Bayburt, Turkey

Reading Time: 8 minutes

Bayburt, Turkey

Region: Bayburt

Geographic Coordinates: 40.259700, 40.227800
Climate: Climate and weather patterns in Bayburt, Turkey vary throughout the year.
Population: 66633
Language: Turkish

Bayburt is a charming city located in northeastern Turkey, Nestled within the stunning mountains of the Eastern Black Sea region. With a population of around 80, 000 people, It offers a unique blend of history, Natural beauty, And cultural heritage. Bayburt is often referred to as the City of Thousand Minarets due to its abundance of beautiful mosques that dot its landscape. One cannot help but be captivated by Bayburt’s dramatic scenery. Surrounded by majestic mountains and deep valleys, The city offers breathtaking views at every turn.

The Çoruh River flows through the heart of Bayburt, Adding to its picturesque charm. Nature lovers will find themselves in paradise with opportunities for hiking and exploring in nearby national parks such as Küre Mountains National Park and Aydintepe Highland. Steeped in history dating back thousands of years, Bayburt boasts an impressive array of historical sites that reflect its rich cultural heritage. The most prominent landmark is Bayburt Castle – an ancient fortress perched atop a hill overlooking the city.

Built during the Byzantine era and later expanded by various rulers throughout history, This castle offers not only historical significance but also panoramic views over Bayburt. Another must-visit attraction is Yildirim Beyazit Mosque Complex – an architectural masterpiece constructed during Ottoman times. Its intricate designs and exquisite craftsmanship make it one of Turkey’s finest examples of Islamic architecture. Within this complex lies a madrasa (Islamic school) which has been converted into a museum displaying artifacts from different periods. Bayburt’s cuisine is another highlight for visitors seeking authentic Turkish flavors.

Traditional dishes such as kuymak (a type of cornmeal dish), Mantı (Turkish dumplings), And various kebab variations can be found throughout local restaurants or street-side vendors offering delectable treats to tantalize your taste buds. The locals are known for their warm hospitality and genuine friendliness, Making visitors feel welcome and at home. Exploring the city’s narrow streets and interacting with locals provides a glimpse into their daily lives and traditions. Bayburt is a hidden gem in Turkey that offers a unique blend of natural beauty, Rich history, And warm hospitality.

Whether you are an adventure seeker looking to explore its magnificent landscapes or a history enthusiast eager to delve into its past, Bayburt promises an unforgettable experience. From its ancient castle and mosques to its delicious cuisine and friendly locals, This city has something special for everyone who ventures off the beaten path.

Important Landmarks

  1. Bayburt Castle: This medieval fortress is located on a hilltop and offers panoramic views of the city. It is one of the main attractions in Bayburt.
  2. Aydıntepe Underground City: Located in Aydıntepe district, this ancient underground city dates back to the Byzantine period and is known for its unique architecture.
  3. Yildirim Beyazit Mosque: This historical mosque was built during the Ottoman era and is known for its beautiful architectural design.
  4. Çoruh River: The Çoruh River flows through Bayburt, offering opportunities for activities like rafting, fishing, and picnicking along its banks.
  5. Ulu Camii (Grand Mosque): Another significant mosque in Bayburt, Ulu Camii showcases Ottoman architecture and attracts visitors with its intricate decorations.
  6. Historical Houses: The traditional houses found throughout the city are worth exploring as they provide insight into local architecture and lifestyle.
  7. Sirakayalar Waterfall: Situated near Demirözü district, this stunning waterfall offers a picturesque setting surrounded by lush greenery.
  8. Plateau Tourism: Numerous plateaus around Bayburt attract tourists looking to experience natural beauty and enjoy outdoor activities such as hiking or camping.
  9. Historical Bazaar Area: The historic bazaar area of Bayburt features traditional shops selling local handicrafts, carpets, textiles, spices, and more.
  10. Mount Süphan Natural Park: Although not directly located in Bayburt but nearby it’s worth mentioning due to its proximity; Mount Süphan Natural Park provides opportunities for mountaineering enthusiasts with breathtaking views of Lake Van from its summit.

Primary Industries

  1. Livestock Farming: Bayburt has a significant livestock sector, particularly sheep and cattle farming. The region is known for its high-quality meat and dairy products.
  2. Dairy Production: A significant portion of the agricultural activities in Bayburt revolves around milk production, cheese-making, and other dairy products.
  3. Agriculture: Besides livestock farming, agriculture plays an important role in Bayburt’s economy. Farmers cultivate crops such as wheat, barley, corn, potatoes, beans, and various fruits.
  4. Forestry: Due to its mountainous terrain covered with forests, forestry is another major industry in Bayburt. Timber production and related activities contribute to the local economy.
  5. Food Processing: The processing of agricultural products like meat (sausages), dairy (cheese), fruits (dried fruits), and vegetables is an important sector within the local economy.
  6. Mining: While not as prominent as agriculture or forestry, mining does exist in Bayburt to some extent. Deposits of minerals like iron ore are present but not extensively exploited.
  7. Handicrafts: Traditional handicrafts such as carpet weaving (particularly Bayburts), rug making, embroidery work (oya), wood carving (ahşap oyma), copper crafts (bakır işlemeleri) are practiced by artisans in the region.

It should be noted that while these industries form the economic backbone of Bayburt’s local economy; they may not be as large-scale or industrialized compared to other regions within Turkey due to its relatively small population size and geographical location.

Noteable History



Historical Events:

  1. Bayburt Castle:

    The construction of Bayburt Castle dates back to the 4th century BC during the Roman period. It played a crucial role in protecting the region throughout history.

  2. Battle of Koprukoy:

    In 1916, during World War I, Turkish forces successfully defended against a Russian invasion at Koprukoy near Bayburt.

  3. Turkish War of Independence:

    During the early 1920s, Bayburt witnessed important events as part of the struggle for independence led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.

Notable People:

  1. Haci Bektas Veli:

    Born in Nishapur, Iran (1209), Haci Bektas Veli was an influential Sufi philosopher and poet who established one of Anatolia’s most prominent Sufi orders known as Bektashi Order. He spent some time in Bayburt during his spiritual journey.

  2. Seyyid Battal Gazi:

    Known as a legendary Islamic hero from Central Asia (8th century), Seyyid Battal Gazi is believed to have passed through Bayburt on his way to fight against Byzantine forces.

  3. Nusret Mine Layer Ship Crew:

    During World War I, Nusret was an Ottoman mine layer ship that played a vital role in securing victory against enemy naval forces at Gallipoli. Many crew members hailed from Bayburt.

These are just a few examples; there might be other local figures or lesser-known historical events associated with Bayburt that could be explored further through local sources or historians specialized in regional history.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Bayburt Castle: This historical castle dates back to the 4th century and offers panoramic views of the city.
  2. Aydıntepe Underground City: Explore this ancient underground city, believed to have been built during the Byzantine period.
  3. Yildirim Beyazit Mosque: A beautiful mosque built in the 15th century with intricate architectural details.
  4. Bayburt Museum: Discover the rich history and culture of Bayburt through various artifacts and exhibits displayed in this museum.
  5. Çoruh River Bridge: Also known as Şehitler Bridge, it is a stunning stone bridge that spans across the Çoruh River offering picturesque views.
  6. Kümbet Mosque Complex: This complex includes a mosque, mausoleum, and a Turkish bath dating back to Ottoman times.
  7. Aşağı Ambarlık Martyrdom Monument: Visit this monument dedicated to fallen soldiers who fought for their country during World War I.
  8. Aydıntepe Hıdırnebi Plateau: Enjoy nature at its best by visiting this plateau known for its lush greenery and breathtaking landscapes.
  9. Mount Kop Mountain National Park: Explore this national park which offers hiking trails, picnic areas, and stunning natural beauty including waterfalls and wildlife.
  10. Sancaklar Mansion (Sancaklar Köşkü): Admire this Ottoman-era mansion located on a hilltop overlooking Bayburt with its unique architecture and scenic surroundings.

Remember to check for any travel advisories or restrictions before planning your visit to these attractions due to COVID-19 or other factors that may affect accessibility or opening hours.

Sports Teams

  1. Bayburt Grup Özel İdare Gençlik ve Spor Kulübü: Established in 1989, this club represents Bayburt province and competes in lower divisions of Turkish football.
  2. Bayburt İl Özel İdaresi Spor: Another local team affiliated with the provincial administration of Bayburt.
  3. Bayrampaşaspor: Founded in 1978, this club is based in Istanbul but has its roots traced back to the town of Aydıntepe near Bayburt.

It’s important to note that these teams primarily participate at a regional level and may not have gained significant recognition outside their immediate vicinity.

Cultural Events

  1. Bayburt Culture and Art Festival: This annual festival celebrates the rich cultural heritage of Bayburt with various activities such as traditional music performances, folk dances, art exhibitions, and local cuisine.
  2. Ulu Camii Pilgrimage: Held on the first Friday of May each year, this religious event attracts Muslims from all over Turkey who come to visit the historic Ulu Camii (Great Mosque) in Bayburt.
  3. Traditional Wrestling Festival: Known as Yağlı Güreş in Turkish, this festival showcases the traditional sport of oil wrestling. It features competitions between wrestlers from different regions of Turkey and is held annually in summer.
  4. Honey Festival: Celebrating the region’s honey production, this festival offers visitors a chance to taste various types of honey produced by local beekeepers. It also includes activities like honey-themed contests and exhibitions.
  5. Mountain Climbing Events: Due to its mountainous landscape, Bayburt is popular among mountaineers. The city hosts various climbing events throughout the year where participants can explore its natural beauty while engaging in outdoor activities.
  6. International Silk Road Culture and Art Festival: Organized annually since 2018 by Bayburt University, this event aims to promote cultural exchange between countries along the historic Silk Road route through music concerts, dance performances, art exhibitions, and academic conferences.

Please note that event schedules might vary from year to year; it is advisable to check specific dates before planning a visit to any particular festival or event in Bayburt.


  1. Bayburt Kebabı: This traditional dish consists of skewered lamb or beef meat marinated with special spices and grilled to perfection. It is a must-try when visiting Bayburt.
  2. Ayran Aşı: This hearty soup is made with yogurt, flour, butter, and herbs such as mint or oregano. It has a creamy texture and is often served as an appetizer.
  3. Çorba Evi: Located in the city center of Bayburt, Çorba Evi specializes in various types of soups including Ayran Aşı mentioned above. They also serve other local dishes like kebab varieties.
  4. Sırakaya Restaurant: Situated on the outskirts of Bayburt, Sırakaya Restaurant offers stunning views of the surrounding mountains while serving delicious traditional Turkish cuisine including kebabs, pide (Turkish pizza), and regional specialties.
  5. Yöresel Lezzetler Sofrası: This cozy restaurant focuses on serving authentic local dishes from different regions across Turkey including some specialties from Bayburt itself.
  6. Köfteci İsmail Usta: Known for its mouthwatering köfte (meatballs), this small eatery offers a variety of köfte options prepared with fresh ingredients and served with traditional side dishes like bulgur pilaf or salad.
  7. Kazan Dibi Tatlıcısı: For those with a sweet tooth, Kazan Dibi Tatlıcısı is famous for its kazandibi dessert – a caramelized milk pudding topped with cinnamon that originated in the region.

These are just a few examples of popular local cuisine and restaurants in Bayburt, Turkey where you can explore the unique flavors of this beautiful region.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Aydıntepe Plateau: Located about 25 kilometers from the city center, Aydıntepe Plateau offers a beautiful natural setting with picnic areas, walking trails, and stunning views of the surrounding mountains.
  2. Yedigöller Nature Park: Situated around seven lakes (Yedigöller) near Bayburt’s neighboring province Bolu, this nature park is perfect for hiking, camping, fishing, and enjoying the serene atmosphere.
  3. Historical Sites: Explore Bayburt Castle (Bayburt Kalesi), which dates back to Roman times and provides panoramic views of the city. You can also visit other historical sites such as Çoruh Bridge (Çoruh Köprüsü) and Ulu Mosque (Ulu Camii).
  4. Hiking & Trekking: The mountainous terrain around Bayburt offers numerous opportunities for hiking and trekking enthusiasts. You can explore trails like Sultan Murat Mountain Trail or organize guided tours to discover hidden gems in the region.
  5. Rafting on Çoruh River: For adventure seekers, rafting on Çoruh River is an exciting activity that allows you to experience adrenaline-pumping rapids amidst stunning natural surroundings.
  6. Winter Sports: During winter months when there is snowfall in Bayburt’s surrounding mountains, you can engage in winter sports like skiing or snowboarding at nearby ski resorts such as Sarıkamış Ski Center or Kartalkaya Ski Resort.
  7. Photography & Nature Observation: With its picturesque landscapes and rich biodiversity including various bird species endemic to the region, Bayburt offers excellent opportunities for photography enthusiasts and birdwatchers alike.

While these activities may not be specific to Bayburt city center, they are accessible from the area and provide opportunities to explore the natural beauty and cultural heritage of the region.


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