Jammu, India

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Jammu, India

Region: Jammu and Kashmir

Geographic Coordinates: 32.730000, 74.870000
Temperature Range: 10.0°C to 40.0°C (50°F to 104°F)
Climate: Seasonal variations in Jammu, India include a hot and dry summer, a monsoon season with heavy rainfall, and a cool and dry winter.
Population: 502197
Language: Dogri

Jammu is a city located in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, Serving as the winter capital of the state. The city is situated on the banks of River Tawi, Providing it with a picturesque landscape surrounded by lush green hills. Jammu has a rich cultural heritage and history dating back to ancient times. The Bahu Fort is one of the most prominent landmarks in Jammu, Built over 3, 000 years ago by Raja Bahulochan. The fort sits atop a hill overlooking Tawi river and offers stunning views of the city below.

Another popular attraction in Jammu is Mubarak Mandi Palace, Showcasing a blend of Mughal and European architectural styles that was once home to Dogra rulers. Jammu also has several religious sites that attract tourists from all over India. One such site is Vaishno Devi temple located on Trikuta Hills about 42 km from Jammu city center dedicated to Goddess Vaishno Devi attracting millions of pilgrims every year who come here seeking blessings from their deity.

Another important religious site in Jammu is Raghunath Temple built-in 1851 by Maharaja Gulab Singh as part of his efforts to promote Hinduism in his kingdom housing several shrines dedicated to various deities including Lord Rama. Apart from its historical and religious significance, Visitors can explore natural beauty through trekking trails around Patnitop hill station or rafting on Chenab river near Akhnoor town.

The cuisine reflects its rich cultural heritage with influences from neighboring regions like Punjab and Himachal Pradesh as well as traditional Dogri cuisine that includes dishes like rajma chawal (red kidney beans with rice), Khatta meat (sour meat curry), And kulthein di dal (horse gram lentil soup). Jammu offers visitors an opportunity to experience India’s rich cultural heritage through stunning natural beauty, Religious sites, And delicious cuisine. It is a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to India.

Important Landmarks

  1. Vaishno Devi Temple
  2. Raghunath Temple
  3. Bahu Fort and Gardens
  4. Amar Mahal Palace Museum
  5. Mubarak Mandi Palace Complex
  6. Peer Kho Cave Temple
  7. Bagh-e-Bahu Aquarium
  8. Dogra Art Museum
  9. Surinsar Lake
  10. Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary

Primary Industries

  1. Tourism – Jammu is a popular tourist destination due to its scenic beauty, temples, and historical monuments.
  2. Agriculture – The region’s fertile land produces crops such as wheat, rice, maize, and pulses.
  3. Handicrafts – Jammu is famous for its handicrafts including shawls, carpets, pottery items, wooden carvings etc.
  4. Manufacturing – The city has several small-scale manufacturing units that produce textiles, leather goods, paper products etc.
  5. Education – There are several educational institutions in Jammu including universities and colleges that contribute significantly to the economy of the city.
  6. Healthcare – The healthcare sector in Jammu has seen significant growth over the years with several hospitals and clinics providing quality medical services to people from across the region.
  7. Retail trade – Several retail stores selling clothing items are present in the city of Jammu which attracts customers from all over India.

Noteable History

  1. The Dogra Dynasty: Jammu was ruled by the Dogra dynasty for over 100 years, from 1846 to 1947. The most famous ruler of this dynasty was Maharaja Gulab Singh, who founded the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
  2. Invasion by Mahmud Ghazni: In the early 11th century, Mahmud Ghazni invaded Jammu and looted its temples.
  3. Sikh Rule: In the early 19th century, Jammu was under Sikh rule for a brief period.
  4. Partition of India: During the partition of India in 1947, Jammu became part of India while Kashmir went to Pakistan.
  5. Hari Singh: Maharaja Hari Singh was the last ruler of Jammu and Kashmir before it became part of India in 1947.
  6. Raghunath Temple: Raghunath Temple is one of the most important temples in Jammu dedicated to Lord Rama.
  7. Bahu Fort: Bahu Fort is an ancient fort located on a hill overlooking Jammu city.
  8. Mubarak Mandi Palace: Mubarak Mandi Palace is a beautiful palace complex that served as the residence of Dogra rulers for many years.
  9. Ranjit Sagar Dam: Ranjit Sagar Dam is one Asia’s largest gravity dams located near Pathankot on River Ravi built between two states Punjab and Himachal Pradesh which supplies water to both states.
  10. Dr Karan Singh: A prominent Indian politician hailing from royal family who served as Sadr-e-Riyasat (President) before his father’s death when he ascended as first Governor-General (equivalent rank to President).

Museums and Things To See

  1. Mubarak Mandi Palace
  2. Bahu Fort and Garden
  3. Amar Mahal Museum and Library
  4. Dogra Art Museum
  5. Raghunath Temple Complex
  6. Peer Kho Cave Temple
  7. Bagh-e-Bahu Aquarium
  8. Mansar Lake
  9. Shivkhori Cave Shrine
  10. Surinsar Lake

Cultural Events

  1. Baisakhi is a harvest festival celebrated in April, which marks the beginning of Sikh New Year. It involves traditional dance performances and feasting with great enthusiasm.
  2. Lohri is a Punjabi festival celebrated in January, which signifies the end of winter and the onset of spring. People light bonfires, sing folk songs and perform traditional dances around it.
  3. Navratri is a nine-day-long festival dedicated to Goddess Durga, celebrated across India including Jammu with fasting and feasting.
  4. Shivratri is a Hindu festival dedicated to Lord Shiva, observed with great devotion in February or March by Hindus across India including Jammu.
  5. Urs Festival commemorates Sufi saints who have passed away at various shrines across Jammu & Kashmir as an Islamic festival.
  6. Hemis Festival showcases traditional dance performances by monks dressed up in colorful costumes during this two-day annual event held at Hemis Monastery in Ladakh region.
  7. Pahalgam Winter Festival celebrates winter sports like skiing, snowboarding etc., along with cultural programs showcasing local traditions and crafts held every year during December-January.
  8. Dogra Folk Dance Festival showcases various folk dances from different regions of Jammu & Kashmir including Dogra dance forms like Kud dance performed by men wearing colorful turbans and women wearing traditional attire for three days.
  9. Kheer Bhawani Mela takes place on Ashtami (eighth day) during May or June every year at Tula Mula village near Ganderbal district in Kashmir Valley.The temple here houses natural spring water that changes its color from time to time.


  • Rajma Chawal is a popular dish made with red kidney beans and rice, often served with a side of pickles and yogurt.
  • Kaladi Kulcha is a local street food consisting of a spicy cottage cheese filling stuffed inside a bread called kulcha.
  • Dogri Saag is a traditional dish made with mustard greens, spinach, and other leafy vegetables.
  • Wazwan is a multi-course meal consisting of various meat dishes like rogan josh, tabak maaz, yakhni and more.
  • Moti Mahal Delux is one of the most famous restaurants in Jammu known for its delicious Indian cuisine.
  • Falak Revolving Restaurant is located on the top floor of Hotel Asia Jammu Tawi; this restaurant offers stunning views of the city while you enjoy your meal.
  • Sagar Ratna is known for its South Indian cuisine including dosas, idlis and more.
  • Pahalwan Di Hatti is famous for its chole bhature (spicy chickpeas served with fried bread).
  • The Imperial Grill House is known for its juicy kebabs and tandoori dishes cooked in a clay oven (tandoor).
  • Mughal Darbar Restaurant & Bakery offers delicious Kashmiri cuisine including wazwan dishes as well as bakery items like cakes and pastries.

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Bagh-e-Bahu is a stunning garden situated on the banks of Tawi River. It provides a breathtaking view of the city and boasts several walking trails, fountains, and picnic spots.
    2. Manda Zoo is a well-known zoo that houses various animal species, including tigers, leopards, lions, bears, and monkeys. It also has a children’s park with swings and slides.
    3. Amar Mahal Museum & Library showcases Jammu’s rich cultural heritage through its collection of paintings, sculptures, manuscripts, and artifacts from different eras.
    4. Dogra Art Museum exhibits an impressive collection of miniature paintings from various schools like Kangra and Basholi.
    5. Mansar Lake is located approximately 60 km away from Jammu city center at an altitude of 600 meters above sea level surrounded by hills on all sides providing boating facilities to visitors.
    6. Surinsar Lake is another picturesque lake located about 40 km away from Jammu city center offering boating facilities to visitors along with camping opportunities in nearby areas.
    7. Raghunath Bazaar is a buzzing market in the heart of Jammu selling everything from clothes to handicrafts to spices which can be explored by shopping enthusiasts visiting here.


    Go Where The Road Takes You.

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