Guagua, Philippines

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Guagua, Philippines

Region: Pampanga

Geographic Coordinates: 14.966700, 120.633000
Temperature Range: 25.0°C to 35.0°C (77°F to 95°F)
Population: 128893
Language: Kapampangan

Guagua is a small town in the province of Pampanga, Philippines, Located approximately 80 kilometers north of Manila. The town has a rich history and culture dating back to pre-colonial times when it was known as Gugua by early Kapampangan settlers. One of Guagua’s most famous attractions is its intricate woodcarvings made from narra wood and used to decorate houses and churches throughout the region. Visitors can see these beautiful works of art at the Guagua Municipal Hall.

The St. James the Apostle Parish Church is another popular destination in Guagua, Featuring stunning Baroque architecture with ornate details such as carved cherubs and angels adorning its façade. Inside, Visitors will find an impressive altar made from local hardwoods that date back to Spanish colonial times. For those interested in traditional Philippine handicrafts such as pottery, Weaving, Basketry, And furniture making Betis Crafts Inc., Is a must-visit destination. Here visitors can observe artisans at work creating beautiful pieces using age-old techniques passed down through generations.

Several museums are worth visiting for those interested in learning more about Guagua’s rich history and culture such as Museo ning Angeles (Museum of Angeles) showcasing artifacts from pre-colonial times up until present day life; while Museo de la Salle provides insight into education during Spanish colonial rule. Pampanga cuisine has been hailed as one of the best regional cuisines in the country due to its unique flavors influenced by both Spanish and Kapampangan traditions.

In Guagua you will find a variety of local delicacies such as sisig (a dish made from pig’s head and liver), Tocino (sweet cured pork), And tibok-tibok (a pudding made from carabao milk). Guagua offers visitors an opportunity to experience Philippine history, Culture, Handicrafts, Cuisine all while enjoying its charming ambiance.

Important Landmarks

  1. San Agustin Church – a historic church built in 1576 with Baroque architectural style.
  2. Betis Church – also known as St. James the Apostle Parish Church with intricate wood carvings and paintings.
  3. Pampanga’s Best Pasalubong Center – a popular shopping destination for locally-made delicacies and souvenirs.
  4. Guagua Municipal Hall – a heritage building that showcases Spanish colonial architecture.
  5. Apung Mamacalulu Shrine – a religious site dedicated to the patron saint of Guagua.
  6. Hizon-Singian House – an ancestral house turned museum showcasing traditional Filipino lifestyle and culture.
  7. San Rafael Parish Church Ruins- located in Barangay Sta Filomena, it is one of the oldest churches in Pampanga.
  8. Guagua National Colleges- The first school established by Thomasites outside Manila.
  9. Panlinlang Dagat (Sea of Deception)- A natural attraction located at Barangay San Roque where it appears to be near but actually far from its actual distance due to optical illusion.
  10. Lapaz Sand Dunes- Located at Barangay Lapaz where people can enjoy sandboarding activities during summer season.

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture
  2. Fishing
  3. Manufacturing
    • Food processing plants
    • Furniture factories
  4. Service
    • Retail stores
    • Restaurants
    • Hotels
    • Tourism-related businesses
  5. Small-scale enterprises
    • Sari-sari stores (small convenience stores)
    • Carinderias (small eateries)

The town is known for its production of:

  • Rice
  • Sugarcane
  • Vegetables

It also has a thriving fishing industry due to its proximity to the Pampanga River.

Noteable History

  1. The Battle of Pampanga: During the Philippine-American War, Guagua was one of the sites where Filipino revolutionaries fought against American forces.
  2. Jose Abad Santos: A prominent Filipino lawyer and statesman who served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. He was born in Guagua in 1886.
  3. Apolinario Mabini: A Filipino revolutionary leader and political philosopher who played a key role in the Philippine Revolution against Spain. He lived in Guagua for a time during his exile.
  4. Holy Week traditions: Guagua is known for its elaborate Holy Week traditions, including processions featuring life-size religious statues and reenactments of biblical scenes.
  5. St. James Parish Church: This historic church dates back to 1585 and is considered one of the oldest churches in Central Luzon.
  6. Hagonoy revolt: In 1660, native Kapampangan warriors led by Francisco Maniago launched an uprising against Spanish colonizers which spread to nearby towns including Guagua.
  7. Francisco Balagtas: A renowned Filipino poet who wrote Florante at Laura, considered one of the greatest works of Philippine literature. Balagtas lived in nearby Orion but had ties to Guagua through his wife Juana Tiambengue, who was from there.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Guagua National Colleges Museum is a museum that displays the rich history and culture of Guagua and its people.
  2. Betis Church is a beautiful Baroque-style church renowned for its intricate wood carvings and ornate interiors.
  3. San Pedro Apostol Parish Church, built during the Spanish colonial era, features a unique blend of Baroque, Gothic, and Romanesque architectural styles.
  4. Pampanga Arts Guild Gallery is an art center that promotes local artists and their works.
  5. Jose Abad Santos Memorial School Museum is dedicated to the life and legacy of Jose Abad Santos, a World War II hero born in Guagua.
  6. Monumento ning Kapampangan honors the bravery and heroism of Kapampangan soldiers who fought during the Philippine Revolution against Spain.
  7. Plaza Burgos is a public square located in the heart of Guagua where locals gather for events, festivals, and other cultural activities.
  8. Museo ning Angeles showcases the history and culture of Pampanga province as well as its role in Philippine history; it’s located just outside Guagua in Angeles City.

Cultural Events

  1. Guagua Foundation Day is celebrated every 8th of December to commemorate the founding of Guagua as a municipality.
  2. Sinukwan Festival is held every September and showcases the rich culture and traditions of Guagua through street dancing, cultural shows, and other activities.
  3. During Holy Week, various religious events are held in Guagua such as processions and reenactments of the Passion of Christ.
  4. Flores de Mayo is a month-long celebration in May that honors the Virgin Mary through floral offerings and processions.
  5. The Christmas Lantern Festival, also known as Parul Sampernandu, features giant lanterns made by local artisans that light up the streets during Christmas season.
  6. The Feast Day of St. James the Apostle is celebrated every July 25th with a procession around town followed by a mass and other festivities.
  7. Araw ng mga Barangay is an annual celebration that highlights each barangay’s unique identity through various activities such as sports competitions, cultural shows, and beauty pageants.
  8. Pampanga Day Celebration is held on December 11th to commemorate Pampanga’s independence from Spanish colonial rule in 1899 with parades showcasing traditional costumes and dances.
  9. Guaguanos’ Pride: The Giant Lantern Parade – This event showcases different barangays’ giant lanterns on parade while people from all over come together to witness it.
  10. Guagua LGBT Pride March – An annual march for LGBT rights awareness promotes equality among all genders regardless their sexual orientation or gender identity expression (SOGIE).


  • Sisig – a dish made from chopped pork head and liver, seasoned with calamansi juice, onions, and chili peppers. You can try sisig at Aling Lucing’s Sisig or Mila’s Tokwa’t Baboy.
  • Betute Tugak – a stuffed frog dish that is a specialty of Pampanga province. Everybody’s Cafe serves this delicacy.
  • Adobo – a classic Filipino dish made with chicken or pork marinated in vinegar, soy sauce, garlic, and other spices. Kusina ni Atching Lillian is the place to go for adobo.
  • Kapampangan-style Kare-Kare – an oxtail stew cooked with peanut butter sauce served with bagoong (shrimp paste). Downtown Cafe has their version of kare-kare.
  • Halo-Halo – a dessert made from shaved ice topped with sweet beans, fruits, milk powder or condensed milk, leche flan (caramel custard), ube (purple yam) jam or ice cream among others; try it at Kabigting’s Halo-Halo.
  • Nathaniel’s Bakeshop – famous for its classic Filipino delicacies such as ensaymada (sweet bread), hopia (bean-filled pastry), pandesal (bread roll) etc.
  • Little Store on the Hill- famous for its homemade cheese breads

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Guagua Sports Complex is a versatile sports facility that features a track oval, basketball court, and football field.
    2. Guagua Municipal Park is a public park with playgrounds, picnic areas, and walking paths available to the community.
    3. San Roque Dam is an idyllic spot for fishing and boating enthusiasts to enjoy the serene surroundings.
    4. Mount Arayat National Park is situated on the slopes of Mount Arayat, providing visitors with hiking trails and camping opportunities amidst breathtaking scenery.
    5. Pampanga River Eco-Park offers kayaking and other water activities along the riverside park area.
    6. Hacienda Luisita Golf & Country Club boasts an 18-hole golf course surrounded by lush greenery ideal for avid golfers looking to perfect their swing in a tranquil setting.
    7. Aqua Planet Water Park offers an exciting amusement park experience featuring water slides and pools suitable for all ages to enjoy.
    8. Paradise Ranch Wildlife Adventure & Eco-Tourism Park gives visitors an opportunity to see exotic animals such as tigers, lions, ostriches up close while participating in various recreational activities like zipline rides or horseback riding tours around the ranch’s vast land area.


    Its All About The Journey.

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