Geographic Coordinates: 25.420000, 86.130000
Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 35.0°C (68°F to 95°F)
Begusarai is a city in Bihar, India, Situated on the northern bank of River Ganga. It is known for its cultural heritage, Historical significance, And natural beauty. The city has been mentioned in ancient Indian texts like Mahabharata and has been ruled by various dynasties. The economy of Begusarai revolves around agriculture with crops like rice, Wheat, Sugarcane and lentils being grown here. There are also small-scale industries producing textiles, Chemicals and leather goods.
One of the popular tourist attractions in Begusarai is the Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary which covers an area of over 67 square kilometers and serves as a home to several species of migratory birds during winter months. Tourists can enjoy bird-watching activities here while also taking part in boating trips across the lake. Garhpura ghat offers stunning views of River Ganga flowing through the city making it another popular destination for tourists visiting Begusarai. Visitors can take boat rides or simply relax by the riverbank while enjoying local delicacies like samosas or jalebis from nearby food stalls.
Begusarai boasts several religious sites that attract devotees from all over India such as Baba Haidakhan Temple which was built to honor Haidakhan Babaji – a saint who lived here during 1970s-80s – attracts thousands of visitors every year who come to seek blessings or meditate at this peaceful location. The city hosts several fairs throughout the year that showcase local culture and traditions providing an opportunity for tourists to experience authentic Indian festivities firsthand such as Chhath Puja (a festival dedicated to Sun God), Makar Sankranti (celebrated when winter solstice ends),
Etc. Begusarai is a unique blend of history, Culture and natural beauty offering rich heritage sites, Beautiful bird sanctuary and religious sites. Visitors can also enjoy the local cuisine and participate in various cultural events to get an authentic taste of India.
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- Oil Refinery: The Barauni Refinery, which belongs to the Indian Oil Corporation, is one of the largest oil refineries in India. It is located in Begusarai.
- Fertilizer Industry: Begusarai has two major fertilizer plants – Hindustan Fertilizer Corporation Limited (HFCL) and Barauni Fertilizer Plant.
- Textile Industry: There are several textile industries in Begusarai that manufacture cotton fabrics, sarees, dress materials, etc., including Ashok Textiles Industries and Shree Radhika Enterprises Pvt Ltd.
- Steel Industry: Jindal Steel & Power Ltd., Bhushan Power & Steel Ltd., and other steel plants are located in Begusarai.
- Chemical Industry: Many chemical industries manufacture chemicals such as caustic soda lye/flakes/pearl/solid (sodium hydroxide), chlorine gas/liquid (sodium hypochlorite), hydrogen gas/liquid/cylinder/tank/container/truck/bottle (ammonia), sulfuric acid 98%, phosphoric acid 85%, etc.
- Agriculture Industry: Agriculture is a significant contributor to the economy of Begusarai district with crops like paddy, wheat, maize being widely cultivated here.
- Small Scale Industries: Apart from these large scale industries there are also many small scale industries such as furniture making units, handicrafts industry manufacturing toys made up of wood or bamboo or clay or cloth or paper mache etc., automobile parts manufacturing units and so on which contribute to the economy of this region significantly.
- Begusarai is the birthplace of Jayaprakash Narayan, a famous Indian freedom fighter and socialist leader.
- The Battle of Buxar, a major battle during British colonial rule in India, occurred near Begusarai in 1764.
- Mahatma Gandhi visited Begusarai in 1917 during his Champaran Satyagraha movement against British indigo planters.
- In 1920, leaders such as Dr Rajendra Prasad and Anugrah Narayan Sinha formed the first Bihar Provincial Congress Committee in Begusarai.
- Prominent leaders like Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, Basawon Singh (Sinha), and Brajkishore Prasad actively participated in India’s struggle for independence from Begusarai.
- Recently, Begusarai has become known as a hub for coal mining and industrial activity with large companies like Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL), Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL), Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) operating there.
- Notable personalities associated with the district include former Chief Minister of Bihar Lalu Prasad Yadav, politician-turned-actor Shatrughan Sinha, Bollywood actor Manoj Bajpayee among others.
- Barauni Refinery Museum
- Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary
- Gandhi Sangrahalaya Begusarai
- Lakhisarai Fort
- Gopinathpur Mela Ground
- Badgaon Shiv Temple
- Khudneshwar Asthan Temple
- Kali Mandir, Bihat
- Cheriya Bariarpur Railway Station
- Begusarai District Museum
- Chhath Puja is a four-day festival celebrated in October or November, dedicated to the Sun God.
- Holi, the festival of colors, is celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy every year in March.
- Durga Puja is a ten-day long festival that marks the victory of good over evil and is celebrated during Navratri.
- Eid-ul-Fitr is celebrated by Muslims all over the world after a month-long fasting period called Ramadan.
- Makar Sankranti is observed on January 14th every year to mark the end of winter and beginning of spring season.
- Diwali, also known as the festival of lights, symbolizes the victory of good over evil and is celebrated in October or November.
- Saraswati Puja is dedicated to Goddess Saraswati and observed in January or February every year.
- Bihula Folk Dance appeases rain gods during monsoon season.
- Jitiya Parva involves women fasting for three days for their son’s well-being.
- Basant Panchami marks the beginning of spring season where devotees worship Goddess Saraswati on this day.
- Litti Chokha is a well-known dish in Begusarai, consisting of roasted wheat balls filled with sattu (roasted gram flour), served with mashed potatoes, brinjal, and tomato chutney.
- Samosa Chaat is a popular street food in Begusarai made of crispy samosas topped with chickpeas, onions, tomatoes, and chutneys.
- Malpua is a sweet dessert made of fried batter soaked in sugar syrup that you must try when visiting Begusarai.
- Puri Sabzi is a breakfast staple in the city consisting of deep-fried puffed breads served with spicy potato curry.
- Biryani can be found at various restaurants and street vendors across the city and is known for its delicious taste.
If you’re looking to try these dishes at some popular restaurants in Begusarai, check out:
- Hotel Surya Palace
- New Shanti Sagar Restaurant
- Bihari Swad Restaurant
- The Royal Treat Family Restaurant
- Rajasthani Bhojanalaya
- Gandhi Maidan
- Nehru Park
- Kali Mandir Park
- Ram Janki Temple Park
- Rani Sati Dadi Park
- Badh Road Children’s park
- Begusarai Stadium
- Begusarai Golf Course
- Boat rides on the Ganga River
- Trekking and camping in nearby hills and forests