Fort-de-France, Martinique

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Fort-de-France, Martinique

Region: Martinique


Geographic Coordinates: 14.600000, -61.066700
Temperature Range: 25.0°C to 30.0°C (77°F to 86°F)
Climate: Tropical climate with a rainy season from June to October and a dry season from December to May. Average temperature is around 27°C (81°F) year-round.
Population: 253995
Language: French

Fort-de-France is the capital city of Martinique, Located on the western coast of the island. It’s a bustling city that serves as one of the most important commercial and cultural centers in the Caribbean. Visitors can experience its vibrant energy, Rich history, And stunning natural beauty. One of Fort-de-France’s most iconic landmarks is Fort Saint-Louis. This 17th-century fortress was built by French settlers to protect against attacks from rival European powers and pirates. Today it serves as a symbol of Martinique’s colonial past and offers visitors breathtaking views of Fort-de-France Bay. La Savane Park is another must-visit attraction in Fort-de-France.

This large public park features lush greenery, Walking paths, Fountains, And statues commemorating important figures in Martinican history. It’s a popular spot for locals to relax or play sports like soccer or petanque. For those interested in learning more about Martinique’s history and culture, There are several museums worth visiting in Fort-de-France. The Schoelcher Library houses an impressive collection of books on Caribbean history while the Regional Museum of History and Ethnography showcases artifacts from pre-Columbian times through present day. Foodies will also love exploring Fort-de-France’s culinary scene which blends French cuisine with Creole flavors.

The Grand Marché market offers a wide variety of local produce including exotic fruits like guava and passion fruit as well as fresh seafood caught daily by local fishermen. no trip to Fort-de-France would be complete without experiencing its stunning beaches. Anse Mitan beach is just a short ferry ride away from downtown while Pointe du Bout beach offers crystal clear waters perfect for swimming or snorkeling. Overall, Whether you’re interested in history or just looking for some fun in the sun, There’s something for everyone in this vibrant Caribbean city!



Important Landmarks

  1. Fort Saint-Louis is a historical fort that was constructed in the 17th century and provides a picturesque view of the bay of Fort-de-France.
  2. Schoelcher Library, designed by French architect Henri Picq, is an exquisite library named after Victor Schoelcher who was a French abolitionist fighting for the end of slavery in Martinique.
  3. La Savane Park is a vast park situated in the heart of Fort-de-France and boasts a statue of Empress Josephine, Napoleon Bonaparte’s wife, who was born and raised in Martinique.
  4. Cathedral Saint-Louis is an impressive cathedral built during the late 19th century renowned for its stunning stained glass windows and ornate interior.
  5. The Spice Market is located near the waterfront and offers an extensive selection of local spices, fruits, vegetables, and crafts making it a bustling market.
  6. La Pagerie Museum used to be Empress Josephine’s family home but has been transformed into a museum showcasing her life story and legacy.
  7. Jardin de Balata features over 3,000 species from around the world making it one of Martinique’s most beautiful botanical gardens to visit.
  8. Anse Mitan Beach attracts many visitors as one of Martinique’s most popular beaches with its crystal-clear turquoise waters perfect for swimming or sunbathing on its white sandy beach shores.

Primary Industries

  • 1. Tourism
  • 2. Agriculture (banana and sugarcane plantations)
  • 3. Fishing
  • 4. Rum production
  • 5. Manufacturing (textiles, clothing and food processing)
  • 6. Retail trade
  • 7. Financial services

  • Noteable History

    1. In 1502, Christopher Columbus became the first European to land on Martinique during his fourth voyage to the Americas.
    2. The French established a colony on Martinique in 1635, with Fort-de-France as its capital.
    3. Slavery was a significant part of Martinique’s history as it was a major center for slave trade like many other Caribbean islands.
    4. Victor Schoelcher, a French politician and abolitionist, played an essential role in abolishing slavery in France’s colonies including Martinique.
    5. Hurricane David caused widespread damage and loss of life when it struck Fort-de-France in August 1979.
    6. Aimé Césaire co-founded the Négritude movement which celebrated black identity and culture and was also a poet, playwright, and politician from Martinique.
    7. The Mount Pelée volcano eruption killed over 30,000 people including most of Saint-Pierre (then known as the Paris of the Caribbean) due to ash clouds that reached temperatures up to 1,075 degrees Fahrenheit (580 degrees Celsius).
    8. Carnival is an annual cultural event celebrated throughout Martinique with music performances, dance shows, and colorful costumes being its highlights every year.

    Museums and Things To See

    1. Schoelcher Library
    2. Fort Saint-Louis
    3. La Savane Park
    4. Balata Botanical Garden
    5. Fort-de-France Cathedral
    6. La Pagerie Museum
    7. Musée Départemental de la Martinique
    8. Anse Mitan Beach
    9. Les Salines Beach
    10. Carbet Falls


    Sports Teams

    • Fort-de-France, Martinique is not known for having any major professional sports teams.
    • However, the city does have a number of amateur and recreational sports clubs and associations that offer opportunities for locals to participate in a variety of sports, including:
      • Football (soccer)
      • Basketball
      • Volleyball
      • Handball
      • Cricket
      • And more
    • These clubs often compete in regional or national tournaments and leagues within Martinique.


    • Cultural Events

      1. Carnival is Martinique’s most popular festival, celebrated annually in February or March. It’s a vibrant event that features parades, music, dance and costumes.
      2. Fête de la Musique takes place on June 21st each year and showcases local musicians and bands performing various genres of music throughout the city.
      3. The Festival International de Fort-de-France is an annual cultural festival held in July that celebrates the diverse cultures of Martinique through music, dance, food, art exhibitions and other cultural activities.
      4. La Nuit des Musées takes place every May or June across France including Fort-de-France where many museums stay open late into the night for free guided tours with special events like concerts or workshops.
      5. Fête de la Mer is a celebration of Martinique’s maritime heritage held annually in August featuring boat races, fishing contests and seafood feasts on the beach.
      6. Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day is celebrated on June 24th each year to honor John the Baptist as well as traditional Creole culture with parades featuring colorful floats showcasing local traditions like drumming groups or folklore dancers.
      7. Toussaint holiday (All Saints’ Day) is a religious holiday celebrated on November 1st each year honoring deceased loved ones with visits to cemeteries decorated with flowers and candles.
      8. Christmas celebrations include carol singing at churches throughout December leading up to Christmas Eve when families gather together for a feast known as Réveillon.

      Cuisine

      • La Table de Marcel – a fine dining restaurant serving authentic Martinican cuisine with a modern twist.
      • Le Petibonum – a beachfront restaurant known for its seafood dishes and live music performances.
      • Le Ti Punch Coco – a casual eatery serving traditional Creole dishes like accras, boudin, and colombo.
      • La Cave à Vins – a wine bar with an extensive selection of French wines and charcuterie boards.
      • Chez Tante Arlette – a family-owned restaurant offering homestyle cooking using fresh local ingredients.
      • Le Bistrot d’en Face – a cozy spot for brunch or lunch with classic French dishes like croque-monsieur and quiche Lorraine.
      • Le Poisson Rouge – another seafood-focused restaurant located on the marina, offering fresh catch of the day cooked to perfection.
      • Lili’s Café & Epicerie Fine – A cafe that serves delicious creole food such as shrimp fritters (accras), codfish fritters (boudin) etc., along with coffee and other beverages.
      • Chez Carole – A bakery that offers delicious pastries such as croissants, pain au chocolat etc., along with sandwiches for lunchtime meals.
      • Les Frères de la Côte – A seafood restaurant that serves fresh fish caught by local fishermen every day which is served grilled or fried along with various sides such as plantains or rice etc.

      • Parks and Recreation

        1. La Savane Park is the largest park in Fort-de-France, located in the heart of the city. It features a beautiful fountain, walking paths, and several monuments.
        2. Jardin de Balata is a botanical garden located just outside Fort-de-France and features over 3,000 species of plants and trees from around the world.
        3. Plage des Salines is a popular beach located on the southern coast of Martinique that offers crystal-clear water and white sand.
        4. Fort Saint-Louis is a historic fort built by the French in the 17th century to protect against invaders.
        5. Les Trois-Ilets Village is located just south of Fort-de-France and offers a charming village with various restaurants, shops, and cultural attractions.
        6. Parc Naturel Regional de la Martinique is situated on the northern part of Martinique island that features hiking trails through lush rainforests and stunning waterfalls.
        7. Le Carbet Beach is a picturesque beach situated on Martinique’s west coast that offers great swimming conditions with calm waters protected by coral reefs.
        8. Musée Départemental de la Martinique can be found in downtown Fort-de-France showcasing local art & history exhibits as well as contemporary art exhibitions from around the world.

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