Gorakhpur, India

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Gorakhpur, India

Region: Uttar Pradesh

Geographic Coordinates: 26.763700, 83.403900
Temperature Range: 10.0°C to 40.0°C (50°F to 104°F)
Climate: Seasonal.
Population: 673446
Language: Hindi

Gorakhpur is a city located in the eastern part of Uttar Pradesh, India. The city is known for its rich cultural heritage and historical significance. It is situated on the banks of the Rapti River and has a population of approximately 673, 446 people. The history of Gorakhpur dates back to ancient times when it was ruled by various dynasties including the Mauryas, Guptas, Mughals and British. The city was an important center for trade and commerce during these periods due to its strategic location on the Silk Route.

One of the major attractions in Gorakhpur is the Gorakhnath Temple which is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple was built by Saint Gorakhnath who was one of the most revered saints in India. It attracts thousands of devotees every year who come here to seek blessings from Lord Shiva. Another popular tourist destination in Gorakhpur is Kushinagar which is located about 50 km from the city. This place holds great religious significance as it is believed that Lord Buddha attained Mahaparinirvana here.

Apart from religious sites, There are several other places worth visiting in Gorakhpur such as Ambedkar Park, Ramgarh Taal Lake, Geeta Vatika Park and Neernikunj Water Park. Gorakhpur also has a rich literary tradition with several renowned writers hailing from this region including Munshi Premchand who was one of India’s greatest writers. There are also several educational institutions located here including Deen Dayal Upadhyay University which offers courses in various fields such as arts, Science and technology. In terms of economy, Agriculture plays a major role in supporting livelihoods with crops like rice, Wheat and sugarcane being grown extensively here.

The city also has several small-scale industries such as handloom weaving and manufacturing units for products like brassware and pottery. Overall, Gorakhpur is a city that offers a unique blend of history, Culture and modernity. Its rich heritage, Religious sites and natural beauty make it an ideal destination for tourists looking to explore the cultural diversity of India.

Important Landmarks

  1. Gorakhnath Temple
  2. Kushmi Forest
  3. Geeta Vatika
  4. Arogya Mandir
  5. Nehru Park
  6. Chauri Chaura Shaheed Smarak Park
  7. Imambara
  8. Gita Press
  9. Taramandal Planetarium
  10. Moti Jheel

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture: Gorakhpur is known for its fertile land and rich agricultural resources. The major crops grown here are rice, wheat, sugarcane, pulses, and vegetables.
  2. Textile industry: The city has a thriving textile industry that produces cotton fabrics, sarees, dress materials, and other clothing items.
  3. Handicrafts: Gorakhpur is also famous for its handicrafts such as terracotta pottery, wooden furniture items, brassware products etc.
  4. Education: The city has several educational institutions including universities like Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University and Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology.
  5. Healthcare: There are many hospitals and medical facilities in the city including BRD Medical College which is one of the largest hospitals in the region.
  6. Retail sector: There are several shopping malls and retail outlets in the city that cater to the needs of local residents as well as tourists.
  7. Food processing industry: With an abundance of agricultural produce available locally there are many food processing units located here that produce packaged food products like biscuits etc.
  8. Transportation services: Transportation services such as auto-rickshaws, taxis, buses, ferry services cater to local transportation needs while railways provide connectivity to other parts of India from Gorakhpur Junction railway station.

Noteable History

  1. Gorakhnath Temple: The city is named after the famous Gorakhnath Temple, which was founded by Guru Gorakhnath in the 11th century.
  2. Freedom Struggle: The city played a significant role in India’s freedom struggle, with many prominent leaders such as Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Subhas Chandra Bose visiting the city to address public meetings.
  3. Madan Mohan Malviya: One of the most notable personalities associated with Gorakhpur is Madan Mohan Malviya, who was a freedom fighter and also one of the founders of Banaras Hindu University.
  4. Ram Manohar Lohia: Another prominent personality associated with Gorakhpur is Ram Manohar Lohia, who was a socialist leader and played an important role in Indian politics during the 1950s and 1960s.
  5. Japanese Encephalitis Outbreak: In recent times, one of the most significant events associated with Gorakhpur was the outbreak of Japanese encephalitis in 2017 that claimed several lives due to lack of medical facilities.
  6. BRD Medical College Tragedy: In August 2017, over 60 children died at BRD Medical College due to shortage of oxygen supply leading to one of India’s biggest healthcare tragedies.
  7. Kushinagar Airport Development Project- Kushinagar airport near gorakhpur has been developed as an international airport which will boost tourism industry for entire eastern Uttar Pradesh region including Buddha circuit covering places like Sarnath , Bodh Gaya etc.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Gorakhnath Temple
  2. Kushmi Forest Reserve
  3. Neer Nikunj Water Park
  4. Chauri Chaura Shaheed Smarak
  5. Gita Press, Gorakhpur
  6. Imambara Shahi Eidgah
  7. Ramgarh Tal Lake
  8. Maghar Mela
  9. Railway Museum, Gorakhpur
  10. Geeta Vatika Park

Cultural Events

  1. Gorakhpur Mahotsav is a cultural festival organized by the Uttar Pradesh Tourism Department. It features music, dance, food, and craft exhibitions.
  2. Ramleela is a traditional Hindu play that depicts the life of Lord Rama. It is performed during Dussehra.
  3. Diwali is the festival of lights celebrated with great enthusiasm in Gorakhpur.
  4. Holi is the festival of colors celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm in Gorakhpur.
  5. Chhath Puja is a Hindu festival dedicated to the Sun God and celebrated with great fervor in Gorakhpur.
  6. Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha are two major Muslim festivals celebrated with great joy in Gorakhpur.
  7. Buddha Purnima is an important event for Buddhists living in and around Gorakhpur as it marks the birth anniversary of Gautam Buddha.
  8. Kumbh Mela, held every 12 years at Allahabad (Prayagraj), is a major pilgrimage event for Hindus from all over India including those from nearby cities like Gorakhpur who visit to take a dip in the holy river Ganges to wash away their sins and attain salvation.


  • Thakur Ji: This restaurant is famous for its vegetarian food, especially the thali which includes a variety of dishes.
  • Chhappan Bhog: It is a popular sweet shop that serves delicious sweets and snacks like samosas, kachoris, and jalebis.
  • Bajpai Kachori Bhandar: This eatery is known for its crispy kachoris filled with spicy potato masala.
  • Annapurna Sweets: It offers a range of sweets like pedas, barfis, laddoos as well as savory snacks like namkeens and chaats.
  • Raja Ram Lassi Wale: It serves refreshing Lassi made with thick yogurt, sugar syrup topped with dry fruits.
  • Baba Thakur Das Dhaba: This roadside dhaba serves authentic North Indian food such as dal makhani, butter chicken along with tandoori roti or naan.
  • The Yellow Chilli by Sanjeev Kapoor: This upscale restaurant chain offers modern Indian cuisine created by celebrity chef Sanjeev Kapoor.

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Nehru Park
    2. Veer Bahadur Singh Planetarium and Science Centre
    3. Railway Museum Gorakhpur
    4. Ramgarh Taal Lake
    5. Kushmi Forest Reserve
    6. Neernikunj Water Park
    7. Vindhyavasini Park
    8. Indira Bal Vihar Zoological Garden
    9. Buddha Museum and Library
    10. Gita Press Book Stall


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