Cuito, Angola

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Cuito, Angola

Region: Bie

Geographic Coordinates: -12.383300, 16.933300
Temperature Range: 18.0°C to 32.0°C (64°F to 90°F)
Climate: Seasonal variations with a rainy season from October to April and a dry season from May to September.
Population: 355423
Language: Portuguese

Cuito is a city located in the Bié Province of central Angola. It sits on the banks of the Cuito River and has a population of around 150, 000 people. The city is known for its cultural heritage and historical significance. Portuguese explorers founded Cuito in the 16th century as a trading post. Over time, It became an important center for trade and commerce, Dealing in goods such as ivory, Gold, And slaves. During colonial times, Cuito was an administrative center for Portugal’s African territories.

In recent times, Cuito has experienced conflict and war during Angola’s civil war from 1975 to 2002. The city suffered significant damage during two sieges in 1993-94 and 1998-99. Despite these challenges, Cuito has undergone redevelopment efforts since peace was established in Angola. Infrastructure projects like roads and bridges have improved access to the city from other parts of Angola. There have also been efforts to rebuild damaged buildings. One attraction worth visiting is Nossa Senhora das Vitórias cathedral which features beautiful stained glass windows depicting scenes from Angolan history.

Mount Moco is another must-see destination located just outside of Cuito that offers stunning views over surrounding valleys with rare bird species like Turaco Ross’s Lourie. Visitors can also explore local markets selling handmade crafts or attend cultural events such as music festivals or dance performances to experience traditional Angolan culture firsthand. In conclusion, Cuito remains an important center for trade despite its challenges throughout history while offering unique cultural experiences along with natural attractions like Mount Moco that makes it worth visiting by tourists who seek adventure beyond ordinary vacations!

Important Landmarks

  1. Cuito Cuanavale Battlefield: This historic site played a significant role in the Angolan civil war.
  2. Our Lady of Mount Carmel Cathedral: A beautiful cathedral with impressive architecture.
  3. Bicuar National Park: A wildlife reserve with diverse flora and fauna.
  4. Tundavala Fissure: A natural wonder with breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape.
  5. Kalandula Falls: One of the largest waterfalls in Africa, located near Cuito.
  6. Casa dos Pioneiros Museum: A museum showcasing the history and culture of Angola’s central region.
  7. Santa Clara Church: An old church that is considered one of the city’s cultural heritage sites.
  8. Chiumbe Fortresses: Historical fortresses built during colonial times to protect against attacks from neighboring tribes.

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture: The city is known for its production of coffee, cotton, maize, beans, and other crops.
  2. Livestock: Cattle rearing is an important economic activity in the region.
  3. Mining: The area around Cuito has significant mineral deposits including diamonds and gold.
  4. Trade: As a commercial hub of the region, Cuito has a thriving market where goods from neighboring towns are traded.
  5. Services: There are several service-based businesses in the city including banks, hotels, restaurants, and healthcare facilities.
  6. Construction: With recent development in infrastructure projects such as roads and bridges construction companies have been attracted to invest in the city.
  7. Transportation: Transportation services such as taxis and buses are also available to help people move around within or outside of the city.

Noteable History

  1. The Battle of Cuito Cuanavale in 1988 was a significant conflict between the South African Defence Force (SADF), Angolan Armed Forces (FAPLA), and Cuban troops. It played a crucial role in ending South Africa’s apartheid regime and is considered one of the largest battles fought on African soil.
  2. Jonas Savimbi, an Angolan politician and military leader, led the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) during the country’s civil war. He was killed in 2002 during an ambush by government forces.
  3. Cuito was part of Portuguese Angola until independence from Portugal in 1975 when Agostinho Neto became the first President of Angola.
  4. After independence, UNITA waged an insurgency against MPLA government rule which lasted until 2002 when Savimbi was killed.
  5. Cuba sent thousands of troops to Angola to support FAPLA during its fight against SADF and UNITA forces during the civil war.
  6. The Benguela railway line passes through Cuito and played a significant role in transporting goods between Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Angola before being destroyed during the civil war but has since been rebuilt with Chinese aid.
  7. Several Catholic missions were established around Cuito by Portuguese missionaries before independence from Portugal in 1975.
  8. During the civil war, there were fierce clashes between MPLA government forces and UNITA rebels in Cuito.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Cuito Cuanavale Monument: This monument commemorates the Battle of Cuito Cuanavale, a significant event in Angola’s history.
  2. Museum of Central Highlands: This museum showcases the cultural heritage and history of the region.
  3. San Francisco de Assis Cathedral: This cathedral is a beautiful example of colonial architecture and is one of the largest churches in Angola.
  4. Art Center Ndunduma: This art center displays contemporary Angolan art and hosts exhibitions and workshops.
  5. Lagoa Carumbo: A natural lake located near the city that offers scenic views and opportunities for fishing and boating.
  6. Calandula Falls: A stunning waterfall located about 200 km from Cuito that is definitely worth a visit if you have time to travel outside the city limits.

Cultural Events

  1. Festival da Canção do Bié – This is an annual music festival that showcases the musical talents of local artists from the Bié province.
  2. Festa da Juventude – This youth festival celebrates the energy and creativity of young people in Cuito with music performances, dance competitions, and sports activities.
  3. Festival de Teatro do Bié – This theater festival features plays by local theater groups from the Bié province.
  4. Dia da Paz – This day celebrates peace and reconciliation in Angola after years of civil war with speeches by government officials and cultural performances.
  5. Festa de Santo António – This religious festival honors Saint Anthony with processions, masses, and traditional dances.
  6. Carnaval do Bié – This carnival celebration takes place during the pre-Lenten season with parades featuring colorful costumes and lively music.
  7. Feira Internacional de Benguela (FIB) – Although this event doesn’t take place in Cuito specifically it is one of Angola’s largest trade fairs held annually where businesses gather to showcase their products to potential customers across Africa and beyond including those from Cuito who attend as visitors or exhibitors themselves.


  1. Churrascaria Cuito – This restaurant serves a variety of grilled meats and traditional Angolan dishes.
  2. Restaurante Popular – A local favorite for its affordable prices and tasty meals such as grilled chicken with rice.
  3. Casa da Comida – Known for its seafood dishes like lobster and prawns.
  4. O Bairro Restaurante – Offers a mix of international and Angolan cuisine with a cozy atmosphere.
  5. Pizzaria Mamma Mia – Serves delicious pizzas made with fresh ingredients.
  6. Café Delight – A great spot to grab coffee or tea along with light snacks such as sandwiches or pastries.
  7. Bar & Grill do Nando – A casual spot that offers burgers, fries, salads, etc., perfect for lunch or dinner.
  8. Kandando Restaurant – Specializes in traditional Angolan food like Moamba de Galinha (chicken stew), Calulu (fish stew), etc., served in a comfortable environment with friendly staff members.
  9. Restaurante Tia Ana- It is known for serving typical Angolan food at reasonable prices.
  10. Oasis Lounge Bar & Restaurant- It is known for its live music performances accompanied by delicious food options ranging from burgers to seafood dishes like prawns and fish fillet.

Note: Please check the latest COVID-19 guidelines before visiting any restaurant mentioned above as some places may be closed temporarily due to safety measures taken by the government authorities or owners themselves during this pandemic situation.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Chinguar National Park: This park is located approximately 40 kilometers from Cuito and provides visitors with opportunities for hiking, camping, bird watching, and wildlife viewing.
  2. Bicuar National Park: Located around 100 kilometers from Cuito, this park is renowned for its diverse flora and fauna species such as elephants, lions, leopards among others.
  3. Municipal Park of Cuito: A public park situated in the city center with green spaces ideal for picnics or relaxation.
  4. Sports Complex of Cuito: This complex offers facilities for various sports such as football (soccer), basketball, volleyball among others.
  5. Cultural Center of Cuito: This center hosts cultural events like music concerts and dance performances showcasing local Angolan culture.

Note that these might not be an exhaustive list of all the public parks or recreational activities available in the area but should give you an idea of what to expect when visiting Cuito.


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