Manpo, North Korea

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Manpo, North Korea

Region: Chagang Province

Geographic Coordinates: 41.157000, 126.290000
Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 30.0°C (-40°F to 86°F)
Population: 116760
Language: Korean

Manpo is a city located in northern North Korea, Situated on the banks of the Yalu River, Which serves as a natural border between North Korea and China. The city has a population of around 100, 000 people and covers an area of approximately 1, 700 square kilometers. Manpo is known for its beautiful natural scenery with lush forests and mountains surrounding the city. The Yalu River provides opportunities for fishing and boating. In addition to its natural beauty, Manpo is home to several historical sites that are worth visiting.

One such site is the Manpho Revolutionary Museum which showcases the history of North Korea’s revolutionary struggle against Japanese imperialism. The museum features exhibits on famous Korean leaders like Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il as well as artifacts from key battles during World War II. Another notable attraction in Manpo is Mount Paektu which lies just north of the city. This mountain holds significant cultural importance for Koreans as it is believed to be the birthplace of their nation’s founder Dangun. It also serves as a symbol of resistance against foreign invaders throughout Korean history.

The economy in Manpo mainly revolves around agriculture with crops such as rice and maize being grown in abundance due to its fertile soil. The city also has a small industrial sector that produces textiles and food products. Despite being located near China’s border, Manpo remains relatively isolated from outside influences due to strict government control over information flow into North Korea. However, There are reports that some residents have access to smuggled Chinese goods through informal trading channels.

In terms of infrastructure development, There have been recent efforts by the government to improve transportation links between Manpo and other major cities in North Korea through road construction projects. Additionally, Plans are underway for building new housing complexes and modernizing existing facilities like hospitals and schools. Overall, While not among North Korea’s most well-known cities, Manpo offers visitors a unique glimpse into the country’s history and culture. Its natural beauty, Historical sites, And traditional way of life make it a worthwhile destination for those interested in exploring North Korea beyond its capital city.

Important Landmarks

  1. The Manpho Dam: A hydroelectric dam located on the Yalu River that powers surrounding areas.
  2. The Manp’o International Airport: A transportation hub for visitors to North Korea.
  3. The Revolutionary Museum: Showcases the history and achievements of North Korea’s revolutionary leaders against imperialism.
  4. The Kim Jong Suk Memorial House: A museum dedicated to Kim Jong Suk, an important figure in North Korean history who played a significant role in the country’s liberation from Japan.
  5. The Jangsuwon Martyr Monument: Honors those who fought against Japanese colonialism during World War II.

It should be noted that travel to North Korea is heavily restricted and controlled by the government, so visiting these attractions may not be possible for most tourists.

Primary Industries

  1. Based on the available data, Manpo is known for its agricultural industry, particularly rice farming.
  2. The city also has a few factories that produce textiles and machinery.
  3. It is also strategically located near the border with China, which could potentially provide opportunities for cross-border trade and commerce.

Noteable History

  1. The Battle of Manpo: During the Korean War (1950-1953), the Battle of Manpo was fought between Chinese and North Korean forces against United Nations forces in October 1950.
  2. Kim Jong Suk: She was a revolutionary leader and wife of North Korean leader Kim Il Sung. She is considered a national hero in North Korea for her role in the resistance against Japanese colonial rule.
  3. Songun policy: In the 1990s, the Songun policy was implemented by Kim Jong Il which prioritized military power over economic development. This had a significant impact on Manpo as it is home to several military bases.
  4. Jang Song Thaek: He was a powerful figure in North Korea’s government and served as Vice Chairman of National Defense Commission until his execution in 2013 for allegedly plotting to overthrow his nephew, current leader Kim Jong Un.
  5. Economic reforms: In recent years, there have been efforts to reform the economy in North Korea including allowing private markets to operate more freely. However, it is unclear how much these reforms have impacted Manpo specifically.

Overall, Manpo has played a significant role in both military operations and political developments within North Korea throughout history.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Manpho Lake – a beautiful lake surrounded by mountains and forests.
  2. Chongryu Bridge – a historic bridge that spans over the Amnok River.
  3. Revolutionary Museum – a museum dedicated to showcasing the history of North Korea’s revolutionary struggle.
  4. Manpho Health Spa – a hot spring resort known for its therapeutic properties.
  5. Juche Tower – a monument dedicated to North Korea’s ideology of self-reliance and independence.
  6. Mansudae Grand Monument – two bronze statues of Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il located in Pyongyang.
  7. Moranbong Park – a scenic park located in central Pyongyang known for its cherry blossoms in the springtime.
  8. Kaeson Youth Park – an amusement park with rides, games, and other attractions for children and families to enjoy.
  9. Ryugyong Hotel – an iconic skyscraper that dominates the skyline of Pyongyang but is still under construction since 1987.
  10. Mangyongdae Native House – birthplace home museum dedicated to Kim Il-Sung’s early life and revolutionary activities.

Cultural Events

  1. The Day of the Sun (April 15): This national holiday commemorates the birth anniversary of Kim Il-sung, the founder of North Korea.
  2. The Arirang Mass Games: This is a grand gymnastics and artistic performance that occurs in Pyongyang during August or September.
  3. The Chosun Dynasty Festival (October): This festival honors the history and culture of ancient Korea.
  4. The Pyongyang International Film Festival: This biennial event showcases films from around the world and draws filmmakers from various countries.
  5. The Kimjongilia Flower Festival: Held yearly in February or March, this festival features displays of flowers named after former leader Kim Jong-il.

It’s essential to note that political tensions and travel restrictions to North Korea make it challenging for foreigners to attend these events even if they are taking place at any given time.


  • North Korea is a closed country, so limited information is available about its local cuisine and restaurants.
  • Popular dishes in North Korea include:
    • Kimchi (spicy fermented vegetables)
    • Naengmyeon (cold buckwheat noodles)
    • Bulgogi (grilled marinated beef)
    • Mandu (dumplings)
  • The availability of these dishes in Manpo may vary due to geographical location and other factors.
  • It is also difficult to find information on specific restaurants in Manpo as tourism is heavily restricted in North Korea.

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Manpok Park – a large park located in the center of the city with various amenities such as a lake, walking trails, and sports facilities
    2. Chongryu Park – a popular park with beautiful scenery and pavilions for picnics or relaxation
    3. Taeha Recreation Ground – an amusement park featuring rides and attractions for families
    4. Sports Complex – a multi-purpose sports facility that includes basketball courts, soccer fields, tennis courts among others

    However, access to these recreational areas may be limited or restricted for visitors due to political reasons or other factors beyond their control.


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