Cagayan de Oro, Philippines

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Cagayan de Oro, Philippines

Region: Misamis Oriental

Geographic Coordinates: 8.483300, 124.650000
Temperature Range: 25.0°C to 35.0°C (77°F to 95°F)
Climate: Tropical climate with rainy and dry seasons.
Population: 728402
Language: Filipino

Cagayan de Oro, Also known as The City of Golden Friendship, Is a highly urbanized city located in the northern coast of Mindanao Island, Philippines. It has a population of over 700, 000 people and is known for its warm and friendly locals, Rich culture, And beautiful natural attractions. One of the most popular tourist destinations in Cagayan de Oro is whitewater rafting adventure along the Cagayan River. This thrilling activity attracts adrenaline junkies from all over the world who come to experience its challenging rapids ranging from Class I to Class IV.

For those who prefer a more laid-back adventure, They can enjoy kayaking or stand-up paddleboarding on the river. Another must-visit attraction in Cagayan de Oro is Mapawa Nature Park. This 2, 500-hectare park offers various outdoor activities such as horseback riding through lush forests and scenic trails leading to waterfalls like Mapawa Falls and Tumalaong Falls. Visitors can also go ziplining across breathtaking views or take a dip into refreshing natural pools. For history buffs, Museo de Oro showcases an impressive collection of pre-colonial artifacts that depict Mindanao’s rich cultural heritage.

The museum features gold jewelry and ornaments used by ancient tribes that once inhabited Northern Mindanao. Cagayan de Oro also boasts several religious landmarks such as St Augustine Metropolitan Cathedral which was built during Spanish colonial rule in 1624; it serves as one of the oldest churches in Mindanao Island. Another notable landmark worth visiting is Divine Mercy Shrine which stands on top of a hill overlooking Macajalar Bay; it features an enormous statue depicting Jesus Christ with his arms wide open.

Foodies will be delighted with Kagay-anon cuisine which offers unique flavors influenced by different cultures that have settled in this vibrant city over the years. Some of the must-try dishes include Satti, A spicy beef skewer served with rice cakes, And Binaki, A sweet corn cake wrapped in banana leaves. Cagayan de Oro is a city that offers something for everyone. From thrilling adventures to cultural landmarks and mouth-watering cuisine, This city has it all. Its friendly locals and beautiful natural attractions make it an ideal destination for travelers seeking an authentic Filipino experience.

Important Landmarks

  1. Whitewater rafting in the Cagayan River
  2. St. Augustine Metropolitan Cathedral
  3. Macahambus Hill Cave and Gorge
  4. Gardens of Malasag Eco-Tourism Village
  5. Mapawa Nature Park
  6. Museo de Oro (Gold Museum)
  7. Xavier University Museum
  8. Plaza Divisoria
  9. Vicente de Lara Park
  10. Misamis Oriental Heritage Monument

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture
    • Rice production
    • Corn production
    • Vegetable production
    • Fruit production
    • Livestock farming
  2. Manufacturing
    • Food processing
    • Textiles
    • Wood products
    • Metal works
  3. Services
    • BPO companies
    • Medical tourism facilities
  4. Tourism
    • Waterfalls
    • Beaches
    • Historical landmarks
  5. Education
    • Xavier University-Ateneo de Cagayan
    • Liceo de Cagayan University
    • Several other universities and colleges
  6. Real estate development
    • Housing developments
    • Catering to locals and expats
  7. Retail
    • Centrio Mall by Ayala Land Inc.
    • SM City CDO Downtown Premier by SM Prime Holdings Inc.
    • Limketkai Center by Limketkai Sons Inc.
    • Gaisano City Mall by Gaisano Group of Companies

Noteable History

Historical Events:

  1. Battle of Cagayan de Misamis (1900) – A battle between American forces and Filipino revolutionaries during the Philippine-American War.
  2. Japanese Occupation (1942-1945) – During World War II, the city was occupied by Japanese forces.
  3. Floods and Landslides (1991, 2011) – The city has experienced devastating floods and landslides due to heavy rainfall.

Notable People:

  1. Emmanuel Peláez – Former Vice President of the Philippines who was born in Cagayan de Oro.
  2. Vicente Rama – A writer and politician who served as a senator in the Philippine Senate from 1963 to 1972.
  3. Fr. Francisco Demetrio, S.J. – A Jesuit priest who founded Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan in 1933.
  4. Bobby Pacquiao – The younger brother of boxer Manny Pacquiao, he is also a professional boxer and former politician from Cagayan de Oro.
  5. Corrales siblings – Jedidiah “Jed” Mabilog Corrales is a multi-awarded journalist while his sister Maria Victoria “Bambi” Corrales is an accomplished lawyer-turned-politician serving her second term as representative of Agusan del Norte’s first congressional district in Congress.

These are just some examples among many others that have contributed to shaping the history and culture of Cagayan de Oro over time.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Museo de Oro is a museum that displays the cultural heritage of the indigenous people of Mindanao through its collection of artifacts, jewelry, and other precious items.
  2. Xavier University Museum showcases the history and culture of Northern Mindanao.
  3. St. Augustine Cathedral is a historic church from the Spanish colonial period known for its beautiful stained glass windows and intricate architecture.
  4. Plaza Divisoria is a public square in Cagayan de Oro where visitors can find landmarks such as City Hall, Gaston Park, and others.
  5. MacArthur Marker commemorates General Douglas MacArthur’s landing in Cagayan de Oro during World War II.
  6. Gardens of Malasag Eco-Tourism Village offers stunning views of Cagayan de Oro City and surrounding areas from atop Malasag Hill.
  7. Museo Kordilyera features collections from different ethnolinguistic groups from Cordillera Region including Ifugao, Kalinga, Apayao/Isabela areas among others; it’s located at Xavier University-Ateneo de Cagayan’s main campus in Barangay 24
  8. Lumbia Airport Museum showcases memorabilia related to aviation history including models aircrafts used by Philippine Air Force (PAF); it’s located at Lumbia Airport
  9. CDO Museum has galleries featuring exhibits on local history & culture; it’s located at Capitol University
  10. Museong Kagawasan or Freedom Park is dedicated to those who fought for freedom during Martial Law era; it’s located in downtown area

Sports Teams

  1. Cagayan de Oro Eagles is a professional basketball team that plays in the Maharlika Pilipinas Basketball League (MPBL). The team was founded in 2018 and is owned by businessman Jomar Misola.
  2. Cagayan de Oro Rafters is a professional football club that plays in the Philippines Football League (PFL). The team was founded in 2017 and is owned by businessman Bob Flores.
  3. Xavier University Stallions is a collegiate sports program of Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan, which competes in various sports events such as basketball, volleyball, football, swimming, and track and field.
  4. Liceo de Cagayan University Wildcats is another collegiate sports program based in the city that competes in various sports events such as basketball, volleyball, football, swimming, and track and field.
  5. Mindanao State University-Iligan Institute of Technology Mustangs – Though not based solely in the city of CDO but also from Iligan City which lies just outside its borders; this school’s athletic program has been known to produce some great athletes who have gone on to compete on national levels across multiple sporting disciplines including athletics/track & field among others.

Cultural Events

  1. Higalaay Festival is a month-long celebration held every August in honor of the city’s patron saint, St. Augustine.
  2. Kagay-an Festival is a week-long event held every August that features street dancing competitions, beauty pageants, and various cultural activities.
  3. Feast of Our Lady of Candelaria is celebrated on February 2nd. This festival is marked by a procession and mass in honor of the Virgin Mary.
  4. Kumbira Food Festival is an annual culinary competition and exhibition featuring local delicacies and dishes from all over the Philippines.
  5. Oro Chamber Music Festival is a classical music festival held annually in November that showcases local talent as well as international performers.
  6. Cagayan de Oro International Film Festival is an annual film festival that showcases local and international films with themes related to social issues, culture, and arts.
  7. Pasko sa Divisoria (Christmas in Divisoria) is an annual Christmas bazaar held in December where shoppers can buy gifts, decorations, food items, and other holiday essentials at discounted prices.
  8. Sinulog sa Barangay (Barangay Sinulog) is celebrated every January 15th in various barangays around the city with street dancing competitions and feasts to honor Sto Nino de Cagayan de Oro (the Holy Child Jesus).


  • Kagay-anon Restaurant is well-known for its local dishes, including kinilaw, sinuglaw, and crispy pata.
  • Boy Zugba is a popular restaurant that serves grilled meat dishes like chicken inasal, pork barbecue, and lechon kawali.
  • Missy Bon Bon Breadshop is famous for its breads and pastries but also offers Filipino comfort food such as adobo flakes and sisig.
  • Bigby’s Cafe and Restaurant provides a wide range of Western and Filipino dishes, including their signature Baby Back Ribs.
  • Sentro 1850 specializes in traditional Filipino cuisine with a modern twist like crispy dinuguan, sizzling squid sisig, and kare-kareng bagnet.
  • Redtail Shrimps & More is known for seafood boils with different flavor options like garlic butter or Cajun spice.
  • The Lounge at Limketkai Luxe Hotel offers fine dining experience serving international cuisine with a touch of local flavors.
  • Thai Me Up serves authentic Thai cuisine such as pad thai, green curry chicken, tom yum soup among others.
  • Kogi-Q Grill is a Korean BBQ restaurant where you can grill your own meat at your table.
  • Maharlika Café offers traditional Filipino breakfast meals like tapsilog (marinated beef), longsilog (sausage) among others.

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Gaston Park – a historical park located in the city center with a fountain, statues and benches.
    2. MacArthur Park – a park dedicated to General Douglas MacArthur with his statue and World War II memorabilia.
    3. Plaza Divisoria – a public square with vendors selling local goods and street food.
    4. Mapawa Nature Park – an eco-tourism destination offering hiking trails, waterfalls and zip-lining.
    5. Xavier Sports Complex – a sports facility offering swimming pools, basketball courts, tennis courts and track fields.
    6. Pueblo de Oro Golf & Country Club – an 18-hole golf course surrounded by lush greenery.
    7. Cagayan de Oro River Rafting Adventure – an exciting outdoor activity that involves rafting through rapids on the Cagayan de Oro River.
    8. Dahilayan Adventure Park – an amusement park featuring ziplines, ropes courses, bungee jumping, horseback riding and more outdoor activities for all ages.

    Note: Some of these activities may be temporarily closed due to COVID-19 restrictions or other factors beyond our control so it’s best to check ahead before planning your visit or booking any tours or activities online or offline as well as follow safety guidelines such as wearing masks when required by law or health officials etc.


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