Zaragoza, Spain

Reading Time: 8 minutes

Zaragoza, Spain

Region: Aragon

Geographic Coordinates: 41.650000, -0.883300
Temperature Range: 10.0°C to 30.0°C (50°F to 86°F)
Climate: Seasonal.
Population: 675301
Language: Spanish

Zaragoza is a stunning city situated in northeastern Spain and serves as the capital of the Zaragoza province. The city has a fascinating history that dates back to Roman times and was a significant center for Muslim culture during the Middle Ages. Today, Zaragoza is an exciting and modern city that offers visitors an exceptional blend of ancient architecture, Cultural attractions, And fantastic cuisine. One of the most iconic landmarks in Zaragoza is the Basilica del Pilar. This magnificent baroque-style cathedral sits on the banks of Ebro River and boasts ornate towers, Intricate carvings, And exquisite frescoes.

Inside this cathedral lies one of Spain’s most revered religious relics – La Virgen del Pilar – which according to legend was given to St James by Mary herself more than 2, 000 years ago when he was preaching in Zaragoza. Another must-visit attraction in Zaragoza is Aljafería Palace. This palace was built by Muslim rulers during the 11th century but later served as a royal residence for Christian monarchs during medieval times. The palace features stunning Islamic architecture with intricate mosaics and geometric designs adorning its walls.

For those interested in art history or contemporary art exhibitions should visit Museum Pablo Gargallo which houses some great works from famous Spanish artists like Pablo Picasso or Salvador Dali. Zaragoza also boasts an impressive food scene with traditional dishes such as migas (fried breadcrumbs), Ternasco (roast lamb), Or chilindron (a stew made with peppers). One popular spot for foodies is Mercado Central de Zaragoza – one of Spain’s largest covered markets where you can find fresh produce from local farmers along with artisanal cheeses and cured meats.

yet importantly there are some amazing parks like Parque Grande Jose Antonio Labordeta which covers over 40 hectares of land in the city center. The park features a beautiful lake, Botanical gardens, And several playgrounds for children. Zaragoza is an excellent destination for history buffs, Art lovers, Foodies and nature enthusiasts alike. With its rich cultural heritage and modern amenities, It’s no surprise that Zaragoza has become one of Spain’s most popular tourist destinations.

Important Landmarks

  1. The Basílica del Pilar is an iconic church and one of the most popular landmarks in Spain’s Zaragoza.
  2. Aljafería Palace is a stunning Islamic palace from the 11th century, now used as a parliament building.
  3. The Cathedral of San Salvador is a beautiful Gothic cathedral with impressive towers and stunning stained glass windows.
  4. La Lonja de Zaragoza is a Renaissance-style building that was once a market but now serves as an exhibition space.
  5. Plaza del Pilar is the main square in Zaragoza, located next to the Basílica del Pilar and surrounded by historic buildings.
  6. Puente de Piedra is a picturesque stone bridge over the Ebro River, offering great views of Zaragoza’s skyline.
  7. Museo Goya – Colección Ibercaja is an art museum dedicated to Francisco Goya, one of Spain’s most famous painters who was born in nearby Fuendetodos.
  8. Parque Grande José Antonio Labordeta is a large park with beautiful gardens, fountains, and sculptures that are perfect for relaxing strolls or picnics.
  9. Torreón de la Zuda is an ancient tower from Moorish times that served as part of the city’s defensive walls.
  10. Palacio de la Aljafería Gardens are beautiful gardens surrounding Aljafería Palace where visitors can relax and enjoy nature while admiring this architectural gem from afar.

Primary Industries

  1. Automotive: Zaragoza is home to one of the largest automotive manufacturing clusters in Europe, with factories owned by companies like Opel and Volkswagen.
  2. Logistics: The city’s strategic location makes it a hub for logistics and transportation, with several major highways, railways, and an international airport.
  3. Food processing: Zaragoza is renowned for its food processing industry, particularly meat processing and canning.
  4. Renewable energy: The region has significant renewable energy resources such as solar power and wind power.
  5. Tourism: The city attracts tourists from all over the world due to its rich history and cultural heritage.
  6. Other crucial sectors in Zaragoza include healthcare, education, finance, technology services among others.


Noteable History



  1. The Siege of Zaragoza (1808-1809) was a significant event during the Peninsular War, where French forces were fiercely resisted by the city.
  2. Goya’s frescoes at the Basilica del Pilar are considered some of Spain’s most important religious artworks.
  3. Expo 2008, an international exposition held in Zaragoza, brought millions of visitors to the city and helped boost its economy.
  4. El Cid Campeador is a legendary medieval knight who fought for both Christian and Muslim armies and is buried in Vivar, a nearby town.
  5. Fernando II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile married in Zaragoza in 1469 and went on to unify Spain under their rule.
  6. Pablo Gargallo was born in Zaragoza and became a prominent sculptor whose works can be found throughout Spain and beyond.
  7. Luis Buñuel, born near Zaragoza in Calanda, was a groundbreaking filmmaker who created some of cinema’s most influential works.
  8. Francisco de Goya y Lucientes is one of Spain’s greatest artists whose work can be seen throughout Zaragoza including his frescoes at El Pilar basilica mentioned above.
  9. Joaquín Costa Clavell was a Spanish political figure known for his social activism during late 19th century.
  10. Augustine Fuster is a Spanish painter known for his portraits.

    Even More Interesting

    1. Roman Times (25 BC – 5th Century AD): Zaragoza was originally an Iberian settlement before it was founded by the Romans in 25 BC and named “Caesaraugusta” in honor of Emperor Augustus. As a Roman city, it had all the typical public buildings: forum, baths, theatre, and was an important economic center. Many Roman ruins can still be seen in Zaragoza today.

    2. Visigothic and Moorish Era (5th – 11th Centuries AD): After the fall of the Roman Empire, Zaragoza was taken over by the Visigoths. In 714, it was conquered by the Moors and became an important city in Al-Andalus, the region of Spain under Muslim rule. The city was renamed “Saraqusta.” The period of Muslim rule is marked by the construction of the Aljafería Palace, an impressive example of Moorish architecture that still stands today.

    3. Christian Reconquest (12th Century AD): The city was reconquered by the Christian king Alfonso I of Aragon in 1118. This started the era of the Kingdom of Aragon, and Zaragoza became one of the major cities of medieval Spain. The Cathedral-Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar, a significant Catholic pilgrimage site, traces its roots back to this time.

    4. The Peninsular War (1808-1814): Zaragoza was a significant site during the Peninsular War against the Napoleonic forces. The city endured two sieges, in 1808 and 1809, in which the people of Zaragoza, rather than surrendering, chose to resist. Despite the great human cost, these sieges became symbolic of Spanish national resistance.

    5. 20th Century to Present: Zaragoza has expanded greatly in the 20th century, with improvements in infrastructure and the establishment of a university. In 2008, the city hosted the International Exposition (Expo 2008) on the theme of water and sustainable development, which drew attention to the city internationally.

    Through these stages of history, Zaragoza has been shaped by the influences of the different cultures and powers that have ruled it, all of which contribute to the city’s diverse cultural heritage. The city is known for its folklore, local gastronomy, and landmarks such as the Basílica del Pilar, La Seo Cathedral, and the Aljafería Palace.

Museums and Things To See

  1. The Aljafería Palace
  2. The Basilica del Pilar
  3. The Goya Museum
  4. The Pablo Serrano Museum
  5. The CaixaForum Zaragoza
  6. The Roman Theater and Museum of Zaragoza
  7. La Lonja de Zaragoza
  8. El Tubo (a historic food market)
  9. Plaza del Pilar (the main square of the city)
  10. La Seo Cathedral and Museum

Sports Teams

  1. Real Zaragoza is a well-known and accomplished football club in Zaragoza, established in 1932. They have won the Copa del Rey six times and the UEFA Cup Winners’ Cup once, as well as playing many seasons in La Liga.
  2. Basket Zaragoza 2002, also known as Casademont Zaragoza, is a basketball team formed in 2002 that has been playing in the Liga ACB since 2014. In 2017 they reached the semi-finals of the FIBA Europe Cup.
  3. CB Peñas Huesca is a basketball team from nearby Huesca that plays at a high level (in LEB Oro), although not based in Zaragoza itself.
  4. SD Huesca is another team from nearby Huesca; they are a football club currently competing in La Liga after earning promotion to Spain’s top division for the first time during the 2017-18 season.
  5. Stadium Casablanca Rugby Club was founded back in 1969 and has become one of Aragon’s most successful rugby union teams over recent decades, winning numerous regional titles and competing nationally against other Spanish teams.
  6. Club Natación Helios offers swimming training for people of all ages and skill levels out of Parque Grande José Antonio Labordeta; they have been around since at least the late ’60s/early ’70s’.

Cultural Events

  1. Fiestas del Pilar: This is the most important festival in Zaragoza, held each year from October 5th to 13th in honor of the city’s patron saint, the Virgin of Pilar.
  2. Semana Santa: The Holy Week celebrations are a significant event in Zaragoza, with elaborate processions and religious events held throughout the week leading up to Easter Sunday.
  3. Festival de la Guitarra: Held every July, this music festival features performances by some of the world’s best guitarists.
  4. Festival Asalto: This street art festival takes place each September and brings together artists from around the world to create murals and installations throughout Zaragoza.
  5. Feria de Muestras de Zaragoza: This annual trade fair showcases products from various industries including agriculture, technology, and fashion.
  6. Festival Internacional de Cine de Zaragoza (Zaragoza International Film Festival): This film festival takes place every November and features screenings of international films as well as workshops and other events for filmmakers.
  7. Fiestas del Carmen y San Lorenzo: These summer festivals celebrate two of Zaragoza’s neighborhoods with parades, music concerts, fireworks displays, and other festivities.
  8. Mercado Medieval (Medieval Market): Held each May in Plaza del Pilar; this market recreates a medieval town complete with artisans selling their wares and performers showcasing traditional music and dance.
  9. Feria Taurina del Pilar (Bullfighting Fair): Taking place during Fiestas del Pilar in October at La Misericordia bullring; it is one of Spain’s most important bullfighting events.
  10. Jazz Festival Saragossa – Jazz al Margen: A jazz event that takes place annually at different venues across Saragossa featuring national & international musicians’ performances.


  • Churrería La Fama – famous for its churros and hot chocolate.
  • Casa Lac – known for its traditional Aragonese cuisine such as migas, ternasco, and bacalao ajoarriero.
  • El Cachirulo – serves typical dishes from the region such as huevos rotos con jamón and ternasco al horno.
  • Taberna Doña Casta – offers a variety of tapas including patatas bravas, croquetas de jamón, and calamares a la romana.
  • Casa Pascualillo – specializes in seafood dishes like paella de marisco and arroz con bogavante.
  • Bodegas Almau – serves delicious wines from the region along with tapas like tortilla de camarones.
  • El Foro Restaurant & Bar- offers modern Spanish cuisine with innovative flavors.
  • Meson Saborea Espana- serves classic Spanish dishes like gazpacho, tortilla espanola & paella.
  • Lizarran- famous for its pintxos which are small snacks served on bread or skewers.
  • Casa Juanico- specializes in grilled meats like lamb chops & beef steaks along with other traditional Aragonese dishes.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Parque Grande José Antonio Labordeta is a vast public park in Zaragoza, boasting over 40 hectares of green space that includes a lake, fountains, gardens, playgrounds and sports facilities.
  2. Pinares de Venecia is a forested area located on the outskirts of Zaragoza that offers hiking trails and picnic areas for visitors to enjoy.
  3. Jardín Botánico is the botanical garden in Zaragoza which showcases over 5000 species of plants from around the world.
  4. Parque del Agua Luis Buñuel is a water park featuring pools and slides suitable for both children and adults alike.
  5. La Aljafería was built during the Islamic period in Spain as a medieval palace which now serves as an art museum showcasing Aragonese history and culture.
  6. Plaza del Pilar is one of Zaragoza’s main squares where visitors can find many historic buildings including Basílica de Nuestra Señora del Pilar – one of Spain’s most important religious sites.
  7. Museo Goya Colección Ibercaja-Museo Camón Aznar (Ibercaja-Goya Museum) houses an extensive collection of works by Francisco de Goya who was born near Zaragoza.
  8. Catedral-Basílica de Nuestra Señora del Pilar (Cathedral-Basilica) dates back to Roman times with its impressive architecture making it one of Spain’s most famous landmarks located at Plaza del Pilar – a must-visit place when in Zaragoza.
  9. River Ebro Walkway offers scenic views across the city along with beautiful walkways along River Ebro
  10. Ciudadela Park is another large park within walking distance from downtown featuring playgrounds for kids, jogging paths and picnic areas perfect for spending time outdoors with family or friends while visiting Zaragoza.


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