Heihe, China

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Heihe, China

Region: Heilongjiang


Geographic Coordinates: 50.245800, 127.489000
Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 30.0°C (-40°F to 86°F)
Climate: Cold and dry winters, warm and rainy summers in Heihe, China.
Population: 1673899
Language: Mandarin Chinese

Heihe is a city situated in the northeastern part of China’s Heilongjiang province, Near the Russian border. It is known for its mix of Chinese and Russian cultures and was founded in 1683 during the Qing dynasty as a military outpost to safeguard China’s northern borders. One of Heihe’s most famous landmarks is its historic wooden bridge that spans across the Amur River, Connecting China to Russia. The bridge was built in 1924 and symbolizes friendship between the two countries. Visitors can walk across it and take in stunning views from both sides.

Heihe has several museums showcasing its history and culture. The Heihe Museum features exhibits on local ethnic groups, Traditional Chinese medicine, And regional wildlife. Meanwhile, The Sino-Russian Friendship Museum highlights cultural exchanges between China and Russia throughout history. Besides cultural attractions, Heihe offers outdoor adventures such as boat rides along the Amur River or hiking nearby forests. During winter months, Skiing is popular at nearby ski resorts.

Food enthusiasts can savor Heihe’s unique cuisine blending Chinese flavors with Russian influences like smoked fish from nearby rivers or dumplings stuffed with pork or beef filling (known as baozi) cooked over open flames. Overall, Visitors can experience a unique blend of cultures while enjoying stunning natural scenery & delicious food options all year round in this charming city that has something for everyone!



Important Landmarks

  1. Heilongjiang River Bridge: This iconic bridge spans the Heilongjiang River and connects China and Russia.
  2. Aihui Ancient City: A historic city that dates back to the Qing Dynasty, with well-preserved architecture and cultural relics.
  3. Xingkai Lake Scenic Area: A beautiful lake surrounded by mountains, forests, and grasslands, offering a range of outdoor activities such as boating, fishing, hiking, and camping.
  4. Wudalianchi Scenic Area: A UNESCO World Geopark famous for its volcanic landscapes including hot springs, geysers, lava fields and craters.
  5. Beiji Temple: One of the oldest temples in Heihe with a history dating back over 1,000 years.
  6. Heihe Wetland Park: A national-level wetland park covering an area of 12 square kilometers that serves as an important habitat for migratory birds.
  7. Black Dragon Pool Park: An urban park located in the city center featuring gardens, lakes and monuments commemorating historical events in Heihe’s past.
  8. Yalu River Nature Reserve: Located on the border between China and North Korea this reserve is home to rare wildlife species such as Amur tigers and leopards.

Primary Industries

  • Heihe is a city situated in the northeastern part of China, located in the province of Heilongjiang.
  • The city’s economy is primarily driven by six major industries and businesses.
  • Firstly, Heihe is known for its fertile soil and favorable climate for agriculture. The city produces a variety of crops, including wheat, corn, soybeans, and rice.
  • Secondly, Heihe has large areas of forested land that are used for timber production.
  • Thirdly, fishing is an important industry in Heihe due to the Amur River running through the city.
  • Fourthly, several manufacturing industries exist in Heihe producing goods such as textiles, machinery parts and electronics.
  • Fifthly tourism is becoming an increasingly important industry in Heihe due to its location near the border with Russia and scenic natural attractions like Wudalianchi volcanic area and Xingkai Lake National Nature Reserve.
  • Lastly trade between China and Russia plays a significant role in driving Heihe’s economy as it serves as one of China’s major border cities with Russia.

  • Noteable History

    1. The founding of Heihe in 1683 as a military outpost during the Qing Dynasty.
    2. The signing of the Treaty of Aigun in 1858 between Russia and China, which established the Amur River as the border between the two countries and gave Russia control over parts of Manchuria including Heihe.
    3. The construction of the Heihe-Tengchong Highway during World War II by Chinese laborers to aid in transporting supplies to support Chinese troops fighting against Japanese forces.
    4. The establishment of a Soviet-style government in Heilongjiang province after Communist forces took control in 1949.
    5. Notable people from Heihe include Wang Zhen, a senior Communist Party official who served as Vice President and Vice Chairman of China’s Central Military Commission; and Liu Shaoqi, another senior Communist Party official who served as President and Chairman of China’s National People’s Congress before being purged during the Cultural Revolution.

    Museums and Things To See

    1. Heihe Museum showcases the history and culture of Heihe and its surrounding areas.
    2. Wudalianchi Scenic Area is a volcanic landscape with hot springs, lakes, and forests.
    3. Heihe River Park is a scenic park along the Heihe River with walking paths, gardens, and a pavilion.
    4. Sino-Russian Friendship Monument commemorates the friendship between China and Russia in the border city of Heihe.
    5. Beiji Temple is an ancient Taoist temple with stunning architecture located in downtown Heihe.
    6. Jieyang Palace is a historic palace built during the Qing Dynasty that now serves as an art center for exhibitions and performances.
    7. Hongshan Forest Zoo is home to over 100 species of animals including tigers, lions, bears, monkeys, and more.
    8. Xingkai Lake National Nature Reserve is a protected area that covers 1/3 of Xingkai Lake which is one of China’s largest freshwater lakes on the border between Russia’s Primorsky Krai province and China’s northeastern Helongjiang Province.



    Cultural Events

    1. Heihe Ice and Snow Festival is an annual event held during the winter season, typically in January or February. The festival showcases ice sculptures, snow sculptures, and various other winter activities.
    2. Heihe Summer Tourism Festival takes place every year during the summer season, usually in July or August. Attendees can enjoy cultural performances, food stalls, and outdoor activities.
    3. The Heihe International Food Expo is an annual event that takes place in September or October. Visitors can sample local cuisine from different regions of China as well as international dishes.
    4. Northeast China Cultural Tourism Festival is held annually in August or September and features traditional music performances, dance shows, art exhibitions, and other cultural activities.
    5. Chinese New Year Celebration occurs on the first day of the lunar calendar between late January to mid-February each year with dragon dances and fireworks displays at temple fairs where traditional Chinese snacks like dumplings are sold by food vendors.
    6. Lantern Festival is celebrated on the 15th day of the lunar calendar between late February to early March each year when locals light lanterns which are carried around town at night.
    7. Mid-Autumn Festival falls on the 15th day of the eighth lunar month between late September to early October annually where people gaze at the moon while eating mooncakes with family members and friends.
    8. National Day Celebration takes place on October 1st every year to celebrate China’s founding anniversary with parades showcasing military might as well as cultural performances depicting its rich history and traditions.

    Cuisine

    • Northeastern Chinese Cuisine: This cuisine is known for its hearty flavors and use of ingredients like soy sauce, vinegar, garlic, ginger, and chili peppers.
    • Wudalianchi Roast Duck: This dish features crispy duck skin with tender meat inside and is a specialty of the Wudalianchi area.
    • Heilongjiang Stewed Pork Belly: This dish is made by slow-cooking pork belly with soy sauce, sugar, ginger, garlic, and other spices until it becomes tender and flavorful.
    • Zhang Xueliang Hot Pot: Named after the famous Chinese general Zhang Xueliang who was born in Heihe city, this hot pot features a rich broth made from beef bones and various herbs and spices.
    • Dongbei Dumplings: These dumplings are filled with meat or vegetables and are a staple of northeastern Chinese cuisine.

    Some popular restaurants in Heihe that serve these dishes include:

    1. Laobian Jiaozi Guan (老边饺子馆): A local favorite for dumplings that come in many different varieties including pork with cabbage or leek filling.
    2. Shengli Restaurant (胜利餐厅): A well-known restaurant that serves traditional northeastern Chinese dishes like stewed pork belly as well as seafood options like crab legs.
    3. Zhenxing Restaurant (振兴饭店): Known for its roast duck served with pancakes or steamed buns along with other classic northeast dishes like sour cabbage soup.
    4. Laochenggen Hot Pot (老城根火锅): Offers a variety of hot pot options including the famous Zhang Xueliang Hot Pot as well as spicy Sichuan-style hot pot.
    5. Tianyuan Seafood Restaurant (天源海鲜酒楼): A popular seafood restaurant that serves fresh fish, crab, shrimp, and other seafood dishes.

    Parks and Recreation

    1. Heihe Forest Park is a vast park that provides hiking trails, picnic areas, and a lake for boating.
    2. The Heihe River Scenic Area is an exquisite riverfront area with walking paths, gardens, and a playground.
    3. Xiangyang Park is a well-known park that features a large lake for fishing and boating, along with walking trails and picnic areas.
    4. The Heihe Ice Lantern Festival takes place annually in January or February showcasing stunning ice sculptures and lantern displays.
    5. If you’re into skiing or snowboarding, head to Beishan Ski Resort located just outside of Heihe during the winter months.
    6. During the winter months when the Amur River freezes over, visitors can go ice fishing with local guides.
    7. Snowmobiling tours are available at Taipinggou National Forest Park during the winter months providing scenic views of this national forest park.
    8. Relax in natural hot springs year-round at Hongxing Hot Spring Resort located just outside of Heihe city center.

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