. Baba Ala Singh Museum
  6. Gurudwara Tahli Sahib
  7. Jain Sthanak
  8. Bhai Randhir Singh Memorial Kirtan Darbar Hall

Primary Industries

  1. Barnāla is a city located in the state of Punjab, India.
  2. The region is known for its fertile land, and agriculture is the primary occupation of people living there.
  3. The main crops grown in Barnāla include wheat, rice, sugarcane, and cotton.
  4. Apart from agriculture, Barnāla has several industries that contribute to its economy.
    • The textile industry with several mills producing fabrics like cotton, silk, and wool.
    • A few steel plants in the city that manufacture steel products such as rods, pipes and sheets.
    • The dairy industry also thrives in Barnāla with many milk processing plants producing milk products like butter, cheese and yogurt etc.
    • The city has a rich tradition of handloom weaving with many artisans producing high-quality textiles using traditional methods.
  5. Barnala’s education sector is well-developed with numerous schools and colleges providing education to students from different parts of Punjab.
  6. Healthcare services are offered by several hospitals and clinics within the area.
  7. Barnala’s retail sector caters to both local residents as well as tourists visiting the area; it comprises numerous retail shops selling everything from clothes to electronics to groceries etc.

Noteable History

  1. The Battle of Barnala: In 1746, the forces of Ahmad Shah Durrani defeated the Mughal army in a battle near Barnala.
  2. Maharaja Ranjit Singh: The famous Sikh ruler was born in Gujranwala but spent a significant amount of time in Barnala during his early years.
  3. Jagmeet Brar: A prominent Indian politician who served as a member of parliament from 1992 to 2014, Brar was born and raised in Barnala.
  4. Bhagat Singh: The revolutionary socialist who played an important role in India’s struggle for independence also had connections to Barnala as his grandfather was a resident there.
  5. Baba Banda Singh Bahadur: A Sikh warrior who fought against Mughal rule, Baba Banda Singh Bahadur is believed to have visited and stayed at various places around present-day Barnala during his campaigns.
  6. Raja Amarinder Singh Brar: A former member of parliament and scion of the royal family that once ruled over the region, Raja Amarinder Singh Brar is an influential figure in local politics and society.
  7. Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji: One of the ten Sikh Gurus, Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji is said to have visited several places around present-day Barnala during his travels across Punjab.
  8. Baba Ala Singh: The founder of Patiala state which included parts of present-day Barnala district, Baba Ala Singh played an important role in shaping Punjab’s political landscape during the 18th century.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Nehru Park
  2. Baba Ala Singh Museum
  3. Gurdwara Nanaksar Jagraon
  4. Gurudwara Shri Manji Sahib Diwan Hall
  5. Kali Mata Mandir
  6. Shri Hanuman Mandir
  7. Shiv Mandir
  8. Gurudwara Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji
  9. Gurudwara Sri Guru Ravidass Ji Sabha Barnala
  10. Aam Khas Bagh Garden

Cultural Events

  1. Basant Panchami is a Hindu festival celebrated in January or February to welcome the spring season.
  2. Holi is a colorful festival celebrated in March to mark the victory of good over evil.
  3. Baisakhi is a Sikh festival celebrated in April to mark the harvest season.
  4. Diwali is a Hindu festival of lights celebrated in October or November to celebrate the victory of light over darkness.
  5. Guru Nanak Jayanti is a Sikh festival celebrated in November to commemorate the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism.
  6. Lohri is a Punjabi folk festival celebrated on 13th January every year, marking the end of winter and welcoming spring season with bonfire and traditional dance and music performances.
  7. Teej Festival is an important women-oriented cultural event that celebrates monsoon and marks marital bliss for married women.
  8. Mela Chhapar is an annual fair held at Chhapar village that attracts thousands from nearby areas with its cattle fair, cultural performances, food stalls, etc.
  9. Kila Raipur Sports Festival, also known as Rural Olympics, showcases various sports activities like bullock-cart racing, tractor-pulling competitions among others.
  10. Barnala Heritage Festival- An annual event showcasing Barnala’s rich heritage through cultural programs like music & dance performances, exhibitions etc.


Top 5 Popular Dishes in Barnāla, India

  1. Makki di Roti and Sarson da Saag
  2. Amritsari Kulcha
  3. Chole Bhature
  4. Tandoori Chicken
  5. Butter Chicken

Top 5 Popular Restaurants in Barnāla, India

  1. The Yellow Chilli by Sanjeev Kapoor
  2. Domino’s Pizza
  3. Bikaner Sweets and Restaurant
  4. Moti Mahal Delux Tandoori Trail
  5. Pizza Hut

Parks and Recreation

  1. Nehru Park
  2. Baradari Garden
  3. Panchayat Bhawan Park
  4. Gandhi Park
  5. Arya Samaj Park
  6. Shaheed Udham Singh Park
  7. Rose Garden
  8. Sports Stadium – for cricket, football, and other sports activities
  9. Indoor Stadium – for badminton and other indoor sports
  10. District Library – offers reading rooms and various educational events


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