Chaoshan, China

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Chaoshan, China

Region: Guangdong

Geographic Coordinates: 23.070100, 113.869000
Temperature Range: 10.0°C to 30.0°C (50°F to 86°F)
Climate: Chaoshan has a subtropical monsoon climate with hot and humid summers, mild winters, and abundant rainfall throughout the year.
Population: 156522
Language: Chaoshanese

Chaoshan is a region situated in the eastern part of Guangdong province, China. It comprises three main cities – Chaozhou, Shantou and Jieyang – and has a population of over 10 million people. Chaoshan’s history dates back to the Han dynasty, And its culture has been influenced by its location along the coast. One of the most notable aspects of Chaoshan culture is its cuisine. The region is renowned for its seafood dishes that use local ingredients like oysters, Crabs, And prawns. One popular dish is Chaozhou-style steamed fish cooked with ginger, Garlic and soy sauce.

Another must-try dish in Chaoshan is oyster omelette made with eggs, Flour and juicy oysters. Apart from food, Chaoshan also has a rich artistic heritage that includes various forms of opera such as Teochew opera (also known as Chaozhou opera) originating from Chaozhou city in the 12th century. The architecture in this region reflects both Chinese traditions as well as Western influences from colonial periods when foreign powers controlled parts of China’s coastal regions such as Shantou city under British rule until 1949.

Chaoshan boasts beautiful natural scenery including beaches like Nan’ao Island Beach where visitors can enjoy clear waters surrounded by lush greenery or Nanxiang Bay where one can see small fishing boats floating on top blue water while enjoying fresh seafood at nearby restaurants. tourism plays an essential role in Chaoshan’s economy due to its many attractions including historical sites such as Kaiyuan Temple dating back over 1, 300 years featuring impressive architecture home to a large collection of ancient Buddhist artifacts.

Chaoshan is a captivating region in China with unique cultural heritage that includes cuisine, Music architecture and natural beauty influenced by traditional Chinese culture blended with Western influences making it an intriguing destination for tourists seeking to explore beyond the typical tourist spots in China.

Important Landmarks

  1. Kaiyuan Temple
  2. Chaozhou Ancient City Wall
  3. Guangji Bridge
  4. Hanwengong Temple
  5. Guangji Pagoda
  6. Qingyun Temple
  7. Chen Cihong’s Former Residence
  8. Lianhua Mountain Scenic Area
  9. Xiangzi Bridge
  10. Chaoshan Cultural Park

Primary Industries

  1. Textile manufacturing: Chaoshan has a long history of textile manufacturing with many factories producing clothing, fabrics, and other textiles.
  2. Electronics manufacturing: The region is home to many electronics manufacturers that produce components like circuit boards and semiconductors.
  3. Food processing: Chaoshan is known for its seafood and agricultural products like tea, sugarcane, and fruits. Many food processing companies operate in the area.
  4. Furniture manufacturing: Many furniture manufacturers are based in Chaoshan due to the availability of raw materials like wood and bamboo.
  5. Chemical production: The chemical industry is also significant in the region with many companies producing chemicals for various applications such as plastics, fertilizers, and pharmaceuticals.
  6. Tourism: The coastal city of Shantou attracts tourists from all over China with its beaches, parks, museums, temples making tourism another important industry in the area.
  7. Logistics & Transportation: With its strategic location on the coast of Guangdong province near Hong Kong & Macau; transportation & logistics play a vital role in connecting this region to global markets through ports & airports nearby.

Noteable History

  1. The Han Dynasty (206 BCE-220 CE) – Chaoshan was part of the Han Empire during this time.
  2. The Tang Dynasty (618-907 CE) – During this period, Chaoshan was a major center for trade and commerce.
  3. Chen Tuan (871-989 CE) – A famous Taoist philosopher who lived in Chaoshan and wrote several influential works on Taoism.
  4. The Song Dynasty (960-1279 CE) – This period saw the rise of Chaoshan as a cultural and economic center in southern China.
  5. Lin Zexu (1785-1850 CE) – A prominent Chinese official who played a key role in the Opium Wars with Britain, and who was born in Chaozhou, one of the cities that make up Chaoshan.
  6. Huang Feihong (1847–1908 CE) – A legendary martial artist from Shantou, another city within Chaoshan, known for his skill in Wing Chun Kung Fu.
  7. The Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864 CE) – This massive civil war had significant impact on the region around Chaozhou and Shantou.
  8. Deng Xiaoping (1904–1997 CE) – One of modern China’s most influential leaders, Deng Xiaoping was born near Guangdong province’s border with Fujian province, which includes parts of what is now considered to be part of Chaoshan region.
  9. The Cultural Revolution (1966-1976CE)- This tumultuous decade had significant impacts on many regions throughout China including those areas within or adjacent to modern-day ChaoShang region.
  10. The Reform Era(1978-present)-The reforms initiated by Deng Xiaoping have transformed not just China but also the Chaoshan region. The region has seen significant economic growth and development in recent decades.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Chaozhou Ancient City Wall: This is a historic city wall that surrounds the old town of Chaozhou and is a popular tourist attraction.
  2. Kaiyuan Temple: This ancient Buddhist temple was built during the Tang Dynasty and features stunning architecture, beautiful gardens, and intricate carvings.
  3. Guangji Bridge: Also known as the Wind-Rain Bridge, this unique bridge is made entirely of wood and has stood for over 800 years.
  4. Chen Cihong’s Former Residence: This historic mansion was once home to a wealthy merchant family and is now open to visitors as a museum showcasing traditional Chaoshan architecture and culture.
  5. Chaozhou Opera Museum: This museum showcases the history of Chaozhou opera, one of China’s oldest forms of traditional theater.
  6. Fenghuangshan National Forest Park: Located just outside of Chaozhou, this scenic park features hiking trails, waterfalls, temples, and stunning views of the surrounding mountains.
  7. Guangdong Maritime Silk Road Museum: This museum explores the history of trade along China’s ancient maritime silk road through interactive exhibits and artifacts from around the world.
  8. Huaqiao Mansion: Built in 1921 by overseas Chinese returning from Southeast Asia, this grand mansion features intricate carvings, colorful murals, and lush gardens.
  9. Shantou Museum: This modern museum showcases art and artifacts from throughout Shantou’s long history as an important trading port on China’s southeastern coast.
  10. Xunliao Bay Beach Resort Area: Located just south of Shantou city center on the coast overlooking Taiwan Strait,this resort area offers miles-long sandy beaches with crystal clear waters perfect for swimming or sunbathing.

Sports Teams

  1. Shantou Jinshan FC – Established in 1993, this team plays in the third tier of Chinese football known as China League Two. They’ve won the league title twice and finished as runners-up once.
  2. Chaozhou Yuandong FC – Founded in 2006 and also playing at China League Two level; they have never won any significant titles but have been consistently competing for many years.
  3. Jieyang Huilong FC – This team was established more recently in 2015 and currently plays at the fourth tier of Chinese football called Guangdong Provincial Football League. Although they haven’t achieved any significant success yet, they’re still relatively new to the scene.
  4. Chaozhou Basketball Team – Basketball is a popular sport within Chaozhou city with numerous amateur leagues and tournaments held throughout the year.

In conclusion, while Chaoshan doesn’t boast any prominent professional sports teams with long histories or significant achievements thus far; it remains an active sporting region with many enthusiasts participating across various disciplines regularly.

Cultural Events

  1. Chaoshan Spring Festival Gala is a traditional event held during the Chinese New Year, featuring local music, dance performances, and fireworks.
  2. Chaoshan International Kung Fu Festival is an annual martial arts festival showcasing unique kung fu styles of the region.
  3. Shantou International Marathon attracts runners from all over the world to run through scenic routes of Shantou city.
  4. Chaozhou Gongfu Tea Culture Festival celebrates tea culture with tea tasting, ceremonies, and cultural performances.
  5. Chaoshan Food Festival showcases local cuisine such as seafood dishes, snacks, and desserts.
  6. Chaozhou Lantern Festival features colorful lantern displays and cultural activities like lion dances and dragon boat racing during the Mid-Autumn Festival.
  7. Guangdong Music Week in Chaozhou is a week-long music festival featuring traditional Cantonese opera performances by renowned artists from around China.
  8. Chaoshan Cultural Tourism Week is a week-long celebration of Chaoshan’s rich history and culture with exhibitions showcasing art, calligraphy, pottery-making skills among others.


  • Teochew cuisine is a highlight of Chaoshan, boasting light and fresh flavors. Oyster omelette, braised duck, and steamed pomfret are some popular dishes.
  • Seafood is a staple in Chaoshan cuisine due to its proximity to the South China Sea. Steamed prawns, crab congee, and stir-fried clams are local favorites.
  • Beef hotpot is another popular dish in Chaoshan that involves cooking thinly sliced beef with vegetables and noodles in a boiling pot of soup.
  • Dim sum is a traditional Cantonese style of dining featuring small plates of food served on bamboo steamers. Shrimp dumplings, pork buns, and egg tarts are some popular dishes.
  • Guangdong roast meat features crispy roasted pork or duck served with rice or noodles.

Some well-known restaurants in Chaoshan include:

  1. Shantou Laojie Seafood Restaurant
  2. Huaqiao Hotel Teochew Restaurant
  3. Chaozhou Wenhua Food Street
  4. Yide Road Food Street
  5. Linjiaxiang Beef Hotpot Restaurant

Parks and Recreation

  1. Chaoshan Cultural Park is a vast park that showcases cultural and historical exhibits, gardens, and performance venues.
  2. Shantou People’s Park is a picturesque park that features lakes, gardens, and walking paths.
  3. Lotus Hill Scenic Area is a well-known tourist spot with hiking trails, temples, and breathtaking panoramic views of the city.
  4. Nan’ao Island National Forest Park is an island situated off the coast of Shantou that boasts beaches, forests, and wildlife.
  5. Chaoshan Sports Center is an extensive sports complex that hosts various sporting events and activities for the public to enjoy.
  6. Jinsha Bay Beach Resort is a beach resort area where visitors can engage in water sports activities like swimming or boating.
  7. Chaozhou Phoenix Mountain Scenic Area is a mountainous region renowned for its natural beauty as well as historic landmarks such as ancient temples and pagodas.
  8. Guangji Bridge Scenic Area showcases an iconic bridge in Chaozhou that provides stunning views of the river below.


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