Bongaigaon, India

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Bongaigaon, India

Region: Assam

Geographic Coordinates: 26.476900, 90.558300
Temperature Range: 15.0°C to 35.0°C (59°F to 95°F)
Climate: Seasonal.
Population: 129894
Language: Assamese

Bongaigaon is a stunning city situated in the western part of Assam, India. It’s located on the banks of the Brahmaputra River and surrounded by lush green forests and hills. The city is renowned for its natural beauty, Diverse flora and fauna, And rich cultural heritage. The history of Bongaigaon dates back to ancient times when it was ruled by various dynasties like Kachari kingdom, Koch dynasty, Mughal Empire, Ahom Kingdom and British Raj. Due to its varied past, Bongaigaon has several historical monuments that reflect its former glory.

Manas National Park is one of the most popular attractions in Bongaigaon which is situated about 137 km from the city. This UNESCO World Heritage Site houses many endangered species such as Bengal tigers, One-horned rhinoceroses, Asian elephants and clouded leopards. Chakrasila Wildlife Sanctuary is another famous attraction in Bongaigaon that offers breathtaking views of hills covered with dense forests. The sanctuary also houses rare species like golden langurs along with other animals such as barking deer and wild boars.

Bogaingaon has several temples like Bagheswari Temple dedicated to Goddess Durga which attract devotees from all over India during Navratri festival every year. Besides these temples, The city also boasts delicious cuisine made using bamboo shoots such as khorisa maas (fish cooked with bamboo shoot), Khorisa chicken (chicken cooked with bamboo shoot) etc., Along with traditional Assamese dishes like fish curry, Pitika (mashed potato) and khar (alkaline dish). The economy of Bogaingaon primarily depends on agriculture where paddy being one of its main crops followed by tea plantation.

Small-scale industries produce goods like jute bags & handloom products in an industrial area within the city. In terms of transportation, Bongaigaon has a well-connected railway station which connects it to major cities like Kolkata and Guwahati. The city also has a domestic airport located at Rupsi which is about 25 km from the city center. Overall, Bongaigaon is an ideal destination for nature lovers, Wildlife enthusiasts and history buffs due to its natural beauty, Historical monuments and cultural heritage.

Important Landmarks

  1. Bageswari Temple: A well-known Hindu temple devoted to Goddess Durga.
  2. Kakoijana Reserve Forest: Home to various species of flora and fauna such as elephants, deer, monkeys, and birds.
  3. Manas National Park: A UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of India’s most famous national parks due to its rich biodiversity.
  4. Jogighopa River Port: A significant gateway for trade and commerce between India and Bangladesh.
  5. Chakrasila Wildlife Sanctuary: Known for its elephant population along with other animals like tigers, leopards, deer etc.
  6. Pancharatna Temple: An ancient temple constructed during the Ahom dynasty in Assam.
  7. Kachugaon Game Reserve Forest: This forest reserve has several trekking trails that offer scenic views of nature’s beauty.
  8. Bagheswari Hilltop Shrine: Located atop a hill near Bongaigaon town it offers panoramic views of the surrounding area along with religious significance for locals.
  9. Mohila Silpi Tirtha: A statue dedicated to women artisans who are involved in handloom weaving industry which is an important source of income for people living here.

These are some famous landmarks and tourist attractions that you can visit while exploring Bongaigaon district in Assam State of India.

Primary Industries

  1. Oil Refinery: Bongaigaon is home to a large oil refinery operated by Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL). It is one of the largest refineries in the country and produces various petroleum products.
  2. Paper Industry: The city has several paper mills that produce high-quality paper from bamboo and other raw materials. Some of the major players in this industry are Hindustan Paper Corporation Limited (HPCL), Cachar Paper Mill, etc.
  3. Cement Industry: Bongaigaon has a cement plant owned by Star Cement Limited that produces high-quality cement for construction purposes.
  4. Tea Industry: Bongaigaon boasts several tea gardens that produce premium quality tea leaves, as Assam is known for its tea production.
  5. Agriculture: Agriculture plays a significant role in the economy of Bongaigaon since it’s located in an agricultural region with fertile soil suitable for growing crops like rice, jute, mustard seeds, etc.
  6. Handloom Industry: Skilled artisans weave beautiful fabrics using traditional techniques within the thriving handloom industry of the city.
  7. Small Scale Industries: Alongside these significant industries exist several small-scale industries such as food processing units and plastic manufacturing units contributing to the local economy of Bongaigaon.

Noteable History

  1. The Battle of Saraighat, fought in 1671 between the Ahom Kingdom and the Mughal Empire, is a significant historical event associated with Bongaigaon. It took place on the banks of the Brahmaputra River near present-day Guwahati and resulted in a decisive victory for the Ahom Kingdom.
  2. Chilarai was a legendary general who served under King Nara Narayan of Kamata kingdom during the 16th century AD. He was born in Sarthebari (present-day Bongaigaon district) and is known for his bravery and military prowess.
  3. During British colonialism in Assam, Bongaigaon became an important center with several tea gardens established in the area.
  4. Several notable figures from Bongaigaon played important roles in India’s struggle for independence from British rule including Prafulla Kumar Mahanta who later became Chief Minister of Assam.
  5. The establishment of an oil refinery by Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL) has been one of the most significant developments associated with Bongaigaon recently. The refinery has played a major role in boosting economic development in the region and providing employment opportunities to local people.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Bongaigaon Refinery and Petrochemicals Ltd.
  2. Kachugaon Game Reserve
  3. Bagheswari Temple
  4. Bageshwari Hill
  5. Manas National Park
  6. Panbari Forest Reserve
  7. Chakrasila Wildlife Sanctuary
  8. Basudev Udyan Park
  9. Tinkonia Bagicha Park
  10. Bir Chilarai Smarak

Cultural Events

  1. Bongaigaon Mahotsav is an annual cultural festival that showcases the rich culture and tradition of the region through music, dance, food, and other cultural activities.
  2. Magh Bihu is a harvest festival celebrated in January every year. People celebrate this festival by lighting bonfires, performing traditional dance forms like Bihu and feasting on traditional Assamese delicacies.
  3. Durga Puja is a major Hindu festival celebrated across India in honor of Goddess Durga. In Bongaigaon, the festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm and grandeur with pandals (temporary structures) set up across the city.
  4. Kali Puja is another important Hindu festival celebrated in October-November to worship Goddess Kali.
  5. Baishagu Festival is a springtime agricultural festival that celebrates the arrival of new crops and marks the beginning of spring season.
  6. Rongali Bihu is celebrated during mid-April every year as Assamese New Year’s Day celebration involving various cultural activities including folk dances like bihu dance performances by young boys and girls wearing traditional attire.
  7. Brahmaputra Beach Festival organized by Assam Tourism Department every year at Jogighopa near Bongaigaon district on Brahmaputra River bank to promote tourism industry showcasing local culture such as folk music & dances along with adventure sports like paragliding etc.


  1. Assamese Thali: A traditional meal consisting of rice, dal, vegetable curry, fish curry or meat curry and a variety of chutneys.
  2. Bamboo Shoot pickle: A tangy and spicy pickle made from fermented bamboo shoots.
  3. Pitha: A sweet or savory cake made from rice flour and coconut.
  4. Fish Fry: Freshly caught fish fried with spices and served with lemon wedges.
  5. Khorika: Grilled meat (chicken or pork) marinated in local spices.
  6. Hotel Sagarika: A popular restaurant known for its authentic Assamese cuisine including thalis, curries, pithas etc.
  7. Nimantran Restaurant & Bar: Another popular eatery serving a range of Indian dishes as well as Chinese food.
  8. Rangmahal Restaurant & Bar: Known for its seafood dishes like fish fry, prawn fry etc., this restaurant also serves vegetarian options like paneer tikka and mushroom masala among others.
  9. The Dhaba Cafe & Restaurant: This roadside dhaba-style eatery is famous for its kebabs and tandoori chicken preparations along with other Indian specialties like biryanis etc.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Kachugaon Game Reserve
  2. Bongaigaon Park
  3. Kali Mandir Park
  4. Rupnath Brahma Memorial Park
  5. Bongaigaon Golf Course
  6. Jogighopa River Island
  7. Manas National Park for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers, located nearby.
  8. Pukhuri Lake for boating and fishing activities.
  9. Chakrasila Wildlife Sanctuary for trekking and bird watching, located nearby.
  10. Bhutan Ghat for a scenic view of the Brahmaputra river and picnic spot


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