Chengguan, China

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Chengguan, China

Region: Gansu

Geographic Coordinates: 35.525600, 113.698000
Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 40.0°C (-40°F to 104°F)
Climate: Seasonal.
Population: 740435
Language: Mandarin

Chengguan is a district in Lanzhou, The capital of Gansu province in northwestern China. The name Chengguan means city gate, As it was once the location of one of Lanzhou’s main gates. Today, Chengguan is a bustling urban center that serves as an important transportation hub and commercial center for the region. One of Chengguan’s most prominent landmarks is Zhongshan Bridge, Which spans across the Yellow River and connects Lanzhou’s two districts: Chengguan and Qilihe. Built during China’s Qing Dynasty in 1907, It offers spectacular views of both sides of Lanzhou. Baitashan Park is another notable attraction in Chengguan.

Covering over 8 hectares (20 acres) on Baitashan Hill, Visitors can enjoy walking paths with stunning views over Lanzhou or take part in various outdoor activities such as tai chi or kite flying. The food scene in Chengguang offers unique dishes not found elsewhere in China such as Liangpi made from wheat starch noodles served cold with sesame paste sauce and chili oil. Another popular dish here is Niu Rou Mian (beef noodle soup). Chengguang has emerged as an economic powerhouse due to its strategic location along major transportation routes connecting western China to other parts of Asia.

It has become a hub for logistics companies specializing in cross-border trade between China and Central Asian countries like Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. Despite its modernization efforts, There are still some areas that retain the traditional charm of old China such as night markets offering street food to handicrafts vendors selling everything from street food to handicrafts alongside ancient temples and pagodas dotted throughout the district steeped in history and culture.

whether you’re looking to explore Lanzhou’s rich cultural heritage or experience its dynamic economy firsthand, Chengguan offers visitors a unique blend of modernity and tradition that is definitely worth checking out.

Important Landmarks

  1. Potala Palace
  2. Jokhang Temple
  3. Barkhor Street
  4. Norbulingka Palace
  5. Sera Monastery
  6. Drepung Monastery
  7. Ramoche Temple
  8. Tibet Museum
  9. Zhaji Temple
  10. Tibet University

Primary Industries

  1. Tourism: Chengguan is a renowned tourist destination thanks to its rich cultural heritage and historical landmarks such as the Potala Palace, Jokhang Temple, and Barkhor Street.
  2. Agriculture: The region is blessed with fertile land suitable for agriculture, where farmers grow crops like barley, wheat, potatoes, and vegetables.
  3. Handicrafts: Chengguan is known for its traditional handicrafts like Tibetan rugs, jewelry pieces, thangkas (Buddhist paintings), and wood carvings.
  4. Retail: Several shopping centers are available within the district that sell local products such as Tibetan medicine, tea leaves and souvenirs.
  5. Education: Chengguan has an extensive network of schools ranging from primary schools like Lhasa No 1 Primary School to higher educational institutions like Tibet University that provide education to students from all over Tibet.
  6. Healthcare: The district has multiple hospitals providing medical services to residents of Lhasa city.
  7. Real estate development: With China’s growing economy leading to increased investment in building new properties within cities such as Lhasa; real estate developers have been investing heavily in building new properties within the district leading to growth in this sector too.

Noteable History

  1. The Silk Road passed through Chengguan and was an essential stop on the ancient trade route that connected China to Europe.
  2. Chengguan has experienced severe damage due to floods caused by the Yellow River throughout history.
  3. In 1920, Gansu province was hit by a massive earthquake that destroyed many buildings in Chengguan and killed over 200,000 people.
  4. Zhang Qian is a famous Chinese explorer who is credited with opening up trade routes along the Silk Road.
  5. Wang Zhaojun was a legendary beauty from the Han dynasty who became known as a political bride after being sent to marry a Xiongnu chieftain.
  6. Bai Juyi was an acclaimed poet from the Tang dynasty who served as governor of Lanzhou for several years.
  7. Ma Bufang was a warlord during World War II who controlled much of Gansu province and played an important role in defending China against Japanese invasion.
  8. Wuwei Four Generals were four generals from Wuwei city near Chengguan who fought bravely against invading Mongol armies during the Song dynasty and became popular folk heroes in Chinese culture.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Potala Palace is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and was the former residence of the Dalai Lama.
  2. Jokhang Temple is an important Tibetan Buddhist temple and pilgrimage site.
  3. Barkhor Street surrounds Jokhang Temple and is a bustling market street.
  4. Norbulingka Palace, with its beautiful gardens and architecture, was once the summer palace of the Dalai Lama.
  5. Sera Monastery is one of three great Gelug university monasteries in Tibet, known for its debating monks.
  6. Tibet Museum offers visitors informative exhibits on Tibetan history, culture, and religion.
  7. Drepung Monastery boasts stunning architecture as one of the largest monasteries in Tibet.
  8. Shigatse Fortress dates back to ancient times during the Ming dynasty and provides panoramic views of Chengguan city.
  9. Ramoche Temple is another important Tibetan Buddhist temple located near Jokhang Temple.
  10. Tibet University, situated in Lhasa, offers insight into modern-day Tibetan life and education system as one of China’s top universities.

Cultural Events

  1. Shoton Festival: This is a Tibetan Buddhist festival that takes place in August. It involves the unveiling of a giant thangka (religious painting) and the consumption of yogurt.
  2. Qingming Festival: Also known as Tomb Sweeping Day, this festival takes place in April and involves cleaning and decorating gravesites to honor ancestors.
  3. Lantern Festival: This festival marks the end of Chinese New Year celebrations and takes place in February or March. It involves lighting lanterns, solving riddles, and eating sweet glutinous rice balls.
  4. Mid-Autumn Festival: This festival falls on the 15th day of the eighth lunar month (usually September or October) and is also known as Mooncake Festival. It involves eating mooncakes, admiring the full moon, and spending time with family.
  5. Tibetan New Year: This is a major event for Tibetans that usually falls between February and March. It includes traditional dances, singing competitions, horse racing, archery contests, and other cultural activities.
  6. International Peach Blossom Music Festival: Held annually in April or May at Niubeiliang National Forest Park near Chengguan district, this music festival features performances by local artists as well as international musicians from around the world.
  7. Yushu Horse Racing Festival: Taking place every July in Yushu County (about three hours’ drive from Chengguan), this event includes horse racing competitions along with traditional dances, songs, food stalls selling local delicacies like yak meat skewers etc., making it an important cultural event for locals to attend each year!


  • Hotpot – a traditional Chinese dish consisting of a simmering pot of broth at the center of the table, into which diners add various ingredients such as thinly sliced meat, vegetables, and noodles. Popular hotpot restaurants in Chengguan include Haidilao Hot Pot and Xiao Long Kan Hot Pot.
  • Lanzhou Beef Noodles – a type of noodle soup made with beef broth and hand-pulled noodles topped with slices of beef, green onions, and cilantro. Popular Lanzhou Beef Noodle restaurants in Chengguan include Ma La Tang Lanzhou Beef Noodles and Xibei Youmiancun.
  • Dumplings – small pockets of dough filled with meat or vegetables that can be steamed or fried. Popular dumpling restaurants in Chengguan include Din Tai Fung and Jiaozi Wang.
  • Sichuan Cuisine – known for its bold flavors and use of spicy peppers, Sichuan cuisine is popular throughout China but particularly so in Chengdu province where Chengguan is located. Some popular Sichuan cuisine restaurants in Chengguan include Chen Mapo Tofu Restaurant and Yu’s Family Kitchen.
  • Street Food – there are many street food vendors throughout Chengdu offering a wide variety of snacks such as grilled skewers (chuanr), baozi (steamed buns), jianbing (Chinese crepes), roujiamo (meat sandwiches), and more!

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. People’s Park is a large park with beautiful gardens, fountains, and walking paths.
    2. Nanhu Park is a scenic park located near the city center that features a lake, gardens, and pavilions.
    3. Jiefangbei Pedestrian Street is a popular shopping and entertainment district in the heart of Chengguan.
    4. Sichuan University Campus is a beautiful campus with many green spaces, walking paths, and historical buildings to explore.
    5. Wuhou Temple is an ancient temple complex that offers visitors an insight into Chinese history and culture.
    6. Jinli Ancient Street is a famous pedestrian street lined with traditional Chinese shops selling souvenirs, snacks, and handicrafts.
    7. Qingyang Palace is an ancient Taoist temple complex that dates back to the Tang Dynasty (618-907).
    8. Sanxingdui Museum showcases artifacts from the Sanxingdui civilization that existed over 3,000 years ago in China’s Sichuan Province.
    9. Dujiangyan Irrigation System is a UNESCO World Heritage site featuring an ancient irrigation system built over 2,200 years ago by Li Bing during the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC).
    10. Mount Qingcheng is a sacred Taoist mountain located in Chengdu where visitors can hike through lush forests while enjoying stunning views of nearby valleys and peaks.


    Dream, Travel, Repeat.

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