Homyel’, Belarus

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Homyel’, Belarus

Region: Homyel’ is located in the Homyel Region


Geographic Coordinates: 52.445300, 30.984200
Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 35.0°C (-40°F to 95°F)
Climate: Cold winters and mild summers with a moderate amount of precipitation throughout the year.
Population: 510300
Language: Belarusian

Homel’ (also spelled Homyel’) is a city located in southeastern Belarus and serves as the administrative center of the Homiel Region. With a population of over 500, 000 people, It is one of the largest cities in Belarus. The city has a long and rich history dating back to the 12th century. Throughout its history, Homel’ has played an important role in Belarusian culture and heritage. During World War II, It was occupied by Nazi Germany which resulted in significant damage to the city’s infrastructure.

Despite this setback, Many historic buildings have been preserved or restored over time including several churches and other landmarks. One of Homel’s most popular attractions are its beautiful parks and gardens. The central park features numerous walking paths, Fountains, Flower beds, Sculptures as well as an amusement park that caters to both children and adults. Another must-see attraction for visitors is Sts Peter & Paul Cathedral – one of Belarus’ oldest churches dating back to 1140 AD! This stunning cathedral boasts impressive frescoes painted by renowned artists from Russia.

Homel’ also offers several museums that showcase its cultural heritage such as the Museum of Local Lore which houses artifacts related to Homel’s history from prehistoric times up until modern day. There’s also Museum “Kamianitsa” – an open-air museum featuring traditional wooden houses from various regions across Belarus! For those who enjoy outdoor activities like fishing or hiking through forests like Pripyatsky National Park where tourists can go bird watching or even take part in hunting expeditions during certain seasons – there are plenty of opportunities available in Homel’.

no trip to Homel would be complete without sampling some local cuisine! Traditional dishes include draniki (potato pancakes), Machanka (pork stew), Kalduny (dumplings filled with meat) served alongside homemade bread and pickles. Homel’ is a fascinating city that offers visitors a glimpse into Belarusian history, Beautiful architecture, And cultural attractions. Whether you’re interested in exploring the city’s museums or enjoying outdoor activities like hiking or fishing – there’s something for everyone in Homel’. So if you’re planning a trip to Belarus anytime soon, Be sure to add Homel’ to your itinerary!



Important Landmarks

  1. Rumyantsev-Paskevich Palace
  2. Sovetskaya Square
  3. St. Peter and Paul Cathedral
  4. Gomel Palace and Park Ensemble
  5. Museum of Military Glory of the Soviet Army
  6. Gomel Regional Drama Theatre named after Maxim Gorky
  7. Monument to the Heroes of the Great Patriotic War
  8. Park Pobedy (Victory Park)
  9. Church of Sts Boris and Gleb
  10. The Central Market

Primary Industries

The Major Industries and Businesses in Homyel’, Belarus

The major industries and businesses in Homyel’, Belarus are diverse and include:

  1. Chemical
  2. Agriculture
  3. Manufacturing
  4. Energy
  5. Transportation
  6. Tourism

Chemical Industry

The city is home to several chemical plants such as:

  • The Belshina tire factory
  • The Gomel Chemical Plant

Agriculture Industry

The region around Homyel’ has fertile soil that supports a thriving agricultural sector producing crops like:

  • Wheat
  • Potatoes
  • Sugar beets

Manufacturing Industry

Additionally, the city has many manufacturing facilities producing goods like:

  • Machinery
  • Textiles
  • Food products

Energy Industry

Homyel’ also has several power plants that generate electricity for the region.

Transportation Industry

As an important transportation hub in Belarus due to its location on major rail lines and highways connecting it to other parts of the country as well as neighboring countries like Russia and Ukraine.

Tourism Industry

Moreover, Homyel’ is growing in importance in tourism due to its historic sites such as the Gomel Palace and Park Ensemble as well as natural attractions like Lake Naroch.


Noteable History

  1. The city was founded in the 12th century by Prince Vladimir Monomakh.
  2. During World War II, Homyel’ was occupied by Nazi Germany from 1941 to 1944.
  3. The famous Belarusian poet Yanka Kupala lived in Homyel’ and wrote many of his works there.
  4. The city is known for its historic architecture, including the Holy Resurrection Cathedral and the Old Castle of Homyel’.
  5. In 1986, a nuclear accident occurred at the Chernobyl power plant in Ukraine, which affected many parts of Belarus including Homyel’.
  6. During Soviet times, Homyel’ was an important industrial center for textiles and machine building.
  7. Notable people from Homyel’ include Nobel Prize-winning physicist Zhores Alferov, writer Vasil Bykau, and Olympic gold medalist wrestler Aleksandr Medved.
  8. In recent years, Homyel’ has become a hub for cultural events such as music festivals and art exhibitions.
  9. The city is also known for its beautiful parks and gardens, including the Central Park of Culture and Recreation named after Maxim Gorky.
  10. Today, Homyel’ is one of the largest cities in Belarus with a population exceeding half a million people.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Homel Regional Museum of Local Lore is a museum that displays the history and culture of the Homel region.
  2. Palace and Park Ensemble in Gomel is a beautiful palace and park complex built in the 18th century.
  3. St. Peter and Paul Cathedral is an impressive cathedral with stunning frescoes, mosaics, and stained glass windows.
  4. The Rumyantsev-Paskevich Residence is a historic palace that was once home to one of Russia’s most powerful families.
  5. Gomel Art Gallery is an art center featuring works by local artists as well as international exhibitions.
  6. Francysk Skaryna Homiel State University Botanical Garden is a botanical garden housing over 3,000 plant species from around the world.
  7. Monument to Prince Vladimir Vysotskyi (Vladimir Svyatoslavich) pays tribute to one of Belarus’ most famous historical figures.
  8. Memorial Complex Khatyn, situated outside Homyel’, honors the victims of Nazi atrocities during World War II.
  9. Chachersk Castle Hill dates back to the 10th century as an ancient hill fort offering great views over surrounding countryside.
  10. The Museum-Estate Zhirovichi was formerly owned by one of Belarus’ wealthiest families but now converted into an open-air museum showcasing traditional Belarusian life and culture.


Sports Teams

  1. FC Gomel: This is a professional football club based in Homyel’. It was founded in 1959 and has played in the Belarusian Premier League since 1992. The team has won several national titles and has also participated in European competitions.
  2. HC Gomel: This is a professional ice hockey team based in Homyel’. It was founded in 1960 and has played in the Belarusian Extraleague since its inception. The team has won several national championships and has also participated in international tournaments.
  3. BC Gomel: This is a professional basketball club based in Homyel’. It was founded in 1994 and currently plays in the Belarusian Premier League. The team has won several national titles and has also participated in European competitions.
  4. VC Gomel: This is a professional volleyball club based in Homyel’. It was founded in 1988 and currently plays both indoor and beach volleyball at various levels of competition.

There may be other sports teams that are active or have been active recently, but these are some of the historically significant ones from this city of Belarus.



Cultural Events

  1. Homyel’ City Day is a celebration that honors the founding of the city with parades, concerts, and fireworks.
  2. Slavianski Bazaar in Vitebsk is an international music festival held annually in nearby Vitebsk that attracts performers from all over Eastern Europe.
  3. Kupala Night is a traditional Belarusian holiday celebrated on the summer solstice with bonfires, dancing, and jumping over flames for good luck.
  4. Christmas and New Year’s Eve are both holidays celebrated with festive decorations, meals, and gatherings with family and friends.
  5. Maslenitsa is a week-long carnival leading up to Orthodox Lent featuring food stalls, games, puppet shows and folk dances.
  6. Victory Day commemorates the end of World War II in Belarus with military parades and wreath-laying ceremonies at war memorials throughout the city.
  7. The International Festival of Street Theaters Puppets above Prypiac is an annual event featuring street performers from around the world showcasing their talents through puppetry performances on the streets of Homyel’.

Cuisine

  • Draniki – potato pancakes served with sour cream or meat, available at many restaurants in the city.
  • Kholodnik – a cold soup made with beets, cucumbers, potatoes, and sour cream.
  • Shkvarki – pork cracklings that are often served as a snack or appetizer.
  • Stolovaya No 1 – a cafeteria-style restaurant that serves traditional Belarusian dishes like draniki, kholodnik, and borscht.
  • Chaykhona Uzbekistan – a restaurant serving Uzbek cuisine including kebabs, pilaf (rice dish), and other meat dishes.
  • Pivnitsa na Zavodskaia – a brewery pub that serves locally brewed beer along with traditional Belarusian food like draniki and borscht.
  • Vasilki Cafe – a cozy cafe serving coffee drinks and desserts like honey cake (medovik) and cheesecake.
  • Pizza Celentano – an Italian-style pizzeria that offers pizza by the slice or whole pies with various toppings to choose from.

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Central Park of Culture and Rest – a large park with walking paths, playgrounds, sports fields, and an amusement park.
    2. Gomel Palace and Park Ensemble – a historic palace surrounded by beautiful gardens and a lake.
    3. Lenin Square – a popular gathering spot with fountains, sculptures, and benches for relaxing.
    4. Victory Park – a memorial park dedicated to the heroes of World War II with monuments, museums, and exhibitions.
    5. Svisloch River Embankment – a scenic promenade along the river with cafes, restaurants, and boat rides available.
    6. Sports Complex “Olympiets” – offers various sports facilities such as swimming pool complex for adults & children; gymnasium; fitness center; tennis courts etc.
    7. Gorky Central Park – offers multiple attractions including boating lake & waterpark
    8. Park named after Maxim Tank – A beautiful landscaped garden which is one of the oldest parks in Gomel city

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