Ibb, Yemen

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Ibb, Yemen

Region: Ibb Governorate

Geographic Coordinates: 13.966700, 44.166700
Temperature Range: 15.0°C to 35.0°C (59°F to 95°F)
Climate: Dry and hot summers, mild winters with occasional rainfall.
Population: 350864
Language: Arabic

Ibb is a city located in the southwestern part of Yemen. It is known for its rich history and stunning landscapes. The city sits on a plateau with an elevation of 2, 200 meters above sea level, Making it one of the highest cities in Yemen. Ibb has a population of approximately 300, 000 people and is considered one of the most important cultural and economic centers in the country. The name Ibb means well or spring in Arabic, Which refers to the numerous natural springs found throughout the area.

These springs have played an essential role in shaping Ibb’s agricultural industry since ancient times. The fertile soil and abundant water supply make it possible for farmers to cultivate various crops such as coffee beans, Fruits, Vegetables, And grains. One of Ibb’s most notable landmarks is its historic old town district that dates back to medieval times. The old town features narrow winding streets lined with traditional mud-brick buildings adorned with intricate wooden balconies known as mashrabiya. Visitors can explore this charming neighborhood on foot while admiring its unique architecture and soaking up its vibrant atmosphere.

Another popular attraction in Ibb is Jibla Palace Museum located just outside the city center. This former residence belonged to Queen Arwa Al-Sulayhi – one of Yemen’s most influential female leaders who ruled during the 12th century AD. Today it serves as a museum showcasing her life story along with displays featuring artifacts from various periods throughout Yemen’s history. Nature lovers will also find plenty to enjoy around Ibb thanks to its picturesque mountainous landscapes dotted with lush forests and cascading waterfalls such as Al-Mahweet waterfall – one of Yemen’s tallest waterfalls measuring over 100 meters high.

Overall, Ibb offers visitors a unique blend of historical significance combined with natural beauty making it an ideal destination for those seeking an authentic Arabian experience off-the-beaten-path.’

Important Landmarks

  1. Al-Qahira Castle: A historical castle built in the 13th century that overlooks the city.
  2. The Great Mosque of Ibb: A beautiful mosque with intricate architecture and a peaceful atmosphere.
  3. Al-Sabrah Palace: A former royal palace that has been converted into a museum showcasing traditional Yemeni culture and history.
  4. Jabal Saber Mountain: A scenic mountain with hiking trails offering stunning views of the surrounding area.
  5. Al-Mudhaffar Park: A spacious park with lush greenery, picnic areas, and playgrounds for children.
  6. The Old City of Ibb: An ancient city center with narrow streets lined with traditional buildings and markets selling local goods.
  7. Al-Asha’ir Natural Reserve: A nature reserve located on the outskirts of Ibb that is home to various species of flora and fauna endemic to Yemen’s highlands region.
  8. Wadi Dharaba Waterfall: Located about 30 kilometers from Ibb city center, this waterfall is a popular spot for swimming and picnicking during summer months.

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture
    • Coffee cultivation
    • Qat cultivation
  2. Small-scale manufacturing
    • Textiles
    • Handicrafts
  3. Trade
  4. Services
    • Healthcare
    • Education
    • Tourism
  5. Large factories
    • Cement production
    • Dairy product production
    • Soft drink production

Noteable History

  1. Ibb served as the capital of the Ziyadi dynasty, which governed Yemen from the 13th to 15th centuries.
  2. During the medieval period, Ibb was a significant hub for trade and commerce, attracting merchants from various parts of Arabia and East Africa who came to buy and sell goods.
  3. In recent times, Ibb has gained notoriety for its involvement in the Yemeni Civil War that began in 2015. Houthi rebels have battled forces loyal to President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi in this city.
  4. Ahmed al-Shami, a renowned poet who lived in Ibb during the early 20th century; Mohammed al-Wazir, a politician who served as Yemen’s ambassador to Syria; and Abdul Qadir Bajamal, a historian and author of several books on Yemeni culture and history are among notable individuals associated with Ibb.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Al-Qahira Castle: A historic castle located in the heart of Ibb city.
  2. The Great Mosque of Ibb: A beautiful mosque built during the 13th century.
  3. Al-Mahweet Palace: An ancient palace that dates back to the 17th century.
  4. Al-Saeed Palace Museum: A museum displaying traditional Yemeni artifacts and antiques.
  5. Al-Ashrafya Mosque: One of the most famous mosques in Yemen with a unique architectural design.
  6. The National Museum of Yemen: A museum showcasing Yemen’s rich cultural heritage and history.
  7. Shibam Kawkaban Old City: An old city with unique mud-brick buildings that date back to medieval times.
  8. The Ma’rib Dam ruins: An ancient dam built by the Sabaeans around 750 BC which is considered one of the oldest dams in the world and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  9. The Dar al-Hajar palace: A magnificent palace overlooking Wadi Dhahr valley with stunning views and architecture.
  10. The Jibla Archaeological Site: A historical site containing ruined palaces, mosques, and other structures from different periods throughout history.

Sports Teams

  1. After conducting research, it appears that football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Ibb, Yemen.
  2. The Al-Oruba Club of Ibb is a well-known football club in Yemen and has taken part in numerous national competitions.
  3. Other local clubs include Al-Tilal and Al-Nahda.
  4. Unfortunately, due to ongoing conflict and instability in Yemen over the past few years, it’s uncertain how active these clubs are currently or if there have been any new developments regarding sports teams in Ibb.

Cultural Events

  1. Al-Fakher Festival: This festival is held annually in the town of Al-Sawdah and features traditional music, dance performances, and food.
  2. Eid al-Fitr: This Muslim holiday marks the end of Ramadan and is celebrated with prayers, feasting, and gift-giving.
  3. National Day: Yemen celebrates its National Day on September 26th each year with parades and other festivities.
  4. Al-Qatt Market: This weekly market takes place on Thursdays in the town of Al-Qatt and showcases local handicrafts such as pottery, textiles, and baskets.
  5. Mawlid al-Nabi: This celebration honors the birth of Prophet Muhammad every year on the 12th day of Rabi’ al-Awwal in the Islamic calendar.
  6. The Yemeni Heritage Festival: This festival highlights Yemen’s rich cultural heritage through music performances, traditional dances exhibitions ,and displays of local handicrafts.
  7. The Wedding Festivals (Al-Zaffa): These are elaborate celebrations that last for several days to mark weddings or engagements between two families or individuals; they include musical performances by professional singers called mawals, traditional dances like Al-Bara’a or Al-Razfa, as well as lavish feasts served to guests attending these ceremonies.
  8. Ramadan Nights Market (Souq Layali Ramadan): A night market set up during Ramadan where people come to buy sweets, dates, clothes, etc.


  1. Saltah: A traditional Yemeni stew made with meat (usually lamb or beef), vegetables (such as tomatoes, onions, and chili peppers), and a unique spice blend called hawaij.
  2. Mandi: A dish of rice cooked in a tandoor oven along with meat (usually chicken or lamb) that has been marinated in spices.
  3. Bint al-Sahn: A sweet pastry made of layers of thin dough soaked in honey or sugar syrup.
  4. Al-Najah Restaurant: A popular restaurant that serves traditional Yemeni dishes such as saltah and mandi.
  5. Al-Aqeeq Restaurant: Another famous restaurant that offers a variety of Yemeni dishes such as saltah, mandi, and grilled meats.
  6. Al-Mazaree Restaurant: Known for its delicious seafood dishes such as grilled fish and shrimp cooked with spices.
  7. Al-Sharif Coffee Shop: A cozy coffee shop that serves traditional Arabic coffee alongside various pastries like bint al-sahn.
  8. Al-Rawdha Cafe & Sweets Shop: Famous for its sweets like baklava stuffed with pistachios, kunafa filled with cheese drizzled with syrup on top; it also serves hot drinks like tea and coffee to complement the desserts.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Al-Saeed Park: A large park with green spaces, playgrounds, and a lake for boating.
  2. Al-Rahma Park: A scenic park with gardens, fountains, and picnic areas.
  3. Al-Ma’arif Sports City: A sports complex with facilities for football (soccer), tennis, basketball, and more.
  4. Haddah Dam: An artificial lake created by a dam where visitors can fish or go boating.
  5. Hiking trails: The surrounding mountains offer many hiking trails with stunning views of the city and countryside.

It is important to note that due to security concerns in Yemen’s ongoing conflict situation it is advisable to check local news sources or consult with trusted contacts before visiting any public places or engaging in recreational activities in Ibb or elsewhere in Yemen.


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